Aphorisms and Reflections on Men, Morals and Things
602 Pages
English

Aphorisms and Reflections on Men, Morals and Things

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602 Pages
English

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APHORISMS
AND
iattlettion1,
ON
MEN, MORALS AND THiNG~:
TRANSLATED FROM MSS, OF
J. G~ ZIMMERMAN.
WITH
N_QTES CRITICAL AND EXPLANATORY.
Ncmo frfe ·teutat defcn1.'1~r,.
,Ji' ER S lU S.
W lPf & STOCK Eugene, Oregon Wipf and Stock Publishers
199 W 8th Ave, Suite 3
Eugene, OR 97401

Aphorisms and Reflections on Men, Morals and Things
By Zimmerman, J. G.
ISBN 13: 978-1-5326-1871-0
Publication date 3/9/2017
Previously published by Thomas Maiden, 1800 TO THE
RIGHT HONOURABLE
HENRY, LORD HOLLAND,
THIS VOLUME IS !NSClllllEi> AS
A MARK OF RESPECT AND
Al>MlltATION. APROPOS.
THE Rejlellions contained· in this Yolume were
written in German hy the Hand of the 1:elebrated
Author whofe Name they bear, and were entrufl­
ed to an Officer of the· Mortimar Regiment for
his Opinion, ZIMMERMAN'S Death, the Dif­
tance of his Friend, and the lmpojjibility of Con­
'lJeyance, -zvere the Caufe of their being retained.
It cannot appear illiberal to publijh them; far the
Family of the Author cannot pojjibly be injured by
their being tranjlated into Englijh. B,jides, Tis­
SOT is /aid to po.ffefs a Copy of them, which can
doubt/ifs be obtained, if 'tis necej[ary they jhou/d
appear in their vernacular Tongue. The Editor
returned the Original, from which theft were
talun, to the Gentleman whofe Kindnefs obliged
him, and whofe Permijfion warranted the Licence
of publijhing. There i's yet another Yolume ; its.
Appearance will be determined on by the Reception
this meets with. To give the Public more of what
tbe1 do not relijh -zuould be impertinent Obtrufion ;
os to withhold what is fuited to their Ta.Jie, would
he 'cruelty. .
The Officer alluded to has frequently ~xprejfed
of the Sentimints and his warm Approbation
Maxims of his deuaftd Friend; and this honour­
able Tejiimony of their Merit,f~om a Soldier of
enlarged Underjlanding, will prove, 'tis to be
~oped; an unerring Prognojlic of the favourable
Yerdill of thofe Judges to whom they are now
fubmitted. REFLECTIONS
OF
ZIMMERMAN.
REFLECTION THE FIRST.
O* grow good, or ceafe to be bad, fuould T
be our fole employ, from the time the
refolution is made, 'till that awful period when
we are to become neither.
WOMEN with women are, in private, either
noviciates, or adepts; with men, they are
prudes, or fenfualifts.
B
• " An entirely honell: man, in the fevere fenfe of the
word, exifts no more than an entirely di1honeft knave: the bell:
and the worft are only approximations to thofe qualities. Who
are thofe that never contradicl: themfelves ? yet honefty never
contradicl:s itfelf. Who are thofe that always contradicl: them­
fel ves? y~t knavery is mere felf-contradicl:ion. Thus the know­
ledge of man determines not the things themfelves, but their
proportions, the quantum of congruities and incongruities."
LA v AT :ER 's Aphorif ms. REFLECTIONS OF 2
THE priefl: * is certainly a good characl:er
in his pulpit; the refidue of the facerdotal repu­
tation is accidental. Who then would wHh him
to rifk his fame by quitting his province]
GAIN a friend by a quar.i:el, if 'tis pofilble:
never lofe one, however this is poffible ; for
there is a peculiar mode of conducl: even when
dilfention reigns, that commands veneration,
and generates efteem.
THERE muft be a fpecific objecl: to purfue;
or life, like a difoafe-finote beauty, has no at­
tracHon,

GAMBLING,;, J.C. DoDER1.IN publiJhed at Jena, in 1787, a Thefis,
in which he ali"erts, " That Chrift gave no civil laws." Cbrift­
""' alienum fuijfe a lcgibus civilihus fi-rendis.
It has been lately faid by fame, that Jefus affec9:ed empire in
the garb of humility ; and by others, that a city in which the
Chriftian !aw 1hould be truly obferved, would come to nought;
fo that Chrifr has made either vain attempts, or foolilh laws.
To rdute theie, .!'-.I. Doo:r.R LIN /hews, that the laws of Chrift
tend much to the publi~ good, but that he has ordained nothing
relative to tempura! government : that he did not fulfil the ex­
pec9:ation of the jews, who looked for a new King in their
Mdiiah; the founder of a new city, and of a new law: and
that thofe precepts which relate to civil government (as the pro-·
hibi:ion of fwearing, refilling of injuries, and divorcing a wife)
:.re to be underlloo;i only as private precepts.
Anna/~s Literati, Ilelm.ftadt. ZIMMlllMAN',
GAMBLING-houfes are temples w~re ,the
moft fordid and turbulent paflions cE>ntend ; there
no fpecl:ator can be indifferent : a card, or a fmall
fqua.re of :iviory, interefrs more than the lofs of
·,a,n empire) or the ruin of an unoft"ending group'e
of infants_, and _their neareft relative9;
,Tts tortuve to the· envious to ietu:tn their
kindn:efs. injuries with complacency and
BE* not fo bigotted to any cufrom, as to
worlhip it at the expence of truth. All is cuf­
tom that goes on in continuity : aff cuftoms are
not alike beneficial to.us.
FooLS take ingenious abufe for kindnefs,
and often make one i.n the laugh that is carrying
on at their own expence.
THE fatalift fiands a good chance of being
contented with his lot, unlefs 'tis ordained to
the contrary.
B 2 SUBALTERN
• When the King of Poland hid recoYered Livonia from the
Czar John Bazilowitz, he wilhed to abolilh the cufto!ll of whip­
ping the peafants for their faults ; but they, infenfible of the
favour, threw themfelves at his feet, and begged that he wovhl
._alter nothing in their ancient cuftoms, RE·FL·ECTIO-NS ·OF
SuBALTE·RN tyrants* are ever the moil: in­
tolerant, and intolerable.
AN t ardent purfuit of wealth ot fenfuaJity
offifies the hea_rt: in the very moment of gain, or
enjoyment, their denial is moil: peremptory.
THE more you fpeak of yourfelf, the more
you are likely to lie: fay but little, 'twill
fcarcely gain belief; fo ftrong are partiality and
·envy.
THOSE beings only are fit for Solitude t,
who like nobody, are like nobody, and are lik'd
by nobody.
WE
• •ct Power is what all covet, but few are fit to be trufteJ
with; and there is no appendix to it fo petty, but a man may
find room enough to play the tyrant in it."
t " As the wily fubtilty of him who is intent on gain,
fo the abn;pt brnt~lity of him who has gained enough."
LA v ATER 's Aphorijms•
"j: Zimmerman's definition of ·the word Solitude docs not ap­
pear to be correct. Solitude he calls that intellccrual ftate
in which the "min.I voluntarily furrcnders itfelf to its own re­
flecl:ions." The philofopher, therefore, who withdraws his at­
tention from every external object to the contemplation of his
own ideas, is not lefs folitary than he who abandons fociety, and
re6gns himfelf entirely to the calm onjoyment of lonely life.
By ZIMMERMAN.
W:E fometimes meafure the' favours we grant
by the neceffities of thofe who folicit;; not from
the intrinfic value of what is granted. Pitiful
advantage !, ·
THE burthen increafes with the value. Thofe
we love, anxioufiy do we watch ; and we merit
their efteem by our difquietude.
OPEN your mouth and purfe cautioully; and
your frock of wealth and reputation !hall, at leaft
i_n repute, be great ..
b 'tis fortunate for the living, that the dead
cannot revifit the earth, 'twou'd likewife be
fortunate for them, if many of them had never
exifted. The Athenians were counfell'd to be
fure that King Philip was dead before they ex­
prefi"ed their joy a.t the report of it, left they fhould
find him alive to avenge their hafty triumph.
BEW ARE* of profeffion; 'tis often put to fe­
vere proofs. Beware, likewife, of thofe who
B 3 profefs;
By· folitude I underftand a local feparation from fociety; by me.
c)itation I the mind relleaing on its own contents.
• " I have had occation a thoufand times, fince I faw you,
to wilh myfelf in the land where all things are forgotten ; at
· leaft, lUFLE.CTIOl!l'S OF
profefs; 'tis the triek of the frivolous, and the
hypocritical.
GREAT fpirits there are many; but many of
them want judgment and wealth.
AL w An to fpeak what you think, is the way
to acquire the habit of thinking and acting with
~propriety.
VIOLENT
lea!!:, that I did not !in in the memory of certain rell:lefa mor.
tals who are '11ifitor1 hy profej/ion. The 'misfortune is, no retire­
ment is fo remote, nor fanauary facred, as to afford a prot_ec­
tion from their impertinence; and though we were to fly to the
clefart, and take refuge in the cells of faints and hermiu, we.
lbould be alarmed with their unmeaning voice., tr.Jing even in th•
,zuildernejs, They fpread themfelves, in truth, over the whole face·
ef the land, and they wafte the faireft hours of converfation. For,
my part, I Joolt upon them not as paying viii.ts, but •!fitatio,u; and:
a,n never obliged to give audience to one of this fpecies, that I
do not confider myfelf as under a judgment for thofe numberlefe
hours 'which I° have-fpent in vain, If thefe fons and daughters
uf _idlenefs and folly would be perfuaded to enter into an exclu­
fr,•e fociety, the re!l: of the world might pciffefs their moments
unmolelied ; lnit .no~hing lefs will fati.sfy them, than opening
a general commerce, and failing into every port where choice
or chance may drive them. Were we to live, indeed, in the
years of the . Antediluvians, one might afford to relign fome
part of one's time in charitable relief of the inCulferable weight
of theirs ; but fince the days of man are lhrunk into a few
ha!!:y revoiutions of the fun, whole afternoons are much too
conflderable a facrifice to be offered to tame civility. What
lteightens the contempt of this charaB:er Is, that they wh<i
ha.ve ZIMMERMAN.
VIOLENT affeveration, or affecl:ed bluntnefs,
look not more fufpicious than ftrained fanctity,
or over-offended modefry.
WHICH is moft dangerous, thinking too well,
or too ill, of mankind ? Which are we war~
ranted to do, to think well or ill of mankind?
Perhaps this does not admit of a queftion !
,Tis poffible to look without ftaring; though
the guilty, and thofe who endeavour to conceal
an affecl:ation they are not confcious of poffeffing,
think otherwife.
A GRACEFUL. compliance, or a courageous
rejea:ion, are the. alternatives of the great.
WHEN ill news* comes too late to be fer ..
viceable to your neighbour, keep it to your­
felf.
B4 " HE
have fo much of the force have always the .leaft of the power
of friendlhip ; and though they will " craze their chariot­
wheels," as MILTON exprelfes it, to deftroy yourrepofe, they
would not drive ha1f the length of a ftreet to a.J!ifl J01IY diflrefa. ••
FITZOSBORNE's Letters,
av. " If thou haft: heard a word, let it die with thee ; and
be bold, it will not hurt thee."
" A fool travaileth with a won!, at a woman in labour of
a child," Eulefi'!fti"'s. REFLECTIONS OF 8
" HE who can at all times facrifice plea­
fore to duty, approaches fublimity," 'tis faid.
How much clofer is the approximation when
our duty is itfelf a plcafure ! Befides, what
chance is there of having that well and con­
fiantly performed, which is confidered as a fa­
crifice ordained by neceffity ?
THOSE* aj_~ne may be vouched for who are
good alone. Thofe who are not good alone, may
be bettered by affociation ; good company can­
not pejorate.
THOUGH you highly refpell-, or bitterly exe­
crate, any opinion you may hear delivercd:i. do
not affimilate the charall:er of the utterer to it.
Out of a clean veff'el muddy water may proceed;
and the contrary.
PRIDE caufes us to admire thofe moft, who
in love or war make the beft defence.
ONE
" " Whenever a man undergoes a confiderable change in
confcquence of being obferved by others, whenever he alfumes
another gait, another language, than what he had before he
thought himfelf obferved, be advifed to guard yourfelf againft
11 him.
Again:
" DiftinguiJh exall:ly what one is when he ftands alone, and
acts for liimfelf, and when he is led by others. I know many
wh1> ZIMMER.MAN, 9
ONE acl: of immortality, or extenfive uti­
lity, is a fair acquittance! Thofe capacitated
to perform more, may never find the opportu­
nity; and many opportunities are thrown away
on the fopine and imbecile.·
CER. T AIN failings, * it is not only generous,
but convenient, to overlook : kindred nature has
kindred faults.
Virtue, for ever frail as fair below,
Her tender nature fuffers in the crowd,
Nor touches on the world without a fiain.
The world's infectious; few bring back at eve,
Immaculate, the manners of the morn,
Something we thought, is blotted ; we refolv'd,
Is lhaken ; we renounc'd, return'd again.
Each falutation may let in a fin
Unthought before, or fix a former flaw.
Nor is it firange; light, motion, concourfe~ noife,
• All fcatter us abroad,
B 5 To
who aa always honeftly, often with delicacy, when left to
themfelves ; and like knaves wh.en influenced by fome over­
bearing characlers whom they once flaviihly fubmitted to
follow." LA v ATE a 's Apborifms.
. • " He who lofes the fun in his {pots, a beautiful face
in a few freckles, and a grand characler in a few harmlefs
fingularities, may choofe, of two appellations, one -- wrong­
bead, or Ana'Vt,"
Again, REFLECTIONS OF IO
To communicate his knowledge* is a duty
with the wife man; to learn from others, is his
higheft gratification.
IF wl>men fix their eyes on a rofe they will
have it, though in the plucking they prick their
fingers.
GRE.EN girls often delay their happinefs 'till
tl1ey ha~e deftroyed their health, or feed their
pride to a plethora, whilft their love is abfolute­
ly ftarving.
NEW landlords are over-civil ; good ones have
civility enough: rich landlords fuew little civi­
lity to any cuftomer ; to a poor one, none : but
the obfequious give the beggar his offals with
a bow. ·
CoRRECTIE>N
Again:
" There Is none fo bad as to do the twentieth part of the
nil he might; nor any fo good, as to do the tenth part of the
i:ood it is in his power to do, Judge of yourfelf by the good
you might do, and neglell:; and of others, by the evil they
might do, and omit : and your judgment will be poifed between
too much indulgence for yourfelf, and too much feverity on
ethers." LA VAT I!! a 's Aphorifms,
• " Wifdom that is hid, and treafure that is hOllt'ded up,
what profit is in them both ? Better is he that hideth his folly,
than a man that hid~th his wifdom.'' E,difiajlim, ZIMMERMAN. II
CoRR.ECTION * refembles an amiable act of
courtefy when it proceeds from thofe we juftly
venerate.
"THAT is eccentnc1ty morally confidered?
Place yourfelf at your neighbour's point, enter
into his view of things, then defcribe your cir ..
de: nothing then appears extraordinary. Be­
holders feldom confider how extravagant their
manners appear in their turn.
ADVERTISE your abilities if you would give
publicity to them : "if you have none, frill it may
be neceffary to advertife.
BE fure to entruft no perfon with more power
over your heart than can be recalled. 'Tis
difgufting to thofe who love the fpecies, to hear
.any of them declare~ " I am entirely guided
by my friend." We a8: well but when we are
mofr ref ponfible.
WHEN miftrelfes have notorioufly an afcen­
dancy, every at.l of the keeper is f uppofed to
be planned behind the curtains.
B 6 WITH
" • He who is loved, and commands love, when he· corrects,
or is the caufe of uneafinefs, muft be lovelinefs itfelf; and, he
who can love him in the m-oment of correclion, is the mGft
· amiable of mo;tals. ". LA v AT 1: a 's Aphorifmi. REFLECTIONS OF 12
WITH the vulgar, and the learned, names
have great weight : the wife ufe a writ of en­
quiry into their legitimacy when they are ad­
vanced as authorities.
WHo would be the il:ave of infignificance•,
-and live in fubfervience to an hour, or a
failiion?
A SERIOUS look well tim'd, will often check
the obfireperous mirth of a fool, or difconcert
the florid attempts of the infecl:s who !lander
with a fmile,and cover cruelty with the warmefi
expreffions of concern.
CAN thofe have any characl:er to lofe who have
no reputation to gain ?
THE heft born, and the firft born, are oft­
times the worft, and the laft to be borne.
THE
• " There is fuch a plague every morning with buckling
lhoes, gartering, combing and powdering. Plhaw ! ceafe thy
impertinence, I'll drefs no more to-d~y. · Were I an honeft
brute, that rifes from his litter, lhakes himfelf, and fo is dreft,
I could bear it.
Prythee, what have we to do with time? Can't we let it
alone as Nature made it? Can't a man eat when he's hungry,
go to bed when he's fleepy, rife when he wakes, drefs when he
pleales, without the confinement of hours to enfiave him ?"
Ttuin Ri'flals. ZIMMERMAN,
THE ftrongefr infl:ance of friendlhip, or of
difintereftednefs, • fhall be the leaft regarded,
if it thwarts our willies, or croff'es our incli­
nations.
ONE of the fafefr methods of criminating
is, to reprefent a fuppofed impoffibility of your
having been able to commit the crime,
VIRTUE, t when fenfuality grows ftrong,
is in a precarious ftate ; and the more we are
pleafed by it, the greater is our danger.
IDLERS t cannot even find time to be idle,
or the induftrious to be at leif ure. We. muft
be always doing, or fuffering.
LovEits prefume more upon the ftrength
of their· paffion,. purfe,, or their perfonal charms,
than their integrity, or underftanding. 'Tis
but
• " Let me repeat it ; if yo11 cannot bear to be told by
your bofom friend that you have a 11:rong breath, you deferve
JIOt to have a friend." LA v ATER 's .dpborifms.
t Cc11nt de Buckekurg declared, '·' that the greatefl: danger, and
no danger, were the fame thing."
t Cato the Cenfor tells us, that Publius Scipio made this decla­
ration: " Nunquam fe minus otiofum elfe, quam cum otiofus,
nee minus folum, quain cum folus eifet." REFLECTIONS OF
but a cold courtfuip now-a-days where the vir­
tues prefide.
WE deck trifles* with the drapery of im­
portance when they are requefted of us. There
is too much of the fpirit of traffic in all our re­
ciprocities.
THE adultrefs expofes her offspring to fcorn
and danger ; a privilege motherhood alone can­
not warrant her in, though the affomes a right
to difpofe of her own perfon.
HELL is an inexhaufiible mine, whence cheat­
ing priefts draw their revenues; the miniftry ~
of the true religion difclaim any proprietory in
the infernal demefnes.
SELDOM compute a man's wealth by his mode
of Jiving, drefs, or the company he keeps.
THOUGH the male is early indulged in ha­
bits of inconftancy, 'twill not damp the fiery
fury
• " Who, u:i receiving a benefit, ell:imates its vaJue more
clofely than in conferring one, Oiall be a citizen of a better
world." LAVATEa's .Aphorifms.
t " And in cafe he believes more of the prevalency of an
ill-defigning principle than a good one, he is rather a demonift.''
l.OJI.D SHAFTSBllRY, ZIMMERMAN.
fury of a wife to tell her, that cuftom prevails
over reafon; nor, when the female becomes the
defaulter, does the.hu!band make allowance for
the contagion of example.
I ONCE~ heard it afferted, that the execu­
tioner did more towa1·ds the confervation of good
order than the priefl. Yes, I replied, but he
aeit4er has, nor does he deferve, fo much refpect.
The prieft only frightens you. But the hangma11
puts you out of fear,, the fellow replied.
P1TY fools ever; never truft to them. ,veil
has Lord Chefterfield declared, that " we may
fafely judge of a man's truth by his underftand­
ing." Doubtlefs, the ftrength of virtue depends
upon the vigour of intellect: • .,.
FoRt here, or hereafter, for things of mag­
nitude or trifles, our hopes or fears, patience is
all: the great hour of determination will arrive.
'Tis
· • Vox..TAlllE is of opinion that hanging is an advantage
only to the executioner, who is paid for putting men openly to
death : if punilhmenta are invented for the benefit of fociety,
they Jhould be ufeful to fociety i but a man is not. good fw-any
thing after he is hanged.
t " Las d'efperer~ & de me plaindre
De la cour, des grands, &: du fort,
C'ell: ici 4ue j'attends la mort
Sans la defirer, ni la craindre." MATNARP, REFLECTIONS OF 16
'Tis a contradiction in phyfics * to affirm,
that fomething, which once was not, has fince
been brought into exifl:ence. Matter was, is,.
and mufl: be equal perpetually, though its forms
are perpetually varying. Diffolution of form
every part of matter is fubjecl: to : all is m
motion.
THE weak may be jok'd out of any thing but
their weaknefs. ·
A Goon name will wear out ; a bad one may
lie tutn'd; a nick-name lafl:s .for ever.
PETRARCH was of opinion that pleafure,
by occafional interruption, became more lively.
Does this account . for the capricioufnefs and
bickerings of the married ftate ?
NEGATIVE
" • The aclual ex.iftence of a thing muft either be concluded
upon obfervation, or fufficient teftimony, or elfe reafoned out
from the necelfary conneilion it has with fomething the exift­
cnce whereof we are well a!Tured of.
u Nil po!Te creari
De nihilo, neque item genita, ad nihilum revocari." ·
LVCRETlVS.
" C'eft un cercle roulant, ou les memes chofefe font que
reculer, & s'approc!:er."
CRAMM, ZIMMERMAN.
NEGATIVE virtue* is a pofitive vice, if tho
means exifr of improving it.
WrvEs who often make free with the cha­
racters of their hufbands, will not be overfcru­
pulous in making free with their fheets.
AFTER revenge has been taken, or atonement
has been made, moft injuries are WILLINGLY
forgiven.
BuT that the recollection of my own infig­
nificance holds me back, I fear I lhould be fe-­
duced by the hyper-critics, cavillers, and carpers,
fo who furround me. So much are they admired,
happy do they feem in their own opinions. Right
or wrong t is at their command.
V IR Tuous fufferance t lays up a ftore
of rich fenfibility, which is afterwards ex­
pended
• " Withhold not good from them to whom it is due, when
it is in the power of thy hand to do it," Proverbs of &lomos..
" La plus fublime virtu ell: negative ; elle nous inftruit de ne
jamais faire du m_al a perfonnne," ReusuAv.
t " Who rapidly decides without examining proo~, will
perlitl obftinate!y." LA VA TER'S Apborifmr;
t " La fermete d'un homme qui foufre avec conll:ancc les
perfecutions qu'on lui fait, le met infinement au deffus de ceua
qui le perfecutent:• · L'.db/,I de Bellegartla ltEF LECTIONS OF 18
pended in alls of compaffion in behalf of the
diftreft.
THERE is no great rifle or expence in a great
prefent, * if the perfon, time,. and manner, have
been judicioufly chofen.
Ev ER Y impediment, morally fpeaking, is pre­
Judice, that prevents mankind from enjoying the
fullefr portion of felicity.
b we are not reprehenfible for thofe qua­
lities which do not depend on our will,. but ap­
pear to be the effecl: of furrounding objell:s aa:.
ing on our temperament,_ for which are we cul ..
pable?
SucH is the cecity of man, t fuch is the cruel
delicacy of his chofen companions, he remains
ignorant of his greateft lo1fes 'till 'tis too late to.
replace them.
PAST help is not always pa.ft hope ; pail: hope·
is not always paft cure.
WHAT
• " Prefents and gifts blind the eyea of the wife, and ftop up
~is mouth that he cannot reprove. Ectlefiafticus.
t " You are not very gJod, if you are not better than your
l!eft friends imagine you to be.,.
1LAV AT .Ill $ Aphcrijms. ZIMMERMAN·.
W HA 1' is fo hard as the heart Qt a creditor r
Thoufands repeat the queftion.. They compare
it to ftone, • iron; nay, they want a proper term
t-0 come up tQ their opinion of its infenfibility ..
And what can have. indurated his feelings? Who­
fits in judgment on the provocation he has re­
eei ved, 'the· inconveniences he· has undergone,
the petty evafions, and cruel infults he has pa1fed ?
'Till thefe have been made known, who is war­
ranted to oppugn his proceedings> or arraign his
humanity? We cannot endure for war; nay, we­
iliou'd not do it ! Thia may be declared without
becoming an advocate for perfecution.
SPEAK plainly;. a8: decifively;. o.ut of doubt•
eut of controverfy. .
. · THE heft advice is not always that which is,..
or can, but which ought to be, abided by •.
IF thofe who depend ·on cafualties for their·
amufement, have feen much of the world, they­
mufr be often baulk'd •
. MANY will anxiouily endeavour to learn
the opinion of the critic, who never think of
forming
• The Chine(e are faid to mve a ftone, called Yu, harder aml
heavier than marble; capable of a fine poli1h. j and fo. f.onorQjlil,i
as to. be u fed a11 a m.ulical iniuu111cnt. REFLECTIONS OF 20
forming one for themrelves. The, oracles of the
literary world, whofe decifions regulate the ideas
of the public, and govern their fentiments, owe·
their confequence to the cowardice 0f thofe who­
dare not think for themfelves.
THE reign of incredulity* is as fatal to the
temporal intereft of religion, as that of fuper­
fl:ition is : 'twill be heft underftood in · an age
when. good fenfe conducts difpaffionate enquiry~
PRODIG'AU may ftop when they pleare in
their career; they muft ftop in the end : but 'tis
eafier to convert the ruffian in the very all: of
murderous perpetration, than arreft by reafon the
fon of pleafure in his courfe.
A HER o's goal is mark'd out by· impofil­
bility.
N £ v ER exhauft your ftores, if you wilh the
admiration of the circle you frequent to be of
long continuance, Indeed, to abound in any par­
ticular,t frugality muft be obferv'd,
Oua
• We muft deihoy the prefs, or the prefs will deftroy us>
faid Cardinal Wolfcy.
, t " Genius alv,:ays gives its beft at firft,_ prudence at Iall:~
LAV AT :u 's .Aphorifms.. ZIMMERMAN, 21
-OuR wor:A: relations are good to us; they wifu
,us in heaven : fometimes, to fecure us this blef­
fing, they confign themfelves to a worfe place.
FEW tables where convivial talents will not
;pafs in payment, efpecially where the hoft wants
brains, ~r the gueft has money.
THE fafhionable require very 1ittle.from thofe
they affociate with, befides their purfe, praife,
time, and chaftity.
AN angry man * :fhould neither be believ'd
or oppos'd ; his intellea i!l derang'd. Mark
well how his paffion fubfides ; on that determine
for or againft the. duration of your intimacy. But
let me intreat that you never trufr the folky
wretch ; malice is in his heart ; revenge, hatred,
and more paffions· than there is names for. He
is a (pider who fpins delicate filaments on all
to enme:fh his unwary vicl:im. fides,
THE credulityt of the bigot ever keeps pace
with his ignorance, and the fear his ghofily direc­
tor has infpired. WrnE,
• " Anger is like
" A full hot horfe; who, being allow'd his way,
" Self mettle tires him. SHAJCl:SP li:AR I!:,
t Mrs. BENDYrn, grand-daughter of Cromwtll, gravely in­
lifted, in converfation,• that Oliver was one day feeking the
Lord P.EFL!C'l'IONS OF
WINE, and love, though they may be the belt:
cat home, are thought to have the heft relifh when
enjoyed abroad.
LucKY men are frequently thought to be dif.
:honeft ones. The envio!Is and narrow~mindcd
invariably fabricate difgraceful caufes for fudden
or great profperity.
KEEP an eye of rigid fcrutiny over your own
thoughts and acl:ions ; then the lenity fhewn to
the peccable will be highly honourable.
THERE will be little virtue extant when good
.intentions cannot obtain credit. Thofe deferve
1:0 fuffcr by vice who bruife the feed before it is
earth'd.
REFORMERS
Lord with fuch fervor of devotion, anl ftriving for a gndous
anfwer with fuch vehemence of fpirit, that the tears were forced
from him in fuch abundance, as to run under the clofet door
into the next room. This, t1> be fore, was fnivelling to fome
purpofe ! A gen~leman, to whom this information was
particu1 y addre!fed, obfcrvcd, in reply, " that it was difficult to fay
rrecifely what abundant fountains of tears might ~11 up and
run over the Lord's i:hofen velTels; yet he could not help fuf­
pecl:ing that the flood under the clofet door, occafioned by the
Protecl:or's ftruggles, was derived from fome other fource than
his eyes." ZIMMERMAN, 23
REFORM,ER.S * begin generally at the wrong
end : they fl,iould not deftroy ; they fhould
perfea.
• " In a certain part of the world, where ingenious melt
,are wont to retail their {peculations, I remember to have feen
a valetudinarian in a long wig, and a cloak, at the upper end
of a table, with half a dozen of difciples about him. After he
had talked about religion in' a manner which would make one
think atheifm aftablilhed by law, and religion only tolerated,
he entered upon civil government, and obferved, that the natu­
ral wo~ld was in perpetual circulation. Animals, faid he, who
draw their fuftenance from the earth, mix with the fame earth,
and in their turn become food for vegetables, which again nou­
Filh the animal kind. The vapours that afcend from this globe,
defcend· back upon it in lhowers; the elements alternately prey
upon each other. That which one part of nature lofeth, ano­
ther gains ; the furn total remaining always the fame, being
neither bigger nor letfer, better nor worfe, for all thefe inteftine
changes. Even fo, faid this learned profeffor, the revolutions
in the civU wodd are no detriment to human kind ; one part
whereof rifes as the other falls, and wins by another's lofs. A
man, therefor,e, who thinks deeply, and hath an eye on the
whole fyftem, is no more a bigot to government than religion.
He knows how to fuit himfelf to. occafions, and make the befi:
of every event; for the reft, he looks on all tranflations of power
and property, from one hand to another, with philofophic indif­
forence." Our leclurer concluded his difcourfe with a moft in­
genious analyfis of all political and moral virtues into their firfl:
principles and caufes, £hewing them to be mere falhions, and
illufions of the vulgar. As philofophers of this ftamp lay it
down for a maxim, that there is nothing facred of any kind,
nothing but what may be made a jeft of, exploded, and changed
like the faibion of theii cloaths ; fo nothing is more frequent
than llEFLECTl0NS OF
perfecl:. It cannot be fuppofed fo many ages
have paff'ed away, without leaving us in pof.
feffion of fomething that is intrinfically valu­
able, fomething that may ferve for improvement
to build on.
THE fafeft gallant is the hufband's heft
friend. So thinks the wife. The anathemas
of all who can feel purfue the traitrefs who
can folicit, or fubmit, in fuch a cafe, to be
folicited !
IF thofe who are united folely by affection
are not the heft, they are certainly the happieft,
portion of fociety.
ARE the crimes that neceffity occafions ne­
ceffarily objects of punifument ?
" The world's a fchool
" Of wrong; and what proficients fwarm around I
" We mutt or, imitate, or difapprove;
cc Mutt lilt as their accomplices or foes :
" <fhat ftains our innocence, this wounds our peace,,.
ELOQUENCE
than for them to utter their fchemes and principles not only in
felecl: companies, but even in public, There are many fponta­
neous lecturers, in every corner of the ftreets, ready to open
mens' eyes, and rub off all their prejudices :ibout religion, loy­
alty, and public fpirit," BISHOP BER.KJ:LY, ZIMMERMAN, 25
ELOQUENCE is admired, though wifdom is no
where to be heard.··
CAN any means be devifed to keep a fool in
awe that are fo efficacious as a greater fool?
'Tis as promifing a tafk to attempt recover­
ing the life as the reputation of one who has
been hanged.
WHAT* is there that hope, fear, or avarice,
will not induce the neceffi.tous, the _ambitious,
or adventurous, to undertake?
THE change we perfonally experience from
time to time we obftinately deny to our prin"."
ciples,
C L:r::~
* " The extremity we-endured was more terrible than befel
any 1hip in the .eighteen years war: for, laying afide the conti­
nual expecl:ation of death by 1hipwreck, and the daily mortality
of our men, I will fpeak of our famine. For fixteen days toge­
ther we never tafted a drop of drink, either beer, wine, or wa­
ter; and though we had plenty of beef and pork, of a year's
falting, yet did we forbear eating of it, it making us drier.
Many drank falt water, and thofe that did died fuddenly; and
the laft-words they ufually fpake were, 'Drink! drink! drink!'
And I dare boldly fay, that of five hundred men that were
in that fhip feven years before, at this day there is not a man
alive but myfelf, and one more." -
Vtde Tracls b:J Sir Wtlliam Monj,n. REFLECTIONS OF
LET your lot be bad, good, or indifferent.,
convince the world that you merit a better:
'twill caufe even your remains to be refpected.
To ftruggle in mifery and with mifery at the
fame time, appears to be the acme of human
fufferance. Who, acquainted with the num­
ber of propitious circumftances required to make
a vigorous effort * of the mind, can read the ad­
vertifement of the great Britifh lexicographer
emotionlefs ? .,,, It may gratify curio!ity to in­
"'' form it, that the Englifh Dictionary was writ­
" ten with very little affifrance from the learn­
" ed, and without any patronage of the great ;
u not in the foft obfcurities of retirement, nor
" under the fhelter of academic bowers, but
n amidft inconvenience, and diftraction; in fick­
" nefs, and forrow."
ALL who prefume to judge in their own
~aufe, prefume that reafon is on their fide.
THOUGH t words are , uncertain evidences,
they decide the moft momentous concerns.
RIGID
• " But 'tis not thought, for ftill the foul's employ'd :
cc 'Tis painful thinking that corrodes our clay."
ARMSTRONG,
t " Oral difcourfo ( whofe tranfient faults dying with the
found that gives them life, and fo not fobjeel to a ftricl: review)
more eafily efcapes obfervation." Locx& on Educatias. ZIMMERMAN. 27
RIGID authority make~ ·rebellious wives,
,children, and fubjecl:s. 'Tis this baftard power
that prevents men in certain fituations from_ being
adored; fo over-thankful is the human beart for
gentle treatment.
IF falfehood dwells on the lip, fo does temp­
tation.
VI v ID imagin~tions prevent, and occafion a
thoufand inconveniences that dull fouls are liable
to, or infenfible of.
R1cH garments* have no privileges, though
the wearers may.
C'HARITY is the expletive of juil:ice; mercy,
the abufe of it. Thefe vices are fpoken of as
pompoufly, and as ofrentatioufly, as if they chang­
ed their nature for the occafion.
IMPUDENCE t requires more than it me­
rits; Greedinefs, more than it can ufe; Penury,
.C 2 lefs
• " A man•s attire, and exceffive laughter, and gait, lhew
what he is."
Ecclejiafticus.
t " He who goes round-about in his requeil:, wants, com­
" monly, more than he chufes to appear to want."
LAVATER'S Aphorif,ns. REFLECTIONS OF
lefs than it can obtain : but the Modeft and the
Haughty periih, and the -lifl: of their wants with
them.
ORNAMENTS are adfcititiou~: the beauty of
the thing is in itfelf, (if there is any,) or in our
opinion of it.
WHEN we meet with better fare than was
expelt:ed, the difappointment is overlooked even
by the fcrupulous. When we meet with worfe
than was expecl:ed, philofophers alone know how
to make it better.
THOSE who hefitate to publifu their thoughts•
muft certainly be albamed or afraid of uttering
them. The Englifh proverb, contained in the
following difl:ich, fays,
•• He that wou'd Jive at peace, and refi,
" Mufi hear, and fee, and fay the bell."
-Such dehortations deferve our contempt : they
fiifle that manlinefs and fincerity which all legi­
flators fhould cheri!h.
,SUICIDES
• Si NE s 1 us faid to thofe employed to confecrate him, " I
muft acquaint you that I will neither deceive nor force the con­
fcience of any man. I will allow every man peaceably to reta;n
his ·• ZIMMERMAN,
S:urcrnEs pay the world a bad compliment,
Indeed, it may fo happen, that theworld has bean
beforehand with them in incivility. Granted.
Even then the retaliation is at their own ex­
pence.
'Tis enough to rive a fenfible heart to mJure
. the generous poor : there are critical fituations,
that make it inevitable : a momentous crifis it
is, when felf-prefervation can only be obtained
hy acb of c~uelty.
A FOREIGN legillation is one of the monftrous
f ubftitutes · that weak politicians devife to re­
medy errors that fall within their own province
to recl:ify.
'Tis no uncommon thing to meet with per­
fons who carry the rewards and trappings of pro­
ftitution as proudly as if the profeffion was alt ..
honourable one.
MuTUAL * accommodation is the objell: and
e1fence of politenefs and morality.
C 3 NEVER
his opinion, and I will adhere to mine, I will not teach any
thing I do not believe. If you will confecrate me on thefe con­
ditions, I confont; if not, I renounce the biJhoprick."
• " There fa often a magnificent pride and ill-nature in men
of a great deal of wit and learning, which almoft overthrows all
their REFLECTIONS OF
NEVERlook for your anceftors, oryourtitles,
in the imperfe8:: records of antiquity; look into
your own virtues, and the hiftory of thofe who
liv'd to be benefa8::ors to fociety.
\VHEN females difclaim admiration, 'tis a feint
to prevent your difcovering that they are on the
look-out for it.
THE paft may be a very proper counfellor for
the prefent, or the future but a very imprope_r.
<lire8::or for either.
TH.ERE is no way to furmount the virulence of
dangerous prejudices, like a patient and unbiafi"ed
examination of oppofite docl:rines,
" HE* who is mafter of the fitteft moment to
" crufh his enemy, and magnanimoufly neglecl:s
" it, is born to be -a conquer.or .. " To thefe
words of the citizen of Zurich let there be add.
ed : " Thofe who are compelled to yield, can feel
no difgrace; thofe who fubmit, are cowards."
No
their merit; or at leaft makes one angry to find things fo val11•
able in fuch ill hands."
• " As the lull: of an eunuch to deflower a virgin, fo is he
th.,t excrnteth judgment with violence. ·
Eccl<Jiafticus. ZIMMERMAN, 3I
No citizen can look for impunity who ex4
peB:s r~fponfibility from his fellow-citizens.
* WHEN the malign are compelled to ut­
ter truth, the tone in which it is delivered fre­
quently operates to the difadvantage of thofe it
ihould ferve.
t BENEVOLENCE is kept in motion by its
own alts. When 'tis genuine, nothing impedes
its progrefs; and a trifle preferves the fpirit of
its acl:ion: nay, the very acknowledgments of
the relieved are fre!h and irrefifiible motives to
exertion,
How many mu!l: frr.ip if every one could
\
claim his own !
t THERE is, in the circles of traffic, no­
thing more common, than to hear one
tradefC 4 man
• " There is a wicked man that hangeth down his head
fadly; but inwardly he is full of dec_ejt; cafting down his
countenance as if he heard not : whe_r~ he is no_t known, he
will do thee a mifchief before thou a~t aware," Ecclif,ajlicus,
t " Call him faint who can forget his own fufforings in
" the minute griefs of others." LAVA"rEa's Aphcrijms,
! When a couple of broom-men had chatted one day
On a number of things in a fociab!e way,
Anew REFLECTIONS OF 32
man wonder how another thrives: the more the
fpirit of trade is within them, the greater the
a!l:onifhment !
CAUTION is perpetual care. The cautious
are are often timid, or affeaed. With the wifeft
of them, enjoyment mufr be incomplete: whilft
the fun ihines, they forefee ftorms.
earnejl of the prefent is with fome lefs *THE
enticing than the promife of futurity.
CONFIDENT
A new fubjecl: they ftarted: fays Jack, "My friend Joe,
" I have long been moft plaguily puzzled to know
" How you manage to fell your brooms cheaper than mine,
" As I flea/ the materials •. "--" I like your defign,"
Replied Jack; " but improvement's the foul of a trade t
" All the brooms I difpofe of, I flea/ ready made."
.Anonymour,
• " The Saxons were undoubtedly a ll:out and hardy people,
delighting chiefly in war ; holding it all times far more honour­
able to take the nece1Taries of life from others by force, than by
their own induftry to provide for themfelves. War was, indeed,
part of their religion; for they not only held it diihonourable
for a man to die of a difeafe, or in his bed, but fuppofed that he
wou~d be entirely excluded from the joys of a happy ftate here­
after, which was a place in Woden's hall, where, in an endlefa
round of quiet and contentment, they would fit, and quaff full
cups of ale in the ik.ulls of their enemies. This was their hea­
ven: aad lheir place of pnniihment plainly proves their detefta­
tion of lloth and indolence ; for they fuppofed the torments to
be_ a continual fucceffion of lazi;1efs, Jkknefs, and the moft
mi(trable infirmities." STllVl"T• ZIMMERMAN. 33
CoNFIDENT ignorance frequently bears away
the reward from the timid, fcrupulous, and de­
ferving. The moft deferving muft put them­
felves in the way of preferment. ·
THE effence of recl:itude and error, does not
depend on words and claufes inferted in a ftatute;
it depends on reafon, and the urgency of circum.
ftances; and thefe were antecedent to all laws.
AL w A YS flatter women ; fometimes flatter
men. Such is the advice of one worldly fyco­
phant to another. Follow it, if you think
proper. Remember, by the bye, never to
flatter yourfelf. If, in the firft cafe, 'tis dan­
gerous to ·omit it ; or if, in the fecond, the ha­
zard is in not knowing when, or how, to apply
the dofe ; remember, that in the third, l?oth clan- ·
ger and hazard mufl: be your own.
* THE blandi:fhments of art may engage our
attention the quickefl:, but fimple nature will
have the longeft claim to it.
C 5
* " Pray, Madam," faid a celebrated painter, to a certain
toaft upon le plus baut ton, whilft lhe was fitting for her pielure,
" does your ladylhip-mean to be painted twice over r" The
lady, fomewhat difconcerted, faid, " Sir, I do not underftand
you," " View the glafs, and that painting, and determine
whether REFLECTIONS OF 34
WE are prepared to love thofe we hear praifed.
With what advantage that being enters a com­
! pany whofe fame has been founded
* WHILE there is any thing to do, there is no­
thing done : thus runs one phrafe. Another fays,
Much is done by making a beginning. In truth,
things are often completed before they are fi­
niilied.
t GENUINE love is no refpecl:er of circum­
ftances : there is a fpecies of it that commences,
though it feldom thrives, where they are unequal.
DOMESTIC veneration we may fafely afpire
to ; the honours that are paid at home are not
exatled, and they excite no murmurs.
whether your rouge is not apparently more artificial than my
carmine ?" Her ladylhip flew down ftairs ; and, in the vio­
lence of perfpiration at the difcovery, left a whole ruby cheek,
and three blue veins.
• Lucan.
t cc La beaut~, !es attraits, lefprit, la bonne mine,
" Echauifent bien le cour, mais non pas la cuifine."
P. Co1tNEILLE,
Senz a Cerere, & Bacco, Venere e di ghiaccio.
Italian Proverl. ZIMMERMAN. 35
WHEN women rifle their reputation, the
chances are that they lofe it. One comfort
is, the rifle is not difcovered 'till the danger is
over.
THE neceffities that exift are in gen~ral creat­
ed by the fuperfluities tlfat are enjoyed.
IF contradicl:ion unfettles the temper, preju­
dice predominates. N everthelefs, if you cannot
diffent from your friend fafely, change the con­
verfation. The enmity of a human being no
man will call forth who knows the value of
his amity, or the infignifi.cance of a verbal
tri. umph over his failings.
* ToR TURE is neither a jufl:ifi.able or ready
means of obtaining the truth ; yet 'tis ftill a
maxim with deteftable ftatefmen, to deftroy
where they cannot intimidate or perfuade.
C6
* Though it had been for ages afcertained, that coercion
produced no beneficial change of fentiment, yet all the pre­
lates of France, confulted by Louis the Fourteenth, anfwcred
this queftion in the affirmative: " Is it right to force a pco­
" pie of he~etics to believe?"
An ordinance paired in France, July, 1652., permitting the
killing of Huguenots wherever they were to be found; and it
was to be read every Sunday from all pulpits ! 36 REFLECTIONS OF
IT fl:rains the body to afcend; it fhakes it to de­
fcend: the firfi effort is attended with difficulty;
the fecond, with danger.
IF the ferpent had not cheated Eve, fue might
have been an overmatch for the ferpent ; and
'tis not improbable but there are fome women
who will at lafl: efcape the devil's claws.
'Tis iniquitous to form an opinion of the
melfenger from the tendency of his news. The
man who brought intelligence to Tigranes of the
approach of Lucullus, was infl:antly beheaded.
BY the lover or the fcholar, the defaulter or
the dealer, the advantages of concealment are
generally over-rated.
SERVANTS often wear the livery whilfl: their,.
employers do the work : indeed, the kitchen
fometimes appears to be the place adapted to the
meridian of their underfl:andings. * ,v e are not
all cloathed as we deferve to be.
THE
* " Who comes from the kitchen, fmells of its fmoke;
who adheres to a feel:, has fomething of its cant: the college
air frames the ftudent; and dry inhumanity, him who herds
with literary pedants.
LAVATER'S Aphorifms. ZIMMERMAN. 37
THE fingularities and oddities to be obferved
-in individuals, do not always proceed from good
fenfe: where they are very remarkable,. we
muft be prepared to meet with extremes.
'\Vao can murmur at not fucceeding,. when
the heft have been refufed ?
* PURCHASERS conceive themfelves to be
poffeft of the power, as well as the right,. of
judging.
Sue a as have been fleeced by worldly duplici­
ty, are accufed of acerbity in their animadver­
fions.
• " When his !aft comedy of the Wedding Day was in re­
hearfal, an actor faid, he was apprehenfi ve that the audience
would make free with a particular pafl"age ; therefore begged it
might be omitted. " No, damn it," replied the: bard, " if
the fcene is not good, let thein find that out." The play was
brought out without alteration, and the difapprobation of the
houfe was provoked at the palfage before objected to. The per­
former retired into the green room, where the author was in­
dulging his genius, and folacing himfelf with a bottle of cham­
pain. He had by this time drank plentifully, and cocking his
eye at the actor, whil!l: !l:reams of tobacco tri!'kled down his
mouth," What's the matter, Garrick?" f~ys he: "What are
they hilling now?" " Why, the fcene that I begg'd you to
retrench." " Oh, damn 'em,". replied the author ; " they
have found it out, have they ?"
MuR1'11Y's Effay on the Life and Geniusef
. HENRY F1111.01No. REFLECTIONS OF
fions. Thofe who bring this charge are incom­
petent to the talk of maintaining it, if they have
ef caped the fuears.
FAMILY pride entertains many unfocial opi­
nions.
THE profpecl: of pleafure, or of pain, is fuf­
ficient apology for preferring or quitting any
road.
THERE is a local as well as a perfonal attach­
ment ; and 'tis not uncommon to entertain a par­
tiality for certain places, in confequence of a par­
tiality to perfons.
WHO is it that advocates for flavery? Thofe
who are nefcious what an immenfe benefit a fin­
gle freeman is of to the general family of man­
kind.
BETTER to be in a ftate of infipience, than to
be guilty, and be confcious of it. There is no
criminality, unlefs there is a confcioufnefs, a
fenfe of it.
THE eye is an expreffive organ, and lays the
mind under heavy pena,ltics ; it ~Vo contributes
moft to its riches.
NEGLECT 4 ZIMMERMAN, 39
NEGLECT the firfr opport.unity of liquidating
your debts, and another may never occur. Pride
hurries many a man to get out of debt; fear
prevents as many from getting into it.
FROM fools, knaves, or wits, there is little
profpecl: of obtaining a direct: aMwer to a fimple
quefl:ion. To their fimple queftions they always
expect: one, though they do not deferve it : nor
is there any exifting obligation to give it.
THE buftle of the infigiiificant is the fineft
leffon for thofe who wiili to become humble
in their demeanour.
*TASTE is perpetually varying, yet is it
the frandard of excellence.
INMATES of courts and cottages differ Iefs in
principle than in the way of demonftrating
them. The vulgar of the city exclaim againft
the chicanery and fervility of the former, as
loudly as they apoftrophize the innocence and
honefty of the latter.
THE
• Hoa Ac:£, in his Ninth Ode, fays,
" This is the time to be polreft;
" The beft is but in feafon beft." REFLECTIONS, OF 40
THE rich have jufl: as much a~ they can ufe :
thofe who poliefs more, have in .heir cuftody
what would make others ricl1.
IN all cafes 'tis the weak who fufrer, and the
weakeft who acknowledge the jujlice of the
puniihment awarded to them.
* vVHOREs, even in their profperity, are
unhappy. Gold cannot filence the apprehen­
:fions of confcience. The fate they have been
told they merit, they are in continual expec­
tation of.
THE furefl: criterion of a man's difpofition, is
the infl:antaneous effell: that cheerfulnefs or joy
produces on his fJJirits. The countenance in
this cafe is the mirror of ineff.1.ble fatisfaction.
SOLITUDE mufl: render the heart callous.
\Vhat has it whilfl: alone to pity, or to cheriih ?
It makes no provifion but for itfelf; there its
care begins, there it terminates. Humanity is
unknown to the Solitaire. Without it, and all
the
• " There is a finner that hath good fuccefs in evil things,
" and there is a gain that turncth to lofs."
Ecc!ejiaflicus. ZIMMERMAN.
the dear cares that it includes, of what worth is
exifi:ence?
A w ANT of conjugal happinefs is the pretence
of every married gallant ; and the fubtle hypo~
crite into whofe arms he falls is glad of the com­
plaint: under the veil of pity, fue gives loofe.
reins to her inordinate deftres.
D1ss1PA TION is abfolutely a labour when the
round of Vanity Fair has been once made ; but
falhion makes us think light of the toil, .and we
defcribe the circle as mechanically as a horfe
in a mill.
* To know how fweet friendfuip is,. we muff:
be houfelefs,. and defi:itute. One who has never
loft fight of a throne is in a fiate of infcience.
The Second Charles, or his father, might have
felt the extatic thrill of being thought worth the
. care of a brother.
THE wife regret, the fool fears, to die ..
'Tis
• " To /hare a heavy burden mere! y to eafe another, is no­
b!~; to do it chearfully, fublime.
LA v AT u 's .dpborifmt. REFLECTIONS OF
* 'Trs certain that a violent affecl:ion can take
place but once during life ; for it, in fome fuape,
occupies the whole attention during our exi:ft:­
ence : we may renounce the objecl: of it ; the
paffion will perpetually recur.
THOUGH your mirth difp.leafes, do not pre­
cipitately conclude that the heart is badly organ­
ized. There is a. feafon for joy~
b adverfity does not teach a man how far he
can depend on himfolf, at leaft it inftrucl:s him
what
• On Mrs. VANBll UGGl!N (ci-devant Mrs Montford) GA 'I
made his Black-ey'd Sufan. She fell in love with Boo TH ; but
the defire of retaining an annuity left her by Lord Berkeley, on
condition that lhe never married, prevented their union. BooTii:
afterwards married Mifs SA NTL or:. No fooner did the perfidy
of her lover, and the ingratitude of her friend, come to her
knowledge, than lhe gave way to a dcfperation that deprived her
!lf·her fe:ifes. D,uing a lucid interval, lhe aJked her attendant
what play was to be performed th~t evening, and was told that
lt was Hamlet. In this piece ihe had with great applaufe per­
formed Ophelia.. The recolleetion ftruck her; and, with that
cunning ufuall y allied to infanity, the found means to elude the
care of her fervants, and got to the theatre : there lhe conceal­
ed herfelf 'till the fcene in which Ophelia was to make her ap­
pearance in her infane ftate. She pulhed on the ftage before her
rival, who was the appointed reprefentative for the night, and
exhibited Ophelia herfelf to the amazement of the performers
and the audience. Nature in this !aft effort was exhaufted.
On her exit, Jhe exclaimed, " It's all Gver ;" and the predicl:iori
was foon verified! Yi.le G. A. BELLAMY'S Apolou, ZIMMER.MA~• 43
what portion of reliance is to be placed on his
coadjutors.
CONTINUANCE is the foul of peace, love>
pleafu~e, and amity.
IN politics, or ethics, the right mofr univer­
fally efiablifhed, appears to be the right of doing_
wrong.
• PovERTY, the raillery of women, or the
fneers of opulent relatives, operate more vio.
lently on fome difpofitions than the dread of pain
or death,
t ER.R.OR. is never fo fatal as when 'tis
cloath'd in the garb of confiftence.
· CHILDREN have no appeal, but in extreme
caf es : the tyranny within doors frequently needs
a check. :f:
* " You:· l)idicuk me ~caufe y011 kn_. w~at I do i did
" I know your, aaiQJls, { col!,ld return it." ,, .
'· · · ,. · Eaftens Sentence.
t " Who by kindnefs, and fmooth attention, can infinuate a.
hearty welCl>me to an unweicome gueft is a hypocrite fuperior 1
to a thoufand plain. dealers." LA v ATE a 's
.dphorif1m.t The Spartans could not 'fuggeft an idea that parricide coultl
be committed, - 111d had therefore fuggefted -110 puma,..mcnt. for iti. # REFL:£CTIONS OF
WHEN we extol or defend. the characlers of
abfent intimates, we are as often acluated by mo­
tives of pride as of juftice. Of abfentees we
always fpeak in extremes.
LET fuch as wHh to familiarize with the in•
feparable infignificance of their ftate, look into
the fepulchres of the moft. illuftrious ; around
are vi!ible the mementos of mortality. Where
can be found a folitary grain of the original, to
identify of what earth it was compounded ? Yet
the marble informs us that it once. received the
body of fome mighty warrior; on~. who had dif"'.
patched thoufands to a premature and bl~od-damp
grave, that his glory might outlive his confciouf­
nefs of it.
. .,
* WANT of refpecl for ourfelves is a tacit
licence for the neglecl of.all the world : the mean­
fpirited alone avail th!;!mfelv~s of the overfight.
TaosE who are very fcrupulous, and tender of
their own honour, will notwithftanding make
very free-with the honour of a friend, or his wife •
. '' Honour," faid the philofophic · prelate, "· is
but
* 'Twas well replied of a French Peafant to a young Noble­
man, who ~i1hed her to ieave her.i-uftic ftate, and accompany
li-im to Paris, " Ah ! my Lord, the farther we remove from
·'' wrjel'lla, the greater is our diftance from happinefi." 45
but a 'fi.8:itious kind of honefl:y ; a mean, but
necefTary, fub:fl:itute for it in focieties who have
none. It is a fort of paper credit, with which
men are ·obliged to trade, who are deficient in
the Jlerling cath of true morality and religion.,,
THE pity of benevolence is a delightful kind
of melancholy, where it cannot relieve. Pity,
'tis to. be feared, is ·an ephemeran, * even :with
the heft, whether it comes in the thape of a
kindnefs, an infult, or an injury.
THERE exiils no ftimulus to acl:ivity when
every thing is within our reach, or when the va­
lue of life is brought too low by the galling con­
ditions on which 'tis enjoy'd: then the foul be­
comes liJllefs ; or, if it has a defire, 'tis for the
advent of death.
'Tis tafier to undertake than to retracl:, efpe­
cially in momentous affairs. Good, excellent is
the advice of the poet Shenilone : " "\Vhatever
" fituation in life you ever wifh or propofe for
" yourfelf, acquire a clear and lucid idea of the
" inconveniences attending it."
THE
* ,.,,,, upon, and 111''f", a day.
Ephemera, in phyfic, is a continual fever, that lafts but a day. 46 REFLECTIONS OF
THE firft acl: of innovation, though the moil
dangerous, is the laft which is detecl:ed.
\VHEN paupers evince any confoioufnefs of
neglecl:, they are .inftantly fpum'd; if they com­
plain this time of a fcanty dole, the next they
will have hone. Though our donations are
made to pleafe ourfelves, we infift upon thofe who
rec~ive our alms being pleafed with them.
GREAT gaiety may exift without impurity;
'tis a queftion if great gravity can. Hilarity is
conferttaneous to a guilelefs heart : deep and dif­
coloured are the motives for referve.
* How -can you convince, or be convinced,
if you irritate, or are irritated?
t WHEN government tolerate no opinions but
their own, what opinion can we form of tl1em?
How
* "We can do all by fpeech and lilence. He who underftands
the double art of (peaking opportunely at the moment, and
of·faying ·not a fyllable more or lefs than is demanded, and he
who can wrop himfe1f up in filence when any word would be in
vain, will underftand to connect energy with patience."
LA v AT :i,; It's Aphorifms.
t " Let us feek truth, but feek it pietly as well as freely.
Let us not imagine, like fome who are called free-thinkers, that
every man who can think and judge for himfelf, as he has
a right ZIMMERMAN. 47
How fuall it be publifued ? It appears like an acl:
of madnefs to attempt it ! Yet, when the gene­
ral fentiment is ripen'd, it may be done with
fafety, and under the unanimous protecl:ion ()f
the community.
'T1s not poffible to hear the genuine fenti­
ments of fome women, 'till their love, or your
purfe, is exhaufied.
THOSE who fcatter their promifes unmeaning­
ly, are liberal of cruelty.
FREQUENTLY it happens that we have no
more idea of the fignifications of the words
we utter, than of the value of the gold that
paffes through our hands.
* WIT, to be well clefin'd, muft be defin'd
·by wit itfelf: then 'twill be worth liftening to.
MANY
a right to do, has therefore a right of fpeaking, any more than
than of acting, according ,to the foll freedom of his thoughts.
The freedom belongs to him as a rational creature, but he lies
under reftraint as a member of fociety. We may communicate
our thoughts orily fo as it may be done without offending the
laws of our country, and difturbing the public peace."
LORD BOLINGBROICE.
* " Wit is fine language to advantage drefs'd;
" Been ol\en thougbt, but ne'er fo well exprefs'd"
DRYDEN. ,t-8 REFLECTIONS OF
* MAN v· of the modern fyftems of religion
have more relationfhip to abfurdity than to vir­
tue. This remark is not thrown out againft the
church of Rome. "It forbids private judgment,
and the exercife of reafon in matters of religion.
Now nothing is more evidently abfurd than to
reafon again-ft the ufe of reafon; for if the argu­
ment itfelf is good, reafon muft be a good thing;
and if th~ argument be bad, it only proves the
folly of him who ufed it."
A HERO ftands for nothing by.itfelf, nor does a
fool ; but they both count for fomething amongft
numbers.
t 'Tis goocl to have enemies, if 'tis only to
hear of our faults.
ANGER i-s extraneous: we muft defert the fub­
ject, when we give way to expreffions of ill-na­
nature.
MANY
* J uftice for an hour is better than devotion for a year.
Ea.ftern Sentence.
t " There is a reproof which is not comely; again, fome
man holdeth his tongue, and is wife. It is much better to re:.
prove, than to be angry fecretly; and he that confeffeth his
fault, Jhall be preferved from hurt. How good is it when thou
art reproved to Jhcw repentance ! for fo Jhalt thou efcape wilful
Jin. Ecclyia.fticus. ' ZIMMEllMAN, 49
MAN1': fpecies of wit are quite mechanical :
thefe are the favourites of witlings, whofe fame
in words fcarce outlive the remembrance of their
funeral ceremonies. · .
ATTENTION to dull details, is a way to for~
tune by the road of• patience. Liften, and the
hearts of half the world are gained.
UNDEll the vizors of prudence and fentinient,
lurk artifice and luft.
Tai inexperienc'd only confider the prefent:
remote advantages determine the wife man's ac;.
tions. You cannot draw a line, but it mtefl have
a__ beginning, and an end. A wifa man knows,
Ji;:_;,, the principle and origin of all things; and,
facondly, is _not ignorant of their enrl.
-- .
CIVILITY and good breeding, are as much
matters of intereft as virtue is.
Ev ER y human agent :fhould be his own hifto­
rian : 'tis for th~ credit of the individual, and
· the advantage of the community, that all the
contingencies of their tranfacl:ions :fhould be
brought to light,
D "THRU! 50 REFLECTIONS OF
" THREE• things characlerife man; perfon,
" fate, merit : the harmony of thefe conftitutes
" real grandeur." t How accidental is the great- .
nefs of which the vain mortal boafts ! Two of
the three conftituents are independent of him :
and the poor wretch whofe merit is his all, what
is his fate ? Let us not think of Boffuet, Chat­
terton, and the long train of letter'd viclims !
PAY the greatefi: attention to your enemy ;
from him you have the mofi: to dread.
t THERE are a fort of friends, who in your
poverty do nothing but torment and taunt you
with
• " Search carefully into the unifons and di(cords of a man's
perfon, fate, and merit, and ·you may analyfe his charat'ler
(o clearly, that you may almofl: certainly foretel what he will
lie." Again :
" As the prefent charaB:er of a man, fo his paft, fo his fv- .
ture. Who recolletls diftinfHy his pall: ,dventures, know his
dell:iny to come." LAVAT:Ea's Aphorifm,.
t Before thou calleft a man hero, or genius, inveftigate
whether his exertion has features of indelibility ; for all that is
eelell:ial, all genius, is the offspring of immortality.
LAV A T U. 's Ap/#rij,t,s.
t " The ftudy of man is the doB:rine of unifons and difcords
between ourfel ves and others.
" He who has but one way o( feeing every thing, is as im­
portant for him who ftudies man as fatal to friendlhip."
LA v AT 11 a 's Aphori{ms. ZIMMER.MAN. 5}
with accou11ts of what you might have been had
you followed their advice : and this privilege
comes from the comparative ftate of their finances
and yours.
Wao would be inftrumental in raifing a mob,
whilfr the march of the Poiffardes from Paris
to V erfailles is before their eyes ? Who would
precipitate political changes, who confiders that
the very hurry of the meafure prevents any bene­
fit it may produce to be of a long continuance ?
Befides, all the advantages that revolutions by
force bring, cannot reftore one of the many lives
that have been defl:royed to produce it.
MEN and their avocations fuould be carefully
feparated.
DESPOTISM is the will of the mofl: powerful
carried into effell: by force.
* URGENT mufi be the occafion, when we
can fubmit to be ferv'd by the lukewarm, or thofe
who enumerate their Cervices.
D 2 EVERY
• " The gift of a fool /hall do thee no good when thou hall:
it: neither yet of the envious for his necei!ity : for he looketb
to recive many things for one. He giveth little, and upbraideth
much ; he openeth his mouth like a cryer ; to-day he lendeth,
and to-morrow he will alk it again: fuch a one is to be hated
of God and man. Ecclefiajiicu'" 1 52 REFLECTIONS OF
• Ev Ell Y nece:Bity is a trial of patience and in­
genuity.
t BETTER to be conjoin'd with the dead than
the dull. Mezentius had no puni£hment equal
to a lifelefs, yawning, diffatisfi.ed female com­
panion.
~Tis not po:Bible to avoid dealing with fools ;
but 'tis mortifying to be out-fool'd by them.
t Wao £hall arraign my fingularities, if they
neither incommode him, or debafe me? Follow
thine own cuftoms, flave: if they are right,
perfevere in them: for thy credit, hav~ a better
authority than cuftom for fo doing.
No man can judge for, tho' he may of, ano­
ther.
THOSE
• " Then talk of patience, when you have l,ome him who
has none without repining."
LAVA TEil's .Aph<Jrifms.
t Mezentius, by way of punilhment, faftened a dead corpfe
to a living body, that hunger, putrefaaion, and noifome fmells,
might by fmall approaches deftroy the vi£Hm of his rage.
t " He alone is a man, who can refift the genius of the age,
" the tone of falhion, with rigorous fimplicity, and modeft
cou,, rage • .,,
LAV AT u 's .Apborifms. ZIMMERMAN. 53
THOSE who expofe their perfons to the affaults
of danger for fa~e, or for the defencC? of impro­
per conduct, certainly have more blood than
brains to fpare.
WHEN beauty is not fupported by fortune, it
generally is by prefumption.
* LA ws ma4e after the commiffion of crimes,
with an intent to puniih, are cruel ; before them,
ridiculous.
AN open confeffion· of. a fingle crime, or im­
perfection, will do more towards confoling the
diffatisfied than au example of ten common vir­
tues. When perfons are reprefented as more
than mortal, we are apt to think ourfelves Iefs
than human. What an interefting detail has
Rouffeau fet forth ! What original plainnefs has
Charlotte Elizabeth de Baviere in her account of
herfelf ! Daughters of frailty ! liften. " In all
" the world, I believe, there are no hands uglier
D 3 " than
• In 1776, thirteen of the principal bankers funded z5,-000,ooo
livres for the eftabliJhment of a bank at Paris, to difcount bills
of exchange, part in calh, and part in notes, for the purpofe
of facilitating trade, and of fupporting the occafional wants of
. government. On the z5th of September, 1783, an unexpetl:ed
and extraordinary run put the diretl:ors to the neceffity of 11:op­
ping payment. This event occafioned. univcrfal alarm; the mi­
niftry REFLECTIONS OF 54
" than mine. The late king • often told it me
" laughing, and made me laugh at it too; for as
" I am totally free from all perfonal beauty, I
". am always the firft to laugh at my own home­
" linefs ; and · if laughing adds to the furn of
" happinefs, I have my fliare of it."
To pleafe ourfelves, or frienhs, is too eafily
effected : to pleafe thofe who have antipathies
againft us, is almoft impoffible.
'T1s not that the courfe of things changes,
but peevifhnefs paralyzes our fenfes: every thing
is wrong wheri the temper is off its poife.
CONVICTION
,.iftry made ufe of effry means to prevent bad confequences:
four edids appeared from the king, which they had the precau•
tion of antedating five days. The firft forbad all notaries to pro­
teft notes iJfued by the Cailfe d'Efcompte, under penalty of
a mulcl:, befides corporeal punilhment ; the fecond ftopping all
future demands till January 1, 1784; the third enjoining per­
fons to receive the above notes in payment ; the fourth laying
duties on all fpecie exported.
Thefe particular words arc in the lirft arret: " His majefty,
" l'Cferving to himfelf, and bis council, the hearing of all dil­
cr putes and profecutions concerning this arret, withdraw. it
" from his courts, and other judges."
• Louis the Fourteenth. ZIMMERMAN. ss
CONVICTION fhould regulate our conduct, we
are told. Where are the exalted fouls who will
take the pains to convince us?
IT hurts both the feeling, and unfeeling, to
folicit for their affiftance.
'T1s acknowledg'd that the motives for our
own acl:ions are difficult to difcover ; thofe that
guide his neighbour, every fimpleton knows.
* Is a· " fympathy in years, manners, and
efi"entially necefi"ary to the nuptial " beauties,"
copartnerfhip ? Will not a coincidence of fenti­
ment as firmly attach refin'd fouls, as corporeal
charms do the fenfual l
t RET AIL.ERS of anecdotes are dangerous
newfmongers : what they have to relate is fel­
dom correcl: ; and if it is the flatus rei, 'tis
generally fo tim'd, that it becomes mifchievous.
. D 4 'Tis
• Othello.
t " A wife man will hold his tongue 'till he fee opportu•
" nity : but a babbler and a fool will regard no time."
« An unfeafon;ble tale mil alwa~ be in the mouth of the
" unwife. A wife fentence ih~ll be rejecled when it Cl>llleth
" out of a fool's mouth; for he will not fpeak it in due
" feafon." Ecclejiaflicus. -5(> REFLECTIONS OF
·'Tis for ftory-telling, that is " the lottery of
" genius, which no one fhould venture to play
" deep in, without poffeffing a confiderable ftock
" of fterling wit, and brilliant humour."
THE eftablifhments of royalty and priefihood,
are the moft ftupendous monuments of human
ambition.
AMIDST the diverfity of religious fyftems, and
the numerous and contradictory explanations of
the tenets belonging to each, the judgment · is
perplex'd, and confidence deftroy'd. How can
the minifters of God expect coricoi:ding fenti­
ments from the laity, when they themfelves can­
not fettle what is, or is not, the true gofpel, or
the true conftrucHon of its principles ?
WHEN we know the poverty of the parent,
the affiuence of the offsprini aftonifhes us. Syl­
la, after boafting of his exploits in Libya, was
a1k'd, " How can'fi: thou be an· honefl: man,
" who, tho' thou hadft not a groat left thee by
" thy father, art now mafl:er of fuch large pof­
" feffions ?"
R1cH fancy and matur'd judgment conjoin'd,
produce works that can never be exceeded.
WHAT