Ex Auditu - Volume 22
244 Pages

Ex Auditu - Volume 22



Ex Auditu began as the journal incorporating the papers of the Fredrick Neumann Symposium of Princeton Theological Seminary. After the first four volumes the journal began publishing the papers from the North Park Symposium on the Theological Interpretation of Scripture. The intent from the first has been to provide a forum for doing interdisciplinary theology from a biblical perspective for the benefit of the Church. Each annual publication focuses on a topic crucial to the life of today's Church. Additionally, each issue contains an annotated bibliography and a sermon, which makes it a practical guide for pastors.

Dr. Stephen Chester, Associate Professor of New Testament at North Park Theological Seminary

Dr. Klyne R. Snodgrass, Paul W. Brandel Professor of New Testament Studies at North Park Theological Seminary

Dr. D. Christopher Spinks, Acquisitions Editor at Wipf and Stock Publishers.

Terence E. Fretheim, Luther Seminary, St. Paul, MN; Richard B. Hays, Duke Divinity School, Durham, NC; Jon R. Stock, Wipf and Stock Publishers, Eugene, OR; Miroslav Volf, Yale Divinity School, New Haven, CT; John Wipf, Wipf and Stock Publishers, Eugene, OR

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Symposium on the Theological Interpretation of Scripture at North Park
DETAILS: For more information about the symposium click here.

Other inquiries should be addressed to one of the following:

Dr. Stephen Chester, Associate Professor of New Testament
North Park Theological Seminary
3225 W. Foster Ave.
Chicago, IL 60625
Telephone: (773) 244-6238 / Fax: (773) 244-6244 / Email schester@northpark.edu

Chris Spinks, Acquisitions Editor
Wipf and Stock Publishers
199 W. 8th Ave., Ste. 3
Eugene, OR 97401
Telephone: (541) 344-1528 / Fax: (541) 344-1506 / Email: chris@wipfandstock.com



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Published 01 April 2007
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An International Journal for the Theological Interpretation of Scripture
Volume 22
Ex Auditu is published annually by Wipf & Stock Publishers, 199 West 8th Avenue, Eugene, Oregon 97401, U.S.A.
Individuals:  U.S.A. and all other countries (in U.S. funds)  $20.00  Students  $12.00
Institutions:  U.S.A. and all other countries (in U.S. funds)  $30.00
This periodical is indexed in the ATLA Religion Database, published by the American Theological Library Association, 300 S. Wacker Dr., Suite 2100, Chicago, IL 60606, Email: atla@atla.com, WWW: http://www.atla.com/;Internationale Zeitschriftenshau für Bibelwissenschaft;Religious and Theological Abstracts; andOld Testament Abstracts.
Please address all subscription correspondence and change of address information toWipf & Stock Publishers.
©2006 by Wipf & Stock Publishers ISSN 08830053
EXAUDITU An International Journal for the Theological Interpretation of Scripture
Klyne R. Snodgrass,EditorNorth Park Theological Seminary3225 West Foster Avenue Chicago, Illinois 606254987USA Tel. (773) 2446243 Fax: (773) 2446244 email: ksnodgrass@northpark.edu Website: http://www.northpark.edu/sem/exauditu
Terence E. Fretheim,Luther Seminary, St. Paul, MN Richard B. Hays,The Divinity School, Duke University,  Durham, NC John E. Phelan, Jr.,President of North Park Theological  Seminary, Chicago, ILJon R. Stock,Wipf & Stock Publishers, Eugene, OR Miroslav Volf,Yale Divinity School, New Haven, CT John Wipf,Wipf & Stock Publishers, Eugene, OR
THE EDITORIAL BOARD MEMBERS AND CONSULTANTS represent various disciplines and denominations. Theological Interpretation of Scripture is a task to be taken seriously by scholars who are committed to the Christian faith and tradition. However, as one editorial consultant stated: “let people gradually get used to the idea that a sane hermeneutics is both oriented in advance toward agreement/consent and is simultaneously exigent, discriminating, critical.”
RICHARD BAUCKHAM University of St. Andrews St. Andrews, Scotland
M. DANIEL CARROLL R. Denver Seminary Denver, Colorado
JAN DU RAND Rand Afrikaans University Johannesburg, South Africa
WILLIE JENNINGS The Divinity School Duke University Durham, N. Carolina
ROBERT JOHNSTON Fuller Theological Seminary Pasadena, California
R. WALTER L. MOBERLY University of Durham Durham, England
KATHLEEN M. O'CONNOR Columbia Theological Seminary Decatur, Georgia
IAIN PROVAN Regent College Vancouver, B.C.
GRAHAM STANTON University of Cambridge Cambridge, England
ANTHONY THISELTON University of Nottingham Nottingham, England
AUGUSTINE THOMPSON University of Virginia Charlottesville, Virginia
MARIANNE MEYE THOMPSON Fuller Theological Seminary Pasadena, California
KEVIN J. VANHOOZER Trinity Evangelical Divinity School Deerfield, Illinois
GEOFFREY WAINWRIGHT The Divinity School Duke University Durham, N. Carolina
SONDRA WHEELER Wesley Theological Seminary Washington, D.C.
WILLIAM H. WILLIMON Bishop The North Alabama Conference The United Methodist Church Birmingham, Alabama
N. T. WRIGHT Bishop of Durham Durham, England
Announcement of the 2007 Symposium
Volume 22
“So That in Him We Might Become the Righteousness of God” (2 Cor 5:21): Some Theological Reflections on the Church Becoming Justice A. Katherine Grieb 58
Response to Grieb Jason Byassee
Introduction Klyne Snodgrass
Response to Birch Cheryl B. Anderson
Justice in Scripture James K. BrucknerReclaiming Prophetic Leadership Bruce C. Birch
The Relation of Justice/Righteousness toShalom/Eirēnē Willard M. Swartley
Response to Swartley Paul Bischoff
Jesus, the Jews, and the Politics of God’s Justice Daniel M. Bell Jr.
Can Rich People Be Saved? (Mark 10:23–27) Frank Thomas
James, Sirach, and the Poor Carroll Osburn
Response to Carter James Amadon
Annotated Bibliography on Justice
Parameters of Justice: Ideological Challenges Regarding Persons and Practices in Leviticus 25:25–55 Mignon R. Jacobs
Ex Auditu– Volumes Available
Response to Evans Max J. Lee
Jesus and Justice Craig A. Evans
Response to Jacobs Karl Clifton-Soderstrom
Theology, Exegesis, and the Just Society: Gregory of Nyssa as Abolitionist Intellectual J. Kameron Carter
Presenters and Respondents
 North Park Theological Seminary in Chicago, Illinois, is pleased to announce that the twenty-third Symposium on the Theological Interpretation of Scripture will take place September 27–29, 2007. The symposium will start at 7:00 p.m. on September 27 in Nyvall Hall and will extend through a Saturday afternoon worship service on September 29. The theme in 2007 will be Christianity’s Engagement wit h Cult ure. The fo llo wing perso ns have agreed t o make presentations:
Sathianathan Clarke, Wesley Theological Seminary (Theology) Ellen Davis, Duke Divinity School (Old Testament) Paul Denui, North Park Theological Seminary (Missions) Boaz Johnson, North Park University (Old Testament) Rob Johnston, Fuller Theological Seminary (Theology and Culture) Andrew Mbuvi, Shaw University Divinity School (New Testament) Paul Metzger, Multnomah Biblical Seminary (Theology and Culture) David Tiede, Augusta College (New Testament)
Persons interested in attending the sessions should write before September 1 to:
Ms. Guylla Brown North Park Theological Seminary 3225 W. Foster Avenue Chicago, Illinois 60625
Meals may be taken at North Park and assistance can be provided in finding nearby lodging.
Anchor Bible Anchor Bible Dictionary Australian Biblical Review Analecta biblica Gregory of Nyssa’sDe Anima et Resurrectione(On the Soul and  the Resurrection) American Standard Version Bulletin for Biblical Research Biblica The Bible Translator Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft Catholic Biblical Quarterly Gregory of Nyssa’sContra Eunomium(Against Eunomius) Gregory of Nyssa’sCatechetica Oratio(Catechetical Orations) Gregory of Nyssa’sde Hominis Opificio(On the Creation of the  Human Being) Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels Formation and Interpretation of Old Testament Literature Gregorii Nysseni OperaHorizons in Biblical TheologyGregory of Nyssa’s “Homilies on Ecclesiastes” Harper’s New Testament Commentaries Gregory of Nyssa’sIn Sanctum Pascha(Discourse on the  Holy Pasch) Harvard Theological Review Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching International Critical Commentary The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible InterpretationJournal of Biblical Literature Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society Journal of Religious Thought Journal for the Study of Judaism in the Persian, Hellenistic, and  Roman Periods: Supplement Series Journal for the Study of the New Testament Journal for the Study of the New Testament: Supplement Series Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Journal for the Study of the Old Testament: Supplement Series King James Version
Gregory of Nyssa’sThe Lord’s Prayer Septuagint Neotestamentica The New Interpreter’s Bible New International Commentary on the New Testament New International Commentary on the Old Testament New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology New International Greek Testament Commentary New International Version New King James Version Novum Testamentum Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers New Revised Standard Version New Testament Studies Old Testament Library Patrologiae cursus completus: series Graeca Review and Expositor Society of Biblical Literature Dissertation Series Society of Biblical Literature Monograph Series Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series Studia theologica Southwestern Journal of Theology Theological Dictionary of the New TestamentTheological Lexicon of the Old Testament Tyndale Bulletin Vetus Testamentum Supplements Word Biblical Commentary Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament Word and WorldZeitschrift für altorientalische und biblische Rechtgeschichte Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde  der älteren Kirche
It is fashionable for politicians and theologians to talk about justice, even if courts and lawyers are more interested in legal success than justice. Our society often wants justice separated both from morality and legality. Further, it is easy to talk about justice but more difficult to define it in ways that actuallydojustice to all the competing claims in society. Justice for one person usually means another person has to pay—or at least refrain from taking what he or she could. Still more difficult is the task of living justly, putting justice into practice in all aspects of one’s being: in family relations, in conformity of word and act, in use of money, and in sexual relations, to name only the most obvious. We often separate individual ethics from issues of social justice, but can they be so easily separated? Can we say we care about social justice in Africa, with regard to racism, or with regard to economic justice, and not care about justice to the social entity—the person—to whom we relate? Can we claim to be justified and not be just? Justice is practiced within boundaries and communities. Is justice dispensed the same both inside and outside our communities? Should it be, or does community create different demands on justice? Within what boundaries does justice operate? In Luke 12:13 a man addresses Jesus with a cry for justice, which says in effect, “Give me my rights.” Jesus responds to such requests, in effect, by saying, “Look to yourself first.” (Cf. Luke 13:1–3 and see Kenneth Ewing Bailey, Through Peasant Eyes: More Lucan Parables, Their Culture and Style [Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1980], 60.) There is a standard of justice higher than our limited perceptions of justice, which should engender humility for both words and actions. As Lesslie Newbigin commented, “If I do not acknowledge a justice which judges the justice for which I fight, I am an agent, not of justice, but of lawless tyranny” (The Open Secret: Sketches for a Missionary TheologyRapids: [Grand Eerdmans, 1978], 125). No symposium can answer all the questions on justice, but the results in this journal are a step toward the goal. Nor can the journal ever do justice to the richness of the conversations at the symposia. Hopefully, however, these articles can be a starting point for the church’s conversations on justice. Thanks is expressed once again to all the presenters and respondents who made a significant investment in the life of North Park. The friendship of these
people is a privilege. Thanks are especially expressed to Dan Bell and Willard Swartley, who agreed to give papers late in the process because others found it necessary to pull out. James Bruckner’s paper was not given at the symposium but is included because if offers foundational ideas in defining justice. The authors of papers were given a chance to edit their contributions after the symposium, but the responses are as they were presented. As is obvious, the views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the journal or of North Park. We also thank all those in attendance for their interest and contribution to the discussions. As has been the case in recent years, this journal was typeset using the word processorNotaBene, and gratitude is expressed to the good people at NotaBenetheir continued, generous help. Special thanks is expressed to for Rebekah Eklund, who proofread the journal, to Nathanael Putnam, who among other things prepared the bibliography, and to Guylla Brown from North Park’s staff, without whom the symposium would not be possible.
Klyne Snodgrass The Editor