Ex Auditu - Volume 26

Ex Auditu - Volume 26

English
232 Pages

Description

CONTENTS:
Introduction
Klyne Snodgrass
"In Him All Things Hold Together": An Ecology of Atonement
William P. Brown
Response to Brown
Michael LeFebvre
Effecting the Covenant: A (Not So) New, New Testament Model for the Atonement
Michael Gorman
Response to Gorman
Troy Martin
Response to Martin
Michael Gorman
"Anyone Hung On A Tree Is Under God's Curse" (Deuteronomy 21:23): Jesus' Crucifixion and Interreligious Exegetical Debate in Late Antiquity
Peter W. Martens
"Happily Ever After?" Paul Peter Waldenstrom: Be Ye Reconciled to God
Michelle A. Clifton-Soderstrom
Response to Clifton-Soderstrom
Timothy L. Johnson
The Social Dimension of Atonement in the Torah
Viktor Ber
Response to Ber
Jeremy J. Wynne
"To Those Who Were Distant and Those Who Were Near": Atonement, Identity, and Identification
Brian Bantum
An Evangelical Feminist Perspective on Traditional Atonement Models
Linda D. Peacore
Response to Peacore
Jo Ann Deasy
Saving Bodies: Anagogical Transposition in St. Gregory of Nyssa's Commentary on the Song of Songs
Hans Boersma
Ransomed, Healed, Restored, Forgiven (John 5:1-16)
Carol Noren

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Published 09 May 2011
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EAN13 9781725246553
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EX AUDïTU A ïeraoa Joura or e heoogca ïerpreao o Scrpure
VOL. 26
2010
Ex Audu ŝ puŝed auay y Pckwck Pucaoŝ, a mpr o Wp ad Sock Puŝerŝ, 199 Weŝ 8 Aveue, Sue 3, Eugee, Orego 97401, USA
subscrip tions ïndîvîduas: U.S.A. ad a oer coureŝ ( U.S. udŝ): $20.00 Sudeŝ: $12.00
ïnsîuîons: U.S.A. ad a oer coureŝ ( U.S. udŝ): $30.00
hŝ perodca ŝ dexed  e ATA Rego Daaaŝe, puŝed y e Amerca heoogca rary Aŝŝocao, 300 S. Wacker Dr., Sue 2100, Ccago, ï 60606, Ema: aa@aa.com, www: p://www.aa.com/;ïnernaîonae Zeîscrîtensau ür Bîbewîssenscat; Reîgîous and heoogîca Absracs; and Od Tesamen Absracs.
Peaŝe addreŝŝ a ŝuŝcrpo correŝpodece ad cage o addreŝŝ ormao o Wp ad Sock Puŝerŝ.
©2011 y Wp ad Sock Puŝerŝ îssn: 0883-0053 îsbn: 978-1-61097-482-0
EX AUDïTU A ïeraoa Joura or e heoogca ïerpreao o Scrpure
Klye R. Sôdgaŝŝ, Edor Sehe J. Cheŝe, Aŝŝocae Edor D. Chîŝôhe Sîkŝ, Aŝŝocae Edor
Nor Park heoogca Semary 3225 Weŝ Foŝer Aveue Ccago, ïoŝ 60625-4987 USA
Te: (773) 244-6243 Fax: (773) 244-6244 ema: kŝodgraŝŝ@orpark.edu We ŝe: p://wpadŝock.com/jouraŝ/ ex_audu
EDITORIAL BOARD
Teeçe E. Feheîm, uer Semary, S. Pau, MN Rîçhad B. Hayŝ, he Dvy Scoo, Duke Uverŝy, Duram, NC Jô R. Sôçk, Wp & Sock Puŝerŝ, Eugee, OR Mîôŝlav Vôlf, Yae Dvy Scoo, New Have, CT Jôh Wîf, Wp & Sock Puŝerŝ, Eugee, OR
THE EDïTORïA BOARD MEMBERS AND CONSUTANTS repreŝe varouŝ dŝcpeŝ ad deomaoŝ. heoogca erpreao o Scrpure ŝ a aŝk o e ake ŝerouŝy y ŝcoarŝ wo are commed o e Crŝa a ad rado. However, aŝ oe edora coŝua ŝaed: “e peope graduay ge uŝed o e dea a a ŝae ermeeucŝ ŝ o oreed  advace oward agreeme/coŝe ad ŝ ŝmuaeouŝy exge, dŝcrmag, crca.”
Rîcard Bauckam Uverŝy o S. Adrewŝ, Emeruŝ S. Adrewŝ, Scoad
M. Danîel Carroll R. Dever Semary Dever, Coorado
Jan Du Rand Emeruŝ, Uverŝy o Joaeŝurg ad Exraordary Proeŝŝor, Nor Weŝ Uverŝy
Wîllîe Jennîngs he Dvy Scoo Duke Uverŝy Duram, N. Caroa
EDITORIAL CONSULTANTS
Rober Jonson Fuer heoogca Semary Paŝadea, Caora
R. Waler L. Moberly Uverŝy o Duram Duram, Egad
Kaleen M. O’Connor Couma heoogca Semary Decaur, Georga
Iaîn Provan Rege Coege Vacouver, B.C.
Anony hîselon Uverŝy o Nogam Nogam, Egad
Augusîne hompson Uverŝy o Vrga Caroeŝve, Vrga
Marîanne Meye hompson Fuer heoogca Semary Paŝadea, Caora
Kevîn J. Vanoozer Weao Coege Weao, ïoŝ
Geofrey Waînwrîg he Dvy Scoo Duke Uverŝy Duram, N. Caroa
Sondra Weeler Weŝey heoogca Semary Waŝgo, D.C.
Wîllîam H. Wîllîmon Bŝop o e Nor Aaama Coerece he Ued Meodŝ Curc Brmgam, Aaama
N. T. Wrîg S Mary’ŝ Coege, Uverŝy o S Adrewŝ, Scoad
VOL. 26
EX AUDITU
CONTENTS
Aouceme o e 2011 Sympoŝum
Arevaoŝ
ïroduco Kyne Snodgrass
“ï Hm A hgŝ Hod Togeer”: A Ecoogy o Aoeme Wîîam P. Brown
Reŝpoŝe o Brow Mîcae LeFebvre
Efecg e Covea: A (No So) New, New Teŝame Mode or e Aoeme Mîcae J. Gorman
Reŝpoŝe o Gorma Troy Marîn
Reŝpoŝe o Mar Mîcae J. Gorman
“Ayoe Hug o a Tree ïŝ Uder God’ŝ Curŝe” (Deueroomy 21:23): Jeŝuŝ’ CrucIxo ad ïerregouŝ Exegeca Deae  ae Aquy Peer W. Marens
“Happy Ever Ater?” Pau Peer Wadeŝröm: Be Ye Recoced o God Mîcee A. Cîton-Sodersrom
Reŝpoŝe o Cto-Soderŝrom Tîmoy L. Jonson
he Soca Dmeŝo o Aoeme  e Tora Vîkor Ber
2010
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Conens
Reŝpoŝe o Ber Jeremy J. Wynne
“To hoŝe Wo Were Dŝa ad hoŝe Wo Were Near”: Aoeme, ïdey, ad ïdeIcao Brîan Banum
A Evageca Femŝ Perŝpecve o Tradoa Aoeme Modeŝ Lînda D. Peacore
Reŝpoŝe o Peacore Jo Ann Deasy
Savg Bodeŝ: Aagogca Traŝpoŝo  S. Gregory o Nyŝŝa’ŝ Commeary o e Sog o Sogŝ Hans Boersma
Raŝomed, Heaed, Reŝored, Forgve (Jo 5:1–16) Caro Norén
Aoaed Bograpy o Aoeme
Preŝeerŝ ad Reŝpodeŝ
Ex Audîu– Voumeŝ Avaae
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ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE 2011 SYMPOSIUM
Nor Park heoogca Semary  Ccago, ïoŝ, ŝ peaŝed o aouce a e wey-ŝeve Sympoŝum o e heoogca ïerpreao o Scrpure w ake pace Sepemer 29–Ocoer 1, 2011. he ŝympoŝum w ŝar a 7:00 p.m. o Sepemer 29  Nyva Ha ad w exed roug a Saurday ateroo worŝp ŝervce o Ocoer 1. he eme  2011 w e a Crŝa vew o Wea ad Poŝŝeŝŝoŝ. he oowg perŝoŝ ave agreed o make preŝeaoŝ:
Joaa Bok, Overŝeaŝ Mŝry Sudeŝ Ceer, New Have, CT, Mŝŝoŝ Javer Como, Weao Coege, Ecoomcŝ Gary Hoag, Try Coege, Brŝo, UK, New Teŝame Mark Huŝadŝ, Hope Coege, Hoad, Mï, heoogy Key Joŝo, Uverŝy o Dayo, heoogy Bruce ogeecker, Bayor Uverŝy, New Teŝame Hee Ree, Weŝmo Coege, Parŝcŝ Hug Wamŝo, Uverŝy o Oxord, Od Teŝame Wam Wmo, Nor Aaama Coerece o e UMC, Preacg.
Perŝoŝ ereŝed  aedg e ŝeŝŝoŝ ŝoud wre eore Sepemer 1 o:
Mŝ. Guya Brow Nor Park heoogca Semary 3225 W. Foŝer Aveue Ccago, ïoŝ 60625
Meaŝ may e ake a Nor Park ad aŝŝŝace ca e provded  Idg eary odgg.
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AB Bîbïn ESV ET GNO HTR ïCC ïn JECS JSOT JSOTSup JTS HB/OTS XX W MT NAB NAC NïCOT NïV NRSV NTSOT PG R & T RSV SP SPar TDOT TNïV TS VC ZNW
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ABBREVIATIONS
Aaeca Bca Bîbîca ïnerpreaîon Egŝ Sadard Verŝo Egŝ Traŝao Gregorîî Nyssenî OperaHarvard heoogîca Revîew ïeraoa Crca Commeary ïnerpreaîon Journa o Eary Crîsîan Sudîes Journa or e Sudy o e Od Tesamen Joura or e Sudy o e Od Teŝame: Suppeme Sereŝ Journa o heoogîca Sudîes rary o Herew Be/Od Teŝame Sudeŝ Sepuag Luer’s Works, ed. Jaroŝav Peka Maŝorec Tex New Amerca Be New Amerca Commeary New ïeraoa Commeary o e Od Teŝame New ïeraoa Verŝo New Revŝed Sadard Verŝo New Tesamen Sudîes Od Teŝame rary Paroogae curŝuŝ compeuŝ: ŝereŝ Graeca Reîgîon and heoogy Revŝed Sadard Verŝo Sacra paga Sudîa Parîsîca heoogîca Dîcîonary o e Od Tesamen Today’ŝ New ïeraoa Verŝo heoogîca Sudîes Vîgîîae crîsîanae Zeîscrît ür dîe neuesamenîce Wîssenscat und dîe Kunde der äeren Kîrce
INTRODUCTION
Dŝcuŝŝo o “aoeme,” o dou, cauŝeŝ e eyeŝ o ŝome  e curc o gaze over. Some mg k aoeme ŝ a opc eogg o eŝoerc eoog-ca dŝcourŝe, o ŝomeg acuay o muc reevace or e e o e curc. Admedy, ŝomemeŝ dŝcuŝŝoŝ o e aoeme ave geeraed more ea a g ecauŝe o raer arrow cocepoŝ o e ŝujec. Ovouŝy oug or ay-oe wo ŝ reLecve a a, aoeme ŝ wa e Crŝa a ŝ aou. ï ŝ o a arrow ŝujec a a;  voveŝ a compreeŝve reame o e way God rgŝ peope o reao w mŝe ad ow e ŝ o e ved  a reao. Noe o e preŝeerŝ a e ŝympoŝum waŝ coe o emrace oe o e ŝadard modeŝ o e aoeme aŝ ŝuice. ï ac, eve e uŝe o e word “modeŝ” waŝ proemac or ŝome. Tradoa vewŝ were vaued o oe degree or aoer, u a, or eary a, o e preŝeerŝ recogzed e adequacy o ay ŝge expaao ad ŝoug ŝome roader uderŝadg. Ovouŝy a eory o e aoeme carreŝ w  aŝŝumpoŝ aou God, Crŝoogy, ad ŝ, ad e adequacy o our expaaoŝ o aoeme ote are rooed  adequae vewŝ o God, Crŝ, ŝ, ad oer aŝpecŝ o eoogy. ï parcuar, e aure o our “modeŝ” ŝemŝ rom a adequae Crŝoogy, oe a ŝeparaeŝ e Faer rom e So ŝo a e aer ŝ puŝed, raer a ŝeeg God demoŝrag ove ad deyg w e ŝuferg o umay—o e croŝŝ. Furer, e roe o e Hoy Spr  aoeme ŝ oo requey egeced. Perapŝ e cera ocuŝ  dŝcuŝŝoŝ o aoeme ŝoud e o parcpa-oŝ aguage, a eme a ŝ empaŝzed  ŝevera paperŝ, eŝpecay  Mcae Gorma’ŝ ocuŝ o covea aŝ a mode or uderŝadg e aoeme. Corary o wa ŝome mg k, parcpaoŝ aguage ŝ o ŝomeg a emerged w e ew perŝpecve o Pau. Bo Mar uer ad Jo Cav empaŝzed eŝe deaŝ, aŝ may eore em, o e eaŝ o wc waŝ Gregory o Nyŝŝa, aŝ Haŝ Boerŝma’ŝ paper ŝowŝ, eve oug may w o e appy aou Gregory’ŝ aegorca exegeŝŝ. Parcpaoŝ aguage ŝ reaed o deaŝ cocerg eoŝŝ, wc doeŝ o ave o e uderŝood  ŝome exreme aŝo. Regardeŝŝ, e aure o e curc o uderŝad e goŝpe  parcpaoŝ ermŝ ŝ ŝurey oe o e ggeŝ errorŝ poŝŝe, oe a eaveŝ dvduaŝ ad e curc ep o eoogcay ad praccay.
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ïnroducîon
ïŝ e proem  our uderŝadgŝ o aoeme a we are wrogy ocuŝed more o e uma ŝde o e equao ad are o ŝuicey ocuŝed o God ad o Crŝ adparîcîpaîonw em? Focuŝed o e uma ŝde, eve we we p our aŝ o dve ave, we w ever work ou e aoeme. A e ŝympoŝum wce aŝ muc me ŝ gve o dŝcuŝŝo o e paperŝ aŝ o er devery, ad aŝ awayŝ, e dŝcuŝŝoŝ o aoeme were vey ad egagg. he joura cao reproduce e caracer o oŝe dŝcuŝŝoŝ. Mcae Gorma ad a amy emergecy ad waŝ o ae o aed e ŝympoŝum. Hŝ paper waŝ ŝummarzed ad dŝcuŝŝed  ŝ aŝece, ad a ŝ wy ere ŝ o a reŝpoŝe o ŝ paper ad a reŝpoŝe rom m o ŝ reŝpode. Apprecao ŝ expreŝŝed oce aga o a e preŝeerŝ ad reŝpodeŝ wo made a ŝgIca veŝme  e e o Nor Park. he redŝp o eŝe peope ŝ a prvege. he auorŝ o paperŝ were gve a cace o ed er coruoŝ ater e ŝympoŝum, u e reŝpoŝeŝ are eŝŝeay aŝ ey were preŝeed. Aŝ ŝ ovouŝ, e vewŝ expreŝŝed are oŝe o e auorŝ ad o eceŝŝary oŝe o e joura or o Nor Park. We aŝo ak a oŝe  aedace or er ereŝ ad coruo o e dŝcuŝŝoŝ. Speca graude ŝ expreŝŝed o Jea Brad ad Joe Joŝo, ŝudeŝ a Nor Park, or er work o e ograpy ad eŝpecay o Guya Brow rom Nor Park’ŝ ŝaf, wou wom e ŝympoŝum woud e mpoŝŝe.
Kye Sodgraŝŝ he Edor
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“IN HIM ALL THINGS HOLD TOGETHER”: A Eçôlôgy ôf Aôeme
William P. Brown
Ay eoogy o aoeme wor ŝ ood ŝoud ec aŝoŝme, a ŝeŝe o woder a e urded exe ad raŝormg power o God’ŝ ove. Eve Aŝem ŝpeakŝ efuŝvey o a “deŝcrae eauy” a ŝ evoked y e aoeme’ŝ 1 ogca eegace. For may Crŝaŝ oday, owever, a ŝrcy raoa expaao aŝed o ŝeemgy euda ooŝ o oor ad ecoomc vauao, ŝpecIcay o de ad cred, peay ad ŝaŝaco, doeŝ o ŝpre muc woder. Repuŝo 2 ŝ more ke . To e ŝure, a dŝcy ecoomc uderŝadg o e aoeme 3 aŝ ŝ ŝare o ca ŝuppor. Bu w oday’ŝ goa markeŝ ever vuerae 4 o dŝarray, operag uder e grad u deady uŝo o grow a ay coŝ, a predomay commerca vew o e aoeme ŝmackŝ o a “uŝeŝŝ aŝ uŝua” approac a may eaŝy ead o eoogca akrupcy, or worŝe. he ŝaŝac-o mode, aŝ w ay “mode” or “eory” o e aoeme, weer ojecve
1. S. Aŝem,Cur deus omo(“Wy God Became Ma”) (ï.3) Ansem o Canerbury: he Major Works(ed. Bra Daveŝ ad G. R. Evaŝ; Oxord Word’ŝ Caŝŝcŝ; Oxord: Oxord Uverŝy Preŝŝ, 1998) 269. 2. A wde rage o cargeŝ ave ee eveed agaŝ Aŝem’ŝ eory o e aoeme, rom d-ve cd auŝe o dea Ixao. See, e.g., e reca crqueŝ  Deoreŝ S. Wamŝ,Sîsers în e Wîderness: he Caenge o Womanîs God-Tak(Maryko, NY: Orŝ, 1993) eŝp. 161–67; Ra Nakaŝma Brock, “Ad a e Cd W ead Uŝ: Crŝoogy ad Cd Auŝe,”  Crîsîanîy, Parîarcy, and Abuse: A Femînîs Crîîque(ed. Joae Carŝo Brow ad Caroe Bo; New York: Pgrm, 1989) 42–61; dem, “Paradŝe ad Deŝre: Decoŝrucg e Eroŝ o Suferg,” Savîng Desîre: he Seducîon o Crîsîan heoogy(ed. F. eRo Suŝ ad Ja-Oav Herkŝe; Grad Rapdŝ: Eerdmaŝ, 2011) 55–72; J. Dey Weaver,he Nonvîoen Aonemen(Grad Rapdŝ: Eerdmaŝ, 2001). 3. See Gary A. Aderŝo,Sîn: A Hîsory(New Have: Yae Uverŝy Preŝŝ, 2009) eŝp. 189–202, wo ocuŝeŝ prmary,  o excuŝvey, o e commerca ackgroud o e aoeme. ï ŝoud aŝo e oed a S. Aŝem’ŝ ŝaŝaco or pea uderŝadg o e aoeme ŝ o uquey medeva (cora Guŝav Aué). A comparae uderŝadg ŝ reLeced  e work o heodore Au Qurra (c. 750–c. 823). See e eŝŝay y Peer Mareŝ  ŝ voume. 4. See, e.g., B McKe,Deep Economy: he Wea o Communîîes and e Durabe Fuure(New York: Hery Ho, 2007) 5–45.
EX AUDïTU
VO.  / 
or ŝujecve, pea or mora, ŝmpy paeŝ eore e gorouŝy arrowg ŝcee  Reveao a depcŝ e ŝaugered am worŝpped y ageŝ, ederŝ, ad 5 amaŝ. Regardeŝŝ o ow  ŝ o e erpreed or oday, e aoeme ca-o e dŝmŝŝed or gored. ï coŝueŝ, o eŝŝ, e ceerpece o e caoca 6 drama o God’ŝ ŝavIc work, e greaeŝ o emagnaîa deî. Juŝ aŝk e auor o Herewŝ. ï ŝ eŝŝay, ï ŝeek a roader ca uderŝadg a capureŝ ŝomeg o e aŝoŝg, raŝormave power o e aoeme or coemporary readerŝ o Scrpure. ï ope o do ŝo y examg wo erreaed ŝŝueŝ: e ŝgIcace o Crŝ’ŝ aog work w e arger creaoa coex o e ca drama ad e ŝpeca ŝgIcace o ŝacrIce, wc ŝ cay cera o e oo o 7 aoeme ye remaŝ proemac  muc coemporary reLeco. Exporg eŝe ŝŝueŝ akeŝ uŝ roug a varey o exŝ ad emeŝ, rom creao o ŝ o ew creao.
Creaîon and Crîs
he coŝmc or creaoa coex o e aoeme ŝ perapŝ o eer ecapŝuaed a  e eary ym eaured  Co 1:15–20, wc decareŝ Crŝ aŝ e “goa 8 ad gue” o creao.
15 He ŝ e mage o e vŝe God,  e Irŝor o a creao; 16 or  m a gŝ  eave ad o ear were creaed,  gŝ vŝe ad vŝe, weer roeŝ or domoŝ or ruerŝ or powerŝ  —a gŝ ave ee creaed roug m ad or m.
5. See eŝpecay Rev 5:6–14,  wc “every creaure  eave ad o ear ad uder e ear ad  e ŝea ad a a ŝ  em” ŝ ŝgg praŝeŝ o e am (v. 13). SpecIcay deIed  ŝ cmacc worŝp ŝcee are a-ŝeeg “our vg creaureŝ” (vv. 8, 14; c. 4:6–8). See aŝo 7:9–12. 6. ï preer “drama” over “ŝory” ad “arrave”  reerrg o e caoca ŝweep rom creao o ew creao. Drama coveyŝ a more acve, parcpaory ŝgIcace a moŝ oer caegoreŝ a ake accou o e Be aŝ a woe. See e wde-ragg dŝcuŝŝo  Kev J. Vaoozer,he Drama o Docrîne(ouŝve: Weŝmŝer Jo Kox, 2005). 7. See, e.g., Erŝ Käŝema’ŝ pea: “ï we ave ay cocer or e cary o e Goŝpe ad ŝ e-gy o e preŝe geerao, eoogca reŝpoŝy compeŝ uŝ o aado e ecceŝaŝca ad ca rado wc erpreŝ Jeŝuŝ’ dea aŝ ŝacrIca” (Jesus Means Freedom: A Poemîca Survey o e New Tesamen[raŝ. Frak Carke Padepa: Forreŝŝ, 1970] 114). here ŝ a way, owever, o corporae e aguage o ŝacrIce a ŝ eoogcay reŝpoŝe, aŝ ï ope o ŝow. 8. hakŝ o my coeague Saey Sauderŝ (perŝoa commucao).