God’s Court and Courtiers in the Book of the Watchers
246 Pages
English

God’s Court and Courtiers in the Book of the Watchers

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Description

First Enoch is an ancient Judean work that inaugurated the genre of apocalypse. Chapters 1-36 tell the story of the descent of angels called "Watchers" from heaven to earth to marry human women before the time of the flood, the chaos that ensued, and God's response. They also relate the journeying of the righteous scribe Enoch through the cosmos, guided by angels. Heaven, including the place and those who dwell there (God, the angels, and Enoch), plays a central role in the narrative.
 
But how should heaven be understood? Existing scholarship, which presupposes "Judaism" as the appropriate framework, views the Enochic heaven as reflecting the temple in Jerusalem, with God's house replicating its architecture and the angels and Enoch functioning like priests. Yet recent research shows the Judeans constituted an ethnic group, and this view encourages a fresh examination of 1 Enoch 1-36. The actual model for heaven proves to be a king in his court surrounded by his courtiers. The major textual features are explicable in this perspective, whereas the temple-and-priests model is unconvincing. The author was a member of a nontemple, scribal group in Judea that possessed distinctive astronomical knowledge, promoted Enoch as its exemplar, and was involved in the wider sociopolitical world of their time.

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Published 06 November 2017
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EAN13 9781532644498
Language English
Document size 4 MB

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God’S CouRt and CouRtIeRS In tHe Book of tHe WatcHeRS
God’S CouRt and CouRtIeRS In tHe Book of tHe WatcHeRS
Re-interpreting Heaven in 1 Enoch 1–36
Ph i l i P F. E sl E r
GOD’S COURT AND COURTïERS ïN TE BOOK OF TE WATCERS Ré-éég éàé  1 Eôç 1–36
Côyg © 2017 P F. Eŝé. A gŝ éŝéé. Eçé ô é quôàôŝ  ççà uçàôŝ ô ééwŝ, ô à ô ŝ ôô mày é éôuçé  ày màé wôu ô wé émŝŝô ôm é uŝé. Wé: Pémŝŝôŝ, W à Sôç Puŝéŝ, 199 W. 8 Aé., Sué 3, Eugéé, OR 97401.
Càŝçàé Bôôŝ A ïm ô W à Sôç Puŝéŝ 199 W. 8 Aé., Sué 3 Eugéé, OR 97401
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paperback îsbn: 978-1-62564-908-9 Hardcover îsbn: 978-1-4982-8582-7 ebook îsbn: 978-1-5326-4449-8
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Nàméŝ: Eŝé, P F. (P Fàçŝ), àuô. Té: Gô’ŝ çôu à çôuéŝ  é Bôô ô é Wàçéŝ : é-éég éàé  1 Eôç 1–36 / P F. Eŝé. Déŝçô: Eugéé, OR: Càŝçàé Bôôŝ | ïçuéŝ ôgàçà éééçéŝ à ééŝ. ïéIéŝ: ïSBN: 978-1-62564-908-9 (paperback) | ïSBN: 978-1-4982-8582-7 (Hard-cover) | ïSBN: 978-1-5326-4449-8 (ebook). Sujéçŝ: CS: Eôç ôô ô Eôç—Cçŝm, ééàô, éç. | Agéŝ | éàé—ŝôy ô ôçéŝ. CàŝŝIçàô: BS1830 E7 E85 2017 () | BS1830 E7 (éôô).
Màuàçué  é U.S.A.
11/29/17
hé çôé ôô ŝ y Aguŝ Pyô, wô éàŝ çôyg. Uŝé w émŝŝô.
Tô Aguŝ Pyô
ConTenTs
Acknowedgmens |  Lîs o Fîgures | Abbrevîaîons | 
Pôôgué: Rààé é Açàgé | 1 1| 6éàé  1 Eôç 1–36  ïéég 2| 35Côuŝ à Côuéŝ  Môég 3| 53 hé Nàué ô é éàéy Côu 4| 79 hé Déŝçé ô é Wàçéŝ: Rééô  é éàéy Côu 5Sàà à Açéçuà Dméŝôŝ ô é Eôçç éàé  hé | 109 6Eôçç Dé Dwég àŝ à Rôyà Pààçé  hé | 136 7 Eôç é Sçé à é Nô-Témé Eôçç Sçà Gôu | 153 8 Côçuŝô: Gô’ŝ Côu à Côuéŝ  é Bôô ô é Wàçéŝ | 188
Bîbîograpy | 205 ïndex o Ancîen Documens | 219 ïndex o Auors229 |
ACknowledgmenTs
é gééŝŝ ô ŝ ôô éŝ  é éày môŝ ô 2013 wé ï wàŝ T wôg ôug é Eôç é ô 1 Eôç à çôŝég é ŝéçôày éàué. Muç ô é ŝçôàŝ ô ŝ é àŝŝuméŝ à é éŝéàô ô éàé  Càéŝ 1–36, é Bôô ô é Wàçéŝ, ŝ àŝé ô é éŝŝ à àçéçué ô é émé  Jéuŝàém. Oé môg é ôug ŝuéy çàmé ô mé à é Eôçç éàé ôôé à ô môé é à çôu w ŝ g à çôuéŝ à é Jéuŝàém émé. ï wôéé  àçé ôyà çôuŝ à éé ààçg ŝçôày àéô. Tô my ŝuŝé, à éé ŝéàç mméàéy ôuçé Rô Sôômà’ŝ ŝé 2007 ôçôà éŝŝ ôm é Uéŝy ô Uéç,he Heenîsîc Roya Cour: Cour Cuure, Ceremonîa and ïdeoogy în Greece, Egyp and e Near Eas. hŝ àéé mé ô é éŝéçé ô à wô y Nôé Eàŝ, he Cour Socîey(1983), wç ééçŝéŝ à màjô luéçé ô éŝéàç ô ôyà çôuŝ, àçé à môé. Fôm à égg, à çéà ééŝ ô my ôw éŝéàç ô 1 Eôç 1–36 àŝ éé é éé ô wç ŝ éŝéà-ô ô éàé àwŝ uô é éàéŝ ô àçé Péŝà à ééŝç çôuŝ. hŝ ôô màŝ é çumàô ô ŝ éŝéàç. hé Iŝ uç àg ô my éôg éwŝ çàmé w à àé ï gàé  é Uéŝy ô éŝ  éày Jàuày 2014 à é çôçug méég ô é Nôôŝ Néwô éôé ô “Sôçà à Côgé Péŝéçéŝ ô Eày Juàŝm à Eày Cŝày.” ï ééé àôé éŝô ô é Néw Téŝàmé Gàuàé Sémà  Oô à é é ô Jàuày 2014. éàé  1 Eôç 1–36 ômé à ô é ŝujéç ô my ïàuguà éçué àŝ Pôà Cà  Néw Téŝàmé Suéŝ  é Uéŝy ô Gôuçéŝ-éŝé,  Cééàm, ô 19 Màç 2014. ï àŝô ŝôé ô é ŝujéç à é SB ïéàôà Méég  Véà  Juy 2014, à é Uéŝy ô Eug éày  Oçôé 2014 (àŝ é Kééy Wg éçué ô àu-guàé é àçàémç yéà), à àé à mô à é Uéŝy ô Bŝô. O à ô éŝé ôççàŝôŝ ï ôIé géày ôm é éçôuàgémé à
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Acknowedgmens
ééàç éçéé. ï àm, àççôgy, môŝ gàéu ô my ôŝŝ:  éŝ, ïŝmô Duéég, Juà Jôàà, Pé uômàé, à Rŝô Uô;  O-ô, Màuŝ Bôçmué;  Eug, éé Bô à Pàu Fôŝé; à  Bŝô, ày Càéy. A umé ô uà ŝçôàŝ àé àŝô àŝŝŝé mé à àôuŝ ôŝ. Aôé à, K. C. àŝô à W à Sôç àŝ ŝôgy ŝuôé ŝ ôjéç ôm é ôuŝé, ô ôy y uŝg ŝ ôô u àŝô y ŝ mày éu à éàé çômméŝ à ŝuggéŝôŝ àôg é wày. hé ôô àŝ ééIé géày ôm ŝ é. ôé Suçéuç, ô é uwg-Màmàŝ-Uéŝä  Muç, à Dàé Aŝŝéà, ô é Càuç Fàçŝçà Réŝéàç à Côééçé Céé  Aŝ Aàà, àé ô ôé mé w àuàé éééçéŝ à màéàŝ. Jô Sôg, à Mŝŝôu Sàé Uéŝy, àéé mé ô à umé ô ŝŝuéŝ éàg ô Ezéé à éé ŝàé my àgumé. A à éày ŝàgé, Yôàm Côé ô Té A Uéŝy y çômmuçàé w mé àôu é ŝçéŝ ô Emà. Açéç Jéy Eççéŝ éw é uŝàô ô éàé à ŝ Fgué 5.2, wé àçàéôôgçà uŝàô Téŝŝà Rçàŝ ŝ éŝôŝé ô môŝ ô é ôé àwgŝ  é ôô. hé àç à  2012 ï à wé à éŝŝày ô ŝôçà-ŝçéIç àôàçéŝ ô ïŝàéé àôçàyç éàué à é àô ô Jô Côŝ ôhe Oxord Handbook o Apocaypîc Lîeraureà é wàŝ ég à mé my g  à umé ô wàyŝ à àé ôé uŝéu wé  çàmé ô wg ŝ ôô. ï ôày gôéŝ wôu ŝàyg, ôwéé, à ôé ô ôŝé wô àé méôé àôé éàŝ ày éŝôŝy ô ày ééçŝ  ŝ ôô. ï wôu àŝô é ô à my çôéàguéŝ à é Uéŝy ô Gôuçéŝ-éŝé  Cééàm ô é ŝuô wé ï wàŝ wg é ôô,  àçuà Déé Càé, Aéw çô, Aà ôg, Gôô MçCôé, Péà Pàé, à Méŝŝà Rààé, àŝ wé àŝ my éàŝ ô Sçôô, Sééy Sàguàô, é Dà Wéŝé, à ôw Jàé Càwé. Uéŝy ày ŝàf (éŝéçày Déôà Jôéŝ-Dàŝ à Kàé Réà  éàô ô é-ày ôàŝ) àé éiçéy àçé ôw ŝômé ô é wôŝ ï ééé. Aguŝ Pyô, éà ô é Sçôô ô A à Déŝg à é Uéŝy ô Gôuçéŝéŝé à mŝé à àé ( à, ô çà ŝujéçŝ), çàmé àôg ô my ïàuguà éçué à é Uéŝy à ŝuŝéquéy éé-ôé à ééŝ  1 Eôç àŝ à égôŝŝg ŝujéç ô àççé-àŝé éŝéàç. hŝ àŝ àé é ôm ô ŝ ôjéç ô çéàé wéy-ôé 2  2 méé àgŝ àŝé ô 1 Eôç. é ŝ wé ààçé ô ŝ ŝééŝ à é Iŝ ô é àgŝ,God în 1 Enoc 14, àéàŝ ô é çôé ô à çô-éçô ô éŝŝàyŝ ï àé éçéy éé:he Bessîng o Enoc: 1 Enoc and Conemporary heoogy(Eugéé, OR: Càŝçàé Bôôŝ, 2017). Aguŝ à ï àé àŝô uéàé wô éŝéàç ŝŝ ô Eôà ôgéé, ô é ŝéçô