Heart for the Gospel, Heart for the World
358 Pages
English

Heart for the Gospel, Heart for the World

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358 Pages
English

Description

In this study one finds the missiological inheritance of the first Reformed missiologist Johan Herman Bavinck in an organized and systematic form. The following topics are discussed: theology of religion, biblical theology of missions, elenctics (mission apologetics), and practical subjects such as inculturation, ecumenism and the race issue. The context in which Bavinck developed his vision is discussed in an explicit way. Special attention is given to the influence of Hendrik Kramer on Bavinck's development as well as the psychological dimension in his theologizing. The author evaluates the relevancy of Bavinck's missiology for the development of a Reformed missiology. The above is made complete by an extensive biographical sketch shedding light on the background and way of life of this Johan Herman Bavinck.

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Published 28 October 2003
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EAN13 9781725241404
Language English
Document size 3 MB

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Exrait

Johan Herman Bavinck (1895-1964)
HEART FOR THE GOSPEL, HEART FOR THE WORLD
The Life and Thought of a Reformed Pioneer Missiologist
Johan Herman Bavinck, 1895-1964
By
Paul Jan Visser
Wipf and Stock Publishers th 199 West 8 Avenue, Eugene, OR 97401
HEART FOR THE GOSPEL, HEART FOR THE WORLD The Life and Thought of a Reformed Pioneer Missiologist Johan Herman Bavinck, 1895-1964 by Paul Jan Visser Copyright © 2003
ISBN:1-59244-275-7
Wipf and Stock Publishers th 199 West 8 Avenue Eugene, OR 97401
List of Abbreviations
Foreword
Preface
Table of Contents
Chapter One: Background and Early years 1. Family Heritage 1.1. Jan Bavinck (1826-1909) 1.2. Herman Bavinck (1854-1921) 1.3. Coenraad B. Bavinck (1866-1941) 1.4. Summary 2. Early Years (1895-1938) 2.1. Youth and Studies: Psychological Fascination (1912-1919) 2.2. Ordained Minister: Pastoral Zeal (1919-1929) 2.2.1. Pastor in Medan and Bandung 2.2.2. Further Studies and Ministry in Heemstede 2.3. Work in Indonesia: Missionary Passion (1929-1938) 2.3.1. Missionary Pastor in Solo 2.3.2. Teacher of Theology in Jogjakarta 3. Chapter Summary
Chapter Two: Later Years and Life’s End (1938-1964) 1. Life and Work in the Academy 1.1. Appointment as Professor of Mission Studies (1938-1954) 1.1.1. Teaching and Writing Activities 1.1.2. The War Years and the ‘Schilder-Conflict’ 1.1.3. The Post-War Years 1.2. Appointment as Professor of Practical Theology (1954-1964) 2. Continuing Missionary and Other Activities 3. Life’s End 4. Chapter Summary
Chapter Three: Content and Context of Bavinck’s MissionaryTheology 1. Introduction 2. Missiology Defined 2.1. The Divisions of Missionary Theology 2.2. Bavinck’s Name for ‘Missiology’ 2.3. The Place of Missiology 3. Bavinck’s Missiology in Context 3.1. Introduction 3.2. Bavinck’s Theology of Religion in Context
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ix
1 1 1 8 11 14 14 15 19 19 22 28 28 39 43
44 44 45 48 55 61 70 73 75 75
78 78 78 78 81 83 85 85 85
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Heart for the Gospel, Heart for the World
3.3. Bavinck’s Theology of Mission in Context 90 3.3.1. Reformed Missionary Theology 90 3.3.2. Other Protestant and Catholic Missionary Theology 93 3.3.3. Ecumenical Theology of Mission 95 4. Chapter Summary 101
Chapter Four: Other Religions and General Revelation 1. Introduction 2. Psychological Approach 2.1. Religious Feelings 2.2. Refutation of Criticism of the Psychological Approach 2.3. Summary 3. Theological Approach 3.1. Introduction 3.2. Basic Point of Departure 3.3. General Revelation 3.3.1. The Reality of General Revelation 3.3.2. The Material and Instrumental Modes  of General Revelation 3.3.3. The Character of General Revelation 3.3.4. The Content of General Revelation 3.3.5. The Goal of General Revelation 3.3.6. The Relation of General and Special Revelation 3.3.7. Summary 4. Chapter Summary
Chapter Five: Christian Faith and Religious Consciousness 1. Introduction 2. The Problem of the Inner Religious Principle 3. Human Rebellion 4. Repression and Substitution 5. Origin and Essence of Religious Consciousness 6. The Content of Religious Consciousness 7. Religious Consciousness and Modern Culture 8. The Value of Religious Consciousness 9. The Relation Between Religious Consciousness and Christian Faith 10. Chapter Summary
Chapter Six: Foundation and Essence of Mission 1. Introduction 2. The Foundation of Mission 2.1. Mission in the Old Testament 2.1.1. The Missionary Thrust of the OT 2.1.2. Universal Promises of Salvation in the Prophets 2.2. Mission Motifs in the Intertestamentary Period 2.3. Mission in the New Testament 2.3.1. Development of the Missionary Mandate in the Gospels 2.3.2. The Implementation of the Missionary Mandate in Acts 2.3.3. The Elaboration of the Missionary Mandate in the NT Letters
103 103 105 105 110 112 113 113 115 118 118
124 128 129 130 132 134 135
136 136 136 142 144 152 155 162 167 177 182
184 184 185 186 186 190 192 194
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Contents
2.3.4. The Theological Position of Israel and theGoyim 2.4. Summary 3. The Essence of Mission 3.1. The Salient Elements of Mission 3.1.1. Mission as God’s Work 3.1.2. Mission as Task of the Church 3.1.3. Mission as Proclamation of the Rule of Christ 3.1.4. Mission in Eschatological Perspective 3.2. Definition of Mission 3.3. Summary 4. Chapter Summary
Chapter Seven: Missionary Aims and Approaches 1. The Addressees of Mission 1.1. Mission Among Unbelievers and Muslims 1.2. Mission Among Jews 1.3. The Work of Evangelism 1.4. Summary 2. The Goal of Mission 2.1. The Glory of God 2.2. Church Planting 2.3. Human Conversion 2.4. Summary 3. Missionary Approaches 3.1. Two Fundamental Concepts With Respect to Approach 3.1.1. The Primacy of Theology 3.1.2. A Two-Fold Approach 3.2. The Comprehensive Approach 3.2.1. The Essence of the Comprehensive Approach 3.2.2. The Content of the Comprehensive Approach 3.2.3. The Method of the Comprehensive Approach 3.2.4. Summary 3.3. Kerygmatic Approach 3.3.1. The Essence of the Kerygmatic Approach 3.3.2. The Content of the Kerygmatic Approach 3.3.3. The Method of the Kerygmatic Approach 3.3.4. The Point of Contact 3.3.5. Summary 3.4. Missionary Approach in the Post-Colonial Era 4. Chapter Summary
Chapter Eight: Elenctics 1. Introduction 2. The Term Elenctics 3. The Biblical Foundation of Elenctics 4. Auxiliary Disciplines of Elenctics 5. The Divisions of Elenctics 6. The Starting Point of Elenctics 7. The Essence of Elenctics 8. The Methods of Elenctics 9. Complicating Factors for Elenctics 9.1 Tendency Toward Syncretism
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204 206 207 207 207 209 213 215 216 217 218
220 220 220 221 223 225 226 227 229 230 230 231 232 232 234 240 240 242 243 245 246 246 247 247 250 253 253 254
256 256 257 259 260 262 263 268 268 272 272
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9.2. Religious Renewal and Decay 10. The Fundamental Significance of Elenctics for Mission 11. Chapter Summary
275 278 279
Chapter Nine: Practical Missionary Theology282 1. Introduction 282 2.Possessio: Claiming Culture for Christ 282 2.1.Possessioas Theologically Sound Starting Point 283 2.2.Possessioas Sound Missionary Practice 286 2.3. Examples ofPossessio287 2.3.1. Initial Steps Toward a Contextual Theology 287 2.3.2. Integration of Manners and Customs 289 2.4. Summary 291 3. The Relationship between ‘Older’ and ‘Younger’ Churches 293 3.1. The Period before the Second World War 293 3.2. Changing Relationships After 1945 294 3.3. A Biblically Sound Perspective 295 4. Ecumenicity 298 4.1. Positive Assessment of the Ecumenical Movement 298 4.2. Fundamental Reflection on the Ecumenical Idea 301 4.3. The Practical Necessity of Ecumenical Action 305 4.4. Summary 307 5. The Problem of Race 309 5.1. The Absence of Racial Problems in the Bible 309 5.2. The Reality of the Problem of Race in History 310 5.3. The Race Problem from the Perspective of the Gospel 312 5.4. Summary 313 6. Chapter Summary 314
Chapter Ten: Concluding Postscript 1. The Originality of Bavinck’s Missiology 2. Continuity and Discontinuity in Bavinck’s Missiology 2.1. Continuity 2.2. Discontinuity 3. Relevance of Bavinck’s Missiology 3.1. In the Netherlands 3.2. Outside the Netherlands 4. Closing Word
Bibliography
Index of Names
316 316 318 318 319 320 320 321 321
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339
General
CHDDP/FUA
DHB DM DMC DWME FUQ GKN GTT GW HZB IBMR IMC IRM KJV NHK NRC
NRSV NTT RCN
WCC WZ
List of Abbreviations
Center for the Historical Documentation of Dutch Protestantism from 1800 Onward, Free University, Amsterdam De Heerbaan De Macedoniër Dutch Missionary Council Division of World Mission and Evangelism Free University Quarterly Gereformeerde Kerken in Nederland Gereformeerd Theologisch Tijdschrift Gereformeerd Weekblad Het Zendingsblad International Bulletin of Missionary Research International Missionary Council International Review of Mission King James Version of the Bible Nederlandse Hervormde Kerk Netherlands Reformed Church (Nederlandse Hervormde Kerk) New Revised Standard Version of the Bible Nederlands Theologisch Tijdschrift Reformed Churches in the Netherlands (Gereformeerde Kerken in Nederland) World Council of Churches Wereld en Zending
Bavinck’s Books and Monographs
AWW
BBO
BCNCR
CBTM CMO
CPVW
Alzo wies het Woord(And Thus the Word Grew and Increased, 1941) De Bijbel: Het boek der ontmoetingen(The Bible: The Book of Encounters, 1942) De boodschap van Christus en de niet-christelijke religies(The Message of Christ and Non-Christian Religions, 1940) The Church Between theTemple and Mosque(1966) Christus en de mystiek van het Oosten(Christ and Eastern Mysticism, 1934) Christusprediking in de volkerenwereld(Preaching Christ to the Nations, 1939)
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CWS
DAC
DMN DTK
EGAHS
EVWE
FF
GGNT
IBD
ICNCW
IGHG
ISM
IZK
IZW
LV OKZK
OZB
MZW PO
PPRAO
PWB
RBCG
ROL
Heart for the Gospel, Heart for the World
Christus en de wereldstorm(Christ and the World Storm, 1944) De absoluutheid van het christendom(The Absoluteness of Christianity, n.d.) De mens van nu(Contemporary Man, 1967) De toekomst van onze kerken(The Future of Our Churches, 1943) Der Einfliss des Gefühls auf das Assoziationsleben bei Heinrich von Suso(The Influence of Feeling on the Process of Association in the Work of Heinrich von Suso, 1919) En voort wentelen de eeuwen: Gedachten over het boek der Openbaring van Johannes(And Age Follows Upon Age: Reflections on John’s Book of Revelation, 1952) Flitsen en fragmenten, (Flashes and Fragments, 1959). Geschiedenis der Godsopenbaring II: Het Nieuwe Testament(History of Divine Revelation II: The New Testament, 1938) In de ban der demonen(Under the Spell of Demons, 1950) The Impact of Christianity on the Non-Christian World (1948) Ik geloof in de Heilige Geest(I Believe in the Holy Spirit, 1963) An Introduction to the Science of Missions (1960) Inleiding in de zielkunde(Introduction to 2 Psychology, 1935 ) Inleiding in de zendingswetenschap (Introduction to the Science of Mission, 1954) Levensvragen(Questions of Life, 1927) Onze kerk, zendingskerk(Our Church: Missionary Church, 1948) Ons zendingsboek(Our Missionary Book, 1941) De mensch en zijn wereld(Man and His World, 1946) De psychologie van den Oosterling(The Psychology of Eastern Peoples, 1942) Het probleem van de pseudo-religie en de algemene openbaring(The Problem of Pseudoreligion and General Revelation, n.d.) Persoonlijkheid en wereldbeschouwing(Personality and World View, 1928) Religieus besef en christelijk geloof(Religious 2 Consciousness and Christian Faith, 1949, 1989 ) Het raadsel van ons leven(The Riddle of Our Life, 1940)