Numerical Secrets of the Bible

Numerical Secrets of the Bible

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English
208 Pages

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Were you intrigued, but disappointed by The Bible Code? Numerical Secrets of the Bible, written by one of Europe's leading biblical scholars, gives you the actual facts about one of the most important recent discoveries in the field of biblical study, namely that the books of the Bible are numerical compositions. The biblical writings were not written in an off-hand manner, but were meticulously composed according to compositional techniques in which the counting of words played a crucial role. This discovery has far-reaching consequences for our views on the formation and the structure of the text of the Hebrew Bible and of the Greek text of the New Testament.
Labuschagne introduces you to the fascinating world of number symbolism in biblical times. He demonstrates how well-known symbolic numbers, such as 7 and 12, and especially the lesser known holy numbers 17 and 26, which represent the numerical value of the name YHWH, were used to give structure to the text and to deepen its contents.
Among other fascinating findings, this study confirms the medieval Jewish tradition that the name of God is interwoven in the fabric of the text of Holy Scripture.

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Published 20 July 2016
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EAN13 9781725236356
Language English
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Numerical Secrets of the Bible
Numerical Secrets of the Bible
Introduction to Biblical Arithmology Rediscovering the Bible Codes
by Casper J. Labuschagne
BIBAL Press North Richland Hills, Texas
BIBAL
BIBAL Press An imprint of D. & F. Scott Publishing, Inc. P.O. Box 821653 N. Richland Hills, TX 76182
Copyright © 2000 by D. & F. Scott Publishing, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission of the publisher except for brief quotations embodied in critical articles or reviews.
Wipf and Stock Publishers Printed in the United States of America 199 W 8th Ave, Suite 3 Eugene, OR 97401 04 3 28 5 Numerical Secrets of the Bible Introduction to Biblical Arithmology By Labuschagne, Casper J. Copyright©2000 by Labuschagne, Casper J. ISBN 13: 978-1-49892-8426-4 Publication date 7/20/2016 Previously published by Bibal Press, 2000 Library of Congress CataloginginPublication Data Labuschagne, C. J. [Vertellen met getallen. English] This was originally published with the subtitle Numerical secrets of the BibRleed:isrceodviesrcionvgetrihnegBtihbeleBCiboldeesc.odes / by Casper J. Labuschagne. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 9780941037679 (alk. paper) 1. Numbers in the Bible. I. Title. BS680.N8 L3313 2000 221.6'8dc21 00009699
Contents
Preface A Personal Note 1Counting Hebrew Letters, Words, and Verses in Jewish Tradition Introduction The Function of Numbers in Antiquity The Counting of Letters, Words, and Verses in the Masoretic Tradition Seeking and Locating of the Center of the Text The Significance of Such Counting Activities WellKnown Numerical Compositions: the Alphabetic Poems The Book of Lamentations as a Numerical Composition Conclusions That Could Have Been Drawn Long Ago 2Some Significant Numbers in the Bible A New Awareness of the Significance of Numbers in the Bible Explicitly Mentioned Symbolic Numbers in the Bible: 40, 12, and 7 Explicit References to the Number Seven in the Bible The Hidden Presence of the Number Seven in the Old Testament Examples from the Four Gospels More Examples from Other Books of the New Testament
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ix xiii
1 1 5
7 9 10
12
14 18
21
21
22
26
31 33
33
Contents 3Clusters and Series of Seven Divine Speeches The Divine Speech Formulas as an Incentive to Counting Series of Seven in the Tabernacle Laws The Significance of the Menorah in Center Position Series of Seven in the Book of Leviticus and the Sabbath More Examples of Manifestly Designed Series of Seven Items 4The 7+4=11 Pattern in the Pentateuch The Primeval History in Genesis 1–11 The Eleven Divine Monologues in the Pentateuch Three Genealogies in Genesis 1–11 The ElevenToledothFormulas in Genesis The Role of 7 in the Life Spans of the Patriarchs How Did 7 Acquire its Symbolic Meaning? The Number of Fulfillment, 11 5The Secret of the Hidden Sacred Numbers 17 and 26 Significant Numbers in the Divine Speeches in Genesis Examples from the Book of Exodus Conspicuous Numbers in the Divine Speeches in Deuteronomy Counting Verses in Deuteronomy The Symbolic Meaning of 17 and 26 The Divine Name Interwoven in the Fabric of the Text The Purpose of the Hidden Numerical Structures The Divine Name Numbers Signifying God’s Presence 17 and 26 in the Life Spans of the Patriarchs and in the Genealogies The Watermark of the Name of God as the Hallmark of Holy Scripture
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41
41 42 48
49
53
57 57 62 64 66 67 69 70
75
75 79
82 85 88
92 93
96
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103
Contents
6The Bible as a HighGrade Literary Work of Art Investigating the Numerical Structure of the Biblical Text The Layout Markers in the Hebrew Text of Genesis The Numerical Architecture of the Hebrew Bible Rediscovered The Pioneering Work of Claus Schedl The Theoretical Foundations of Schedl’s Thesis Schedl’s Numerical Analysis of New Testament Texts Significant Compositional Models Discovered by Schedl a) The “Minor Tetraktys” b) The “Major Tetraktys” c) The Pentateuch and DecalogueModel d) The YHWHaechadModel e) The Numerical MenorahStructure and the BalanceModel Keywords Determining the Number of Words in a Text
7
Proper Use and Misuse of Numbers The Significance of the Numerical Aspects of the Bible How Numerical Structures Support the Message of a Text a) Psalm 82 b) Psalm 8 c) Psalm 19 d) Isa 8:19 – 9:6 The Misuse of Numbers by Numerologists A Theological Assessment of the Numerical Aspects of the Bible otes
N About the Author Index of Scripture Citations
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105 107
111 114 117 120
121 121 127 127 128
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135
141
141
143 143 145 147 149 153
157 163 183 185
Preface hrough the ages no literary work has received so much diliTgently and commented upon so thoroughly. Many avenues attention as the Bible, which has been handed down from generation to generation so carefully, studied so of its writings have been explored and numerous aspects inves tigated in detail. Especially during the past century biblical scholars have devoted much time and energy in addressing the many questions, both literary and historical, raised by this com plicated body of literature. One would think that by now the Bible must have yielded all its secrets. Yet nothing is less true, judged by the discovery in recent times of a virtually unde tected and practically unknown facet of the biblical writings. This discovery concerns a hitherto unrecognized principle of composition: the use of specific numbers in the organization and formation of the text of the canonical books of the Bible. Scholarly research the last couple of decades led to the conclu sion that the biblical writings are numerical compositions. This means that they were not written off the cuff, but carefully devised and meticulously composed and structured with the help of certain numbers. These numbers have a specific sym bolic meaning, on the basis of which they seem to have been used to deepen and enhance the meaning of the text. Since I have been deeply involved personally in the discovery of the numerical aspects of the Bible, I intend to take the readers on an exploratory expedition in order to let them discover for themselves what has been uncovered in this respect.
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Preface
The people responsible for handing down the canonical books of the Old Testament confront us with the fascinating phenomenon of counting verses, words, and letters. We shall survey the striking occurrence of certain explicitly mentioned numbers in both the Old Testament and the New Testament. Moreover, exploring the structure of the text more deeply, we shall become aware of the exceptionally high frequency of a limited number of extremely holy numerical symbols, repre senting God’s name and presence, woven into the very fabric of the text of Scripture. We shall become acquainted with the fascinating world of the biblical writers and with the way in which they constructed their literary compositions with great professional skill and craftsmanship. The present book was not written for specialists. As a matter of fact, apart from a few tyros, including myself, there are no scholars with any specialized knowledge of these matters; for this is a completely new field of study. The book is intended for everyone who is interested in the Bible as literature, regardless whether the reader is a professional scholar or a lay reader, Jew or Christian, churchgoer or not. The reader might find some pages a bit technical—which was unavoidable—but I have tried to use clear and comprehensible language. A previous version of the book was published in Dutch under the titleVertellen met Getallen: Functie en symboliek van getallen in de bijbelse oudheidin 1992 and has since then been reprinted. The publisher, Uitgeverij Boekencentrum, has kindly given me permission to publish it in English. Since I was free to bring about whatever changes I deemed necessary or desirable, and to add more detail, the present version is a total rewrite. I am indebted to Professor Duane L. Christensen and Dr. William R. Scott, who showed interest in the book and willing ness to include it in the publications of BIBAL Press. Duane Christensen, one of those Old Testament scholars who have come to realize that biblical study can benefit from taking the numerical aspects of the Bible seriously, has worked through
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