The Dynamics and Contradictions of Evangelisation in Africa
210 Pages
English
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The Dynamics and Contradictions of Evangelisation in Africa

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210 Pages
English

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This book critically discusses missionary Christianity and colonization in Africa as twin enterprises with a common ambition. While the colonialist set out to invest capital and reap profit, the missionary desire was to tend and turn African souls from damnation. It was this desire that drove the missionaries into the interior, propelled by the belief that no land was too remote to escape their attention and vigilance. It equally kept missionary zeal buoyant. The clarification of the concept of salvation within the Roman Catholic Church during the Vatican II Council set in motion the current lethargy that has in some places crippled the mission itself. In retrospect, one can begin to wonder why Africans became Christians. What reasons motivated the early adherents to cling to this foreign religion? Were there some internal deficiencies in African traditional religions, which the Africans hoped to remedy by joining the new religion? Or was it just part of the wholesale flirting with whatever was foreign and perceived to be modern? What baits were used by the missionaries to entice Africans? Christianity posed a danger to many of the time-honoured answers to African problems. These were the �values� Africans converting to Christianity were expected to abandon. Why have Christians continually returned to their abandoned roots in time of crisis? This moving, well argued, richly documented and empirically substantiated study concludes by cautioning against the stubborn drive at radical conversion to Christianity with scant regard to the imperatives of enculturation.

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Published 01 December 2010
Reads 1
EAN13 9789956579983
Language English
Document size 2 MB

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The Dynamics and Contradictions of Evangelisation in Africa
An essay on the Kom experience
Peter Acho Awoh
The Dynamics and Contradictions of an Evangelisation in Africa
The Dynamics and Contradictions of Evangelisation in Africa
An Essay on the Kom Christian Experience
Peter Acho Awoh
Langaa Research & Publishing CIG Mankon,Bamenda
Publisher: LangaaRPCIG Langaa Research & Publishing Common Initiative Group P.O. Box 902 Mankon Bamenda North West Region Cameroon Langaagrp@gmail.com www.langaa-rpcig.net
Distributed outside N. America by African Books Collective orders@africanbookscollective.com www.africanbookscollective.com
Distributed in N. America by Michigan State University Press msupress@msu.edu www.msupress.msu.edu
ISBN: 9956-578-21-5
© Peter Acho Awoh 2011
DISCLAIMER All views expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Langaa RPCIG.
Content
Acknowledgment ....................................................................................xii Preface ..................................................................................................xiii Foreword ..............................................................................................xvii
Chapter One: Introduction Background to German Annexation ............................................... 2 Early Missionary Manoeuvres in Cameroon ................................... 3 Evangelisation and Early History ..................................................... 6 Kom Early History .............................................................................. 9 German Colonisation and Christianity .......................................... 14 Evangelisation Under the British .................................................... 16 The Sacred Heart Missionaries in Kom ......................................... 18 African Chrisitanity in Retrospect .................................................. 20 Colonial and Missionary Motives .................................................... 21 Catholicism and African Traditional Religion .............................. 23 Philosophical and Cultural Consequences of Conversion to Christianity .............................................................................. 25 Evangelisation and Conversion Models ........................................ 28 Christian Villages and Early Converts to Christianity ................ 31 The Triple Heritage and Shattered Dreams .................................. 35
Chapter Two: Missionary Theology Introdction .......................................................................................... 41 Apostolic and Patristic Times ......................................................... 41 Magisterial Teaching 13th Century to the 15th Century ............ 45 Age of Exploration, Discovery and Colonisation ........................ 46 Vatican II Era ..................................................................................... 51 Polemics and Controversies Since Vatican II ............................... 54
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Chapter Three: Motives and Methods Introduction ........................................................................................ 71 Missionary Methods .......................................................................... 72 Apostlic and Patristic Era .......................................................... 72 Mediaval Age ..................................................................................... 75 The Age of Exploration and Colonisation .................................... 76 Motives of Conversion to Christianity .......................................... 80 Introduction .................................................................................. 80 Apostolic and Patristic Era .............................................................. 81 The Reformation ............................................................................... 82 Age of Exploration and Colonisation ............................................ 83 The Kom Christian Experience of Evangelisation ..................... 85 The Post War Era .............................................................................. 87 Traditional Authorities and the Christianity in Conflict ............. 89 Further Expansion of Christianity in Kom ................................... 93 Indigenous Missionary Initiatives ................................................... 94 Missionary Tactics and Manoeuvres .............................................. 97
Chapter Four: Present Day Challenges Introduction ...................................................................................... 111 Subtle Anti Christian Literature and the Phenomenon of Reversion .............................................................................. 113 Calls and Importance of Inculturation ........................................ 117 The Cultural Dialogue in the Patristic Era and the Middle Ages .................................................................. 120 The Sixteenth-Century Evangelization of the American Indians .................................................................................. 121 Inculturation in the Far East ................................................... 121 Criteria of Inculturation ................................................................. 122 Christological Criterion ............................................................ 122 Ecclesiological Criterion .......................................................... 122 Anthropological Criterion ........................................................ 123
African Attempts at Inculturation ................................................ 124 Possible Areas of Inculturation ..................................................... 127 Traditional and Christian Funeral Rites ....................................... 127 Traditional Funneral Rites ............................................................. 130 Traditional Femine Rites ................................................................ 137 African and Christian Religious Underpinnings of Funneral Rites and Points of Divergence and Convergence .............................................................................. 140 African Forms of Healing .............................................................. 151 Introduction ................................................................................ 151 Iking I Wayn ..................................................................................... 151 Ise ....................................................................................................... 156 Origin and Purpose ......................................................................... 156 Initiation and Purpose .................................................................... 157 African Spiritual World, Sickness, Healing and the Teaching of the Church .................................................... 159 The Sacramental Rites .................................................................... 162 Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults and Demonology .... 162 The Church’s Faith in Healing Today .......................................... 164 Fertility Rites .................................................................................... 165 Fertility Rites in the Ancient Near East ...................................... 167 Traditional Days of Obligations ................................................... 168 Origin and Purpose ................................................................... 168 Christian Days of Obligation ........................................................ 169 Origin And Purpose .................................................................. 169 Traditional Concept and Practice of Justice ............................... 170 Conclusion ........................................................................................ 171
Selected Bibliography ...........................................................................181
To my dear beloved mother, Nawain Veronica Mai
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