The Final Prophecy of Jesus
610 Pages
English

The Final Prophecy of Jesus

-

610 Pages
English

Description

This commentary is the first major work on the book of Revelation in many years that expounds the historicist interpretation. The historicist school of interpretation was the dominant approach from Reformation times through most of the nineteenth century. The reasons for the current disaffection are too complex to address in a few words, but it is the author's conviction that from the standpoint of sound principles of biblical hermeneutics, the historicist inerpretation is still the most creditable approach for an accurate understanding of this, the last book of the Bible and the final prophecy of Jesus.

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Published 01 June 2007
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EAN13 9781725244139
Language English
Document size 3 MB

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Exrait

THE
FINAL
PROPHECY OF JESUS
an Introduction Analysis and Commentary on the Book of Revelation
by Oral Edmond Collins
Wipf and Stock Publishers Eugene, Oregon
THE FINAL PROPHECY OF JESUS An Introduction, Analysis, and Commentary on the Book of Revelation Copyright ©2007, Oral E. Collins Copyright © 2007 Oral Collins. All rights reserved. Except for brief (not to be reproduced in any way quotations in critical publications or reviews, no part of this book may be without permission) reproduced in any manner without prior written permission from the publisher. Write: Permissions, Wipf and Stock Publishers, 199 W. 8th Ave., Eugene, OR 97401.
ISBN 13: 978-1-55635-260-7
www.wipfandstock.com
Manufactured in the U.S.A.
Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. NIV®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan.
The “NIV” and “New International Version” trademarks are registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office by International Bible Society.
The cover illustration, “Earthquake and Eclipse,” may be found in a work by F. E. Tower,The Wonders of Foretold History, published in Hartford, Connecticut by the American Publishing Company in 1890; unnumbered page 112
To my wife, Joyce mychildren my grandchildren my great-grandchildren
and to my students and former students
CONTENTS
Foreward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Abbreviations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bibliography of works cited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CHAPTER ONE. INTRODUCTION TO THE BOOK OF  REVELATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Special Place of the Book of Revelation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Historical Origin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Authorship. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Occasion and date. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Approaches to Interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Understanding Apocalyptic Writing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Apocalyptic and the Book of Daniel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Structure and Theme. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Literary Outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHAPTER TWO. CHRIST SPEAKS TO THE CHURCH
 xi  xiii  xv  xix  xxiii
 1
 1  2  3  3  6  7  15  19  35  42
 47
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
1:1-3 1:4-8 1:9-20 2:1-3:22
The Apocalyptic Prologue. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Epistolary Prologue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Apocalyptic Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The letters to the churches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
v
 47  50  56  63
Contents
CHAPTER THREE. A DRAMA IN HEAVEN. . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4:1-6a 4:6b-11 5:1-5 5:6-10 5:11-14
The Revelation of Almighty God. . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Worship of Almighty God.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Christ Has Triumphed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Worship of the Lamb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Great Anthem of Praise. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHAPTER FOUR. THE OPENING OF  THE SEALED SCROLL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6:1-8 6:9-11 6:12-17 7:1-8 7:9-17
The Four Horsemen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Souls of the Martyrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Great Earthquake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Sealing of the True Israel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Great Multitude in White . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHAPTER FIVE. THE SOUNDING OF  THE SEVEN TRUMPETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8:1-5 8:6-12 8:13 9:1-12 9:13-21
Seven Trumpets and the Prayers of the Saints . . . The First Four Trumpets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . The Three Woes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Fifth Trumpet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Sixth Trumpet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
vi
99
99
99 104 108 111 115
119
119
121 142 147 159 168
175
175
176 180 193 196 205
Contents
CHAPTER SIX. THE LITTLE BOOK, THE TEMPLE,  AND THE TWO WITNESSES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
223
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..  223
10:1-11 11:1-6 11:7-10 11:11-13 11:14 11:15-18 11:19
The Angel and the Little Scroll. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Two Witnesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Death of the Witnesses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Resurrection of the Witnesses . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Passing of the Second Woe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Seventh Trumpet Sounded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Temple and the Ark of the Covenant . . . . . . .
227 237 253 260 265 266 267
CHAPTER SEVEN. THE DRAGON  AND THE TWO BEASTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271
Introduction. . . . . . . . . 271. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12:1-6 12:7-17 13:1-4 13:5-10 13:11-18
The Woman and the Dragon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Woman and the Dragon (cont’d) . . . . . . . . . .. The Beast from the Sea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Beast from the Sea (cont’d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Beast from the Earth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHAPTER EIGHT. THE LAMB AND THE 144,000, THE  FLYING ANGELS, AND THE TWO HARVESTS .
 272  282  293  297  315
 327
Introduction327. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14:1-5 14:6-13 14:14-20 14:1-20
The Lamb and the 144,000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Three Flying Angels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Harvest of the Earth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Harvest of the Earth—Fulfillment . . . . . . . . .
vii
328 332 341 346
Contents
CHAPTER NINE. THE POURING OUT  OF THE SEVEN BOWLS OF WRATH349. . . . . . . . . .
Introduction349. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15:1-4 15:5-8 16:1-9 16:10-16 15:1-16:16 16:17-21 16:17-21
Seven Angels with Seven Last Plagues. . . . . . . . . Seven Last Plagues (cont’d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The First Four Bowls of God’s Wrath . . . . . . . . . . The Fifth & Sixth Bowls of Wrath. . . . . . . . . . . . The First Six Bowls—Fulfillment.. . . . . . . . . . . . The Seventh Bowl of God’s Wrath . . . . . . . . . . . The Seventh Bowl—Fulfillment . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CHAPTER TEN. THE FALL OF THE HARLOT  BABYLON . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
350 353 355 361 365 377 380
 383
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383
17:1-6a 17:6b-14 17:15-18 17:1-18 18:1-24 18:1-3 18:4-8 18:9-17a 18:17b-24 18:1-24
The Woman on the Beast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Woman on the Beast (cont’d). . . . . . . . . . . . . The Woman on the Beast (cont’d). . . . . . . . . . . . . The Woman on the Beast—Fulfillment . . . . . . . . The Fall of Babylon—Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . The Fall of Babylon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Fall of Babylon (cont’d) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Fall of Babylon (cont’d) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Fall of Babylon (cont’d) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Fall of Babylon—Fulfillment. . . . . . . . . . . . .
viii
384 391 396 399 401 401 404 406 408 411
Contents
CHAPTER ELEVEN. THE GREAT DAY OF THE LORD
 415
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415
19:1-5 19:6-10 19:11-16 19:17-21 19:1-21
The Hallelujah Chorus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Hallelujah Chorus (cont'd). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The White Horse Rider. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The White Horse Rider (cont'd) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Great Day of the Lord—Fulfillment . . . . . . .
 416  419  421  426  428
Excursus on the Restoration of Israel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .429
CHAPTER TWELVE. THE MILLENNIAL REIGN AND  THE GREAT WHITE THRONE JUDGMENT. . . . 433
Introduction433. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20:1-6 20:7-10 20:11-15
The Millennial Reign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435 Satan’s Destruction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 442 The Second Resurrection and Judgment . . . . . . . . 448
CHAPTER THIRTEEN. THE NEW HEAVENS AND THE  NEW EARTH455. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction455. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1:1-4 21:5-8 21:9-21 21:22-27 22:1-5 22:6-22
The New Home of the Bride. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Inheritance Covenant Affirmed . . . . . . . . . . . The New Jerusalem, the Bride . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Lamb, the Light of the City. . . . . . . . . . . . . . The River, the Life of the City. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Sure Return of Jesus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ix
 456  459  460  463  465  466
Contents
 APPENDIXES
Appendix 1. Observations Regarding the Hermeneutics and  the Book of Revelation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 471 Appendix 2. Observations on the History of Apocalyptic  Interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477 Appendix 3. Parallel or Continuous Structure in the  Apocalypse?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 485 Appendix 4. The Historical Antichrist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 499
 INDEXES Index of Texts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .  513 Index of Subjects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533 Index of Modern Authors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 569
x