The Relevance of a Religious or Monastic Vocation
208 Pages
English

The Relevance of a Religious or Monastic Vocation

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The year 2015 was the centenary of Brother Roger’s birth and the tenth anniversary of his death. As part of this special year, an international colloquium brought to Taizé 350 young women and men committed to the monastic or religious life—Catholics, Protestants and Orthodox from 52 countries.

During a week of sharing, they reflected on the founder of the Taizé Community’s specific contribution to the “great tree of monastic life” on which Taizé is “a simple bud which has been grafted on,” as he used to say. And they pondered the meaning of their vocation today and its relevance for the twenty-first century.

The contributions that formed the background for their searching have been brought together in this book. They represent a whole range of experiences: from the meditation of a Coptic bishop from Egypt, where monasticism began, to the echoes of twentieth-century creations such as Protestant communities like the sisters of Grandchamp in Switzerland or of Emmanuel in Cameroun, the Orthodox communities of Kovilj in Serbia or Saint Nicholas of Gomel in Belarus, Anglican sisters in Bristol, England, or the Catholic Little Sisters of Jesus of Charles de Foucauld.

Age-old monastic or religious traditions are expressed in particular through the voices of Mother Iakovi, abbess of an Athonite monastery in Greece, Adolfo Nicolás, General of the Jesuits, Bruno Cadoré, Master General of the Dominicans, Marcellin Theeuwes, former Prior General of the Carthusians, Olivier Quenardel, Abbot of Citeaux, Richard Baawobr, Superior General of the Missionaries of Africa, and Michael Perry, Minister General of the Franciscans.


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Published 01 July 2016
Reads 4
EAN13 9782850404023
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Language English

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The Relevance of a Religious or Monastic Vocation
ACTS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COLLOQUIUM TAIZÉ, JULY 5 – 12, 2015
Les Presses de Taizé
ISBN 978 285040 402 3 e-book ISBN 978 285040 406 1 © Ateliers et Presses de Taizé, 2016 71250 Taizé, France, tél : 03 85 50 30 30 editions@taize.frwww.taize.fr cover photos: Wiesia Klemens
Monday, July 6, 2015
AFTERNOON
Brother Alois, Prior of Taizé :What is Distinctive about Taizé?
Sister Agnes Granier (Belgium):The Sisters of St. Andrew at Taizé
Anba Thomas (Egypt) :The Taste of Water
What Is Distinctive about Taizé?
BROTHER ALOIS, PRIOR OF TAIZÉ
We are marking a triple anniversary this year, but this does not mean that we are celebrating the past. Brother Roger called the brothers to live in the present, and he kept his eyes turned towards the future, seeking, as he put it, to “sense the coming day of humanity.” We want to remain in that spirit. This week will certainly help us to highlight some of Brother Roger’s intuitions concerning the religious life, but above all it will help us to discern the relevance of this life for today and for tomorrow. So, welcome to all of you for these few days of sharing together! To begin with, I would like to point out the elements that seem to me most distinctive in the thought of Brother Roger as founder and which still determine our searching today. Then I will hand over the microphone to Sister Agnes. She is the superior general of the Sisters of St. Andrew, who have been present here alongside our Taizé Community for fifty years now. Our life together is is not just one of practical collaboration, but also the richness of a complementarity between women and men at the service of welcoming young people.
A PARABLE OF COMMUNITY
When he was young, in the midst of the world war, Brother Roger came to believe that creating a community of a few men could be a small sign of peace and of reconciliation in a Europe torn apart by violence. He wanted already to prepare what would come after the war. The vocation he proposed to the brothers who would join him was to constitute what he called a “parable of communion” or a “parable of community.” Every life consecrated to God and at the service of others is a parable. Such a parable does not impose anything; it does not try to prove anything, but it opens a world that is shut in on itself; it opens a window onto a beyond, an opening towards the infinite. Those who follow it have cast their anchor into Christ, so as to hold firm even when the storms come. The specific parable that we, the brothers of Taizé, would like to bear is that of communion. Communion, reconciliation and trust are key words at Taizé. We would like to make it apparent that a community can be a laboratory of fraternity. There are two areas where this search for communion and fraternity require a lot of energy: the reconciliation of Christians and the fact of coming from different cultures. By bringing together Protestant and Catholic brothers, and from time to time by welcoming a Orthodox monk to live with us for a while, our community tries to anticipate the unity which is still to come. This ecumenical life has become very natural to us. Those of us who have grown up in a Protestant family accept this life together without any repudiation of their origins, but rather as a broadening of their faith. The brothers who come from Catholic families find an enrichment in opening themselves, along the lines of Vatican II, to the questioning and the gifts of the Churches of the Reformation. It is true that this sometimes involves limitations and renunciations. But there is no reconciliation without renunciation. The story of Taizé can be read as an attempt to come together under one roof and to stay there. Coming from about thirty different countries, we live under the roof of the same house. And when, three times a day, we come together for prayer, we place ourselves beneath the single roof of the Church of Reconciliation. This common prayer also brings together young people from across the world—Catholics, Protestants and Orthodox. In this way, they become part of the same parable. We are often surprised to discover that they feel profoundly united without reducing their faith to a lowest common denominator or lowering their values. In the prayer, a harmony can come about between people belonging to different denominations, different cultures, and even peoples
who may be strongly opposed to one another. I want to underline a second aspect of this search for fraternity, that of being from different cultures. We come from all the regions of Europe, and also from Africa, Asia, and both Americas. Today, such a plurality is more and more present everywhere. But globalisation is sometimes felt as a threat. So we would like the harmony of our life to be a sign of communion also between the different faces of the human family that we represent. But I do not want to hide the fact that in spite of our common faith, it can happen that we do not manage to avoid estrangements which remain. There are differences of character, of course. We can be clumsy, and make mistakes—that is obvious, too. But there can be something still deeper, which does not depend entirely on us: too great a distance between the varied faces of the humanity that we bear, a distance sometimes accentuated by the wounds of what has happened in the past between our countries and continents. What can we do with the sadness that can then take hold of us? Not let ourselves be paralyzed. Avoid coming to a standstill. In spite of everything, live out the search for unity and reconciliation. That sends us back to Christ: he alone can really unite everything. And we would like to follow him in that. We are ready to suffer for it. Not to be afraid of the other, not to judge, not to let ourselves feel judged, not to interpret things negatively, to talk about things when a question arises. And above all, never to refuse our fellowship as brothers. What I have just said may seem serious. But it is also, paradoxically, the source of a deep joy, the joy of going right through to the end in the call of the Gospel.
AT THE MEETING-POINT OF THE MONASTIC TRADITION AND THE VALUES OF THE REFORMATION
Now I would like to go more deeply into what is distinctive about Taizé. Just before the Second World War, Brother Roger felt called to create a community, but the monastic life had disappeared from the Churches of the Reformation. So he had of necessity to send roots down into the undivided Church, beyond Protestantism, into the Catholic and Orthodox traditions. When in 1949 the first seven brothers committed their lives in celibacy and life together, they were connecting with these traditions and were undertaking a step that is in no way in the image of the Reformation, something that led to their being very often not understood in the Protestantism of the time. Nevertheless, Brother Roger did not want simply to imitate something that had already existed in history: he sought to work out his own way, which implied among other things assuming the fundamental values of the Reformation. He did not want to deny his origins. He reconciled what for four centuries had seemed irreconcilable. The certainty of justification by faith and not by works was at the basis of the Reformation of the sixteenth century. The Reformation rejected monastic life not so much as a matter of principle but because at the time it seemed to be lived in a way that was contrary to thesola gratiaand thesola fideto which the Reformation is so strongly attached. Attentive to this criticism, Brother Roger was led to emphasize strongly the disinterestedness of the community life that he envisaged. Praise of God without any self-interest became central for him. TheRule of Taizébegins and ends on this note of praise. Concerned as he was not to give any “meritorious” value to the monastic life, and not to claim that is was in some way superior to marriage, he chose his words with care. Like other monastic rules, theRule of Taizé places at the heart of the life of the brothers the three commitments taken for a whole lifetime; but he avoids calling them vows, since the word could have led to misunderstandings, and simply calls them commitments. And for each of the three, Brother Roger is careful about the expressions he uses: He prefers the word celibacy to chastity. He does not want to appropriate for monastic life alone the beautiful term chastity, since this is also necessary in a certain sense for a truly faithful marriage, and even in the life of every Christian.
He prefers to speak of community of possessions, both material and spiritual, rather than of poverty. For poverty has no virtue in itself, and it is experienced as a great misfortune by those who suffer from it across the world. What is important is simplicity of heart and spirit, linked to a simplicity of life. And finally, Brother Roger avoids calling the brothers to obedience, since freedom is a value so strongly underlined by the Reformation and since he so desires his brothers to be free men. At the beginning he spoke of accepting an authority, but later he withdrew even that word, presenting the prior simply as a servant of communion. For this ministry of communion, he kept the word prior, meaning “first,” but avoided the terms abbot or superior. He rehabilitates spiritual discipline, or asceticism, almost unknown in Protestant circles, but he speaks of it prudently, always avoiding a meritorious interpretation. He writes:
Assured of your salvation by the sole grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, you do not impose discipline on yourself for its own sake. Gaining mastery of yourself has no other aim than to render you more available. No pointless abstaining; keep to what God asks. Bear the burdens of others, accept the minor hurts each day brings, so as to share concretely in 1 the sufferings of Christ: this is our first discipline.
Perhaps what is most striking in theRule of Taizé is the desire to indicate only the minimum necessary. There is no constitution, no regulations, no timetable established once for all, no practical details. It is up to each generation to adapt the essentials that are proposed. I would like to mention two other evolutions that Brother Roger adopted later. At first, the new brothers were called novices. This word disappeared. Certainly they need to undertake a personal journey for several years before making a definitive commitment, with—most importantly—a personal accompaniment, and they need theological and human preparation. But they are adults responsible for themselves, and they share our life totally. In the mentality of the end of the twentieth century, the word novice turned out to be a hindrance. Today we speak rather of the young brothers or the new brothers. Another word to disappear was office. TheOffice of Taizé was the fruit of long liturgical labour, but celebrating it became rather too complex for the young people who were coming to Taizé in ever greater numbers and speaking more and more varied languages. Brother Roger began to speak only of the common prayer. These remarks about the use of words go well beyond a mere question of vocabulary. They show how the encounter of two traditions, that of the Reformation and that of monasticism, which seemed irreconcilable, even antagonistic, turns out to be creative. Brother Roger bore within himself both the heritage of the Reformation and a profound adhesion to the riches of the faith of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Churches. It is perhaps this that enabled him to express the Gospel in a language adapted to the mentality of today, to which he was so attuned. He was not afraid to go the heart of tensions and to hold together their two extremes—freedom and tradition, diversity and unity, personal faith and trust in the faith of the Church, autonomy and communion. His journey indeed involved combats. How many times did he have to give explanations to Protestant leaders who thought, for example, that committing oneself for a whole lifetime meant limiting the freedom of the Holy Spirit! And at one point he also had to write an open letter to those who were living the monastic or religious life to make clear that his choices did not in any way imply a criticism of them, but that Taizé was simply a shoot grafted onto the great tree of monastic life, without which it could not live. Today these combats are over and done with. And we would like our experience to contribute to supporting the exchange of gifts that Pope Francis describes so well: he says that dialogue exists not only to get to know others but also to receive the gifts that God has placed in the others for us.
This leads me to end by asking a question: in view of the unity of Christians, could those living the religious life in different traditions create more links between the respective Churches to which they belong? Is not the search for communion and unity an integral part, in different ways, of their common vocation?
(translated from the French)
1Brother Roger,The Rule of Taizé(London: SPCK, 2012), p. 7.
TheSisters of St. Andrew at Taizé
A PATH OF MEETINGS
SISTER AGNES GRANIER*
Before anything else, I would like to share with you the joy of our congregation, the Sisters of St. Andrew, in being witnesses to the grace of God in this place for nearly fifty years. Mother Tarcisius was one of the sisters present from the beginnings of this collaboration; she was in charge of the formation of sisters and of accompaniment in the community. She remembered: “We have been here since 1966. […] Yes, it’s true, just by being here with my 1 sisters day after day, I have been a witness to grace.” At the origin of our presence at Taizé, there was a series of meetings, which I would like to recall briefly: At Easter 1965, one of the sisters came to Taizé with several women students from Leuven in Belgium. A few months later, Mother Claire, the superior general, and Mother Tarcisius, drawn by what they had heard of this place, came to Taizé. They came back saying: “Taizé is becoming central to Catholicism. You can meet people there from all over 2 the world!” At the beginning of the following year, Brother Roger was invited to Leuven to meet some students as part of an ecumenical circle. He stayed in our community and, during the evening, he said to us: “You have to come to Taizé.” At Easter that same year, two groups of sisters came to Taizé and Brother Roger expressed his desire again: “We need the Sisters of St Andrew and the Sisters of St Andrew need us.” So it was that we arrived at Pentecost 1966, to replace the people who had been working at thesalle d’exposition, for three months during the summer… … and we are still here!
Brother Roger and Mother Tarcisius: a Visitation Amongst these events, I think special significance should be given to the personal meeting between Brother Roger and Mother Tarcisius. It was more than a meeting: it was a visitation. From the beginning, each of them recognized the gift of God placed in the other. So their meeting gave rise to an outpouring of thanksgiving, of shared praise. Mother Tarcisius was always reticent about what she perceived of the spiritual life of Brother Roger, but the first gift she recognized in him, as in the brothers of Taizé taken together, was faith. When a journalist asked her what caused the success of Taizé, she answered without hesitation: “It is the faith of the brothers, this outpouring of grace, which 3 has drawn the crowds. The Taizé Community gives young people ‘a shock of meaning’.” For his part, Brother Roger, in keen admiration for Mother Tarcisius, would say: “That woman has a gift of listening. It’s something uniquely beautiful, this elderly woman with the freshness of the Gospel, always with the Scriptures beside her. I don’t know if she reads a lot […] but I know that she has exceptional intuition.” The two of them shared a common vision of the religious life: “What God asks of members of religious communities is to dare to believe, to dare to trust. […] It is God who makes us 4 pass from death to life, and who makes religious communities a sign of this new life.” Years of living close to each other led to the growth of a deep spiritual friendship, a sort of complicity in the folly of the Gospel, a being there for one another to confirm and encourage, especially when there were sufferings or misunderstandings to go through. A text that one of the sisters showed me expresses well the exceptional grace of this encounter! I would like to share it with you; it was written the night when Brother Roger died: