230 Pages
English

War and Peace

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“War and Peace: Essays on Religion and Violence” explores the role of religion in war and peace through nine original contributions that examine a range of case studies from different historical periods. 


Reflections on Leo Tolstoy’s “War and Peace,” these original essays examine various facets of violence and human efforts to create peace. Religion is deeply involved in both processes: ones that produce violence and ones that seek to create harmony. In the war on terror, radical religion is often seen to be a major cause of inter-group violence. However, these essays show a much more complex picture in which religion is often on the receiving end of conflict that has its origin in the actions of the state in response to tensions between majorities and minorities. As this volume demonstrates, the more public religion becomes, the more likely it is to be imbricated in communal strife.


Acknowledgments; Contributors; Introduction by Bryan S. Turner; WAR: Chapter 1: Sacred Memory and the Secular World: The Poland Narratives – Alisse Waterston; Chapter 2: A Messianic Multiple: West Papua, July 1998 – Eben Kirksey; Chapter 3: Lincoln, the Ministers of Religion and the American Jeremiad – Jonathan Keller; Chapter 4: Spiritual Violence: Max Weber and Norbert Elias on Religion and Civilization – Bryan S. Turner; PEACE: Chapter 5: Quakers, the Origins of the Peace Testimony and Resistance to War Taxes – Ana M. Acosta; Chapter 6: A Sacred Ground for Peace: Violence, Tourism and Sanctification in Hiroshima 1960–1970 – Ran Zwigenberg; Chapter 7: The Sectarian as a Category of Secular Power: Sectarian Tensions and Judicial Authority in Lebanon – Raja Abillama; Chapter 8: The Commodification of Love: Gandhi, King and 1960s Counterculture – Alexander Bacha and Manu Bhagavan; Chapter 9: The Religion of Brotherly Love: Leo Tolstoy and Max Weber – Bryan S. Turner; Chapter 10: Conclusion: War and Peace – Bryan S. Turner

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Published 01 March 2013
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EAN13 9780857283092
Language English
Document size 1 MB

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War and Peace
War and Peace
Essays on Religion and Violence
Edited by Bryan S. Turner
Anthem Press An imprint of Wimbledon Publishing Company www.anthempress.com
This edition first published in UK and USA 2013 by ANTHEM PRESS 75–76 Blackfriars Road, London SE1 8HA, UK or PO Box 9779, London SW19 7ZG, UK and 244 Madison Ave. #116, New York, NY 10016, USA
© 2013 Bryan S. Turner editorial matter and selection; individual chapters © individual contributors
The moral right of the authors has been asserted.
All rights reserved. Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise), without the prior written permission of both the copyright owner and the above publisher of this book.
British Library CataloguinginPublication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
Library of Congress CataloginginPublication Data A catalog record for this book has been requested.
ISBN13: 978 085728 307 8 (Hbk) ISBN10: 0 85728 307 3 (Hbk)
This title is also available as an eBook.
Acknowledgments
Contributors
C
O
Introduction by Bryan S. Turner
War Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Peace Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
N
TEN
TS
Sacred Memory and the Secular World: The Poland Narratives Alisse Waterston
A Messianic Multiple: West Papua, July 1998 Eben Kirksey
Lincoln, the Ministers of American Jeremiad Jonathan Keller
Religion and the
Spiritual Violence: Max Weber and Norbert Elias on Religion and Civilization Bryan S. Turner
Quakers, the Origins of the Peace Testimony and Resistance to War Taxes Ana M. Acosta
A Sacred Ground for Peace: Violence, Tourism and Sanctification in Hiroshima 1960–1970 Ran Zwigenberg
The Sectarian as a Category of Secular Power: Sectarian Tensions and Judicial Authority in Lebanon Raja Abillama
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37
63
79
101
121
145
vi
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
WAR AND PEACE
The Commodification of Love: Gandhi, King and 1960s Counterculture Alexander Bacha and Manu Bhagavan
The Religion of Brotherly Love: Leo Tolstoy and Max Weber Bryan S. Turner
Conclusion: War and Peace Bryan S. Turner
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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
These chapters were originally presented to the weekly seminar of the Religion Committee at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York in 2010 and 2011. The Religion Committee is supported by a Mellon Foundation grant through which the seminar is funded. I am grateful to the Provost Professor Chase Robinson for his continuing support for the development of research on religion at the Graduate Center. Elena Knox, research assistant in the Centre for Religion and Society at the University of Western Sydney, Australia, proofread the entire manuscript. Chapter 4 was originally published as Bryan S. Turner, “Weber and Elias on Religion and Violence: Warrior Charisma and the Civilizing Process” in Steven Loyal and Stephen Quilley (eds),Norbert EliasThe Sociology of (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), 245–64. I am grateful to Cambridge University Press for permission to reprint this chapter.
CONTRIBUTORS
Raja Abillamais a doctoral candidate at the City University of New York’s Graduate Center. He is currently finishing his dissertation on personal status laws, religion and secularism in Lebanon.
Ana M. AcostaEnglish at Brooklyn College,teaches in the Department of City University of New York. She has published articles on religion, science and the Enlightenment. Her book,Reading Genesis in the Long Eighteenth Century: From Milton to Mary Shelley, was published by Ashgate in 2006. In 2010 she coauthoredLiterature: A World of Writing, a writing handbook and genre anthology published by Pearson/Longman. Currently, she is at work on a booklength project entitledStages of Enlightenment, which examines the intersection of the religious epistemologies of Roman Catholicism and the different Protestant sects in Britain in the long eighteenth century.
Alex Bachais a graduate student in American history at Hunter College. He graduated from New York University in 2006. His interests include cultural and environmental history, as well as culinary history and the history of tourism.
Manu BhagavanHistoryis an associate professor in the Department of at Hunter College and the Graduate Center at the City University of New York. He has previously taught at Carleton College, the University of Texas at Austin and Yale University, and is a recipient of a 2006 Fellowship from the American Council of Learned Societies. He is the author ofSovereign Spheres: Princes, Education and Empire in Colonial India(Oxford University Press, 2003), and The Peacemakers: India’s Gamble for One World(HarperCollins India, 2012).
Jonathan Kellera doctoral candidate in political science at the is Graduate Center, City University of New York, specializing in political theory, American political thought, and religion and American politics. He received his MA in political science from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Before returning to academia, Keller conducted research on right wing political movements for nonprofit organizations in New York City, and
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WAR AND PEACE
was a speechwriter for former New York State governor Mario M. Cuomo. Currently, he teaches in the Political Science Department at Hunter College, and is writing his dissertation on Old Testament narratives in American political thought.
Eben Kirksey was a cultural anthropologist in the Graduate Center City University of New York who studies the political dimensions of imagination as well as the interplay of natural and cultural history. He is now a lecturer at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. His first book,Freedom in Entangled WorldsUniversity Press, 2012) is about an indigenous (Duke political movement in West Papua, the half of New Guinea under Indonesian control. As a guest coeditor ofCultural Anthropology, Kirksey assembled a collection of original research articles from the emerging field of multispecies ethnography.
Bryan S. Turneris presidential professor of sociology and director of the Committee on Religion in the Graduate Center, City University ofNew York, and the director of the Centre for Religion and Society at the University of Western Sydney. His most recent publication isReligion and Modern Society(Cambridge University Press, 2011). He is the series editor of Key Issues in Modern SociologyandTracts for Our Timesfor Anthem Press. With Simon Susen he editedThe Legacy of Pierre Bourdieu: Critical Essays(Anthem Press, 2011) and with Jack Barbalet and Adam Possamai he editedReligion and the State: A Comparative Sociology(Anthem Press, 2011).
Alisse WaterstonCriminalis professor of anthropology at John Jay College of Justice, City University of New York, and editor ofOpen Anthropology. Her work focuses on the human consequences of systemic violence and inequality, including the sociocultural, politicaleconomic and psychological aspects of displacement, diaspora, structural violence and war. Her forthcoming book is titleda Century, an intimateMy Father’s Wars: Myth, Memory and the Violence of ethnography.Recent publications includeAnthropology off the Shelf: Anthropologists on Writing(coedited with Maria D. Vesperi);War: Views from WarAn Anthropology of Zones; “Teaching Genocide in an Age of Genocides” (American Anthropologist); and “The Story of My Story: An Anthropology of Violence, Dispossession and Diaspora” (Anthropological Quarterly). Waterston has also written extensively on urban poverty, homelessness and substance abuse in the US, including the acclaimed ethnographiesLove, Sorrow and Rage: Destitute Women in a Manhattan ResidenceandStreet Addicts in the Political Economy. Professor Waterston serves on the Executive Board of the American Anthropological Association, and chairs the Board’s committee on scholarly publications.