Energy Switch
225 Pages
English

Energy Switch

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225 Pages
English

Description

> Hire a publicist to organize NA radio campaign > Print Review Campaign to solar/alternative energy publications > Postcard mailing to environmental groups > Themed brochure - renewable energy > Post selected chapters online with various non-profits

How North America can learn from renewable energy success stories in Europe

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Published by
Published 01 March 2009
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EAN13 9781550923780
Language English
Document size 1 MB

Legal information: rental price per page €. This information is given for information only in accordance with current legislation.

Exrait

AD V A N C EPF O RR A I S E
Energy Switch
Germany’s phenomenal success with renewable energy offers a model that North Americans would be wise to emulate. InEnergy Switch, Craig Morris tells us why Germany has become the world leader in this fast growing, multibillion dollar industry, and why America will be left behind again — if it doesn’t act fast.
— PAULGIPE, advocate and critic, leader of the campaign for Advanced Renewable Tariffs in Ontario, Canada, and author of Wind Energy Comes of AgeandWind Power: Renewable Energy for Home, Farm and Business
Energy Switchis a well-informed and committed practical encouragement for the general change to renewable energies. It is a mission possible.
— HERMANNSCHEER, Recipient of the Alternative Nobel Prize, General Chairman of the World Council for Renewable Energy
Morris deals with the standard arguments against wind power so convincingly that you will want to have a whole book by him on this topic.
Photon Magazine
Craig Morris has written the best “guide book” to renewable energy I’ve seen yet. It covers all the energies we should switch to, and he also deals with coal and nuclear, and why they not only can’t save us, they might destroy us. Morris writes with the layman in mind; informative, not too technical, and not didactic. He tells us why Europe, and especially Germany, is so very far ahead of the US in using solar energy, mainly PV. Americans should wonder why — withEnergy Switch, they can find out!
— NEVILLEWILLIAMS, author of Chasing The Sun: Solar Adventures Around The World
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NEW
SOCIET Y
PUBLISHERS
Cataloging in Publication Data: A catalog record for this publication is available from the National Library of Canada.
Copyright © 2006 by Craig Morris. All rights reserved.
Cover design by Diane MacIntosh. Photo: Brand X Pictures/Alamy
Printed in Canada. First printing May 2006.
Paperback ISBN 13: 978-0-86571-559-2 Paperback ISBN 10: 0-86571-559-9
Inquiries regarding requests to reprint all or part ofEnergy Switchshould be addressed to New Society Publishers at the address below.
To order directly from the publishers, please call toll-free (North America) 1-800-567-6772, or order online at www.newsociety.com. Any other inquiries can be directed by mail to:
New Society Publishers P.O. Box 189, Gabriola Island, BC V0R 1X0, Canada 1-800-567-6772
New Society Publishers’ mission is to publish books that contribute in fundamental ways to building an ecologically sustainable and just society, and to do so with the least pos-sible impact on the environment, in a manner that models this vision. We are committed to doing this not just through education, but through action. We are acting on our commitment to the world’s remaining ancient forests by phasing out our paper supply from ancient forests worldwide. This book is one step toward ending global deforesta-tion and climate change. It is printed on acid-free paper that is100% old growth forestfree(100% post-consumer recycled), processed chlorine free, and printed with vegetable-based, low-VOC inks. For further information, or to browse our full list of books and purchase securely, visit our website at: www.newsociety.com.
NEWSOCIETYPUBLISHERS
www.newsociety.com
C o n t e n t s
Acknowledgments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi Instructions to Readers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiii Chapter 1:Best Practices from Germany. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Chapter 2:The Big Picture. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Tax the Bads, Not the Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Was the German Eco-Tax a Success? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Development Versus Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Overshoot, Collapse, and Energy Balance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 The Energy Mix and the Transition from Fossil Energy to Renewables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Chapter 3:Oil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31. . . . The End of Oil? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 An End to “Easy Oil” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 The Market is Not Free . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Esso Declares 2003 an “Oil Dorado” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Chapter 4:Biomass. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45. . A Source of Energy or Food? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 The Potential of “New Biomass” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Energy Sink or Energy Source? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Chapter 5:Coal or Climate?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 The History of Coal Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Clean Coal? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Coal Power Today . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Coal as a Bridge to a Renewable Future . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
VII
VIII Energy Switch
The Climate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 What’s Hotter: The Climate or the Debate About It? . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Chapter 6:Nuclear Power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Reports of the Death of Nuclear Power Are Highly Exaggerated . . . . 77 Fighting for Its Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 How Much Carbon Dioxide Will Nuclear Power Save Us? . . . . . . . . . 82 Hearing Is Not Believing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 The Future of Nuclear Power: Not What You Are Thinking . . . . . . . 85 Can Renewables Ever Provide 100 Percent of Our Supply? . . . . . . . . 87 Power on Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 The Secret Life of Nuclear Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Out of the Frying Pan: Green Guru James Lovelock Calls for an Expansion of Nuclear Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Yucky Yucca . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Shifting Priorities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Mobile Chernobyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Chapter 7:Natural Gas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 The Greens Support a Form of Fossil Energy? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100 Nonetheless: Finite Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Methane Hydrates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Natural Gas as a Bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Chapter 8:Photovoltaics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 Why Cloudy Germany is Making the Global PV Market Boom . . . . 105 Is PV Too Expensive? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 The Potential of PV is Great . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Gray Skies? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 The Cost of Photovoltaics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 Lower Prices from Mass Production? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Off-Grid Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 Central Power Plants as Emergency Power Generators . . . . . . . . . . . 116 Energy Payback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Chapter 9:Wind. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 NIMBY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 Shadow Power Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 Bird Blenders? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 How Many Are Too Many? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 From the US to Europe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 Learning from Mistakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 A European Success Story . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Contents IX
Chapter 10:Geothermal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 How Does It Work? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Hot Dry Rock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Where’s the Hitch? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 Chapter 11:Fuel Cells. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141 Hydrogen: Much Ado About Nothing? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 Black Hydrogen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 A Fuel Cell by Any Other Name … . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 Low-Temperature Fuel Cells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145 High-Temperature Fuel Cells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 Are Only PEMs Clean? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Chapter 12:Ocean Energy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 Tidal Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 Wave Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Chapter 13:Demand Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 Virtual Power Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 Empowerment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 Chapter 14:Efficiency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Negawatts: Saved Energy is Our Greatest Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 The Jevons Paradox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 Conservation Investments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169 Adult Education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 Saving Energy as a Priority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172 Life Inside a Residential Power Plant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173 From Passive to Active . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 Conservation in Renovation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Chapter 15:Living to Learn. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185. . . . . Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199. . . . . About the Author. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209