Flow and Transport in Fractured Porous Media

Flow and Transport in Fractured Porous Media

-

English

Description

About this book


This book addresses the characterization of flow and transport in porous fractured media from experimental and modeling perspectives. The volume explores porous media problems, from the origin of the present natural porous structures, to their characterization, and various flow and transport phenomena that exist within the porous media. Examples are miscible displacements in porous media and fractured rock and the physical and chemical interactions within porous fractured aquifers. The book is a comprehensive presentation of investigations performed and analyzed on different scales, supporting the understanding and application of experimental studies and numerical simulations.



Subjects

Informations

Published by
Published 01 January 2005
Reads 3
EAN13 3540270124
License: All rights reserved
Language English

Legal information: rental price per page €. This information is given for information only in accordance with current legislation.

Report a problem
!))&
8= 9999./= 1" 8=@8 181@9 *
2
?
7@*"8)/-1'@ 3381(D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D ?D? !!VLL'<!' >, L!SVL'$ >!8 FV6,'LN D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D ?DU 4L!S'L6[S6>< >, S4' Z$LV96! L>@'LS6'N >, L!SVL'$ >!8 FV6,'LN D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D ?DUD? L!SVL' 4L!S'L6[S6>< <$ 9>X L>!'NN'N 6< <$6W6$V9 L!SVL'N D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D ?DUDU 9>X L>!'NN'N 6< L!SVL' 'SX>L8N D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D ?DUDT <NSVLS'$ 9>X L>!'NN'N 6< L!SVL'$ ZNS':N D D D D ?DT FV6,'L '<'N6N @@L>!4'N ,>L S4' NN'NN:'<S >, Z$LV96! 4L!S'L6NS6!N >, '>9>16!9 S'L69N D D D D D D D D D D D ?DTD? FV6,'L '$6:'<S>9>1Z D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D ?DTDU '<'N6N >, L!SVL' 'SX>L8N D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D ?D0 4' FV6,'L <9>1V' @@L>!4 ,>L L!SVL'$ >L>VN FV6,'LN D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D ?D0D? 7'!S6W'N D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D ?D0DU ><!'@S D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D
81. =@8- D9=. =1 @.8*- 1-D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D UD? SVL9 L!SVL'$ >L>VN ZNS':N D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D UDU >$'9 ><!'@SN 6< L!SVL'$ >L>VN ZNS':N D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D UDT >W'L<6<1 FVS6><N >, 9>X <$ L<N@>LS 6< >L>VN '$6 UDTD? '@L'N'<SS6W' 9':'<SLZ >9V:' D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D UDTDU 9>X L>!'NN'N D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D UDTDT L<N@>LS L>!'NN'N D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D UD0 4' 6N!L'S' >$'9 ><!'@S D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D UD0D? L99'959S' ><!'@S D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D UD0DU '<'LS6>< >, L!SVL' SLV!SVL9 >$'9N ) T D D UD0DT @S69 <$ ':@>L9 6N!L'S6[S6>< D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D UD0D0 @@96'$ V:'L6!9 >$'9 ) 5 D D D D D D D D D D D D D
T .
.
Q P =
?\ ?\ ??
?? ?U ?U
?. ?Q U0 UQ UP UP T\ TU TT T. 0U 0T

=;O(;OJ
UD.�
UDQ
UD0D.V::LZDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD0T :@9':'<SS6><>,S4'V9S65!><S6<VV:><!'@SDDDDDDDDDDDUD.D?� >W'L<6<1�FVS6><N� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� 00 UD.DUZ@'N>,>V@96<1DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD0P UD.DT� Y!4<1'�>L:V9S6><�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� 0P UD.D0 V:'L6!9� >$'9� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� .? UD.D.DD<>6S<6:L'S'<S9'WV6F,>DDNDS'L'L:DDDDDDDDUD.DQ� 4L!S'L6NS6!�9V'N� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� .0 UD.DPV::LZDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDQ\ V::LZ� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� Q?
8= 81+= - =@*9
>
&
00
.U
18�-�DDDDDDDDQ.DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDTD?� :@9'�4L!S'L6[S6><� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� Q. TDU� Y@'L6:'<SN�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� QP TDUD?L!SVL''>:'SLZ<W'NS61S6><NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDQP TDUDUZ$LV96!<$<'V:S6!Y@'L6:'<SNDDDDDDDDDDDDDD(T TDT� <S'L@L'SS6><� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� (Q TDTD?� ,,'!S6W'�><$V!S6W6S6'N�S6<'$�,L>:�L!SVL' '>:'SLZSDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD(P TDTDU� 'L:'696S6'N� S 6<'$� ,L>:� Z$LV96!� <$ <'V:S6!'NSNDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD=? TDTDT>:@L6N><>,><$V!S6W6S6'NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD=P TD0� V::LZ� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� ?\?
/(�-�DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD\T?DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD 0D?L'@LS6><>,L!SVL'>L>VN'<!4!9':@9'NDDDDDDDDD?\T 0D?D?� '!>W'LZ�<$�L'@LS6><�>,�S4'�Z96<$L6!9�'<!4 !9':@9'NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD?\0 0D?DU'!>W'LZ<$L'@LS6><>,S4'9>!8:@9'NDDDDDDD?\= 0DU9>X<$L<N@>LSY@'L6:'<SN><$V!S'$>< >LS>LZZ96<$'LNDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD?UP 0DUD?@@96!S6><<$'S4>$DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD?UP 0DUDUDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD6DN9D?S'=!U69!'<4 0DUDT� L>!'$VL'� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� ?T? 0DUD0� 9'Y6696SZ�>,�S4'�  � D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� ?T0 0DUD.9>XY@'L6:'<SNDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD?T( 0DUDQ� L<N@>LS�Y@'L6:'<SND� �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� ?0\ 0DUDP� ><!9VN6><N D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� ?0? 0DT� <S'L@L'SS6><�>,�Y@'L6:'<SN�><$V!S'$� >< >LS>LZZ96<$'LNDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD?0U 0DTD?� '<N6S6W6SZ�<9ZN6N D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� ?0U
$
0D0�
0D.
=;O(;OJ
0DTDU� >:@L6N><� >,� 'NVL'$� <$� 6:V9S'$ L!'L5L'8S4L>V14�VLW'N� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D� ?0( 0DTDT� 'S'L:6<S6><�>,�FV6W9'<S�L:'S'LN� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D� ?.0 0DTD0� V9S65!><S6<VV:� >$'96<1"� 'S4>$>9>1Z� <$@@L>!4�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D� ?.( 9>X<$L<N@>LSY@'L6:'<SN><$V!S'$>< >LS>LZ9>!8NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD?P0 0D0D?� <S'1L9� 'NVL6<1�><-1VLS 6><� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D� ?P0 0D0DU>LS5>LS'NVL6<1><-1VLS6><DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD?P= <S'L@L'SS6><>,Y@'L6:'<SN><$V!S'$>< >LS>LZ9>!8DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD?=P 0D.D?� <S'L@L'SS6><�>,�9> X�<$�L<N@>LS�Y@'L6:'<SN N'$><@@L'<SL:'S'LNDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD?=P 0D.DU� V9S65!><S6<VV:� >$'96<1"� 'S4>$>9>1Z� <$@@L>!4�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D� U\?

*-)-1,�-�DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD=DDU\D.D?4>6!'>,S4'6'9$9>!8 >!S6><DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU?\ .D?D?'16><9>N6S6><6<1DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU?\ .D?DU >!9>N6S6><6<1DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU?T .DUL'@L6<1'NS6S'><S4'6'9$59>!8!9'DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU?. .DUD?Y!WS6<1<$VSS6<1DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU?Q .DUDU'96<1L>!'NN<$<NS99S6><NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU?= .DT4L!S'L6[S6><>,S4'>!85SL6Y<$L!SVL'5ZNS':DDDDUUT .DTD?� SS6NS6!9�W9VS6><�>,�L!SVL'�L:'S'LN D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D� UU0 .DTDU'S'L:6<S6><>,>!85SL6YL>@'LS6'NDDDDDDDDDDDDDUU( .D0� '>NSS6NS6!9�<9ZN6N�>,�S4'�L!SVL'� '<1S4N� <$L!SVL'6NS<!'NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDUT. .D0D?� SLS'1Z� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� UT. .D0DU'>NSS6NS6!9<9ZN6N>,S4'6$'99NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDUT= .D0DT6N!VNN6><>,S4''NV9SNDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU0Q .D.L6'<SS6<1'NVL':'<SNSS4'<N'9'$6'9$9>!8DDDDDDU.T .D.D?><<'!S6W6SZ<$9>X'NSNDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU.0 .D.DU9'!SL>:1<'S6!'/'!S6><'S4>$DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU.0 .DQ9>X<$L<N@>LS'NSNSS4''9'$6'9$9>!8DDDDDDDDDDDU.P .DQD?L!'L<7'!S6><<$'S'!S6><'!4<6FV'NDDDDDDDDDDDDU.( .DQDU� 'NVL':'<SN�S� L16<9�>L'4>9'N� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D� UQ? .DQDT'NVL':'<SNS'<SL9>L'4>9'NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDUQ= .DQD0� ><!9VN6><N D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� UPQ .DP@@96!S6><>,S4'6N!L'S'>$'9><S4'6'9$59>!8!9'DDUPP .DPD?� 'S'L:6<6NS6!�L!SVL'� > $'9�,>L�S4'�>VS45'NSRNS L'<$>V<$LZ><$6S6><NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDUP( .DPDU X>56:'<N6><9N'SV$Z"6:V9S6><? DDDDDDDD DD UP( .DPDTX>56:'<N6><9N'SV$Z"6:V9S6><UDDDDDDDDDDU(? .DPD0>:@L6<1'NVL'$<$V:'L6!9'NV9SNDDDDDDDDU(Q

=;O(;OJ
.D(
.D=
<S'1L9L<N@>LS'4W6>L><S4'6'9$59>!8!9'DDDDDDDDU(P .D(D?>$'9L'<$>V<$LZ><$6S6><NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU(P .D(DU� FV6,'L�L>@'LS6'N�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� U(= .D(DT� <'56:'<N6><9�N'�SV$Z� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� U=\ .D(D04L''56:'<N6><9N'SV$ZDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU=\ �SV$Z�><!'L<6< 1�>V<$LZ�,,'!SN� ><S4'6'9$59>!8!9'DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU=T .D=D?>$'9'N61<DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU=0 .D=DU� S'L69�L>@'LS6'N� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� U=0 .D=DT9>X6:V9S6><DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDU=. .D=D0� L<N@>LS�6:V9S6><� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� U=P .D=D.� ><!9VN6><N D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� T\\
8= -) /3//= 3381(9 / /A9=*'=*1/9
;
:
(� @-=*)9(--� 1-�)�� 1/3=@-� 1-�3381( DDDDDDD\.TD QD?� >$'9�L6<!6@9'� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� T\Q QDU� 'W'9>@6<1�S4'� >$'9� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� T\( QDT� >V<$LZ�><$6S6><N� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� T?\ QD0� >:@L6N><�X6S4�<'56:'<N6><9�9>X� >$'9� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D� T?U QD.9!V9S6><>,S4'L!'LL'8S4L>V14VLW'NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDT?T QDQ� Y@'L6:'<S9�<$�V:'L6!9� ><-L:S6><� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D� T?. QDPL!'L6NSL6VS6><6<X>56:'<N6><9<$4L'' 6:'<N6><99>XZNS':DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDT?. QD(� @@96!S6><� >,� V9S65N4'9 9� >$'9� S>� <W'NS61S'� S4' <6N>SL>@6!SVL'DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDT?= QD=L'!6N>,S4''W'9>@:'<S>,S4'V9S65N4'99>$'9DDDDDDDDDTU\
(/9*=*A*=D1"#*/=3381(DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDTDDDTUDDDDDD PD?� '<'L9�><N6$'LS6><N� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� TUT PD?D?� >W'L<6<1�FVS6><N� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� TUT PD?DU� >W'L<6<1�'<N6S6W6SZ�FVS6><� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� TU0 PDU� 9!V9S6><�>,�S4'�L:'S'L�'L6WS6W'�J4�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� TU0 PDUD?</V'<!'>',-!6'<S'S4>$DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDTU. PDUDU� '<N6S6W6SZ�FVS6><� 'S4>$� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� TU. PDUDT$7>6<S5SS''S4>$DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDTU. PDT'L,>L:<!'>,S4''<N6S6W6SZ>',-!6'<S@@L>!4DDDDDDDDDTU( PDTD?� V:'L6!9� :@9':'<SS6><� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� TU( PDTDU@@96!S6><>,<9ZS6!9>9VS6><NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDTTU PD0<9ZN6N>,'<N6S6W6SZ>',-!6'<S6NSL6VS6><NDDDDDDDDDDDDDTTT PD0D?>:''<'L9><N6$'LS6><NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDTTT PD0DU� '<N6S6W6SZ�X6S4�'N@'!S�S>�Z$LV96!�><$V!S6W6SZ� D�D�D� TT0 PD0DT'<N6S6W6SZX6S4'N@'!SS>S>L1'DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDTT(
  
0
2F
PD.
=;O(;OJ
PD0D0'<N6S6W6SZ6NSL6VS6><,>L6,,'L'<SZ$LV96!'NS ><-1VLS6><NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDTT= V::LZ� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� T0T

*""@9*A*=D� 9@8./=9�DDDDDD0TPDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD(D?� ><!'@S�>,�S4'�6,,VN6W6SZ� @@L>!4� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� T0P (DU<W'LN6><@@L>!4DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDT0= (DT� @@96!S6><� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� T.? (D0� ><!9VN6><N� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� T.Q
/-D9*91"=(/%@/1"1@/8*9.TPDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD =D?� V96SS6W'�<9ZN6N�>,�S4'�> V<$LZ� </V'<!'� D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D� T.( =D?D?>$'9'S5@DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDT.( =D?DUDDNDDDDDL4V>'S8LV'W41>6NZN9L'S4,<.TD=DDDDDDDD=D?DT<9ZN6N>,4L!S'L6NS6!L:'S'LNDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDTQT =DU>L:96[S6><>,L!'L5L'8S4L>V14VLW'NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDTQ. =DUD?'W'9>@:'<S>,S4'>L:96[S6><><!'@SDDDDDDDDDDTQ. =DUDU� @@96!S6><�S>�'S'L>1'<'>VN�>:6<N�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D� TQ= =DTV::LZ<$><!9VN6><NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDTP0
� @-=*A8*=�==*9=*-�3381(�DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDTDDDDDDDDP. ?\D?� � V9S6WL6S'� SS6NS6!9� @@L>!4� ,>L� W9VS6<1 Y@'L6:'<S9�'NV9SND� �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� TPQ ?\D?D?� 'S4>$>9>1Z� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� TPP ?\D?DU� SN'� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� TPP ?\D?DT� '-<6S6><� >,�L69'N� 4L!S'L6[6<1�9>X�<$ L<N@>LS�L>!'NN'N D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� TP= ?\D?D0'$V!6<1S4'V9S6$6:'<N6><9L69'@!'DDDDDDDT(\ ?\D?D.L>!'NN6<1>,SDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDT(U ?\D?DQ� 9NN6-!S6><�>,�S4' �9>X�<$�L<N@>LS�S�Z N6<185'<N9VNS'L<9ZN6NDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDT(. ?\D?DP'NV9SN<$<S'L@L'SS6><DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDT(. ?\D?D(� V::LZ�<$�><!9VN6><N�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� T(P ?\DU'S'L:6<S6><>,>:6<L>@'LS6'N<$'L6-!S6><>,S4''NV9SNDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDT(= ?\DUD?� 'S'L:6<S6><�>,�'L:'696S6'N� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� T(= ?\DUDU'S5@>,S4'V:'L6!9>$'9DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDT=0 ?\DUDT6N!VNN6><>,S4''NV9SNDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDT=Q ?\DUD0� ><!9VN6><N D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� 0\\ ?\DT� 9VNS'L�<9ZN6N�S>�'S�@��><!'@SV9� V9S65!><S6<VV:>$'9DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD0\\ ?\DTD?4'6N!L'S'>$'9DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD0\? ?\DTDU� V9S65!><S6<VV:� >$'9� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� 0\P ?\DTDT� >:@L6N><�>,�5BB2!5�<$�&L�@@L>!4� D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� 0?T
 
=;O(;OJ
?\DTD0@N!96<1>,S4'V9S65!><S6<VV:>$'9DDDDDDDDD ?\DTD.� ><!9VN6><N D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D �D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D�D� 0?=
"8/9�DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
1./-=@8
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD0U?
DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD00T
�D�D�D� 0?.