Summer Mortality of Pacific Oyster Crassostrea Gigas

Summer Mortality of Pacific Oyster Crassostrea Gigas




Mass oyster mortalities have been known for many years throughout the world, but no strictly pathological explication has been found. This book describes how environmental influences, reproduction, stress, genetics, pathogens and temperature contribute to oyster summer mortality in France. An interaction model is derived from the results and recommendations are made for forecasting and managing risk factors.



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Published 13 February 2008
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EAN13 9782759200559
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Language English
Document size 1 MB

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This sample, taken in early September 2002 on the A uray study site, shows the first phenotypic differentiation observed between resista nt oysters (above), which had spawned in July, and susceptible oysters (below), w hich had developed gonads but did not spawn this year.
Sum m er M or t al i t y of Paci f i c O yst er Cr assost r ea G i gas
Jean-François Samain
Col l ect i on Synt hèses
Summer Mortality of Pacific OysterCrassostrea gigasThe Morest Project Jean-François Samain, Helen McCombie 2007, 400 p.
Bioclimatologie. Concepts et applications Sané de Parcevaux, Laurent Huber 2007, 336 p.
Plantes transgéniques : faits et enjeux André Gallais, Agnès Ricroch 2006, 304 p.
L’agronomie d’aujourd’hui Michel Sebillotte, Thierry Doré, Marianne Le Bail, Philippe Martin, Bertrand Ney, Jean Roger-Estrade 2006, 368 p.
Reproduction sexuée des conifères et production de semences en vergers à graines Gwenaël Philippe, Patrick Baldet, Bernard Héois, Ch ristian Ginisty 2006, 572 p.
La photosynthèse Processus physiques, moléculaires et physiologiques Jack Farineau, Jean-François Morot-Gaudry 2006, 412 p.
L’armillaire et le pourridié-agaric des végétaux li gneux Jean-Jacques Guillaumin 2005, 504 p.
© Éditions Quæ, 2008
ISSN 1777-4624
The intellectual Property Code of July 1st 1992 pro hibits the photocopying for collective use without the authorisation of those having such rights. Failure to respect this injunction puts the edition at risk, particularly i f it is scientific. All reproductions, partial or complete, of the present work are prohibited without the authorisation of the Editor or of the French Centre for Exploitation of Copyrights (CFC), 20, rue des Grands-Augustins, 75006 Paris.
Acknow l edgem ent s
Thisort of the regions of Basse-work could not have been completed without the supp Normandie, Bretagne, Pays de la Loire and Poitou-Ch arentes; the Conseil général du Calvados and European funding from the IFOP via the CNC (Comité national de la conchyliculture). We thank them for their concerted effort that was decisive for the success of our activities.
This support completed our funding needs by adding to those allocated to us by Ifremer, who we also thank for the decision to put this project into action, bringing together numerous teams and laboratories, and for p roviding financial support until the end of the project. In particular, we thank Jean-François Minster, managing director of Ifremer at the time of the project and Maurice Héra l, the scientific director.
Apart from the skills and facilities available at the different Ifremer laboratories, we thank the directors of the other institutes in Fran ce where we found complementary expertise. This meant that several specialists from the CNRS, universities at Nantes, Montpellier and Brest, Muséum national d’histoire n aturelle at Concarneau and Institut Pasteur in Paris were largely involved in the proje ct.
The Morest collaboration also allowed close working contact with regional and departmental structures for the transfer of researc h to the industry. We particularly thank Smel, Smidap, Creaa and Sysaaf for their efficient contributions to the fieldwork and the interaction they maintained with the industry.
We also thank the Comité national de la conchylicul ture (CNC) who followed this work closely throughout the project and who raised many relevant questions about the research, generating fruitful scientific and techni cal debate. The Sections régionales conchylicoles (SRC), and their presidents and secre taries also played an essential role by establishing exchanges with the industry at the regional level. We truly appreciated their initiatives in encouraging this dialogue for which we are very grateful. We, therefore, thank the whole of the shellfish industry for their actions and support in the fieldwork, and their reflection and help with obtaining funding.
As coordinator, I warmly thank all of the scientific and technical participants who agreed to involve themselves in this challenge, to have co ntinued throughout the duration of the project and to have participated actively in th e pluridisciplinary construction of the programs and their realization. They can be congratulated for having been part of this scientific and technical challenge that was also a great human experience. Thank you for the pleasure of working together.
On behalf of all the Morest partners,
J.-F. Samain, Coordinator
Samain J.-F.
expért réviéw panél
Pr. Ford S. Haskin Shellfish Research Laboratory Rutgers University New Jersey, USA
Pr. Tremblay R. Institut des Sciences de la Mer Université du Québec à Rimouski, Québec
Pr. Bonhomme F. Université de Montpellier, France représentant le Conseil scientifique de l’Ifremer
Dr Héral M. Directeur scientifique de l’Ifremer Paris, France
Réading committéé
Bédier E., Boudry P., Boulo V., Burgeot T., Huvet A., Knoery J., Lambert C., Le Coz F., McCombie H., Martin A.-G., Mazurié J., Moal J., Nic olas J.-L., Pouvreau S., Quiniou F., Ropert M., Samain J.-F., Van Wormhoudt A.
editing committéé
Bédier E., Boudry P., Burgeot T., Courtay N., Howe V., Huvet A., Lambert C., Mazurié J., Moal J., McCombie H., Nicolas J.-L., Pouvreau S ., Ropert M., Samain J.-F., Soletchnik P.
McCombie H.
Intérnét sité
Martin A.-G., Masson J.-C., Bonnet C., Chécinski G. Laponche A.
We would particularly like to thank the staff of th e laboratories and partner institutions in the Morest project for their active contribution to its realization.
Laboratory addresses and contributors 1.Unité mixte de recherche (UMR 100), Physiologie et écophysiologie des mollusques marins, Ifremer, centre de Brest (PE2M), BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France Bacca H., Bourles Y., Cahu C., Cochard J.-C., Conan J.-P., Daniel J.-Y., Delaporte M., Dubrunfault T., Dupé F., Enriquez-Dia z M., Fleury E., Garnier M., Huvet A., Labreuche Y., Le Coz J.-R., Le Moullac G., Le Roux A., Le Souchu P., Loiseau V., Marrec F., Mingant C., Misko P., Moal J ., Nicolas J.-L., Pouvreau S., Queau I., Quéré C., Robert R., Samain J.-F., Séguin eau C., Ronce-les-Bains,Laboratoire de Génétique et Pathologie (LGP), Ifrem 17390 La Tremblade, France Arzul I., Barbosa-Solomieu V., Billy J.-C., Boudry P., Bouilly K., Breugnot M., Brizard R., Byrnes N., Chollet B., Cornette F., Dég remont L., Fortin A., Gagnaire B., Garcia C., Gay M., Goubet A., Grouhel S., Heurtebise S., Joly J.-P., Kerdudou N., Lapègue S., Ledu C., Miossec L., Pépin J.-F., Phélipot P., Renault T., Reynaud Y., Robert M., Saulnier D., Thébaud A. 3.Laboratoire Environnement-Ressources des pertuis Charentais (LERPC), Ifremer, 17390 La Tremblade, France Blouin F., Couty A., David D., De Ambrogi C., Doner D., Faury N., Geairon P., Goulletquer P., Guilpain P., Le Moine O., Madec P., Malestroit P., Meissner A., Prou J., Razet D., Robert S., Seugnet J.-L., Soletc hnik P., Stanisieres J.-Y. 4.Station Ifremer, Polder des champs, 85230 Bouin, France Dupuy B., Haure J., Martin J.-L., Nourry M., Palvad eau H., Papin M., Penisson C. 5.Laboratoire Environnement-Ressources Morbihan-Pays de la Loire (LERPDL), Ifremer, 56470 La Trinité, France Abily E., Bédier E., Bouget J.-F., Claude S., Fleury P-.G., Langlade A., Le Coz F., Le Mouroux G., Martin A.-G., Mazurié J. 6.Laboratoire Environnement-Ressources de Normandie (LERN), Ifremer, BP 32, 14520 Port-en-Bessin, France Boisseaux A., Daniel A., Ernande B., Gangnery A., Grangeré K., Hugonnet V., Jacqueline F., Justome V., Le Gagneur E., Lesaulnie r N., Mary C., Rauflet F., Riou P., Ropert M. 7.Unité mixte de recherche (UMR 5119), Écosystèmes la gunaires (Écolag), place E. Bataillon, université de Montpellier, CC 8 0, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France Avarre J.-C., Avazeri J., Bachère E., Boulo V., Esc oubas J.-M., Gonzales M., Guéguen Y., Janeth M., Zattara B. 8.Laboratoire d’Écotoxicologie (LBEX Nantes), Ifremer, BP 21105, 44311 Nantes Cedex 03, France et LBEX Brest, Ifremer, BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France Arzul G., Burgeot T., Caisey X., Cozic A., Géret F., Grouhel A., Klein B., Ménard D., Quiniou F., Rousseau S. 9.Unité mixte de recherche (UMR 100), Physiologie et écophysiologie des mollusques marins, université de Caen (PE2M), Espla nade de la Paix, 14032 Caen Cedex, France
Costil K., Dufour C., Favrel P., Frouel S., Hanquet A.-C., Henry J., Heude C., Kellner K., Laisney J., Lefèbvre S., Lelong C., Mathieu M., Mathieu J., Royer J. 10.Unité mixte de recherche (UMR 5178), Station de Biologie marine du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN Concarneau), BP 225, 29900 Concarneau, France Buzin F., Delarche A.-S., Farcy E., Hillion M., Lan thoene V., Mahe A., Mavic A.-S., Rochex A., Van Wormhoudt A., Wache Y. 11.Laboratoire Environnement marin (Lemar), équipe Interaction Hôte Pathogène (IHP) et Résistance aux Stress Anthropiques (RSA), Institut universitaire européen de la mer, université de Bre st, place Nicolas Copernic, 29280 Plouzané, France Boutet I., Choquet G., David E., Gonçalves M., Héga ret H., Jegaden M., Lambert C., Le Goic N., Marhic A., Moraga D., Paillard C., Soudant P., Tanguy A. 12.Centre de recherche sur les Écosystèmes Littoraux Anthropisés (Créla), UMR 6217, CNRS-Ifremer-ULR (université de la Rochelle), place du Séminaire, BP 5, 17137 L’Houmeau, France Alunno-Bruscia M., Bouchet V., Brêret M., Guillou G., Imbert N., Leguay D., Malet N., Mornet F., Sauriau P.-G., Struski C., Thomas H. 13.Laboratoire de Biogéochimie des Contaminants Métalliques (LBCM), Ifremer, rue de l’Ile d’Yeu, BP 21105, 44311 Nantes Cedex 03 , France Knoery J. 14.Département Dynamiques de l’environnement côtier (Dyneco), Ifremer, centre de Brest, BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France Bacher C., Dumas F., Gohin F., Grangeré K., Grouhel A., Masson J.-C., Menesguen A., Struski C. 15.Département Informatique et données marines (IDM), Ifremer, centre de Brest, BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France Bonnet C., Chécinski G., Maros E., and other members the IDM/ISI and IDM/ RIC services, Delauney L., Le Bihan C., Salvetat F. 16.Département Technologie des Systèmes Instrumentaux (TSI), Ifremer, centre de Brest, BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France Aoustin Y., Barbot S., Dorval P., Hamon M., Le Pive r D., Podeur C., Quéméner L., Repécaud M., Woerther P. 17./IC), Ifremer, centreDépartement Essais et Recherche Technologiques (ERT de Brest, BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France Delauney L., Le Bihan C., Maros E., Salvetat F. 18.Institut Pasteur, 25 rue du docteur Roux, 75015 Paris, France Binesse J., Chakroun N., Le Roux F., Mazek D., Zouine M. 19.Laboratoire Environnement-Ressources d’Arcachon (LERA) Ifremer, quai du Commandant Silhouette, 33120 Arcachon, France Auby I., D’Amico F., Maurer D. 20.sillon (LERLR),Laboratoire Environnement-Ressources Languedoc-Rous Ifremer, avenue Jean Monet, BP 71, 34203 Sète Cedex , France Barret J., Munaron D. 21.Groupe d’Étude des Milieux Estuariens et Littoraux (Gemel), Centre régional d’étude côtières, 54 rue du docteur Charcot, 14530 Luc-sur-Mer, France Sylvand B. 22.aucouze, FranceGirpa, Angers Technopôle, 8 rue Becquerel, 49070 Be