The Scoop on Poop
206 Pages

You can change the print size of this book

The Scoop on Poop


206 Pages

You can change the print size of this book


  • Features offered to: GRIT , Mother Earth News, Acres USA, Hobby Farm
  • Excerpts in Mother Earth News
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  • Flush it and forget it is the plumbing mantra of the industrialized world. Most people just want sewage to go away, preferably without having to see, smell, or worse yet, touch it. But crap has a bad rap. Human waste is a valuable resource we can use to support food production. Blackwater, greywater, and solids are actually rich in organic matter, and alternative means of handling these "wastes" can conserve enormous quantities of fresh water for other uses.

    The Scoop on Poop presents a wide range of ways to answer the call of nature, and in so doing to maximize the benefits of existing waste water. This book explores proven alternatives to Western sanitation. Whether you're interested in composting toilets, outdoor grey- or blackwater planters, constructed wetlands, or other innovative solutions, author Dan Chiras will walk you through:

    System pros and cons Design, construction, and maintenance advice Costs, permitting issues, and the safe treatment of composted waste

    All system plans are relatively simple and straightforward enough for the average homeowner to build and install. Intended for readers who live in cities, towns and rural environments, this is a practical guide to safe, ingenious ways to capture the nutrients from waste and recycle them back into your soil to grow fruit trees, vegetables, and flowers—all without running afoul of the "ick" factor.

    Dan Chiras is the author of over thirty books on residential renewable energy and green building, and is the director of the Evergreen Institute's Center for Renewable Energy and Green Building.

    Chapter 1 Introduction
    Effluenza – Poisoning our world, poisoning ourselves…with our own waste (the scope of waste production and mismanagement in the world today)
    Liquid and solid waste disposal –gray water and black water treatment
    Linear thinking, linear systems -- how we deal with human waste (how we waste our valuable ‘‘wastes”) and the problems that resulting from the linear thinking
    All waste is food: ecological waste management (how Mother Nature would design waste management systems)
    Is there a gold mine in our poop?
    Eliminating the concept of waste from our lives: Building an ecologically sustainable lifestyle no matter where you live
    Ecological design concepts that eliminate waste
    It doesn’t matter where you live – city, country, or suburb – you can recycle your own waste without pooping in alleyways!

    Chapter 2 The Modern “Solution” to Human Waste: How Stupid Can We Be?
    Understanding liquid and solid waste
    Where does your waste go? (Sewage treatment in modern cities and towns)
    Are we drinking our own pee? No, someone else is!
    What happens to solid waste? Is any of it recycled and put to good use?
    Fish on steroids, birth control pills, antibiotics, and antidepressants: Where do all the medications go and what effects are they having on fish and wildlife?
    Household cleaners and antibacterial cleaners: Dumping more poisons into our environment
    More linear thinking: Rural septic systems and lagoons, and their weaknesses (from an ecological standpoint)
    Nature Gets an A, We get an F: Mother Nature’s Scorecard for modern, technologically advanced solutions to solid and liquid human waste? `
    Making the best of a bad situation: Ways you can improve the ecological score of your existing sewage system (low flush toilets, one-pint flush toilets, dual flush toilets, managing flushing, going outdoors when you can, controlling what you flush down a toilet, etc.)

    Chapter 3: Sawdust Toilets
    My experiences with sawdust toilets
    Anatomy of a sawdust toilet
    How do they work?
    How to build your own sawdust toilet and what will it cost?
    How to use the toilet
    How often will you need to empty the bucket?
    Do they smell?
    Composting the wastes safely and odorlessly
    What about flies?
    Killing bacteria and harmful viruses, naturally (composting human manure outdoors—in your own backyard)
    What can you legally do with the wastes? How can you put your waste to good use?
    Overcoming obstacles—Will your neighbors object?

    Chapter 4 Self-Contained Composting Toilets
    What are self-contained composting toilets?
    How does a self-contained composting toilet work? (Examine different commercial models)
    Will a self-contained composting toilet smell or attract flies?
    Maintaining a composting toilet-- what you need to do to make it perform optimally? (For example, some things you should never add to a composting toilet)
    How often do you need to empty the toilet?
    What can you do with the waste--legally?
    Pros and cons of self-contained units
    Product options: Survey models made by major companies (Envirolet, Sunmar, Biolet, Nature’s Head, etc.), looking at their pros and cons
    Do you need to heat or ventilate a self-contained composting toilet?
    Installing a self-contained composting toilet in new and existing homes
    Personal experiences with composting toilets

    Chapter 5 Remote Composting Toilets
    What are remote composting toilets?
    Options: waterless and low-water systems
    How do remote composting toilets work?
    Will a remote composting toilets smell or attract flies?
    Maintaining a composting toilet-- what you need to do to make it perform optimally?
    How often do you need to empty the toilet?
    What can you do with the waste?
    Pros and cons of remote compost toilets
    Product options: Survey models made by major companies (Envirolet, Sunmar, Biolet, etc.)
    Do you need to heat a remote composting toilet?
    Should you ventilate a composting toilet?
    Installing a self-contained composting toilet in new and existing homes
    What’s your best option?
    Personal experiences with remote composting toilets

    Chapter 6 How to Build Your Own Composting Toilet
    Designing and building your own system
    Design options
    Where to find plans
    Indoor and outdoor composting toilet systems
    Dos and Don’ts
    What works and what doesn’t work
    Ensuring success—maintaining temperature, removing moisture, eliminating odor, and extracting compost easily and efficiently
    Managing a self-built system

    Chapter 7 Indoor Waste Water Planters (for treating gray water)
    Inspiration from Michael Reynolds’ Earthships
    Design of the Earthship gray water recycling/ purification systems
    How these systems work
    Growing plants indoors, year round using an Earthship gray water recycling planter
    What can you do with the purified gray water
    Installing a system in new and existing homes
    Experiences with these systems (interview Earthship owners for personal insights into their effectiveness and ways to manage these systems so they work optimally)
    Dos and Don’ts of gray water planters
    Can these systems be used to treat blackwater, too? (How Michael Reynolds has adapted these systems to treat black water)
    Effectiveness of gray water planters
    Pros and Cons of gray water systems
    Getting approval for a system

    Chapter 8 Gray Water Systems
    Why is gray water recycling so important?
    From simple to complex: the wide range of options
    Designing a system to meet your needs
    Rules of gray water storage, filtration, and safe re-use
    Experiences with gray water systems
    Getting approval for a gray water system

    Chapter 9 Outdoor Waste Water Planters
    Recycling gray water and black water in outdoor planters
    Outdoor Earthship planters—how they are designed and built
    Experience with outdoor planters
    Are they better than modern sewage treatment plants?
    Watson Wick filters – how they are designed and built
    Experience with Watson Wick filters
    Getting approval for outdoor gray water and black water systems
    Maintaining and operating an outdoor waste water planter for optimal performance
    What climates do they work best in?
    Getting approval

    Chapter 10 Wetlands as Waste Water Treatment
    Constructed wetlands for waste water treatment
    What is a constructed wetland?
    How do they operate?
    Small-scale systems for waste recycling
    Converting a waste water lagoon into a wetland
    How to build a constructed wetland
    Maintaining a constructed wetland
    Taking the wetland underground—submerged systems
    Combining submerged and surface systems for safety
    How long will a constructed wetland last?
    Pros and cons of constructed wetlands

    Chapter 11: Aquaponics and Hydroponics
    Building an indoors wetlands
    Design principles and design options
    How indoor wetlands recycle wastes
    Can human waste be used to grow food or make food for livestock?
    Greenhouse design options
    Choosing a greenhouse design
    Heating and cooling a greenhouse naturally
    Designing and building a system
    Pros and cons of aquaponics and hydroponic waste water systems

    Chapter 12 Eliminating Waste from Your Life,
    Beyond sewage—what you and I can do to eliminate all waste from our lives
    Eliminating the word waste from our vocabulary
    Following in nature’s foot steps
    Recycling and reusing all resources
    Composting all wastes
    Benefits of composting and recycling
    Precycling – reducing consumption and waste
    How to get started



    Published by
    Published 25 January 2016
    Reads 1
    EAN13 9781550925838
    Language English
    Document size 3 MB

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