Essential Earthbag Construction
117 Pages
English

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Essential Earthbag Construction

-

Gain access to the library to view online
Learn more
117 Pages
English

You can change the print size of this book

Description

Build economical and resilient earthbag structures using simple tools and techniques.


  • Author is a leading sustainability architect and natural builder and author of the Green Home Building series
  • He is the founder greenhomebuilding.com, earthbagbuilding.com and dreamgreenhome.com
  • Earthbag structures are earthquake, fire and flood resistant
  • There is increasing interest in this construction technique because it is affordable, sustainable, easily learned and versatile
  • This is the most current and up-to-date information on construction techniques
  • Tells the reader everything they need to know about building with earthbags including: step-by-step instructions for building foundations; plastered walls, floor, roofs, basic utilities, seismic reinforcement and maintenance
  • Includes history of earthbag building and the essential elements of building structures with earthbags

Audience

  • Natural builders, architects, D-I-Yers, homeowners and builders

Build economical and resilient earthbag structures using simple tools and techniques.

Earthbag construction- building with polypropylene bags usually filled with earthen materials- is a versatile, easy-to-master, low-impact, and highly durable form of building, suitable for structures from houses to root cellars.

Containing over 75 photos and illustrations, Essential Earthbag Construction is a practical guide to this affordable method of building. Going well beyond the scope of other sources, this indispensable manual is packed with all the information you need to determine if it's the right choice for your project, and to start building. Distilling decades of experience, research, and best practices, it covers:

  • Material specifications, performance, and when and where to use it
  • Pros and cons of different fills from gravel, to earth and clay, to insulative perlite, rice hulls, and volcanic stone
  • Illustrated, step-by-step guidance for efficient bag filling and installation
  • Details for various designs, including domes and arches
  • Foundation options and seismic and stability considerations
  • Finishing and maintenance techniques
  • Tools and materials
  • Additional resources.

Essential Earthbag Construction presents the practical guidance and best practices for both the DIYer and professional to design and build high-quality earthbag structures.


Acknowledgments
Foreword

Chapter 1: A Brief History of Earthbag Building
Chapter 2: Appropriate Uses for Earthbags
Chapter 3: Building Science Notes
Chapter 4: Material Specifications
    Bags
    Fill materia
    Barbed wire and other types of reinforcement
    Plaster
Chapter 5: Tools
Chapter 6: Foundations
Chapter 7: Building Walls
    Locate source of fill material
    Filling bags
    Placing barbed wire and twine
    Laying bags in a pattern
    Closing the top of the bag
    Using a metal slider
    Tamping the bags
    Placing vertical reinforcement rods
    Building domes
Chapter 8: Design Considerations and Constraints
    Vertical walls
    Domes
    Vaults
    Buttresses
    Bond beams
    Door and window openings
        Door and window bucks
        Arches and other shapes
        Spacing openings
        Vertical reinforcement for openings
        Lintels
    Wall thickness
    More than one story
        Below-grade construction
Chapter 9: Plastering the Walls
Chapter 10: Floor and Roof Options
    Slab on grade
    Masonry floors
    Adobe floors
    Suspended floors
    Roofs
Chapter 11: How to Include Utilities
    Plumbing
    Electrical
    Heating
    Ventilation
    Cabinetry
Chapter 12: Strategies for Seismic Reinforcement
Chapter 13: General Budgeting Information
Chapter 14: Maintenance and Renovation
Chapter 15: Building Codes
Chapter 16: Other Uses for Earthbags
    Retaining walls
    Cisterns
    Dams
    Root cellars and pantries
    Sculpture and art
Resources
    Author's websites
    Other websites
    Books
    DVDs
    Workshops    
    Bag supplies online

Index
About the Author
A Note About the Publisher

Subjects

Informations

Published by
Published 01 May 2018
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EAN13 9781771422512
Language English
Document size 1 MB

Legal information: rental price per page 0.0100€. This information is given for information only in accordance with current legislation.

Exrait

Praise for
Essential Earthbag Construction
A must-have book for anyone interested in natural and sustainable building. It expands the
possibilities with practical and essential information on this user-friendly method of
construction.
— Will Beemer, Director of the Heartwood School for the Homebuilding Crafts and author of
Learn to Timber Frame.
Kelly Hart and Dr. Owen Geiger (who wrote the very informative Foreword) probably know as
much about earthbag building as anyone. Friend Kelly has always had a clear and concise way of
explaining his subject, both in lectures and in his several books. I’ve never built an earthbag
structure, although we once did a cordwood building on an earthbag foundation in New Zealand.
But I wouldn’t even attempt it without studying this book thoroughly and referring to it
throughout the building process.
— Rob Roy, Director, Earthwood Building School and author of Essential Cordwood Building
There is an urgent need for more sustainable homes and earthbag construction offers excellent,
affordable, strong eco-friendly housing using natural and local materials. They are beautiful,
comfortable and robust. This book is a comprehensive, practical and inspirational guide that is
both detailed and easy to follow. Hart demonstrates that anyone can build a home, so use this
book and give it a go!
— Jenny Pickerill, Professor of Environmental Geography, University of Sheffield, UK and
author of Eco-Homes: People, Place and Politics (Zed Books)
Who doesn’t love earthbags? Only people who don’t know about this most versatile of earthen
building techniques, suitable for building inexpensive low-impact homes on most parts of the
globe. With just a pile of dirt, some bags, barbed wire, a tamper and a few basic tools, you can
build an earthbag dome, retaining wall, or root cellar. For over 20 years author Kelly Hart has
been experimenting and promoting simple DIY ecological building techniques, especially via his
excellent web sites. Distilling both his own hard-won experience and the combined wisdom of
the rapidly-expanding worldwide earthbag network, Hart delivers a thorough, detailed and
readable guidebook that tells you everything you need to know for success with this potent
technique.
— Michael G. Smith, co-editor, The Art of Natural Building and co-author, The Hand-Sculpted
HouseNew Society
Sustainable Building Essentials Series
Series editors
Chris Magwood and Jen Feigin
Title list
Essential Hempcrete Construction, Chris Magwood
Essential Prefab Straw Bale Construction, Chris Magwood
Essential Building Science, Jacob Deva Racusin
Essential Light Straw Clay Construction, Lydia Doleman
Essential Sustainable Home Design, Chris Magwood
Essential Cordwood Building, Rob Roy
Essential Earthbag Construction, Kelly Hart
See www.newsociety.com/SBES for a complete list of new and forthcoming series titles.
THE SUSTAINABLE BUILDING ESSENTIALS SERIES covers the full range of natural and
green building techniques with a focus on sustainable materials and methods and code
compliance. Firmly rooted in sound building science and drawing on decades of experience,
these large-format, highly illustrated manuals deliver comprehensive, practical guidance from
leading experts using a well-organized step-by-step approach. Whether your interest is
foundations, walls, insulation, mechanical systems, or final finishes, these unique books present
the essential information on each topic including:
• Material specifications, testing, and building code references
• Plan drawings for all common applications
• Tool lists and complete installation instructions
• Finishing, maintenance, and renovation techniques
• Budgeting and labor estimates
• Additional resources
Written by the world’s leading sustainable builders, designers, and engineers, these succinct,
user-friendly handbooks are indispensable tools for any project where accurate and reliable
information is key to success. GET THE ESSENTIALS!Copyright © 2018 by Kelly Hart. All rights reserved.
Cover design by Diane McIntosh. Bottom right dome image: Scott Howard. All others: Kelly
Hart.
Illustrations by Dale Brownson.
Background photo AdobeStock_95944284.
Printed in Canada. First printing March 2018.
This book is intended to be educational and informative. It is not intended to serve as a guide.
The author and publisher disclaim all responsibility for any liability, loss or risk that may be
associated with the application of any of the contents of this book.
Inquiries regarding requests to reprint all or part of Essential Earthbag Construction should be
addressed to New Society Publishers at the address below. To order directly from the publishers,
please call toll-free (North America) 1-800-567-6772, or order online at www.newsociety.com
Any other inquiries can be directed by mail to:
New Society Publishers
P.O. Box 189, Gabriola Island, BC V0R 1X0, Canada
(250) 247-9737
LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA CATALOGUING IN PUBLICATION
Hart, Kelly, 1943-, author
Essential earthbag construction : the complete step by step guide / Kelly Hart.
(Sustainable building essentials)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Issued in print and electronic formats.
ISBN 978-0-86571-864-7 (softcover).--ISBN 978-1-55092-656-9
(PDF).-ISBN 978-1-77142-251-2 (EPUB)
1. Earth construction. 2. Earth houses--Design and construction.
I. Title. II. Title: Earthbag construction. III. Series: Sustainable building essentials
TH1421.H37 2018 693’.22 C2017-907827-5
C2017-907828-3
New Society Publishers’ mission is to publish books that contribute in fundamental ways to
building an ecologically sustainable and just society, and to do so with the least possible impact
on the environment, in a manner that models this vision.C o n t e n t s
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
FOREWORD
CHAPTER 1: A Brief History of Earthbag Building
CHAPTER 2: Appropriate Uses for Earthbags
CHAPTER 3: Building Science Notes
CHAPTER 4: Material Specifications
Bags
Fill material
Barbed wire and other types of reinforcement
Plaster
CHAPTER 5: Tools
CHAPTER 6: Foundations
CHAPTER 7: Building Walls
Locate source of fill material
Filling bags
Placing barbed wire and twine
Laying bags in a pattern
Closing the top of the bag
Using a metal slider
Tamping the bags
Placing vertical reinforcement rods
Building domes
CHAPTER 8: Design Considerations and Constraints
Vertical walls
Domes
Vaults
Buttresses
Bond beamsDoor and window openings
Door and window bucks
Arches and other shapes
Spacing openings
Vertical reinforcement for openings
Lintels
Wall thickness
More than one story
Below-grade construction
CHAPTER 9: Plastering the Walls
CHAPTER 10: Floor and Roof Options
Slab on grade
Masonry floors
Adobe floors
Suspended floors
Roofs
CHAPTER 11: How to Include Utilities
Plumbing
Electrical
Heating
Ventilation
Cabinetry
CHAPTER 12: Strategies for Seismic Reinforcement
CHAPTER 13: General Budgeting Information
CHAPTER 14: Maintenance and Renovation
CHAPTER 15: Building Codes
CHAPTER 16: Other Uses for Earthbags
Retaining walls
Cisterns
DamsRoot cellars and pantries
Sculpture and art
RESOURCES
Author’s websites
Other websites
Books
DVDs
Workshops
Bag supplies online
INDEX
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
A NOTE ABOUT THE PUBLISHERA c k n o w l e d g m e n t s
I WOULD LIKE TO RECOGNIZ Eand thank the many pioneers of earthbag building who have
paved the way for the rest of us to explore this wonderful method. Through their ability to think
outside the box while applying their inherent understanding of the physical world they have
contributed greatly to our global heritage. From Germany, we have Gernot Minke; from Iran and
the United States was Nader Khalili; from Japan is Akio Inoue; from the United States are Joe
Kennedy, Kaki Hunter, and Doni Kiffmeyer; from Poland and the United Kingdom is Paulina
Wojciechowska; and from Brazil is Fernando Pacheco. Many more of us are continuing to
evolve this technology all around the world and I thank everybody involved.