A Son of Two Countries

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A Son of Two Countries is a story of struggle for education. Born in 1946 in Rwanda under Belgian colonial rule, the author recounts his early education in Rwanda and later as a refugee in Tanzania. He was naturalized as a Tanzanian citizen in 1980 while doing his undergraduate studies at the University of Dar es Salaam. As he struggled to get education, the author was also grappling with his refugee status, with all the challenges that it entailed. The book gives insights into the contradictions of colonial and post-colonial education, as well as the author�s reflections on education in Tanzania, given his long experience in the education sector in that country. Finally, we get some glimpses into the dual identity of the author as a Tanzanian citizen of Rwandan origin and how this shaped his relationship with the two countries he calls home. As he aptly puts it, �Rwanda gave me my heart; Tanzania gave me my brain. I find it difficult to choose between my heart and my brain�.

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Published 26 September 2018
Reads 9
EAN13 9789987083893
Language English
Document size 2 MB

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A SON OF TWO COUNTRIES T h e E d u c a t i o n o f a R e f u g e e f r o m N y a r u b u y e An Aut obi ography by C a s m i r M u s h o n g o r e R u b a g u m y a
A SON OF TWO COUNTRIES
TE eDUcaïON O a rEUgEE ROm nYaRUBUYE
CasmïR MUsONgORE rUBagUmYa
pubLîSHed by MkUkï Na nYOa pUBïsERs LD p. o. bOx 4246 daR Es Saaam, TaNzaNïa WWW.mkUkïNaNYOa.cOm © CasmïR MUsONgORE rUBagUmYa, 2017
îSbn: 978-9987-75-345-1
A Rïgs REsERvED. nO PaR O ïs PUBïcaïON maY BE REPRODUcED, sORED ïN a RERïEva sYsEm OR RaNsmïED ïN aNY ORm OR BY aNY mEaNs, EEcRONïc, mEcaNïca, POOcOPYïNg, REcORDïNg, OR OERWïsE, WïOU E PRïOR WRïEN PERmïssïON O MkUkï Na nYOa pUBïsERs LD. Vïsï WWW.mkUkïNaNYOa.cOm O REaD mORE aBOU aND O PURcasE aNY O MkUkï Na nYOa BOOks. yOU Wï asO IND EaURED aUORs, ïNERvïEWs aND NEWs aBOU OER PUBïsER/ aUOR EvENs. SïgN UP OR OUR E-NEWsEERs OR UPDaEs ON NEW REEasEs aND OER aNNOUNcEmENs.
dEDïcaïON FOR a E cïDREN O TaNzaNïa aND rWaNDa, E OPE O OmORROW
Contents
AckNOWEDgEmENs... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pREacE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ix nOE O E REaDER:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv
Capter One: Cildood ........................................................................................ 1 nYaRUBUYE: hE pEasaN LïE o A pRïNcE Zaza: hE LONg wak TO eDUcaïON
Capter Two: he forest, Karagwe and Beyond .................................................. 17 rEUgE ïN E FOREs A nEW bEgïNNïNg ïN KaRagWE A TaNzaNïaN eDUcaïON a nYakaO SEcONDaRY ScOO FOUNDERïNg a MzUmBE SEcONDaRY ScOO
Capter hree: Learning to be a Teacer ............................................................ 35 LEaRNïNg O BE a TEacER a S. pEER’s SEmïNaRY FORma TRaïNïNg a daR Es Saaam TEacERs’ COEgE A CaREER bEgïNs a TaBORa GïRs’ SEcONDaRY ScOO A FamïY O MY oWN uNDERgRaDUaE SUDïEs a E uNïvERsïY O daR Es Saaam AcaDEmïc îNïïaïON a LaNcasER uNïvERsïY
Capter Four: he University of Dar es Salaam .................................................. 57 A rEUgEE’s dïicU dïEmma TWO KEY dEBaEs a E uNïvERsïY O daR Es Saaam rEURN O rWaNDa: 1997 A rEcOmmïmEN O TaNzaNïa ïN E nEW MïENNïUm rElEcïONs ON BEïNg dïREcOR O SUDEN SERvïcEs
Capter Five: he University of Dodoma............................................................. 89 CaENgEs acED BY a nEW uNïvERsïY AN eDUcaïON SYsEm ïN CRïsïs GO, sE BREaD ïN YOUR cOUNRY A waY FORWaRD OR rWaNDa AN eDUcaïON ROUg TRavE eND O cONRac a E uNïvERsïY O dODOma
Capter Six: St. Jon’s University of Tanzania .................................................. 113 hE FRagïïY O LEga CïïzENsïP LEaRNïNg O MaNagE a pRïvaE uNïvERsïY
Capter Seven: Conclusion ................................................................................ 121
Works Cited.......................................................................................................... 125
Acknowledgements
î am ïNDEBED O sEvERa PEOPE WO, ïN ONE WaY OR aNOER, EPED mE ïN E PROcEss O WRïïNg ïs BOOk. MY amïY ENcOURagED mE O WRïE mY sORY OR E sakE O E cURREN aND sUBsEqUEN gENERaïONs O E rUBagUmYa amïY. MY EDER BROER, LOUïs, PaYED a Bïg PaR, EsPEcïaY ïN jOggïNg mY mEmORY ON EvENs a OOk PacE WEN î Was vERY YOUNg. pRO. JOsEPa rUgEmaïRa, pRO. LUDOvïck KïNaBO aND HENRY SaaRï REaD EaRïER DRats O E maNUscRïP aND gavE mE vERY UsEU cOmmENs Wïc EPED mE O ïmPROvE ï. îN E PROcEss O PUBïsïNg ïs BOOk, E Eam a MkUkï Na nYOa pUBïsERs WERE vERY EPU aND UNDEROOk E ask EicïENY aND PROEssïONaY. î EsPEcïaY aNk E EDïORs: dR. Lïsa MaRía nOUDéOU OR ExENsïvE aND vERY UsEU cOmmENs ON E DRat aND Ms. GODaNcE ANDREW OR aNDïNg a E Ogïsïcs ïN E PROcEss O PUBïcaïON.
Preface
usUaY ONE ExPEcs aUORs O aUOBïOgRaPïEs O BE Rïc aND amOUs, PEOPE ïkE POïïcïaNs aND mOvïE saRs. SO WY WOUD a sïmPE EacER ïkE mE WaN O WRïE ïs aUOBïOgRaPY? MY mOïvaïON ïs O E mY cïDREN aND mY gRaNDcïDREN kNOW EïR ROOs. î Wïs O avE a WRïEN REcORD O mY ïE a OsE WO cOmE atER mE ïN E amïY REE aRE aBE O REaD aND UNDERsaND EïR ORïgïNs. LaER, atER WRïïNg mY PERsONa sORY, î REaïsED a ï cOUD sPEak O E YOU O TaNzaNïa aND rWaNDa as WE. hERE aRE REE maïN POïNs a î Wïs O makE ROUg ïs sïmPE NaRRaïvE. FïRs, î WaN O ENcOURagE mY cïDREN O WRïE EïR OWN sORïEs ïN ORDER O avE a WRïEN REcORD a sUccEssïvE gENERaïONs caN REaD O UNDERsaND WERE EY camE ROm. wEREas ïN eUROPE aND nOR AmERïca sOmE PEOPE avE WRïEN REcORDs O EïR amïY ïsORY gOïNg Back OR cENURïEs, ïN ARïca WE aRE sï DEPENDEN ON ORa NaRRaïvEs. î ïNk ï ïs ïg ïmE WE asO saRED kEEPïNg WRïEN REcORDs, sïNcE WE NO ONgER maïNaïN ORa RaDïïON. SEcOND, î WaN O ïgïg E aBsURDïY O NaïONa BOUNDaRïEs ïN ARïca as DEmaRcaED BY E bERïN cONERENcE. MY ïE sORY sOWs EsE BOUNDaRïEs O BE a DERïmENa aRcE. MY aER Was ROm rWaNDa, mY mOER ROm bURUNDï. GROWïNg UP ïN KaRagWE, TaNzaNïa, î aD WO aUNs maRRïED O TaNzaNïaNs. FOR a EsE PEOPE, cOONïa BOUNDaRïEs mEaN NOïNg. îN OsE DaYs, ERE Was REE mOvEmEN O PEOPE aND ïNERmaRRïagEs acROss BOUNDaRïEs. MY sURNamE, rUBagUmYa, BEaRs EsïmONY O E aRïIcïaïY O EsE BOUNDaRïEs. î ïs OUND ïN rWaNDa, NOR-WEsERN TaNzaNïa aND sOU-WEsERN ugaNDa. oNE DaY î Was a eNEBBE aïRPOR ïN ugaNDa aND E ïmmïgRaïON OicER cEckïNg mY