Keys to Jerusalem
97 Pages
English
97 Pages
English

Description

This book seeks to provide a brief overview of the history and religious significance of the Holy City of Jerusalem as a background to understanding the current legal and political status of the city. Its rich history, its location as meeting-point between the three continents of Asia, Africa and Europe, and its spiritual wealth make Jerusalem — which literally means ‘city of peace’— a unique microcosm for the interplay of the world’s civilizations and religions. For Sophronius, the 7th century Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem, the Old City was the “splendid sun of the world”.

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Published 01 January 2010
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EAN13 9796500117089
Language English
Document size 7 MB

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KEYS TO JERUSALEM
THE ROYAL ISLAMIC STRATEGIC STUDIES CENTRE  • Jordan Engîsh Serîes — Book 8
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CONTENTS
IntroductîonHîstorîc Tîmelîne of JerusalemPart One: Hîstorîcal Overvîew of JerusalemJebusite Founding: –BCE Rule of the Hebrews –BCE Babylonian, Persian, Hellenic, Hasmonean and Roman Periods, BCE–CE Christian Period –CE The Islamic Era –CE Jewish and Zionist Immigration: CEonwards The Population of Historic Palestine Hashemite Custodianship: –CE Israeli Occupation: CE on Part Two: The Relîgîous Sîgnîicance of JerusalemJudaism Christianity Islam Part Three: The Legal Status of JerusalemIsraeli Violations against Muslim Holy Sites A-Haram A-Sharîf TheMagharbeh(Moroccan) Gate Christian Residents in Jerusalem The Historic Role of the Hashemites ConclusîonNotesBîblîographyAnnex I: The TunnelsAnnex II: MapsAnnex III: TheKhîlafahAllegîance to the HashîmîtesExecutîve Summary
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9 10 11   20  35      51    59 65     91
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INTRODUCTION
This book seeks to provide a brief overview of the history and religious signiîcance of the Holy City of Jerusalem as a background to understanding the current legal and political status of the city. Its rich history, its location as meeting-point between the three continents of Asia, Africa and Europe, and its spiritual wealth make Jerusalem — which literally means ‘city of peace’— a unique microcosm for the interplay of the world’s civilizations and religions. For Sophronius, the th century Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem, the Old City was the 1 “splendid sun of the world” . Described in the Holy Qur’an (:) as the land whose surroundings God “blessed”, the area between the Jordan and the Mediterranean was — for a large portion of its history — called ‘Palestine’, the south-western part of the biblical Land of Canaan. Today, the mere mention of “A-Quds”, one of the city’s Arabic names, conjures up a ood of emotions and longing for the holy sites within the conînes of the Old City. Jerusalem was the dwelling place of many of God’s Prophets: it is where Abraham was called upon to sacriîce Isaac (in the Bible), where David and Solomon reigned, where Jesus dwelled and ascended to Heaven and where Muhammad was called forA-Mî’rajhis nocturnal ascent to Heaven. It has become — common practice to politicize the sacred city but it remains, above all else, unutterably holy to Muslims, Christians and Jews. While its iconic skyline is adorned with crescents, crosses, and stars of David, facts on the ground tell a less enchanting story. Today, the city’s holiest sites and its inter-religious harmony remain under threat due to the ongoing Arab-Israeli conict and unilateral actions. Through the institutionalization
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of International Law the world has taken strides towards safeguarding the integrity and sovereignty of nations, the ‘City of Peace’, however, remains an exception as it cannot attain true peace unless its sacred monuments are protected and its authenticity preserved. Jerusalem’s situation as a focal point for political and religious conict often trumps its sacred and peaceful character. Only when the historical and religious sanctity of the city is respected and its integrity is safeguarded can Jerusalem înally live up to its promise as the key to peace in the Middle East. Jerusalem’s history has fuelled a long dispute over the city’s future and has rendered it a vital but unresolved question in Middle East politics; one that has the potential to serve as a ashpoint for regional — and even global — religious war, if left unaddressed. Understanding the case for Jerusalem has never been more pertinent: today the legal and political ramiîcations regarding the status of the Holy City hold the very keys to shaping the future of the world as we know it.
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Jebusite Period  BCE –  BCE
 BCE
Historic Timeline of Jerusalem
 BCE
Babylonian Period 87 BCE –  BCE
Hebrew Period
Hellenic Period  BCE – 4 BCE
 BCE – 87 BCE
 BCE
Maccabean Period 4 BCE –  BCE
Roman Period  BCE – 8 CE
Persian Period  BCE –  BCE
 CE
Islamic Period 8 CE – 7 CE
Abbasid 7 CE
Christian Period 4 CE
Interlude: Crusader Period  CE – 87 CE
 CE
Ayyubid 87 CE
Ottoman 7 CE
Mamluk  CE
Hashemite Custodianship 4 CE on
Jordanian Hashemite Period 48 CE – 7 CE
 CE
 CE