149 Pages
English
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NATO and the War in Afghanistan : On Military Operation Dilemma

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149 Pages
English

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The worth of institutions to the Untied States has come under direct attack from the Bush Administration. Neglecting the resolutions of the UN Security Council, demonstrating little regard for the structures of NATO, and largely distancing itself from international law have been overarching themes of this administration.

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Published 01 January 2015
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EAN13 9796500332567
Language English
Document size 2 MB

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NATO and The War in AfghanistanOn military operation dilemma
NATO and The War in Afghanistan :On military operation dilemma
Dr. Belhoul Nacim
C ontents
Introduction.................................................................................................... 9 WHY REALISM?........................................................................................ 11 Part one About Afghanistan Environmental:............................................................................................. 15 Part Two THE THEORY OF REALISM UNIPOLARITY, BIPOLARITY AND MULTIPOLARITY ...................... 22 HEGEMONIC WAR ................................................................................... 23 UNIPOLARITY AND THE US .................................................................. 26 THE PROBLEMS WITH POLARITY ....................................................... 27 Part Three ALLIANCES AND REALISMTHE RISK OF ALLIANCES ...................................................................... 32 WHY ALLY?............................................................................................... 34 Part Four NATO HISTORY OF NATO .................................................................................. 37 THE EVOLUTION OF NATO AND REALISM ....................................... 42 POST COLD WAR NATO ......................................................................... 43 BEYOND THE BALKANS: EU CONTEMPLATES BALANCING........ 46 Part Five SEPTEMBER 11, 2001 AND THE INVASION OF AFGHANISTAN NATO: A COMPLIANT ALLIANCE ........................................................ 54 5
ARTICLE V................................................................................................. 55 NATO’s CURRENTCHALLENGES......................................................... 57 FIGHTING WINDMILLS........................................................................... 58 AFGHANISTAN- A TOP PRIORITY? ...................................................... 60 HAMMERS AND NAILS ........................................................................... 60 WHAT IS WRONG IN AFGHANISTAN? ................................................ 61 Part Six Russia’sAfghanistan Debate: Managing Fear of and in the West 1. Introduction.............................................................................................. 65 2. Russia’s Afghanistan Diplomacy............................................................. 67 Growing Cooperation with NATO .............................................................. 68 Criticisms of the West.................................................................................. 69 Relations with Kabul.................................................................................... 71 3. The Official Meaning............................................................................... 72 Seeking Equal Cooperation.......................................................................... 72 Medvedev’s Contribution to Strengthening Cooperation with the West..... 74 Opposing Views........................................................................................... 76 4. The National Reception ........................................................................... 77 Westernizers................................................................................................. 78 Moderate Statists.......................................................................................... 79 Hard-Line Statists ........................................................................................ 80 Eurasianists and Communists ...................................................................... 81 5. The International Recognition ................................................................. 83 6. Conclusions.............................................................................................. 86 Part Seven Afghanistan on the Edge Clash of Images............................................................................................ 90 Measures of Nation-Building....................................................................... 92 Knowing the Terrain .................................................................................... 96
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Ground Zero................................................................................................. 99 Part Eight The Problem of Afghanistan for Russia and the worldViewpoints in Russian society regarding solution of the "Afghanistan problem"..................................................................................................... 104 Afghan national reconciliation................................................................... 111 What are the taliban? ................................................................................. 112 The USA and NATO factor ....................................................................... 115 Novy Sredny Vostok (The New Central East)........................................... 125 A comprehensive Afghanistan development plan ..................................... 130 Exporting development .............................................................................. 133 Afghanistan development projects............................................................. 135 Nangarhar development projects: .............................................................. 137 Nangarhar development projects: .............................................................. 138 Cooperation with neighbors for development............................................ 140 The SCO factor .......................................................................................... 142 Russian143Pashtun dialogue ......................................................................... An agenda for the toplevel cooperation between Russia and Afghanistan ....................................................................................................................146 Conclusion: ................................................................................................ 147  7
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I ntroduction
 The worth of institutions to the Untied States has come under direct attack from the Bush Administration. Neglecting the resolutions of the UN Security Council, demonstrating little regard for the structures of NATO, and largely distancing itself from international law have been overarching themes of this administration. Institutionalism in the theory of international relations states that institutions such as the United Nations provide order, distribute power, and establish structure between states. While this is a compelling argument for cooperation within these organizations, George W. Bush has largely neglected these entities as legitimate ways to advance the goals and objectives of the United States. Bush’s administration, encouraged by the attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon, has been one focusing on military preponderance and military might. More aptly, this administration pursues realist theory in their actions. Realism describes the world as anarchic and disorderlythe only true force that gives structure is that of security. Bush’s policies, exemplified by actions and decrees have followed true values of realism.  True to realist theory, the Bush administration has paid very little attention to any importance that international organizations, namely NATO, may hold. Through actions of the United States in Afghanistan, it has become clear that the Bush Administration has no intention of planning wars with the best interest of their transatlantic allies in mind. The war in 9