Roman Rhetoric


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Greek and Roman traditions dominate classical rhetoric. Conventional historical accounts characterize Roman rhetoric as an appropriation and modification of Greek rhetoric, particularly the rhetoric that flourished in fifth and fourth centuries BCE Athens. However, the origins, nature and endurance of this Greco-Roman relationship have not been thoroughly explained. Roman Rhetoric: Revolution and the Greek Influence reveals that while Romans did benefit from Athenian rhetoric, their own rhetoric was also influenced by later Greek and non-Hellenic cultures, particularly the Etruscan civilization that held hegemony over all of Italy for hundreds of years before Rome came to power.



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Published 17 October 2008
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EAN13 9781602350816
Language English
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enos Roman Rhetoric Revolution and the Greek InLuence ROMAN RHETORIC
Revised and Expanded Edition
Richard Leo Enos
L S  R  C Series Editors: Caterine Hobbs, Patricia Sullivan, Tomas Rickert, and Jennifer Bay
L S  R C Series Editors: Caterine Hobbs, Patricia Sullivan, Tomas Rickert, and Jennifer Bay
Te Lauer Series in Retoric and Compositiononors te contri-butions Janice Lauer Hutton as made to te emergence of Retoric and Composition as a disciplinary study. It publises scolarsip tat carries on Professor Lauer’s varied work in te istory of written reto-ric, disciplinarity in composition studies, contemporary pedagogical teory, and written literacy teory and researc.
Oter Books in te Series Stories of Mentoring: Teory and Praxis, edited by Micelle F. Eble and Lynée Lewis Gaillet (00) Writers Witout Borders: Writing and Teacing in Troubled Timesby Lynn Z. Bloom (00) 1977: A Cultural Moment in Composition, by Brent Henze, Jack Selzer, and Wendy Sarer (00) Te Promise and Perils of Writing Program Administration,edited by Teresa Enos and Sane Borrowman (00) Untenured Faculty as Writing Program Administrators: Institutional Practices and Politics, edited by Debra Frank Dew and Alice Horning (007) Networked Process: Dissolving Boundaries of Process and Post-Process, by Helen Foster (007) Composing a Community: A History of Writing Across te Curriculum, edited by Susan H. McLeod and Margot Iris Soven (00) Historical Studies of Writing Program Administration: Individuals, Communities, and te Formation of a Discipline,edited by Barbara L’Eplattenier and Lisa Mastrangelo (004). Winner of te WPA Best Book Award for 004–005. Retorics, Poetics, and Cultures: Refiguring College Englis Studies (Expanded Edition) by James A. Berlin (003)
Roman Retoric
Revolution and te Greek Influence
Revised and Expanded Edition
Ricard Leo Enos
Parlor Press West Lafayette, Indiana
Parlor Press LLC, West Lafayette, Indiana 4790
© 00 by Parlor Press All rigts reserved. Printed in te United States of America
S A N:  5 4 -   7 9
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Enos, Ricard Leo. Roman retoric : revolution and te Greek influence / Ricard Leo Enos. -- Rev. and expanded ed.  p. cm. -- (Lauer series in retoric and composition) Includes bibliograpical references and index. ISBN 97-1-035-079-3 (pbk. : alk. paper) -- ISBN 97-1-035-00-9 (ardcover : alk. paper) -- ISBN 97-1-035-01- (adobe ebook) 1. Retoric, Ancient. . Latin language--Foreign elements--Greek. 3. Rome--Civilization--Greek influences. 4. Greek language--Influence on Latin. 5. Rome--Intellectual life. I. Title. PA35.E5 00 0’.0471--dc  00041909
Cover image: “Cicero Denouncing Catalina Before te Senate” by Cesare Maccari (140-119). Wallpainting. Palazzo Madama, Rome, Italy. Scala / Art Resource. Used by Permission. Title page image: marble bust of a young man of te Julio-Claudian Family. By permission of Te Amecrican Scool of Classical Studies at Atens: Agora Excavations Cover design by David Blakesley. Printed on acid-free paper.
Parlor Press, LLC is an independent publiser of scolarly and trade titles in print and multimedia formats. Tis book is available in paper, ardcover, and Adobe eBook formats from Parlor Press on te World Wide Web at ttp:// or troug online and brick-and-mortar bookstores. For submission information or to find out about Parlor Press publications, write to Parlor Press, 1 Robinson St., West Lafayette, Indiana, 4790, or e-mail
In memory of my Great Aunt Giovanna and my Grandmoter Caterina
In spiritu umilitatis, et in animo contrito suscipiamur a te, Domine: et sic fiat sacrificium nostrum in conspectu tuo odie, ut placeat tibi, Domine Deus.
Acknowledgmentsxi Prefacexv 1 Etruscan Influences on te Development of Roman Retoric and Literature3
Forces Saping te Transition from Greek to Roman Retoric23 3 Kairosin te Roman Reception of Greek Retoric38 4 Wen Retoric Was Outlawed in Rome: Te Censure of Greek Retoric and te Emergence of Roman Declamation63
5 Te “Latinization” of Greek Retoric: A Revolution of Attitude79 Te “Hellenization” of Marcus Tullius Cicero106 7 Cicero “Latinizes” HellenicEtos123
Te Effects of te Roman Revolution on te Retorical Tradition of Atens and te Second Sopistic138
9 A Study of te Roman Patronage of Greek Oratorical and Literary Contests: Te Ampiareion of Oropos152
10 Retoric at Rodes: Greek Retoric in a Roman World164
11 Severance and Restraint: Retoric in te Greek-Speaking East and te Latin-Speaking West180
1 Conclusion: Te Symbiotic Relationsip of Greek Retoric and Roman Culture197
Works Consulted201 Works Cited205 Index213 About te Autor221
Figure 1. Ancient Italy. 5 Figure . Ancient Etruscan Settlements in Nortern Italy. Figure 3. Romanticized Victorian Rendering of Etruscan Warriors. 14 Figure 4. Reproduction of Early Retrograde Etruscan Alpabet. 1 Figure 5. Latin Cursive Alpabet. 17 Figure . Comparative Cirograpic Alpabets. 1 Figure 7. Soutern Italy and Sicily. 7 Figure . Soutern Italy. 34 Figure 9. Te Forum During te Time of te Roman Republic. 40 Figure 10. Te Roman Forum in te late Twentiet Century. 41 Figure 11. Rome and Environs. 7 Figure 1.Latinum and Campania. 7 Figure 13. Ancient Sicily. 11 Figure 14. Te Dynamics of CiceronianEtos. 135 Figure 15. Evidence of Roman Patronage in te Atenian Agora. 143 st Figure 1. Model of te Odeion, Pase I, seen from te NW, late 1 Century BCE. 145 Figure 17. Nort Façade of te Odeion, mid-nd Century CE, wit addition of Giants and Titans. 14 Figure 1. Regulations of te Library of Pantainos in te Atenian Agora. 147 Figure 19. Greece, te Aegean, and Western Asia Minor. 17