210 Pages
English

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<P>The Sahara has long been portrayed as a barrier that divides the Mediterranean world from Africa proper and isolates the countries of the Maghrib from their southern and eastern neighbors. Rather than viewing the desert as an isolating barrier, this volume takes up historian Fernand Braudel’s description of the Sahara as "the second face of the Mediterranean." The essays recast the history of the region with the Sahara at its center, uncovering a story of densely interdependent networks that span the desert’s vast expanse. They explore the relationship between the desert’s "islands" and "shores" and the connections and commonalities that unite the region. Contributors draw on extensive ethnographic and historical research to address topics such as trade and migration; local notions of place, territoriality, and movement; Saharan cities; and the links among ecological, regional, and world-historical approaches to understanding the Sahara.</P>
<P>Acknowledgments<BR>Note on spelling and transliteration<BR>Introduction Time and Space in the Sahara Judith Scheele and James McDougall </P><P>Part I. Framing Saharan History<BR>1. Situations Both Alike? Connectivity, the Mediterranean, the Sahara Peregrine Horden<BR>2. On Being Saharan E. Ann McDougall<BR>3. Saharan Trade in Classical Antiquity Katia Schörle<BR>4. Frontiers, Borderlands, and Saharan/World History James McDougall</P><P>Part II. Environment, Territory, and Community <BR> 5. The Rites of Baba Merzug: Diaspora, Ibadism, and Social Status in the Valley of the Mzab Fatma Oussedik <BR>6. Celebrating mawlid in Timimoun: Ritual as Words in Motion, Space as Time Stood Still Abderrahmane Moussaoui<BR>7. Villages and Crossroads: Changing Territorialities among the Tuareg of Northern Mali in the Twentieth Century Charles Grémont <BR>8. Ethnicity and Interdependence: Moors and Haalpulaar’en in the Senegal Valley Olivier Leservoisier</P><P>Part III. Strangers, Space, and Labor<BR>9. Mauritania and the New Frontier of Europe: From Transit to Residence Armelle Choplin<BR>10. Living Together and Living Apart in Nouakchott Laurence Marfaing<BR>11. Cultural Interaction and the Artisanal Economy in Tamanrasset Dida Badi</P><P>Part IV. Economies of Movement<BR>12. Notes on the Informal Economy in Southern Morocco Mohamed Oudada <BR>13. Garage or caravanserail; Saharan Connectivity in al-Khalīl, Northern Mali Judith Scheele<BR>14. Movements of People and Goods: Local Impacts and Dynamics of Migration in the Central Sahara Julien Brachet</P><P>References<BR>Contributors<BR>Index</P>

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Published by
Published 08 June 2012
Reads 1
EAN13 9780253001313
Language English

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