The Architects of Cameroon
203 Pages

The Architects of Cameroon's Reunification


203 Pages


Reunification is a historical fact that carries with it individual narratives and corporate establishment, intrigues inherent in every nation building experiment especially in Africa. This study examines the role played by some of the major actors of the Reunification of Cameroon. Were they just actors or architects? The reader will discover the reasons why we refer to them as "architects" of Cameroon's Reunification.



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Published 17 April 2020
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EAN13 9782140147722
Language English
Document size 5 MB

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Jabiru Muhammadou Amadou
Foreword by Prof. Michael M. Ndobegang
Jabiru Muhammadou Amadou
The Architects of Cameroon’s Reunification
A Historical Analysis Foreword by Prof. Michael M. Ndobegang
© L’Harmattan, 2020 5-7, rue de l’Ecole-Polytechnique, 75005 Paris ISBN : 978-2-343-17937-7 EAN : 9782343179377
This book is dedicated to eight eminent professors of Cameroon history. They are: Professors V.G. Fanso, V.J. Ngoh, Daniel Abwa, Elango Lovett, Eyezoo Salvador, Ndobegang Michael N., late Bongfen Chem–Langhëë, and late Zacharie Njeuma.
We are very grateful to all those who, in one way or another, contributed to the realization of this book. Our special thanks and gratitude go especially to the following professors of Cameroon history: Professors V.G. Fanso, V.J. Ngoh, Daniel Abwa, Elango Lovett, Eyezoo Salvador, Efoua Mbozoo S., Hamadou Adama, Koufan Jean M., Temgoua Albert P., Philippe Blaise Essomba, Ndobegang Michael N., Willibroad Dze-Ngwa, E.S.D. Fomin, Ossah Mvondo, Eugene Eloundou, Tanga Onana, Gabriel Ndong Mougnol, late Bongfen Chem–Langhëë, and late Zacharie Njeuma, whose writings and interviews help us in carrying out the study. We also wish to thank the entire staff of the history department and that of the Higher Teacher Training College, University of Yaounde 1, for the valuable criticisms and corrections. No human being is perfect; as such this work is not perfect. We are open to all criticisms and comments concerning the work.
The Reunification of Cameroon that culminated on st October 1 ,1961, could not have happened without the contribution of those we referred to as the Architects of Cameroon’s Reunification. It is the contributions of those Cameroonian politicians, called them Elites or actors, to the Reunification of Cameroon that form the basis and the primary focus of this study. Not leaving out the role of the United Nations in that event. Nevertheless, the second part of the study presents the views of some eminent professors of Cameroon history as far as the Reunification saga was concerned. It also gives a comprehensive analysis of the Anglophone crises in Cameroon.
On July 14, 1884, Cameroon was a German protectorate. In 1916, the Germans were driven from the Kamerun and the protectorate was partitioned by the British and French in what they referred to as the Condominium. The British and French spheres of Cameroon became League of Nations Mandated Territories, and later, United Nations Trust Territories. On st, January 1 1960, the former Cameroun under French Trusteeship became an independent state, the Cameroon st Republic. Finally, on October 1 1961, the British Southern Cameroons achieved independence by Reunifying with the Republic of Cameroon. That marked the beginning of the effective Reunification of the two Cameroons. Other political events that followed after 1961 had raised a lot of discussion concerning the credibility, respect and consolidation of Reunification by both parties. Whatever the case, we should not undermine the role
played by the heroes or Architects of Cameroon’s Reunification who were: Ahmadou Ahidjo, John Ngu Foncha, Um Nyobe, Solomon Tandeng Muna, EML Endeley, Roland Felix Moumie, Ernest Ouandie, Paul M. Kale, Augustine Gum Jua, Charles Assale, N.N. Mbile, Ndeh Ntumazah, RJK Dibongeh among others.
The study has been divided into two parts. Part one examine the role played by the Architects of Cameroon’s Reunification and the role of the United Nations in that event. The second part presents the views of some eminent Cameroonian historians in the Reunification of Cameroon and an insight into the Anglophone crisis. Jabiru Muhammadou Amadou