872 Pages

The Izon of the Niger Delta


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The Izon of the Niger Delta is a global history of the Izon, Ijo, or Ijaw people from their homelands in the Niger Delta, through Nigeria, the West and Central African coastlands, and in the Africa diaspora into Europe, the America's and the Caribbean. It is a preliminary study which raises questions and opens ground for further research. The book provides chapters that take an overview of issues on the environment of the Niger Delta, an analysis of the Ijo population, the language, culture, resources, history and linkage to the rest of Nigeria and the world. In effect these chapters provide a synopsis of the Ijo in the past and their situation in the present.



Published by
Published 29 December 2009
Reads 6
EAN13 9789788195429
Language English
Document size 99 MB

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T H E IZ O N . . O F T H E IG E R D E L T A
Edited by
Ebiegberi Joe Alagoa Tekena Nitonye Tamuno John Pepper Clark
Onyoma Research Publications
© 2009 Onyoma Research Publications
ISBN: 9789788195009
Published in 2009 by Onyoma Research Publications 11 Orogbum Crescent, GRA Phase II P.O. Box 8611, Federal Secretariat Post Office Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Email: kala_joe@yahoo.com Website: www.onyoma.org Mobile: 08033083385
Cover design by: D iseye Tantua . .
Maps drawn by: Mr A.S. Okoro, Cartographer
Printed by: Duval Ventures Limited 12 Ohaeto Street, D/Line Port Harcourt,Rivers State 0803 307 5443
Word Processing: Rachael Ekejiuba, Inainkemi Nicholas
Type Selection and Layout: Jigekuma Ayebatari Ombu at Hisis (Publishing) Ltd Port Harcourt 0803 300 4589 0805 743 6265
Members of The Ijaw History Project Committee Contributing Authors List of Figures List of Plates List of Tables Appendices Preface Chapter 1 Introduction E.J. Alagoa Chapter 2 Environment B.L. Nyananyo, I. Daminabo and E.R. Aminigo Chapter 3 Population C.O. Ikporukpo and Osi S. Akpoghomeh Chapter 4 The Social Context Marida Hollos and Philip Leis Chapter 5 Life Stages Marida Hollos and Philip Leis Chapter 6 Language: Some Historical Implications Ozo-mekuri Ndimele, Ethelbert E. Kari and Jones G.I. Ayuwo Chapter 7 The Western Delta and Limit: Basic Linguistic Survey C. Budonyefa Agbegha Chapter 8 A Common Language for the Ijaw Ethnic Nationality? Kay Williamson Chapter 9 Visual Arts Martha G. Anderson Chapter 10 Ogboinba: The Ijaw Creation Myth Gabriel Okara Chapter 11 Canoes and Fish In Ijo Art and Ritual Martha G. Anderson Chapter 12 The Literature of the Izon Eldred Ibibiem Green and Seiyifa Koroye Chapter 13Night One ofThe Ozidi Saga J. P. Clark
vi vii xi xii xv xvi xvii
Chapter 14 Resources Adaye Orugbani 279-292 Chapter 15 Prehistory Abi A. Derefaka and Stanley Okoroafor 293-355 Chapter 16 History Atei Mark Okorobia 357-390 Chapter 17 Linkages E. J. Alagoa 391-400 Chapter 18 The Western Delta Limit E. J. Alagoa, E. A. Kowei, B.J. Owei and J.B. Dunu 401-429 Chapter 19 The Western Delta E. J. Alagoa And Ebiegberi A. Femowei 431-457 Chapter 20 The Central Delta Atei Mark Okorobia 459-491 Chapter 21 The Eastern Delta Abi A. Derefaka and Adaye Orugabni 493-522 Chapter 22 The Eastern Delta Limit Nkparom C. Ejituwu, Jones M. Jaja and John H. Enemugwem 523-547 Chapter 23 The Northern Delta Limit C.M. Sorgwe, O.C. Ama-Ogbari and M.P. Okonny 549-559 Chapter 24 Wilberforce Island: A Niger Delta Dispersal Centre E.J. Alagoa 561-576 Chapter 25 The Izon and Their Igboid Neighbours Ugwulor Eugene Nwala, Kingdom Orji and Gamaliel Sokari-George 577-597 Chapter 26 The Izon and Their Ogoni Neighbours Sonpie Kpone-Tonwe and Emma Gbenenye 599-618 Chapter 27 The Izon and Their Neighbours of the Cross River Valley Otu A. Ubi and Timipa Igoli 619-629 Chapter 28 The Izon in Northern Nigeria Ambily Etekpe and Joseph Kariboro 631-646 Chapter 29 The Izon in West and Central Africa Saviour Nathan A. Agoro, Charles Asuk, S.T. Olali and Ambilly Etekpe 647-669 Chapter 30 The Izon in Britain Benaebi Benatari Oguoko and Eva Ogbozimo Amgbare 671-682
Chapter 31 The Izon in North America: History, Politics and Identity Nimi Wariboko and Martha Anderson Chapter 32 Izon Visibility in the Caribbean New World Diaspora Waibinte Wariboko, Otelemate G. Harry and Hubert Devonish Chapter 33 Conclusion:What Future for the Izon in Nigeria? Tekena N. Tamuno Bibliography: Jigekuma A. Ombu IndexK. Kari: Hudron
727-767 769-824 825-849
Rachael Ekejiuba: Computer Operator
Esinkuma NyananyoandBomo Nyananyo: Computer Consultants
John H. Enemugwem, PhD (University of Port Harcourt), Sub-Dean, Faculty of Humanities, University of Port Harcourt: Secretary.
Secretariat: 11.Inia Ibufukama: Accountant
FNAL, fni, Chancellor,
C. A. Dime, PhD, Professor of Philosophy, Edo State University, Ekpoma, first President, Ijaw National Congress: Member.
Tekena Nitonye Tamuno, PhD, DLitt (London), FHSN, OFR, CON. Emeritus Professor of History, former Vice University of Ibadan; President, Bells University: Member.
Ebiegberi Joe Alagoa, PhD (Wisconsin), JP, OON, FHSN, FNAL. Emeritus Professor of History, University of Port Harcourt: Chairman.
T. O. Onduku, Chief.[Represented by Preye Onduku Esquire]:Member.
Nicholas A. Frank-Opigo, B.A (Ibadan), Chief: Member.
Tam Fiofori,Film-maker, Photo Journalist: Co-opted Member.
B. A. Obuoforibo, PhD, Reverend Canon: Member.
Zebulon Bire Agbede, Surgeon: Member.
Nkparom Claude Ejituwu, PhD (Lagos), Professor of History, University of Port Harcourt: Member.
AGBEGHA, C. Budonyefa. Mr. Agbegha teaches English at the College of Education, Warri, Delta State.
AGORO, Saviour Nathan A.Agoro teaches Theatre Arts at the Niger Dr. Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State.
AKPOGHOMEH, Osi S.is Professor of Geography, and Akpoghomeh Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Port Harcourt.
ALAGOA, Ebiegberi Joe. Alagoa is Emeritus Professor of History, University of Port Harcourt.
AMA-OGBARI, O. C. Dr. Ama-Ogbari teaches history at the Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State.
AMGBARE, Eva Ogbozimo. Miss Amgbare is member of the Ijaw Peoples Association, London.
AMINIGO, E. R. Dr. Mrs. Aminigo teaches in the Department of Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt.
ANDERSON, Martha.Dr. Anderson is Professor of Art History, School of Art and Design, New York State College of Ceramics at Alfred University, Alfred, New York, U. S. A.
ASUK, Charles.Mr. Asuk teaches history at the University of Port Harcourt.
AYUWO, Jones G. I. Mr. Ayuwo teaches linguistics at the University of Port Harcourt.
CLARK, John Pepper. Professor Clark is Chairman, Pec Repertory Theatre, Lagos and Funama, Kiagbodo, Delta State.
DAMINABO, I. EDaminabo teaches Geography at the Rivers State. Mrs. College of Arts and Science, Port Harcourt.
DEREFAKA, Abi A. Derefaka is Professor of Archaeology, University of Port Harcourt.
DEVONISH, Hubert. Dr. Devonish is Head, Department of Linguistics, at The University of the West Indies, Mona-Kingston, Jamaica.
DUNU, J. B. Mr. Dunu teaches in Ogbe-Ijoh, Warri South-West Local Government, Delta State.
EJITUWU, Nkparom Claudeis Professor of History at the. Ejituwu University of Port Harcourt, and Fellow of the Historical Society of Nigeria.
ENEMUGWEM, John H. Dr. Enemugwem, Historian, was Associate Dean of the Faculty of Humanities, and Head, Department of History and Diplomatic Studies, University of Port Harcourt.
ETEKPE, Ambily.Etekpe teaches Political Science at the Niger Delta Dr. University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State.
GBENENYE, Emma.Dr. Gbenenye teaches history at the University of Port Harcourt.
GREEN, Eldred Ibibiem. Dr. Green teaches English at the University of Port Harcourt.
HARRY, Otelemate G. Dr. Harry teaches linguistics at The University of the West Indies, Mona-Kingston, Jamaica.
HOLLOS, Marida. Dr Hollos is Professor of Anthropology at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
IGOLI, Timipathe University ofhistory at . Mr. Igoli is a graduate student of Port Harcourt.
IKPORUKPO, C. O. Ikporukpo is Professor of Geography, University of Ibadan; currently serving as Vice Chancellor, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State.
JAJA, J. M. Dr. Jaja is of the Institute of Foundation Studies, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt.
KARI, Ethelbert E. Dr. Kari teaches linguistics at the University of Port Harcourt.
KARIBORO, Joseph.Mr. Kariboro is Administrative Officer, Rivers State Liaison Office, Abuja.
KOROYE, Seiyifa.Mr. Koroye teaches English at the University of Port Harcourt.
KOWEI, F. A. Mr. Kowei teaches at the Comprehensive High School, Igbobini, Ondo State.
KPONE-TONWE, Sonpie. The Rev. Dr. Kpone-Tonwe teaches History at the University of Port Harcourt, Faculty of Humanities, Port Harcourt.
LEIS, Philip E.,Philip Leis is Professor of Anthropology, Brown University, Providnce, Rhode Island, USA
NDIMELE, Ozo-mekuri.is Professor of Linguistics at the Ndimele University of Port Harcourt.
NWALA, Ugwulor Eugene. Mr. Nwala is Director of Chieftaincy Affairs in the Rivers State Ministry of Local Government and Community Development, Port Harcourt.
NYANANYO, B. L.is Professor of Plant Science and Nyananyo Biotechnology, University of Port Harcourt,
OGUOKO, Benaebi BenatariOguoko was Secretary-General, Ijaw. Mr. Peoples Association, London.
OKARA, Gabriel.Okara is Doctor of Letters,honoris causa, of the University of Port Harcourt.
OKONNY, M. P.Dr. Okonny is an educationist in Port Harcourt, Rivers State.
OKOROAFOR, Stanley.Okoroafor teaches Archaeology at the Mr. University of Port Harcourt.
OKOROBIA, Atei Mark. Dr. Okorobia was Head of the Department of History and Diplomatic Studies, University of Port Harcourt.
OLALI, S. T.Olali teaches history at the Niger Delta University, Mr. Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State.
ORJI, Kingdom. Dr. Orji is of the Humanities Department, Rivers State College of Arts and Science, Rumuola Road, Port Harcourt.
OWEI, B. J. Mr. Owei teaches at the Ijaw National High School, Arogbo, Ondo State.