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Travel Writing in the Nineteenth Century


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A collection of essays on the cultural and social aspects of travel writing in the nineteenth century.

Long popular with a general readership, travel writing has, in the past three decades or so, become firmly established as an object of serious and multi-disciplinary academic inquiry. Few of the scholarly and popular publications that have focused on the nineteenth century have regarded the century as a whole. This broad volume examines the cultural and social aspects of travel writing on Africa, Asia, America, the Balkans and Australasia. An additional key feature of the volume will be its inclusion of different types of traveller. Several types of travellers and travel texts are considered in the collection. The volume includes studies of explorers, missionaries, artists and writers, Romantics and socialists, colonialists and indigenes. It covers, therefore, a range of travels, travellers, and travellers' texts, and aims to establish some of the contexts in which travel took place. This volume is as much about departure points as it is about destinations, revealing the prejudices and precepts of the nineteenth-century traveller.

List of Illustrations; Notes on Contributors; Acknowledgements; Part One: Introduction: 1. Introduction: Filling the Blank Spaces; Part Two: The Balkans, The Congo and the Middle East: 2. The Balkans in the Nineteenth-Century British Travel Writing; 3. Touring in Extremis: travel and Adventure in the Congo; 4. Politics, Aesthetics and Quest in British Travel Writing on the Middle East; Part Three: India: 5. Imperial Player: Richard Burton in Sindh; 6. Early Indian Travel Guides to Britain; 7. A Princess's Pilgrimage: Nawab Sikandar Begam's Account of Haij; Part Four: America: A Yankee in Yucatan: John Lloyd Stephens and the Lost Cities of America; 9. George Lewis and the American Churches; 10.  Strategies of Travel: Charles Dickens and William Wells Brown; Part Five: Australasia: 11. Missionary Positions: Romantic European Polynesias from Cook to Stevenson; 12. Writing the Southern Cross: Religious Travel Writing in Nineteenth-Century Australasia; 13. A Young Writer's Journey into the New Zealand Interior: Katherine Mansfield's  The Urewera Notebook; Further Reading; Index



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Published 01 September 2006
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Anthem Nineteenth Century Studies
Series editor: Robert Douglas-Fairhurst
David Clifford, Elisabeth Wadge, Alex Warwick and Martin Willis (eds) Repositioning Victorian Sciences(2006)
Ian St JohnDisraeli and the Art of Victorian Politics(2005)
John D RosenbergElegy for an Age(2005)
Anne-Julia Zwierlein (ed.)Unmapped Countries(2005)
Michael DiamondVictorian Sensation: Or the Spectacular, the Shocking and the Scandalous in Nineteenth-Century Britain(2004)
Kirstie Blair (ed.)John Keble in Context(2004)
David Clifford and Laurence Roussillon (eds)Outsiders Looking In:
The Rossettis, Then and Now(2004)
Simon JamesUnsettled Accounts: Money and Narrative in the Novels of George Gissing(2003)
Bharat TandonJane Austen and the Morality of Conversation(2003)
Filling the Blank Spaces
Edited by Tim Youngs
Anthem Press An imprint of Wimbledon Publishing Company www.anthempress.com
This edition first published in UK and USA 2006 by ANTHEM PRESS 75-76 Blackfriars Road, London SE1 8HA, UK or PO Box 9779, London SW19 7ZG, UK and 244 Madison Ave. #116, New York, NY 10016, USA Individual chapters © individual contributors.
The moral right of the authors has been asserted.
All rights reserved. Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise), without the prior written permission of both the copyright owner and the above publisher of this book.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data A catalog record for this book has been requested.
1 3 5 7 9 10 8 6 4 2
ISBN 1 84331 218 2 (Hbk)
Cover Illustration: James Jacques Joseph Tissot ‘London Visitors’, 1847. Courtesy of Milwaukee Art Museum.
Printed in Singapore
 List of illustrations vii  Notes on Contributors ix  Acknowledgements xiii PART ONE: INTRODUCTION 1. Introduction: Filling the Blank Spaces 1  TIM YOUNGS PART TWO: THE BALKANS, THE CONGO AND THE MIDDLE EAST 2. The Balkans in Nineteenth-Century British Travel 19 Writing  VESNA GOLDSWORTHY 3. Touring in Extremis: Travel and Adventure in the 37 Congo  STEPHEN DONOVAN 4. Politics, Aesthetics and Quest in British Travel Writing 55 on the Middle East  GEOFFREY NASH PART THREE: INDIA 5. Imperial Player: Richard Burton in Sindh 71  INDIRA GHOSE
CONTENTS vi6. Early Indian Travel Guides to Britain 87  MICHAEL H FISHER 7. A Princess’s Pilgrimage: Nawab Sikandar Begam’s 107 Account ofHajj SIOBHAN LAMBERT-HURLEY PART FOUR: AMERICA 8. A Yankee in Yucatan: John Lloyd Stephens and the 129 Lost Cities of America  NIGEL LEASK 9. George Lewis and the American Churches 145  ALASDAIR PETTINGER 10. Strategies of Travel: Charles Dickens and William 163 Wells Brown  TIM YOUNGS PART FIVE: AUSTRALASIA 11. Missionary Positions: Romantic European Polynesias 179 from Cook to Stevenson  SARAH JOHNSON 12. Writing the Southern Cross: Religious Travel Writing 201 in Nineteenth-Century Australasia  ANNA JOHNSTON 13. A Young Writer’s Journey into the New Zealand 219 Interior: Katherine Mansfield’sThe Urewera Notebook ANNE MAXWELL  Further Reading 237  Index 241
Figure 1.Athens.25From John Cam Hobhouse, Baron Houghton, A Journey through Albania, and Other Provinces of Turkey in Europe and Asia, to Constantinople. Second edition. London, printed for James Cawthorn, 1813. Figure 2. ‘A Greek Lady.26From John Cam Hobhouse, Baron Houghton, AJourney through Albania, and Other Provinces of Turkey in Europe and Asia, to Constantinople. Second edition. London, printed for James Cawthorn, 1813. Figure 3. Engraving of Henry Stanleys TransAfrica Expedition 44 descending the Stanley Falls, 1877. Authors collection. Figure 4. Python and halfswallowed pig, Kasongo district, 1900. 46 Reproduced from Emil Torday,Camp and Tramp in African Wilds (1913). Courtesy of General Research and Reference Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lennox and Tilden Foundations. Figure 5. Stereoview of Lualaba River, Keystone View Company, 50 early twentieth century. Reproduced courtesy of BoondocksNet.com. Figure 6. Nawab Sikandar Begam of Bhopal, from the frontispiece 115 of the book,A Pilgrimage to Mecca, tr. Mrs WilloughbyObsorne, London, Wm H Allen & Co, 1870. By permission of the British Library. British Library shelfmark: 10076.dd.11. Figure 7. Illustration from HawkesworthsVoyages(1773) depicting 181 a Tahitian burial ceremony and a breadfruit tree. By permission of the Masters and Fellows of St. Johns College, Cambridge. Figure 8. The party returning to Te Whaiti after visiting Ruatahuna, 223 in the Urewera country, 1907. From Katherine Mansfield,The Urewera Notebook. Courtesy of the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand. Ref F2588 F.
Stephen Donovan is a Lecturer in the Department of English, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden. His bookJoseph Conrad and Popular Culture was published by Palgrave in 2005. He is currently working on a study of the cultural history of the lateVictorian imperial chartered companies.
Michael H Fisherthe Robert S Danforth Chair in History at holds Oberlin College, USA. He has written extensively about interactions between Indians and Britons during the precolonial and colonial periods. His most recent books include:to Colonialism: Counterflows Indian Travellers and Settlers in Britain, 1600–1857 (Delhi, Permanent Black, 2004; paperback edition, 2006);First Indian Author in The English: Dean Mahomed (1759–1851)inIreland, and England India, (Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1996; paperback edition, 2000); The Politics of the British Annexation of India, 1757–1857(edited)Themes in nd Indian Historyed.,series (Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1993; 2 1997); and Indirect Rule in India: Residents and the Residency System, nd 1764–1858ed., 1998). He is(Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1991; 2 currently editing an anthology of Mughal travel literature for I B Tauris and coauthoringSouth Asian History of Britain(with Shompa Lahiri and Shinder Thandi) for Greenwood. Indira Ghoseis Lecturer in English Literature at the Free University of Berlin. She is author ofWomen Travellers in Colonial India: The Power of the Female Gaze(Oxford University Press, 1998) and editor of Memsahibs Abroad: Writings by Women Travellers in Nineteenth Century India(Oxford University Press, 1998). She has edited two anthologies of travel writing in India for Pickering & Chatto, and, with Sara Mills, has published an edition of Fanny Parkes,Wanderings of a Pilgrim in Search of the Picturesque (Manchester University Press, 2001).
NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS xVesna Goldsworthyis the author of two books,Inventing Ruritania: The Imperialism of the Imagination(Yale University Press, 1998) and Chernobyl Strawberries: A Memoir (Atlantic, 2005).Inventing Ruritania has been translated into Serbian, Bulgarian, Romanian and Greek, and remains one of the most influential recent studies of the Balkans. Chernobyl Strawberrieshas been translated into German and Serbian, serialized in theTimesrecorded by the author herself as BBC and Radio Four Book of the Week in April 2005. She has also authored a number of studies in travel writing, particularly on the Balkans and the Middle East, and has contributed to volumes published by MIT Press, Cambridge University Press, Macmillan, Routledge and Wieser Verlag.
Sarah Johnson has a PhD from Cambridge University, having written a dissertation entitledViews in the South Seas: Writing Pacific Nature, Culture and Landscape, 1700–1775. She is currently a freelance writer, also undertaking some teaching at Cambridge University.
Anna Johnston is a Senior Lecturer in the School of English, Journalism, and European Languages at the University of Tasmania, and Deputy Director of the Centre for Colonialism and Its Aftermath. She is the author ofMissionary Writing and Empire, 1800– 1860(Cambridge University Press) and the coeditor ofTransit: In Travel, Text, Empire (Peter Lang).
Siobhan LambertHurleySenior Lecturer in Modern History at is Nottingham Trent University. Her most recent and forthcoming publications includeMuslim Women, Reform and Princely Patronage: Nawab Sultan Jahan Begam of Bhopal(Routledge Curzon, forthcoming, 2006) and an edited volume (with Avril A Powell) entitledRhetoric and Reality: Gender and the Colonial Experience in South Asia (Oxford University Press, 2005). Currently, she is completing research on the personal narratives of Muslim women in South Asia.
Nigel Leaskis Regius Professor of English Language and Literature at the University of Glasgow. Amongst his many publications in the field of Romantic literature, Orientalism and empire areBritish Romantic Writers and the East: Anxieties of Empire (Cambridge University Press, 1992) andCuriosity and the Aesthetics of Travel Writing 1770–1840: From an Antique Land (Oxford University Press, 2002). He edited volume 7 (Latin America and the Caribbean) ofTravels, Explorations and Empires: Writing from the Era of Imperial Expansion, 1770–1835 (Pickering and Chatto, 2001) gen. eds., Tim Fulford and Peter Kitson. He is currently