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Interpersonal Encounters in Contemporary Travel Writing


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A critical study on the theme of interpersonal encounter in late twentieth- and early twenty-first-century French and Italian travel writing.

This critical study examines the theme of interpersonal encounter in a range of late twentieth- and early twenty-first-century travel writing written in French and Italian. Structured typologically, each chapter focuses on a typical activity that brings traveller-protagonists into contact with other people. Drawing on literary critical studies of travel writing, sociological and anthropological approaches to tourism, as well as research in French and Italian area studies, ‘Interpersonal Encounters in Contemporary Travel Writing’ locates the concept of encounter within the context of modern tourism.

Acknowledgements; List of Abbreviations; 1. ENCOUNTERING, TRAVELLING, WRITING: 1.1 Encounter; 1.2 Travel Writing and Tourism; 1.3 Voyage/Viaggio; 1.4 Chapters; 2. STRATEGY, AUTHENTICITY, ETHICS: 2.1 Strategy; 2.2 Authenticity; 2.3 Ethics; 3. GUIDING: 3.1 Authenticity and Mediation; 3.2 Translation and Voice; 4. HOSTING: 4.1 Hospitality and Authenticity; 4.2 Freedom; 4.3 The Nature of Encounters; 5. STARING: 5.1 The Stare of the Travellee; 5.2 Photography and Encounter; 6. CHALLENGING: 6.1 Economic Power; 6.2 Justification: Rickshaw Riders; 6.3 Distancing: Prostitutes; 6.4 Dilemma: Beggars; 7. ACCOMPANYING: 7.1 Absent Friends; 7.2 Alter Ego or Mirror?; 7.3 Chance Companions; 8. CONCLUDING; Notes; Bibliography; Index



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Interpersonal Encounters in Contemporary Travel Writing
Anthem Studies in Travel
Anthem Studies in Travelpublishes new and pioneering work in the burgeoning field of travel studies. Titles in this series engage with questions of travel, travel writing, literature and history, and encompass some of the most exciting current scholarship in a variety of disciplines, with research representing a broad range of geographical zones and historical contexts. A key feature of books published in the series is their potential interest to a wide readership, as well as their originality and potential to break new ground in research.
Series Editor
Charles Forsdick – University of Liverpool, UK
Editorial Board
Mary B. Campbell – Brandeis University, USA Steve Clark – University of Tokyo, Japan Claire Lindsay – University College London, UK Loredana Polezzi – University of Warwick, UK Paul Smethurst – University of Hong Kong, China
Interpersonal Encounters in Contemporary Travel Writing
French and Italian Perspectives
Catharine Mee
Anthem Press An imprint of Wimbledon Publishing Company www.anthempress.com
This edition first published in UK and USA 2014 by ANTHEM PRESS 75–76 Blackfriars Road, London SE1 8HA, UK or PO Box 9779, London SW19 7ZG, UK and 244 Madison Ave #116, New York, NY 10016, USA
Copyright © Catharine Mee 2014
The author asserts the moral right to be identified as the author of this work.
All rights reserved. Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise), without the prior written permission of both the copyright owner and the above publisher of this book.
British Library CataloguinginPublication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
Library of Congress CataloginginPublication Data Mee, Catharine, 1978– author. Interpersonal Encounters in Contemporary Travel Writing : French and Italian Perspectives / Catharine Mee. pages cm. – (Anthem Studies in Travel) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 9781783080373 (hardcover : alk. paper) 1. Travel writing–France–History. 2. Travel writing–Italy–History. 3. Interpersonal relations in literature. I. Title. PQ307.T73M44 2–14 840.9’32–dc23 2013048650
ISBN13: 978 1 78308 037 3 (Hbk) ISBN10: 1 78308 037 X (Hbk)
Cover image: Ella Maillart montrant le livre d’Owen LattimoreThe Desert Road to Turkestan, Province de Ts’ingHai, Chine, 1935 © Musée de l’Elysée, Fonds Ella Maillart
This title is also available as an ebook.
Acknowledgements List of Abbreviations
1. Encountering, Travelling, Writing Encounter  Travel Writing and Tourism  Voyage/Viaggio  Chapters
2. Strategy, Authenticity, Ethics Strategy  Authenticity  Ethics
3. Guiding Authenticity and Mediation Guides and guidebooksThe gatekeeperAn authentic encounter Translation and Voice The invisible translatorRepresentation strategiesAuthorship and readership
4. Hosting Hospitality and Authenticity Invitation versus reservationBack to the bubble Freedom Hospitality as controlThe world is my playground
vii ix
1 1 6 10 12
17 18 21 26
33 34 34 38 43 47 47 50 53
59 60 60 62 65 65 68
The Nature of Encou ReciprocityTime and friendships
5. Staring  The Stare of the Travellee The gaze, the stare and the travel encounterThe travellee as starerThe traveller as staree Photography and Encounter Tourists and camerasPhotography as intrusionPhotography as interaction
6. Challenging Economic Power  Justification: Rickshaw Riders  Distancing: Prostitutes  Dilemma: Beggars
7. Accompanying Absent Friends ‘That most ambiguous of genreA question of  Alter Ego or Mirror?  Chance Companions
8. Concluding
Notes Bibliography Index
personal pronouns’
73 73 77
83 84 84 86 91 94 94 96 99
107 109 112 115 119
127 129 129 133 136 141
151 173 185
The research for this study has been generously funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and The Queen’s College, Oxford. Lincoln College, Oxford has also provided several travel bursaries and book grants. I am particularly indebted to Professor Charles Forsdick, whose advice and support have been instrumental in the development and publication of this study. I am also especially grateful to my two PhD supervisors, Dr Toby Garfitt and Professor Martin McLaughlin, who oversaw the initial stages of this research project as my PhD thesis and provided invaluable feedback and encouragement. I would like to thank the five anonymous reviewers, whose comments and suggestions have been extremely helpful in revising the manuscript. I would also like to thank Professor Guido Bonsaver, Professor Michael Sheringham, Dr Giuseppe Stellardi and Dr Wes Williams for their comments on earlier versions of parts of the study. I am very grateful toDr Loredana Polezzi for her advice and I would also like to mention Dr Ed Welch, Dr Clare Harris and Professor Lino Pertile for help on specific points. Earlier versions of some sections have been presented at a number of conferences: ‘Literature Travels’ at the University of Wolverhampton in September 2005, the Society for French Studies conferences at the Universities of Leeds and Liverpool in 2005 and 2008, and the ‘Borders and Crossings VI’ conference at the University of Palermo in September 2006. I am grateful to the organizers of those conferences for the opportunity to present my work and to the audiences for their feedback. I have carried out research in a number of libraries in Oxford, principally the Bodleian and the Taylor Institution, as well as the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze and the Widener Library in Harvard, and I am grateful to the staff of those institutions for their assistance. Finally I owe a huge debt of gratitude to family and friends for supporting me throughout, and especially to my parents, to whom I dedicate this book, and my husband for their love, advice and patience.
The following abbreviations are applied to primary texts when more than one text by the same author is used. All other primary texts are identified by the author’s name only.
Ramazzotti, Sergio,Afrozapping: Breve guida all’Africa per uomini bianchi(Milan: Feltrinelli, 2006). Guillebaud, JeanClaude,Un voyage vers l’Asie(Paris: Seuil, 1979), reprinted inLa traversée du monde, presented by Jean Lacouture (Paris: Arléa, 1998), 95–208. Ramazzotti, Sergio,La birra di Shaoshan: Viaggio nel paese natale di Mao(Milan: Feltrinelli, 2002). Terzani, Tiziano,Buonanotte, Signor Lenin (Milan: Longanesi, 1992; repr. Milan: TEA, 2004). Ollivier, Bernard,Carnets d’une longue marche: Nouveau voyage d’Istanbul à Xi’an(Paris: Phébus, 2005). Bernheim, NicoleLise,Chambres d’ailleursArléa, 1986; (Paris: repr. Payot et Rivages, 1999). Bouvier, Nicolas,Chronique japonaise(Paris: Payot, 1989) reprinted inŒuvres(Paris: Gallimard, 2004), 495–669. Guillebaud, JeanClaude,La colline des anges: Retour au Vietnam(Paris: Seuil, 1993), reprinted inLa traversée du monde, presented by Jean Lacouture (Paris: Arléa, 1998), 419–516. Bernheim, NicoleLise,Couleur cannelle(Paris: Arléa, 2002). Guillebaud, JeanClaude,Sur la route des croisades (Paris: Arléa, 1993), reprinted inLa traversée du monde, presented by Jean Lacouture (Paris: Arléa, 1998), 517–652. Weber, Olivier,Le grand festin de l’Orient(Paris: Robert Laffont, 2004). Terzani, Tiziano,Un indovino mi disse(Milan: Longanesi, 1995; repr. Milan: TEA, 2004).
Marche I
Marche II
Marche III
Bouvier, Nicolas,Journal d’Aran et d’autres lieux (Paris: Payot, 1990), reprinted inŒuvres(Paris: Gallimard, 2004), 945–1037. Ollivier, Bernard,Longue marche: À pied de la Méditerranée jusqu’en Chine par la Route de la Soie: I. Traverser l’AnatoliePhébus, (Paris: 2000). Ollivier, Bernard,Longue marche: À pied de la Méditerranée jusqu’en Chine par la Route de la Soie: II. Vers SamarcandePhébus, (Paris: 2001). Ollivier, Bernard,Longue marche: À pied de la Méditerranée jusqu’en Chine par la Route de la Soie: III. Le vent des steppes(Paris: Phébus, 2003). Rumiz, Paolo,È Oriente(Milan: Feltrinelli, 2003; repr. 2005). Bouvier, Nicolas,Le poissonscorpionBertil Galland, (Vevey: 1981), reprinted inŒuvres(Paris: Gallimard, 2004), 721–811. Guillebaud, JeanClaude,La porte des larmes: Retour vers l’Abyssinie(Paris: Seuil, 1996), reprinted inLa traversée du monde, presented by Jean Lacouture (Paris: Arléa, 1998), 653–763. Aime, Marco,Le radici nella sabbia: Viaggio in Mali e Burkina Faso(Turin: EDT, 1999). Bouvier, Nicolas,Routes et déroutes: Entretiens avec Irène Lichtenstein Fall (Geneva: Éditions Métropolis, 1992), reprinted inŒuvres(Paris: Gallimard, 2004), 1249–1388. Weber, Olivier,Voyage au pays de toutes les Russies (Paris: Quai Voltaire, 1992; repr. Payot et Rivages, 2003). Bernheim, NicoleLise,Saisons japonaises(Paris: Payot et Rivages, 1999; repr. 2002). Rumiz, Paolo, and Francesco Altan,Tre uomini in bicicletta(Milan: Feltrinelli, 2002; repr. 2004). Bouvier, Nicolas,L’usage du monde (Geneva: Droz, 1963), reprinted inŒuvres(Paris: Gallimard, 2004), 59–388. Ramazzotti, Sergio,Vado verso il capo: 13.000 km attraverso l’Africa(Milan: Feltrinelli, 1996; repr. 2002).