Virgil, Aeneid 11, Pallas and Camilla, 1–224, 498–521, 532–596, 648–689, 725–835


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A dead boy (Pallas) and the death of a girl (Camilla) loom over the opening and the closing part of the eleventh book of the Aeneid. Following the savage slaughter in Aeneid 10, the book opens in a mournful mood as the warring parties revisit yesterday’s killing fields to attend to their dead. One casualty in particular commands attention: Aeneas’ protégé Pallas, killed and despoiled by Turnus in the previous book. His death plunges his father Evander and his surrogate father Aeneas into heart-rending despair – and helps set up the foundational act of sacrificial brutality that caps the poem, when Aeneas seeks to avenge Pallas by slaying Turnus in wrathful fury. Turnus’ departure from the living is prefigured by that of his ally Camilla, a maiden schooled in the martial arts, who sets the mold for warrior princesses such as Xena and Wonder Woman. In the final third of Aeneid 11, she wreaks havoc not just on the battlefield but on gender stereotypes and the conventions of the epic genre, before she too succumbs to a premature death. In the portions of the book selected for discussion here, Virgil offers some of his most emotive (and disturbing) meditations on the tragic nature of human existence – but also knows how to lighten the mood with a bit of drag.

This course book offers the original Latin text, vocabulary aids, study questions, and an extensive commentary. Designed to stretch and stimulate readers, Ingo Gildenhard’s volume will be of particular interest to students of Latin studying for A-Level or on undergraduate courses. It extends beyond detailed linguistic analysis to encourage critical engagement with Virgil’s poetry and the most recent scholarly thought.

King's College, Cambridge, has generously contributed to this publication.



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Published 10 January 2019
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EAN13 9781783746033
Language English
Document size 6 MB

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VIRGIL,AENEID11 (PALLAS & CAMILLA) © 2018 Ingo Gildenhard and John Henderson
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons A %ribution 4.0 I nternational license (CC BY 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work; to adapt the work and to make commercial use of the work providing a%ribution is made to the author (but not in any way that suggests that he endorses you or your use of the work). A %ribution should include the following information: I ngo Gildenhard and J ohn Henderson, Virgil,Aeneid 11(Pallas & Camilla),1–224,498–521,532–96,648–89,725–835. Latin text,study aids with vocabulary, and commentary. Cambridge, UK: O pen Book Publishers, 2018, D etailed information on the license is available at Further details about CC BY licenses are availableat A ll external links were active at the time of publication unless otherwise stated and have been archived via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine at D igital material and resources associated with this volume are available at Classics Textbooks, vol. 7 | ISSN: 2054-2437 (Print) | 2054-2445 (Online) ISBN Paperback: 978-1-78374-600-2 ISBN Hardback: 978-1-78374-601-9 ISBN Digital (PDF): 978-1-78374-602-6 ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 978-1-78374-603-3 ISBN Digital ebook (mobi): 978-1-78374-604-0 ISBN XML: 978-1-78374-605-7 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0158 Cover image: J ean-Baptiste Peytavin,and CamillaM etabus  (1808), Cover design: Anna Gatti. A ll paper used by O pen Book Publishers is S FI (S ustainable Forestry I nitiative), PEFC (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification S chemes) and Forest S tewardship Council® (FSC® certified). Printed in the United Kingdom, United States, and Australia by Lightning Source for Open Book Publishers (Cambridge, UK)