Azerbaijan as a Regional Economic Driver

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The political economy of Azerbaijan has been interlinked in the internal and external relations of the country. This is exit for energy policy. It explains the qualitative socio-historical and political leap forward, referring to the efforts of President Heydar Aliyev, who signed the PSA with transnational energy corporations in 1994. According to this publication, the construction of multiple oil and gas pipelines represents the success of Azerbaijan's independent energy policy. Azerbaijan as a Regional Economic Driver: Opportunities and Challenges emphasises leading sectors of Azerbaijan's economy such as transport, construction, agriculture, information and communications technology, tourism and banking. It is noteworthy that the book refers to 'Azerbaijan 2020' when explaining the country's policy to transform itself from an energy-based economy to a knowledge-based one. This publication serves to recognise Azerbaijan as a reliable partner in international relations. It also scrutinises advantages and disadvantages of trade-off between strategic choices oriented to the European Union and/or the Eurasian Union.

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Published 15 October 2016
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EAN13 9780798305112
Language English
Document size 11 MB

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Azerbaijan as a Regional Economic Driver Opportunities and Challenges
Sehlare Makgetlaneng
Azerbaijan as a Regional Economic Driver Opportunities and Challenges
First published in 2016 by the Africa Institute of South Africa Private Bag X41 Pretoria 0001 South Africa
ISBN: 978-0-7983-0488-7
© Copyright in the chapters vests in the authors; copyright in this published work vests in the Africa Institute of South Africa 2016
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Opinions expressed and conclusions arrived at in this book are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the Africa Institute of South Africa. The chapters in this book were each reviewed by at least two peers.
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CONTENTS
About the Author...................................................................................iv
Acknowledgements.................................................................................v
Introduction............................................................................................1 The Political Economy of Azerbaijan.....................................................1
Azerbaijan’s View of its Regional Economic Development Leadership Role....................................................................................10
The Link between the Old and the New in the Caspian Energy Sector: Azerbaijan at the Centre........................................................38
Azerbaijan in the Link between Main Global Energy Producers and Consumers......................................................40
Azerbaijan as a Leader of the Main Infrastructural Projects...........45
Challenges faced by Azerbaijan as a Regional Economic Driver....88 The Role of External Actors in the Production of Knowledge on South Caucasian and Central Asian Affairs.............................104
Conclusion and Recommendations....................................................109
NotesandReferences.........................................................................125
The List of those Interviewed in Baku, Azerbaijan, January–April 2014.............................................................................136
About the Author
Sehlare Makgetlaneng at the time of writing this book was a Chief Research Specialist and the Governance and Security Programme leader at the Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA) in the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) in Pretoria, South Africa. He holds a PhD in Political Science, with African Politics, Comparative Politics, Political Economy and International Relations as sub-fields, from Atlanta University, a Master of Public Administration from Atlanta University; and a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from Clark College in Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America. He has worked for the Southern Center for International Studies as a researcher and deputy director of its research division, and for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference as a researcher on Southern Africa. Upon return to South Africa from exile, he worked for the African National Congress (ANC) as the Administrative Secretary of its Office of the Treasurer-General. He has lectured Political Science at the University of Venda for Science and Technology and International Relations at the North-West University (Mafeking campus), where he established Master of Arts, Master of Philosophy and PhD degree programmes in International Relations. He has also lectured in the South African Politics and Political Economy Masters programme, being responsible for the South African Political Economy, at the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University. Dr Makgetlaneng has published extensively on the South African economic transformation, South Africa-Africa political, economic and trade relations, African continental integration, Southern African regional integration, South Africa’s Africa policy, the United States’ Africa policy, the role of political governance in Africa’s development, progress and democracy, Africa’s development initiatives from the Lagos Plan of Action to the New Partnership for Africa’s Development, and BRICS as a new global actor in international relations and cooperation. A rated researcher, he is an expert on the Southern African Customs Union, the Southern African regional integration and African continental integration. He is concerned with key socio-political and economic issues in international affairs and how they affect South Africa, Southern Africa and Africa. He is, among others, nationally within South Africa, a member of the International Relations Sub-Committee of the National Executive Committee of the ANC. Globally, beyond South Africa, he is, among others, a member of the International Expert Group of the Russian Centre for Policy Studies in Moscow, Russia.
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Africa Institute of South Africa
Acknowledgements
I thank the Africa Institute of South Africa (AISA) for having made it possible for me to serve as a Visiting Research Fellow at the Department of Economic Analysis and Global Affairs of the Center for Strategic Studies in Baku, Azerbaijan from January to April 2014, where the research for this book was undertaken. I register my sincere thanks to Ms Jamila Mammadova of the Center for Strategic Studies, Professor Rovshan Ibrahimov, Head, Department of Foreign Policy Analysis, the Center for Strategic Studies, and Head, Department of International Relations, Qafqaz University, Baku, and Dr Gulmira Rzayeva, Senior Research Fellow, Department of Economic Analysis and Global Affairs, the Center for Strategic Studies, in Baku, Azerbaijan for their advice and discussions with me on key issues, processes and developments relating to my research fellowship. Professor Ibrahimov took the initiative for me to use his personal library in his office. He also gave me some of his published works, which I used in my research. I register my sincere appreciation of his efforts to always render assistance to me in my research study. Jamila Mammadova served as a link between me as a visiting Research Fellow and some staff members of the Center for Strategic Studies and some individuals in Baku. She facilitated communication between me and these individuals. My research study benefited enormously from Dr Vugar Bayramov, Chairperson of the Board, the Center for Economic and Social Development, and Farhad Bayramov, Economist and Researcher, School of European Studies, the Center for Economic and Social Development, Baku, Azerbaijan. Their discussions with me on the political economy of Azerbaijan gave me the requisite understanding of the political and economic opportunities and challenges enjoyed and faced by Azerbaijan in its role as the economic driver in the South Caucasus and Central Asia. My friend, Dr Zaur A. Hasanov, Director of the Trans-Eurasian Information Super Highway (TASIM) Secretariat in Baku, was always supportive of my visiting research fellowship, ensuring that my research study was successful. He ensured that his colleagues within the TASIM Secretariat provided me with information not only on the TASIM project, but also on other issues, processes and developments relating to my fellowship research study.
Sehlare Makgetlaneng
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