336 Pages
English
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Development and Semi-periphery

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336 Pages
English

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A fresh and unprecedented collection of articles focusing on comparative analysis of development trajectories in the semi-periphery countries of South America and Central and Eastern Europe. 


‘Development and Semi-periphery’ presents a collection of articles that focus on comparative analysis of development trajectories in the semi-peripheral countries of South America and Central Eastern Europe. As opposed to the transitology studies that were prevalent in the 1990s, and that treated the neoliberal context in these two regions separately, the articles in this book instead offer a new comparative analysis focusing on the consequences of neoliberal reforms and the new actors that deal with their results. The essays discuss the various forms of state that have unfolded in different peripheral countries, their role in the social engineering of economic models and social policies, and the impact of state capacities and ideas on institutional innovation. The volume also compares transformations in political culture, collective identities and contentious politics in both areas.


List of Tables and Figures; Introduction – Renato Boschi and Carlos Henrique Santana; PART I DEVELOPMENT, MACROECONOMIC POLICIES AND VARIETIES OF CAPITALISM; Chapter 1. Postsocialist States in the System of Global Capitalism: A Comparative Perspective – David Lane; Chapter 2. Politics and Development: Lessons from Latin America – Renato Boschi and Flavio Gaitán; Chapter 3. Managing the Faustian Bargain: Monetary Autonomy in the Pursuit of Development in Eastern Europe and Latin America – Joseph Nathan Cohen; Chapter 4. Development and Dependency, Developmentalism and Alternatives – José Maurício Domingues; PART II POLITICAL CULTURE, IDENTITY POLITICS AND POLITICAL CONTENTION; Chapter 5. Indigenous Movements in Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru – Xavier Albó; Chapter 6. Path Dependence versus Adaptation in Estonian Ethnopolitics – Raivo Vetik; Chapter 7. Integration Parliaments in Europe and Latin America: Explaining Variations – Juliana Erthal; PART III IDEAS AND THE ROLE OF ELITES AND ADVOCACY NETWORKS: TRANSLATING AND LEGITIMATING THE FRONTIERS OF INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS; Chapter 8. Marketing Professional Expertise by (Re)Inventing States: Professional Rivalries between Lawyers and Economists as Hegemonic Strategies in the International Market for the Reproduction of National State Elites – Yves Dezalay and Bryant Garth; Chapter 9. Identity, Policy Preferences and the Perception of the European Integration Process among the Hungarian Elites – György Lengyel and Borbála Göncz; Chapter 10. Critical Junctures, Institutional Legacies and Epistemic Communities: A Development Agenda in Brazil – Carlos Henrique Santana; PART IV ECONOMIC REFORMS, PUBLIC POLICIES AND DEVELOPMENT; Chapter 11. Development and Citizenship in the Semi-periphery: Reflecting on the Brazilian Experience – Krista Lillemets; Chapter 12. The Periphery Paradox in Innovation Policy: Latin America and Eastern Europe Compared – Rainer Kattel and Annalisa Primi; Chapter 13. The Lula Government and the Social Democratic Experience in Brazil – Fabiano Santos

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Development and Semi-periphery
Development and Semi-periphery
Post-neoliberal Trajectories in South America and Central Eastern Europe
Edited by Renato Boschi and Carlos Henrique Santana
Anthem Press An imprint of Wimbledon Publishing Company www.anthempress.com
This edition first published in UK and USA 2012 by ANTHEM PRESS 75-76 Blackfriars Road, London SE1 8HA, UK or PO Box 9779, London SW19 7ZG, UK and 244 Madison Ave. #116, New York, NY 10016, USA
© 2012 Renato Boschi and Carlos Henrique Santana editorial matter and selection; individual chapters © individual contributors
The moral right of the authors has been asserted.
All rights reserved. Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise), without the prior written permission of both the copyright owner and the above publisher of this book.
British Library CataloguinginPublication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
Library of Congress CataloginginPublication Data Development and semi-periphery : post-neoliberal trajectories in South America and Central Eastern Europe / edited by Renato Boschi and Carlos Henrique Santana.  p. cm. – Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 978-0-85728-440-2 (hardback : alk. paper) 1. Structural adjustment (Economic policy)–Europe, Eastern. 2. Structural adjustment (Economic policy)–Europe, Central. 3. Structural adjustment (Economic policy)–Latin America. 4. Europe, Eastern–Foreign economic relations. 5. Europe, Central–Foreign economic relations. 6. Latin America–Foreign economic relations. 7. Europe, Eastern–Politics and government–21st century. 8. Europe, Central–Politics and government–21st century. 9. Latin America–Politics and government–21st century. I. Boschi, Renato Raul. II. Santana, Carlos Henrique. HC244.D4298 2012 338.9437–dc23 2012002572
ISBN-13: 978 0 85728 440 2 (Hbk) ISBN-10: 0 85728 440 1 (Hbk)
This title is also available as an eBook.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
List of Tables and Figures
Introduction
Part I
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Part II
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Renato Boschi and Carlos Henrique Santana
Development, Macroeconomic Policies and Varieties of Capitalism
Postsocialist States in the System of Global Capitalism: A Comparative Perspective David Lane
Politics and Development: Lessons from Latin America Renato Boschi and Flavio Gaitán
Managing the Faustian Bargain: Monetary Autonomy in the Pursuit of Development in Eastern Europe and Latin America Joseph Nathan Cohen
Development and Dependency, Developmentalism and Alternatives José Maurício Domingues
Political Culture, Identity Politics and Political Contention
Indigenous Movements in Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru Xavier Albó
Path Dependence versus Adaptation in Estonian Ethnopolitics Raivo Vetik
vii
1
19
45
65
83
105
123
vi
Chapter 7
Part III
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Part IV
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter13
DEVELOPMENT AND SEMI-PERIPHERY
Integration Parliaments in Europe and Latin America: Explaining Variations Juliana Erthal
Ideas and the Role of Elites and Advocacy Networks: Translating and Legitimating the Frontiers of Institutional Reforms
Marketing Professional Expertise by (Re)Inventing States: Professional Rivalries between Lawyers and Economists as Hegemonic Strategies in the International Market for the Reproduction of National State Elites Yves Dezalay and Bryant Garth
Identity, Policy Preferences and the Perception of the European Integration Process among the Hungarian Elites György Lengyel and Borbála Göncz
Critical Junctures, Institutional Legacies and Epistemic Communities: A Development Agenda in Brazil Carlos Henrique Santana
Economic Reforms, Public Policies and Development
Development and Citizenship in the Semi-periphery: Reflecting on the Brazilian Experience Krista Lillemets
The Periphery Paradox in Innovation Policy: Latin America and Eastern Europe Compared Rainer Kattel and Annalisa Primi265
The Lula Government and the Social Democratic Experience in Brazil Fabiano Santos
141
165
181
201
239
305
LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES
Tables Table 1.1 Number of foreign affiliates in postcommunist countries with comparisons to other countries (2006 or latest available year) Table 6.1 “Which citizenship would you like to have?” (% of stateless respondents, 2000–8) Table 6.2 An evaluation of personal material situation, separated by nationality and citizenship (%) Table 6.3 Differences in satisfaction evaluations of Russian-speaking respondents with various citizenship statuses, compared to the Estonian-speaking population (%) Table 9.1 Attachment to different territorial levels among political and economic elites (%) Table 9.2 Attachment to different territorial levels (%) Table 9.3 The symbolic and pragmatic aspects of the relation to the EU among Hungarian political and economic elites (%) Table 9.4 Share of those among Hungarian elites who are positive about the delegation of certain policy areas to the European level (%) Table 9.5 The perception of the aim, institutions and benefits of the EU among different subgroups of Hungarian political and economic elites (%) Table 9.6 The interconnections of the aim, institutions and benefits of the EU (%, Cramér’s V)
28
132
133
134
185 186
187
188
192
194
viii
Table 10.1
Table 10.2
Table 10.3
DEVELOPMENT AND SEMI-PERIPHERY
The trajectory of Brazilian macroeconomic policymakers between 1995 and 2009
Real annual variation of Brazilian components of aggregate demand (% per year)
Total public sector net debt (% of GDP), total unemployment rate in metropolitan areas (%), tax burden (% of GDP) and real minimum wage (R$ in April of 2008) deflated by INPC
Table 10.4 Credit operations of the Brazilian financial system (% of GDP) Table 10.5 Balance of trade, foreign direct investment and foreign exchange reserves (USD millions)
Table 10.6 Brazilian export and import in industrial sectors by technological intensity (USD millions FOB) Table 10.7 Annual disbursements of BNDES (% of GDP) Table 12.1 R&D expenditure by sector of performance, 2006 (%) Table 12.2 Evolution of innovation policy models in LA and CEE: A comparative perspective
Figures Figure 1.1 Total revenue in top 500 world companies located in the USA, the UK, China, Russia, Brazil and Poland (2008)
Figure 1.2
Figure 1.3
Figure 1.4
Figure 1.5
Figure 1.6
Affiliates of foreign corporations: South America, EU new member states and CIS
Transnationality Indexes for selected EU new members, CIS, China and Latin America (2004)
Structure of
exports, selected countries by sector (2004)
Patent filings by country of origin (2006): Core countries, new EU members and South America
R&D: Selected states, South America and EU new members
Figure 1.7a Human Development Indexes: Postsocialist and Latin American countries, original rankings (1990 and 2005)
209
218
219
219
220
221 223 270
292
25
29
31 31
33
34
36
LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES
Figure 1.7b Human Development Indexes: Postsocialist and Latin American countries, adjusted HDI ratios (1990 and 2005)
Figure 6.1
Figure 6.2
Figure 6.3
Figure 9.1
The changing citizenship status of population, 1992–2008
the Estonian
A comparison of reasons of statelessness from 2000 and 2008 (% of the response “definitely”)
Trust in the Estonian state and its institutions (%)
Identity-developing process from instrumental to affective orientations
Figure 9.2 Dendrogram of a hierarchical cluster analysis (average linkage between groups) Figure 9.3 The placement of the policy areas in a two-dimensional space (multidimensional scaling) Figure 12.1 R&D investment as a percentage of GDP, selected countries and regions Figure 12.2 Tertiary enrollment ratio Figure 12.3 Technological specialization and innovation effort
Figure 13.1
Figure 13.2
Presidential election 2002 – Results by percentage, PT
Presidential election 2006 – Results by percentage, PT
i
x
36
126
131 135
184
189
190
268 271 272 322 323