282 Pages
English
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Globalization and Challenges to Building Peace

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282 Pages
English

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This fascinating collected volume explores the relationship between world conflict, political unrest and the driving forces of Capitalism and Globalization.


The world has gone through a major transformation in the last two decades. The end of the Cold War in Europe has led to a massive increase in private capital flow and has also brought an information and telecommunication revolution. In this new interdependent and interconnected world, international trade and investment has overtaken the importance of national economies. Globalization has created new opportunities as well as many risks and challenges. While globalization creates new wealth and encourages technological innovations, it has also failed to support and promote sustainable human development and thus can be accused of generating anguish and deprivation. This has already resulted in growing civil unrest and, in some cases, contributed to armed conflicts in the developing world. However, peace and conflict research has hitherto somehow overlooked the influence of increasing globalization on the formation and management of such emerging conflicts. The study of globalization also tends to overlook a proven fact that the management of conflicts in the South has been invariably influenced by the global powers and their strategic politics. This impressive edited volume makes an attempt to assess the concrete that measures exist which can be effective in addressing the causes of conflict and building peace in an increasingly interdependent world.


Acknowledgements; List of Contributors; Building Peace in the Era of Three Waves; The Problem of Peace: Understanding the ‘Liberal Peace’; Pre-emptive Self-Defence New Legal Principle or Political Action?; Beyond Criminal Justice: Promoting the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Societies; Peace by Pact: Data on the Implementation of Peace Agreements; Refugee Repatriation as a Necessary Condition for Peace; Catapulting Conflicts or Propelling Peace: Diasporas and Civil Wars; UN Peace Operations as Norm Entrepreneurs: The Challenge of Achieving Communicative Action on Human Rights; To Practice What They Preach: International Transitional Administrations and the Paradox of Norm Promotion; Re-examining the Roots of War in West Africa in a Globalizing World; The African Union (AU) and Its Commitment to Non-Indifference: Can the AU be an Actor for the Promotion of Human Security?; Hamas Between Sharia Rule and Demo-Islam; Environmental Scarcity and Intrastate Conflicts: The Case of Nepal; Narcotics: The New Security Threat for China; References; Bibliography

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Published 01 December 2007
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EAN13 9781843313816
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Globalization and Challenges to Building Peace
Anthem Studies in Development and Globalization
Nolan, PeterCapitalism and Freedom(2007) Nolan, PeterIntegrating China(2007) Boyce, James K., Narain, Sunita and Stanton, Elizabeth A. (eds.) Reclaiming Nature(2007) Fullbrook, EdwardReal World Economics(2007) Ringmar, ErikWhy Europe Was First(2006) Rangaswamy, VedavalliEnergy for Development(2006) Buira, Ariel (ed.)Reforming the Governance of the IMF and the World Bank(2005) Ringmar, ErikSurviving Capitalism(2005) Ritzen, JozefA Chance for the World Bank(2004) Fullbrook, Edward (ed.)A Guide to What’s Wrong with Economics(2004) Chang, HaJoonKicking Away the Ladder(2003) Chang, HaJoon (ed.)Rethinking Development Economics(2003)
Globalization and Challenges to Building Peace
Edited by ASHOK SWAIN, RAMSES AMER AND JOAKIM ÖJENDAL
Anthem Press An imprint of Wimbledon Publishing Company www.anthempress.com
This edition first published in UK and USA 2008 by ANTHEM PRESS 7576 Blackfriars Road, London SE1 8HA, UK or PO Box 9779, London SW19 7ZG, UK and 244 Madison Ave. #116, New York, NY 10016, USA
Copyright © 2007 Ashok Swain, Ramses Amer and Joakim Öjendal editorial matter and selection; individual chapters © individual contributors.
The moral right of
the authors has been asserted.
All rights reserved. Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise), without the prior written permission of both the copyright owner and the above publisher of this book.
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Library of Congress CataloginginPublication Data
Globalization and challenges to building peace / edited by Ashok Swain, Ramses Amer, and Joakim Öjendal. p. cm. — (Anthem development studies and globalization) Revisions of papers presented at the Annual Conference of the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict, and Development Research held in 2006 in Uppsala, Sweden. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 9781843312871 (hardback) 1. Peacebuilding—Congresses. 2. Globalization—Political aspects—Congresses. I. Swain, Ashok. II. Amer, Ramses. III. Öjendal, Joakim. IV. Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict, and Development Research. Conference (2006 : Uppsala, Sweden)
JZ5538.G584 2007 303.6’6—dc22 2007026891
ISBN10: 1 84331 287 5 (Hbk) ISBN13: 978 1 84331 287 1 (Hbk)
1 3 5 7 9 10 8 6 4 2
Printed in India
C
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TEN
TS
Acknowledgements List of Contributors 1. Building Peace in the Era of Three Waves Ashok Swain, Ramses Amer and Joakim Öjendal 2. The Problem of Peace: Understanding the ‘Liberal Peace’ Oliver P Richmond 3. Preemptive Selfdefence New Legal Principle or Political Action? Ramses Amer 4. Beyond Criminal Justice: Promoting the Rule of Law in PostConflict Societies Richard Sannerholm
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Peace by Pact: Data on the Implementation of Peace Agreements Anna Jarstad and Ralph Sundberg Refugee Repatriation as a Necessary Condition for Peace Patrik Johansson Catapulting Conflicts or Propelling Peace: Diasporas and Civil Wars Jonathan Hall and Ashok Swain UN Peace Operations as Norm Entrepreneurs: The Challenge of Achieving Communicative Action on Human Rights Katarina Månsson To Practice What They Preach: International Transitional Administrations and the Paradox of Norm Promotion Annika Björkdahl
vii ix 1
17
39
55
73
91
107
121
145
vi
10.
11.
12.
GLOBALIZATION AND CHALLENGES TO BUILDING PEACE
Reexamining the Roots of in a Globalizing World Cyril I Obi
War in West Africa
The African Union (AU) and Its Commitment to NonIndifference: Can the AU be an Actor for the Promotion of Human Security? Linnea Bergholm
Hamas Between Sharia Rule and DemoIslam Michael Schulz
13. Environmental Scarcity and Intrastate Conflicts: The Case of Nepal Fiona J Y Rotberg 14. Narcotics: The New Security Threat for China Niklas Swanström References Bibliography
165
181
195
213
221
237 247
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The inspiration for this edited volume began in the Fall of 2006 at the Annual Conference of the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research, sponsored by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) through its Department for Research Collaboration (SAREC).
The conference held in Uppsala, Sweden was attended by eighty people over the course of three days. Fiftyone researchers presented their papers on globalization and its influence on peace, conflict and development in the South. We would like to sincerely thank those conference participants whose papers are not included in this volume, but who contributed immensely to the success of the conference and to our thinking about this important topic.
In this volume thirteen revised papers from the conference have been included together with an introductory chapter. Contributors have followed a tight schedule in revising their contributions and in responding to various queries and comments.
Tej P. S. Sood of Anthem Press guided us through the review and editing processes and oversaw the publication of this volume.
We would also like to thank Jonathan Hall and Andreas Jarblad of the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University for their editorial support.
Ashok Swain, Ramses Amer, and Joakim Öjendal Editors April 2007
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
Ashok Swainis a Professor at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Sweden and Coordinator of the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research.
Ramses Ameris Associate Professor and Senior Lecturer at the Department of Political Science, Umeå University, Sweden.
Joakim Öjendalis a Professor at the Department of Development Research at Gothenburg University, Sweden.
Peace and
Oliver P RichmondInternational Relations and Director ofis Professor of the Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies at the University of St Andrews, UK.
Richard Sannerholmis a doctoral candidate in law at the University of Örebro, Sweden.
Anna Jarstadis Assistant Professor and Coordinator for the Conflict & Democracy Programme at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Sweden.
Ralph Sundbergis Research Assistant at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Sweden.
Patrik JohanssonPoliticalis a doctoral candidate at the Department of Science, Umeå University, Sweden.
Jonathan Hallis a doctoral candidate at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Sweden.
Katarina Månssonis a doctoral candidate at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.
x
GLOBALIZATION AND CHALLENGES TO BUILDING PEACE
Annika Björkdahlis Lecturer and Researcher at the Department of Political Science, Lund University, Sweden.
Cyril I Obiis Programme Coordinator for the Programme PostConflict Transition, the State and Civil Society in Africa at the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, Sweden.
Linnea Bergholmis a researcher at the Department of Politics, University of Wales, Aberystwyth, UK.
International
Michael Schulzis Senior Lecturer in Peace and Development Research, Head of the Regional Studies Section and Director of the Centre for Middle East Studies, School of Global Studies, Göteborg University, Sweden.
Fiona J Y Rotbergis Research Fellow and the Environmental Security Project Director at the Central AsiaCaucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Programme, Johns Hopkins University and Uppsala University, Sweden.
Niklas Swanströmis Programme Director of the Central AsiaCaucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Programme, Johns Hopkins University and Uppsala University, Sweden.