Administrative Law in Tanzania. A Digest of Cases

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English
282 Pages
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Administrative law may best be defined by describing what it encompasses: it is that branch of law which deals with the individual versus governmental or administrative power. It covers court restraint of actions or inactions of public institutions, administrative processes of central and local government, parliamentary and subordinate legislat on and the means and procedures by which the rights of individuals are protected against abuse of power by public or local authorities, public corporations, tribunals and other bodies which discharge functions of public nature entrusted to them by law for the benefit of the citizen. It is hoped that this book will act as a wake-up call to all those who have been entrusted with the duty of making decisions affecting the rights of citizens to update themselves so as to discharge their duties correctly and in spirit of good governance. Administrative Law in Tanzania: A Digest of Cases covers high profile and landmark cases in topical areas of constitutional and administrative law from colonial days to present time, names, procedures in applying for prerogative remedies, constitutional principles and human rights, separation of powers between the Executive, the Legislature and the Judicature, natural justice and the rule of law, statutory ouster of jurisdiction of courts, and the right to legal representation.

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Published 15 October 2009
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EAN13 9789987081066
Language English
Document size 1 MB

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ADMINISTRATIVE LAW IN TANZANIA
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW IN TANZANIA
A DIGEST OF CASES
B. D. CHIPETA
Mkuki na Nyota Publishers P. O. Box 4246 Dar es Salaam, Tanzania www.mkukinanyota.com
Published by: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers Quality Plaza Building, Nyerere Road, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Email: contact@mkukinanyota.com website: www.mkukinanyota.com
© B. D. Chipeta, 2009
ISBN 978-9987-449-50-7
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means (including photocopying and recording) or stored in a retrieval system without the written permission of the copyright holder and that of the publisher.
CONTENTS
Abbreviations..........................................................................................................v Glossary.................................................................................................................vii Acknowledgements..............................................................................................ix Table of Cases Digested.....................................................................................xi Table of Foreign Cases Referred to...............................................................xix Table of Statutes...............................................................................................xxv Preface................................................................................................................xxvii
Chapter One: Procedure in Applications for Prerogative Orders......................................1
Chapter Two: Constitutional Principles and Human Rights............................................21
Chapter Three: Jurisdiction of Courts and Ouster of Jurisdiction.....................................89
Chapter Four: Prerogative Orders and Alternative Remedies........................................121
Chapter Five: Natural Justice, Discretion and Fairness..................................................153
Chapter Six: The Right to Legal Representation.........................................................191 Cases on Specific Legal Themes...................................................................204 Table of Cases Digested.................................................................................231 Bibliography.......................................................................................................235
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A.G. A.I.C.C. AC Ag.J. AIR All ER All NLR BAKWATA C.A. C.I.D. C.J. Cap. CAT CCM Ch. CLB Cr. App. Rep. D.C. D.M.T. D.P.P. DOWICO E.A. E.A.A. EACA Ed. EHRR G.N. H.M. H.C. HCD I.F.M. I.R. J.
ABBREVIATIONS
Attorney General Arusha International Conference Centre Appeal Cases Acting Judge All India Reports All England Law Reports All Nigeria Law Reports Baraza La Waislamu Tanzania Court of Appeal Criminal Investigations Department Chief Justice Chapter Court of Appeal of Tanzania Chama Cha Mapinduzi Chancery Division Commonwealth Law Bulletin Criminal Appeals Reports District Commissioner Dar es Salaam Motor Transport Director of Public Prosecutions Dodoma Wine Company East Africa Law Reports East African Airways Reports of the Court of Appeal for Eastern Africa Editor European Human Rights Reports Government Notice Her Majesty High Court High Court Digest of Tanzania Institute of Finance Management Irish Reports Judge
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J.A. J.K. JUWATA K.L.R. KB L.C. L.J. L.T. LRC LRT M.R. N.S.C. O. O.C.D. OTTU P. PC PLD q.v. r. R.P.C. RE S. SC SCR THB TLR (R) TLR US v. Vol. W.L.R. Z.L.R. ZLR
Administrative Law in Tanzania
Justice of Appeal Jaji Kiongozi(Principal Judge) Jumuiya Ya Wafanyakazi wa Tanzania Kenya Law Reports King’s Bench Division Lord Chancellor Lord Justice Law Times Law Reports of the Commonwealth (Constitution) Law Reports of Tanzania Master of Rolls National Sports Council Order Officer Commanding District Organization of Tanzania Trade Unions President Privy Council Pakistan Law Which see Rule Regional Police Commander Revised Edition Section Supreme Court Supreme Court Reports Tanzania Housing Bank Tanganyika Law Reports (Revised) Tanzania Law Reports United States Versus Volume Weekly Law Reports Zimbabwe Law Reports Zanzibar Law Reports
amicus curiae
audi alteram partem
certiorari
de facto
de jure
de novo ex parte
habeas corpus
intra vires locus standi
mandamus
nolle prosequi
GLOSSARY
a friend of the court; a person who is not engaged in the case, but who brings to the attention of the court a point which has apparently been overlooked. hear the other side; it is a principle of natural justice that no man should be condemned unheard; both sides should be heard before a decision is given; everyone has the right to speak in his or her own defence and to have the case against him or her explained to him or her to be fully informed of. an order of a superior court used to review and to quash decisions of tribunals. in fact; an expression indicating the actual state of circum-stances. by right; by lawful title; by law; as a matter of law; where the title lies. anew; to beginde novois to begin from the beginning. on behalf of; also one part, one side – so, an injunction grantedex parteis an injunction granted after hearing one side only and in a case of great urgency; an application in a judicial proceeding made: (1) by an interested party who is not a party and (2) by one person in the absence of another. normally calledhabeas corpus ad subjiciendum,means that you have the body; a prerogative writ to command a person who is detaining another in custody to produce the body of that person before the court. within its powers. place to stand; a place of standing; a right to be heard, or the legal capacity to challenge some decision. we command; a writ from the High Court ordering perfor-mance of a public duty. do not pursue, unwilling to prosecute; an undertaking by the plaintiff to discontinue an action. In a criminal case the entry of anolle prosequiwhich stays a prosecution on an indictment is made only by the Director of Public Prosecutions or the Attorney General before judgment. It is
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