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Le tourisme comme secteur crucial de l'économie dans nombre de pays de la Méditerranée. Cet ouvrage analyse de ce secteur à partir de l'exemple des politiques de développement soutenable menées par l'ile grecque de Rhodes et la ville de Tyre au Liban.



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Published 01 April 2011
Reads 5
EAN13 9782296806146
Language English

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This book would not have been possible without the European project Mare
Nostrum. Special thanks goes to Carlo Alberto Garzonio and Giorgio
Risicaris from the Università degli Studi di Firenze, Department of
Construction and Restoration (DiCR), the project leaders, for their excellent
coordination and support during the planning stage.
We would also like to thank all partners and associates for their collaboration
and support during the participatory planning missions thus contributing to
the development of the project, these include: the Municipality of Rhodes,
Old Town Office (Greece), The House of Europe in Rhodes (Greece),
University of the Aegean, Laboratory of Tourism Research and Studies
(ETEM) (Greece), the Municipality of Tyre (Lebanon), USJ/Université Saint
Joseph, Faculté des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines & University of
Balamand / MAJAL, Academic Laboratory for Construction and
Reconstruction (Lebanon). We are particularly grateful to Liliane Buccianti -
Barakat and Andreas Papatheodorou for the preface and for supporting this
Special thanks must go to Fabrizio Fuccello DiCR, Mare Nostrum Scientific
Advisor, without whom the project Mare Nostrum would not have been
realised. Without his active support and his Mediterranean ‘perspective’ the
missions in Rhodes and Tyre would have been nowhere near as successful.
A special acknowledgment goes to the working group which has carried out
its duties with enthusiasm and competence Isabelle Toussaint, Emanuela
Galetto and Matteo Robiglio from the Avventura Urbana Ltd.
Obviously, special thanks to all the people who were interviewed and finally
thanks to Kamilah Khatib for her patient support and assistance.

Rosita Di Peri, Raffaella Giordana
(edited by)

A Case of Participatory Approach in Rhodes and Tyre

Euromed Heritage IV Project. EH4 MN150-825

L’Harmattan Italia
via Degli Artisti 15
10124 Torino

5-7 rue de L’École Polytechnique
75005 Paris

This publication has been produced with the assistance of the
European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole
responsibility of Mare Nostrum partner ‘Paralleli’ and can in no way be
taken to reflect the views of the European Union.

Euromed Heritage web site:
Mare Nostrum project web site:
Mare Nostrum e-mail contact:

Mare Nostrum coordinator:
- Università degli Studi di Firenze Dipartimento Costruzioni e Restauro
(DiCR), Sezione di Restauro (Italy).

Mare Nostrum partners:
- Rhodes Municipality, Old Town Office (Greece)
- Tyre Municipality (Lebanon)
- Université Saint-Joseph (USJ), Faculté des Lettres et des Sciences
Humaines & University of Balamand/MAJAL, Academic Laboratory for
Construction and Reconstruction (Lebanon)
- Paralleli, Istituto Euromediterraneo del Nord Ovest (Italia)

Mare Nostrum associates:
- DELARPA, Développement de l’Artisanat et du Patrimoine (Tunisie)
- University of the Aegean, Laboratory of Tourism Research and Studies
(ETEM) (Greece)
- The House of Europe in Rhodes (Greece)
- Associazione Culturale Samotracia (Italia)
- Integrated Heritage Management IHM (Malta)

Cover image, ROSITA DI PERI

© L’Harmattan Italia srl, 2011

Fabrication numérique : Actissia Services, 2012

Figure 1. Waterfront, info points, water
Figure 2. Walls, cultural heritage, bike sharing
Figure 3. Information point position
Figure 4. Linking the waterfronts areas
Figure 5. Increase underwater tourist usage
Figure 6. Enlarge the tourist experience of Tyre
Figure 7. Multicultural and multi-faith Tyre
1. Interview question (mapping the needs)
2. In depth Interviews in Rhodes (mapping the needs)
3. In depth Interviews in Tyre and Saida (mapping the needs)
4. List of participants to the Focus Group 1 (Rhodes)
5. List of participants to the Focus Group 2 (Rhodes)
6. List of participants to the Focus Group 1 (Tyre)
7. List of participants to the Focus Group 2 (Tyre)List of Contributors
LILIANE BUCCIANTI-BARAKAT holds a PhD in Urban Geography, and is
specialised in tourism and heritage. She is a member of the following bodies:
Urban Commission of IGU/UIG, IPEMED, AEFM and the Arab Tourism
Association. She is the Coordinator of the Scientific Research Committee, a
FLSH representative, and head of the Cultural and Tourism Management
programme in the Department of Geography of Saint-Joseph University in
Beirut. She is the editor in chief of the journal Géosphères, based in the
faculty of Classics and Humanities of the same university.
ROSITA DI PERI teaches Institutions, Politics and Society of the Middle East
at the University of Turin. She conducts research in the Department of
Political Studies on democracy and authoritarianism in the Arab world. She is
the author of numerous scientific papers and of a book entitled Il Libano
contemporaneo. Storia, politica, società (Carocci, Rome 2009). She is in
charge of’Culture’at Paralleli - Euro-Mediterranean Institute of the North
EMANUELA GALETTO holds a Bachelor degree in Modern Literature and
Anthropology. Since 2007 she works with Avventura Urbana Ltd. as Project
Coordinator in the communication department. She is also the Project
Manager for several EU funded programmes.
RAFFAELLA GIORDANA is in charge of ‘Tourism’ at Paralleli -
EuroMediterranean Institute of the North West. She is the coordinator of the
Institute for European project Mare Nostrum and other regional projects
related to the themes of tourism and sustainability in the Mediterranean. She
graduated in International Relations at the University of Turin, and she has
spent several years collaborating with organisations and networks involved
in tourism at the national and international levels.
ANDREAS PAPATHEODOROU is Assistant Professor in Industrial Economics
with emphasis on Tourism at the School of Business Administration,
University of the Aegean, Greece. He is also an External Examiner at
Cranfield University and University of Hertfordshire. He gained a MPhil in
Economics and a DPhil in Geography at the University of Oxford and
commenced his academic career at the University of Surrey. He is a Fellow
of the UK Tourism Society and is a board member of the Hellenic Aviation
MATTEO ROBIGLIO co-founder in 1992 of Avventura Urbana Ltd., the first and
main Italian agency specialising in community planning and architecture,
where he is responsible for the design team. He is Professor in Architectural
and Urban design at the Department of Architectural and Industrial Design
(DIPRADI) and member of the board of the Doctorate programme in
Architecture of Turin Polytechnic.
ISABELLE TOUSSAINT is an architect and expert in participatory planning, who
has been a partner and manager at Avventura Urbana Ltd. since 1998. Sheholds a Bachelor degree in Architecture and a Master degree in
Conservation of historic towns and buildings at the Katholieke Universiteit di
Leuven (Belgium) and a Master degree in Architecture and Technologies in
developing Countries (Polytechnic of Turin). From 2007 until 2010 she has
been a consultant for communication in participatory planning for the Agence
Nationale pour la Rénovation Urbaine (ANRU).P r e f a c e
Liliane Buccianti-Barakat

The Mediterranean is both a ‘border’ which divides and a ‘bridge’ which
unites Europe, Asia and Africa.
The Mediterranean Region is crucial to understanding the origins and the
development of many modern societies. The sea has had a major influence
on the history and ways of life of these cultures. It provided a means of trade,
colonisation and war, and was the basis of life (via fishing and the gathering
of other seafood) for numerous communities throughout the ages.
The Phoenicians were earth’s first-known sailors and explorers. Their
cities surrounded the entire Mediterranean Sea, a region they came to
dominate peacefully.
Considered the world’s Cradles of Civilization, the Mediterranean Sea has
been known by a number of names throughout human history. For example
the Romans commonly called it Mare Nostrum (Latin, ‘Our Sea’).
The Mediterranean Region is today a leading tourist destination, focused
primarily around seaside summer holidays.
Many historic port-cities have in recent decades undertaken
redevelopment towards new post-industrial uses centred around meeting the
new demands of tourism. Such uses offer the potential for creating more
sustainable and effective cities but equally they may lead to problems such
as the erosion of heritage, and decreased quality of life through congestion
and pollution.
Overcoming such issues is crucial to the future of many Mediterranean
port cities, since increasing pressures for new tourist sites in the region are
exacerbating long-standing conflicts between economic development and
the preservation of local culture in many cities.
Tourism, Phoenician trade routes and preservation of both built heritage
and local culture by local authorities in 6 port-cities are the main focuses of
the project ‘Mare Nostrum - a heritage trail along the Phoenician maritime
routes and historic port-cities of the Mediterranean’, funded by the Euromed
Heritage IV programme of the European Commission.
Within the project, Paralleli - Istituto Mediterraneo del Nord Ovest
undertook a participatory planning approach. This method already used in
European and American cities aims to approach the complex questions of
local management as well as to successfully negotiate the conflicts between
local stakeholders, focus groups and local authorities.
Mare Nostrum partner in Lebanon, the Université Saint-Joseph, invited
many professors and public actors to a conference on the participatory
approach in urban issues, presenting similar fieldwork experiences in
European countries. Similarly, the Urban Observatory Majal (Institute of
Urban Planning - ALBA) also worked in raising awareness among the majoractors in public consultation through a conference that gathered many
concerned parties and produced a pamphlet presenting an overview,
objectives, proposed reforms and guidelines under the title ‘Promoting Public
Consultation in Urban Policy’ in partnership with USAID, Amideast and the
Lebanese Transparency Association.
This volume gives guidelines of the participatory approach and its
methodology. The two pilot experiences in Rhodes (Greece) and Tyre
(Lebanon) were successful because they brought out unique
‘Mediterranean’ perspectives and proposals that will benefit the Mare
Nostrum project in other Mediterranean locations.

Beyrouth, 01/03/2011