System(e) - Defense & Aerospace
80 Pages
English

System(e) - Defense & Aerospace

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Description

Systems are fashionable but this term is used with such ease that it often hides the wealth of concepts that it implies. This is why this brochure provides, to non-initiated readers and specialists alike, a decidedly didactic approach with concrete examples, realistic role-plays and historical anecdotes.

Using Systems Engineering as its pretext, this awareness book offers a non-expert tour but one that is faithful to key notions to master these famous systems. Prefaced by the president of the French Association on Systems Engineering, this dynamic, lavishly-illustrated text with simple synopsis is the definitive introduction to this burgeoning discipline.


Olivier Terrien is an electronics systems engineer in the defense sector. An active member of the French chapter of the International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE), he is an Auditor for France’s Institution of Advanced Studies of National Defence (IHEDN). Passionate about History, he is raising awareness among a broad public about today’s omnipresent electronics and is popularizing techniques, methods and uses associated to this domain.

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Published by
Published 01 January 2016
Reads 4
EAN13 9791094164051
License: All rights reserved
Language English
Document size 5 MB

Legal information: rental price per page €. This information is given for information only in accordance with current legislation.

From the Greek “sustêma”, which means “together”. The verb “sun histéma” means “establish with” or “connect”.
DefeŶse & AeƌospaĐe ϭϱ
HistoƌiĐal
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Let us Ŷoǁ look at the peƌiod that saǁ the teƌŵ sLJsteŵ appeaƌ thƌough the ƌails aŶd loĐoŵotiǀes of the IŶdustƌial ReǀolutioŶ. This edžaŵple deŵoŶstƌates hoǁ ŵeƌe ŵeĐhaŶiĐal eŶgiŶeeƌiŶg ďeĐaŵe oǀeƌǁhelŵed ďLJ the ĐoŵpledžitLJ of steaŵ eŶgiŶes, the ƌapid eŵeƌgeŶĐe of Ŷeǁ eĐoŶoŵiĐ ŵaƌkets aŶd the soĐial tƌaŶsfoƌŵatioŶ of a ǁoƌld uŶtil theŶ
DefeŶse & AeƌospaĐe ϭϳ
puŶĐtuated ďLJ the steps of ŵaŶ oƌ his hoƌse. As tiŵe passed ŵoƌe ƋuiĐklLJ aŶd distaŶĐes gƌeǁ shoƌteƌ, Ŷeǁ teĐhŶiƋues, ĐoŶĐepts aŶd tools that ǁeƌe iŶĐƌeasiŶglLJ diffiĐult to uŶdeƌstaŶd ďLJ oŶe ŵaŶ ďeĐaŵe ŶeĐessaƌLJ. Fƌoŵ this edžaŵple appeaƌ aĐtiǀities ǁith diffeƌeŶt speĐifiĐ featuƌes ďut ĐoŵŵoŶ ƌefeƌeŶĐes iŶ oƌdeƌ to deǀelop ŵaĐhiŶes to ĐoŶƋueƌ a ǁoƌld iŶ the full sǁiŶg of ƌeǀolutioŶ.
FiŶallLJ, let’s fiŶish this ͞pƌe-histoƌLJ͟ Đouƌse iŶ sLJsteŵs eŶgiŶeeƌiŶg ďLJ the huge daŵs that uŶited effoƌts afteƌ the ϭϵϮϵ Đƌisis. This edžaŵple deŵoŶstƌates hoǁ diffiĐult it is to deliǀeƌ to a giǀeŶ ďudget aŶd sĐhedule. To ĐaƌƌLJ out these huge pƌojeĐts, Điǀil eŶgiŶeeƌs ŵasteƌed the latest ĐoŶstƌuĐtioŶ teĐhŶiƋues of the tiŵe. But theLJ iŵagiŶed the futuƌe poǁeƌ sLJsteŵ iŶ teƌŵs of plaŶŶiŶg ǁoƌk, aŶd of the ƌisks of oǀeƌƌuŶŶiŶg ďudgets, etĐ. Fƌoŵ this edžaŵple, eŶgiŶeeƌiŶg aŶd pƌojeĐt ŵaŶageŵeŶt Đoŵe to the foƌe to ŵeet a deŵaŶd foƌ ďoth the edžpeĐted teĐhŶiĐal peƌfoƌŵaŶĐe aŶd the iŶitiallLJ defiŶed dates aŶd Đosts.
Combine a multitude of elements together.Organization and standardi-zation during the construction of Roman aqueducts brought water to the heart of antique cities. They also distributed Roman culture all throughout the Mediterranean region.
ϭϴ “Y“TEM;EͿ
Performthemission in spiteofconstraints.Thelarge Americandams introducednew methodsandinnovativetoolstomeetdeadlines,costsandlevels ofperformance dened in orders.
AŶalLJƟĐ ǀs. SLJsteŵiĐ
To addƌess these keLJ ǁoƌds, let’s go ďaĐk to the ďaĐk to the DisĐouƌs de la MĠthode aŶd the ďasiĐs of the aŶalLJƟĐal appƌoaĐh. IŶ ϭϲϯϳ, DesĐaƌtes ǁƌote ͞to diǀide eaĐh of the diffiĐulƟes uŶdeƌ edžaŵiŶaƟoŶ iŶto as ŵaŶLJ paƌts as possiďle, aŶd as ŵight ďe ŶeĐessaƌLJ foƌ theiƌ adeƋuate soluƟoŶ… iŶ eǀeƌLJ Đase to ŵake eŶuŵeƌaƟoŶs so Đoŵplete, aŶd ƌeǀieǁs so geŶeƌal, that I ŵight ďe assuƌed that ŶothiŶg ǁas oŵiƩed͟. BLJ ƌeduĐiŶg the ĐoŵpledžitLJ of thiŶgs iŶto as ŵaŶLJ ďasiĐ ĐoŵpoŶeŶts as ŶeĐessaƌLJ, this iŶtelleĐtual appƌoaĐh pƌoǀes ǁell suited to the studLJ of siŵple ŵaĐhiŶes, staďle fields oƌ hoŵogeŶous gƌoups. IŶ the aďoǀe edžaŵples, ǁe oďseƌǀe aŶ iŶĐƌease iŶ the ĐoŵpledžitLJ of thiŶgs studied. IŶteƌaĐ-ƟoŶs ďetǁeeŶ ĐoŵpoŶeŶts do Ŷot ƌeŵaiŶ addiƟǀe oƌ pƌopoƌƟoŶal. BouŶdaƌies fluĐtuate aŶd tuƌŶ out to ďe uŶĐeƌtaiŶ. This ƌealitLJ ƌeƋuiƌes a diffeƌeŶt appƌoaĐh, aŶd so it ǁas that the “LJsteŵ appƌoaĐh ŵade its appeaƌaŶĐe.
This ĐoŶĐept — ŵoƌe a ĐoŵpleŵeŶt thaŶ aŶ opposiƟoŶ to the usual ƌules — eŵeƌged iŶ the ŶiŶeteeŶth ĐeŶtuƌLJ duƌiŶg the “eĐoŶd IŶdustƌial ReǀoluƟoŶ. It gƌeǁ stƌoŶglLJ iŶ the ŵiddle of the tǁeŶƟeth ĐeŶtuƌLJ ǁith the deŵaŶd foƌ defeŶĐe sLJsteŵs aŶd spaĐe sLJsteŵs aŶd ǁith the aƌƌiǀal of ĐLJďeƌŶeƟĐs
DefeŶse & AeƌospaĐe ϭϵ
IŵpoƌtaŶt dates of SE as a disĐipliŶe:
1829 Rocket Locomotive; progenitor of main-line railway motive power
1937 British multi-disciplinary team of analyze the air defense system
1939-1945 Bell Labs supported NIKE development
1951-1980 SAGE Air Defense System defined and managed by MIT
1956 Invention of systems analysis by RAND Corporation
1962 Publication of a Methodology for Systems Engineering
1969 Jay Forrester; Modeling Urban Systems at MIT
1990 NCOSE established (National Council On Systems Engineering)
1995 INCOSE emerged from NCOSE to incorporate international view
ϮϬ “Y“TEM;EͿ
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