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Common Mistakes in English Vocabulary : Words Often Confused and Misused in English

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هذا الكتاب يتحدث عن الأخطاء الشائعة في مفردات اللغة الإنجليزية، وهو مقسم إلى فصول: (Preface, Words often confused and misused, Idioms, Common mistakes, Don’t say؟ Say, Exercises with model answers, Model answers and Exercises without model answer).

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Published 01 January 2010
Reads 5
EAN13 9796500118789
Language English
Document size 1 MB

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Common Mîsakes ïn Engîs Vocabuary تادﺮـﻔﻣ ﰲ ﺔﻌﺋﺎﺸﻟا ءﺎﻄﺧﻷا ﺔـﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﺔـﻐﻠﻟا
Words oten conused & mîsused în Engîs
ﻰــﻔﻄﺼﻣ ضﻮــﻌﻣ فﺮــﺷأ
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ﻲﻣﻼﻋﻹا جﺎﺘﻧﻹاو ﴩﻨﻠﻟ ﺲﻠﻃأ
ةرادﻹا ﺲــﻠﺠﻣ ﺲـــﻴﺋر يﺮــــﺼﳌا لدﺎــــﻋ
بﺪﺘﻨﳌا ةرادﻹا ﺲﻠﺠﻣ ﻮﻀﻋ ﻦــــﻴﺴﺣ مﺎــــﺴﺣ
عاﺪــﻳﻹا ﻢــﻗر ٢٠١٠/٢١٢٤٦٠
ﻲــﻟوﺪﻟا ﻢــﻴﻗﱰﻟا ٩٧٨-٩٧٧-٣٩٩-١٦١-٠
ﻰــﻟوﻷا ﺔــﻌﺒﻄﻟا
ﺔــﺜﻳﺪﺤﻟا رﻮــﺒﻌﻟا ﻊـــﺑﺎﻄﻣ
٤٦٦٥١٥٩٩ :ف ٤٦٦٥١٠١٣ :ت
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ﺔـﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﺔﻐﻠﻟا تادﺮﻔﻣ ﰲ ﺔﻌﺋﺎﺸﻟا ءﺎﻄﺧﻷا :بﺎــــــــــــﺘﻜﻟا ﻰــــــــﻔﻄﺼﻣ ضﻮـــــــﻌﻣ فﺮــــــﺷأ :ﻒـــــــــــــﻟﺆﳌا يدﺮـــــــــــــــــــــﻜﻟا ةﺮـــــــــﻴـﻤﺳ :فﻼـــــــــــــﻐﻟا م.م.ش ﻲﻣﻼﻋﻹا جﺎﺘﻧﻹاو ﴩﻨﻠﻟ ﺲﻠﻃأ :ﺮـــــــــــــﺷﺎﻨﻟا ةﺮﻫﺎﻘﻟا - نﺳﺪﻨﻬﳌا - ﻞﻴﻨﻟا يداو ش٢٥E-maï:aas@ïnnovaïons-co.com
٣٣٤٦٥٨٥٠ - ٣٣٠٤٢٤٧١ - ٣٣٠٢٧٩٦٥ :ﻮــــــــﻔﻴﻠﺗ
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٣٣٠٢٨٣٢٨ :ﺲــــــــــــــﻛﺎﻓ
Common Mîsakes ïn Engîs Vocabuary تادﺮـﻔﻣ ﰲ ﺔﻌﺋﺎﺸﻟا ءﺎﻄﺧﻷا ﺔـﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﺔـﻐﻠﻟا Words oten conused & mîsused în Engîs ﻰــﻔﻄﺼﻣ ضﻮــﻌﻣ فﺮــﺷأ
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Mosafa, Ashraf Moawad, Common mïsakes ïn Engïsh vocabuaryءﺎﻄﺧﻷا ﺔﻳﺰﻴﻠﺠﻧﻹا ﺔﻐﻠﻟا تادﺮﻔﻣ ﰲ ﺔﻌﺋﺎﺸﻟا/ Ashraf Moawad Mosafa.-Gïza: Aas for Pubïshïng and Medïa Producïon, 2010,
400 P., 24 cm.
ISBN: 978 977 399 161 0
1- Engïsh Language Vocabuary
I- Tïe.
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428.1
A Dedîcaîon
To a who are cose o he hear.
To a who are dear o he sou.
ءاﺪـﻫإ
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.ﺐﻠﻘﻟا ﱃإ ﺐﻳﺮﻗ ﻮﻫ ﻦﻣ ﻞﻛ ﱃإ
.ﺲﻔﻨﻟا ﲆﻋ ﺰﻳﺰﻋ ﻮﻫ ﻦﻣ ﻞﻛ ﱃإ
.ﺎﻣأ ﻲﺘﻨﺑاو ،ﻰﻔﻄﺼﻣ ﻲﻨﺑاو ،ﺎإ ﻲﺘﻨﺑا ﱃإ To my daugher Eman, my son Mousafa and my daugher Amany.
I dedïcae hïs book.
he Auor ﻰﻔﻄﺼﻣ ضﻮﻌﻣ فﴍأ
ﻖﻴﻓﻮﺘﻟا ﱄو ﻪﻠﻟاو
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بﺎﺘﻜﻟا اﺬﻫ يﺪﻫأ
Common Mïsakes
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Preace
COMMON MïSTAKES Here are jus a few exampes of common mïsakes ﺔﻌﺋﺎﺷ ءﺎﻄﺧأmade by sudens of Engïsh as a foreïgn anguage ïn he UK:
One and a a -Wrong: “I’ve been ïn Scoand for one and a haf monh” (or “one monh haf ”) -Rîg: “I’ve been ïn Scoand for one and a haf monhs” One and a haf ïs more han one, so he noun (monh) mus be pura ﻊﻤﺟ (“monhs”). I ïs beer no o spï numbers: “one and a haf monhs”, no “one monh and a haf ”.
he UK -Wrong: “I ïke UK very much” -Rîg: “I ïke he UK very much” “UK” ïs shor for “Unïed Kïngdom”; “kïngdom” ïs a noun, so ï needs جﺎﺘﺤﺗ an arïce ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻣ ةادأ (eg: “a” or “he”) - here ïs ony one Unïed Kïngdom, so ï mus be “he Unïed Kïngdom”.
Amos a -Wrong: “Amos of he peope ïn my cass are Japanese” -Rîg: “Amos a of he peope ïn my cass are Japanese” or “Neary a of he peope ïn my cass are Japanese” or “Amos everybody ïn my cass ïs Japanese” e senence “Mos of he peope ïn my cass are Japanese” ïs correc. Bu when you wan o sress ﺪﻛﺄﺗ ha here are very few peope from oher counrïes ïn your cass, you mus say “Amos a of he peope ïn my cass are Japanese”.
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Common Mïsakes
Engîs -Wrong: Sayïng ha someone from Waes, Scoand or Ireand ïs “Engïsh” -Rîg: You can ca someone from Waes “Wesh” or “Brïïsh”. You can ca someone from Scoand “Scoïsh” or “Brïïsh”. You can ca someone from Ireand “Irïsh” (or “Norhern Irïsh” ïf he person ïs from Norhern Ireand) You need o know somehïng abou he hïsory of he Unïed Kïngdom o undersand why hïs mïsake annoys peope. For deaïs, see: Brïaïn/Counrïes. Scary You are frïghened ﻒﺋﺎﺧ abou somehïng. -Wrong: “I’m scary” -Rîg: “I’m scared” If you say “I’m scary” ï means ha you make oher peope afraïd of you (ïke a monser ﺶﺣو or a ghos ﺢﺒﺷ). Agreeîng wî negaîve saemens Your frïend says: “I don’ ïke my eacher” -Wrongrepy: “Me oo” -Rîgrepy: “Me neïher” (or “I don’ ïke mïne eïher”) If a person makes a negaïve saemen - where he maïn verb ﴘﻴﺋﺮﻟا ﻞﻌﻔﻟا ïs made negaïve usïng “no” - and you agree ﻊﻣ ﻖﻓاﻮﺗ wïh wha has been saïd, you shoud say “Me neïher”.
Your frïend says: “I dïsïke my eacher” -Wrong repy:“Me neïher” -Rîg repy:“Me oo” (or “I dïsïke mïne oo”) Even hough he saemen ïn hïs second exampe expresses he same ïdea ﻦﻋ ﱪﻌﺗ ةﺮﻜﻔﻟا ﺲﻔﻧ as ïn he irs exampe, he maïn verb has no been made negaïve usïng “no”.
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Common Mïsakes
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Answerîng negaîve quesîons You don’ ïke your eacher. Your frïend asks you: “Don’ you ïke your eacher?” -Wrong repy:“Yes” -Rîg repy:“No” or “No, I don’” If someone asks you a quesïon ïn whïch he maïn verb has been made negaïve usïng “no”, you shoud answer “no” ïf you agree wïh he saemen form of he quesïon (ïn hïs case he saemen form of he quesïon ïs “You do no ïke your eacher”). To avoïd ﺐﻨﺠﺘﺗ any possïbe mïsundersandïng ﻢﻫﺎﻔﺗ ءﻮﺳ, ï ïs beer ﻞﻀﻓﻷا ﻦﻣ o repea he negaïve verb or o answer usïng a fu senence (“No, I don’” or “No, I don’ ïke my eacher”)
You don’ ïke your eacher. Your frïend asks you: “You don’ ïke your eacher, do you?” -Wrongrepy: “Yes” -Rîgrepy: “No” or “No, I don’” e maïn verb ïs sï “do no ïke”. e “do you?” a he end ïs jus a way of urnïng he saemen “You don’ ïke your eacher” ïno a quesïon.
You ïke your eacher. Your frïend asks you: “Don’ you ïke your eacher?” - Wrong repy: “No”, or jus “Yes” - Rïgh repy: “Yes - I ïke her” e person askïng a negaïve quesïon ïs expecïng you ﻚﻨﻣ ﻊﻗﻮﺘﻣo agree by sayïng “no”, so ïf you wan o dïsagree ﻖﻓاﻮﺗ ﻻ(because you ïke your eacher) you need o sress ﺪﻛﺄﺗ your answer. In hïs case ﺔﻟﺎﺤﻟا هﺬﻫ ﰲ ï ïs done by sressïng he word “yes”, and o make your meanïng cear you shoud say a fu senence.
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Common Mïsakes
You ïke your eacher. Your frïend asks you: “You don’ ïke your eacher, do you?” -Wrong repy: “No”, or jus “Yes” -Rîg repy: “Oh yes I do” “Oh yes I do” ïs a way of dïsagreeïng wïh a quesïon ha ends “do you?” (sïmïary, ïf someone says, “You aren’ hungry, are you?” and you fee hungry, you can answer “Oh yes I am”).
One word or wo? Some words are made by combïnïng wo shor words whïch each have ony one sound (monosyabes). I ïs a common mïsake o wrïe hese usïng wo words ïnsead of as ً one. ﻦﻣ ﻻﺪﺑ - Wrong: bed room, bah room, good nïgh, on ïne - Rïgh: bedroom, bahroom, goodnïgh, onïne
Very You canno use مﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ أ ﻊﻴﻄﺘﺴﺗ ﻻ “very” ogeher wïh an adjecïve ﺔﻔﺻ whïch aready ﻞﻌﻔﻟﺎﺑ has he ïdea ةﺮﻜﻓ of beïng “very” somehïng. Exampes of hese kïnds of adjecïves are: “deïcïous” means “very asy ا ّﺪﺟ ﺬﻳﺬﻟ”, enormous means “very bïg ﺒﻛ ا ّﺪﺟ”, “ovey” means “very nïce ا ّﺪﺟ ﻒﻴﻄﻟ”, “grea” means “very good”. - Wrong: “Brïïsh food ïs very deïcïous” - Rïgh: “Brïïsh food ïs deïcïous”
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