Rhetoric of Literate Action, A

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Undertaken by one of the most learned and visionary scholars in the field, this work has a comprehensive and culminating quality to it, tracking major lines of insight into writing as a human practice and articulating the author's intellectual progress as a theorist and researcher across a career.

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Published 12 September 2013
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A RHETORIC OF LITERATE ACTION A R H E TO R I C O F L I T E R AT E AC T I O N L I T E R AT E AC T I O N VO LU M E1
g-e
or
CharlesBazerman
PERSPECTIVES ON WRITING Serîes Edîtor, Susan H. Mceod
PERSPECTIVES ON WRITING Serîes Edîtor, Susan H. Mceod
he Perspectîves on Wrîtîng serîes addresses wrîtîng studîes în a broad sense. Consîstent wît te wîde rangîng approaces caracterîstîc o teacîng and scoarsîp în wrîtîng across te currîcuum, te serîes presents works tat take dîvergent perspectîves on workîng as a wrîter, teacîng wrîtîng, admînîsterîng wrîtîng programs, and studyîng wrîtîng în îts varîous orms.
he WAC Cearîngouse and Paror Press are coaboratîng so tat tese books wî be wîdey avaîabe troug ree dîgîta dîstrîbutîon and ow-cost prînt edî-tîons. he pubîsers and te Serîes edîtor are teacers and researcers o wrît-îng, commîtted to te prîncîpe tat knowedge soud reey cîrcuate. We see te opportunîtîes tat new tecnoogîes ave or urter democratîzîng know-edge. And we see tat to sare te power o wrîtîng îs to sare te means or a to artîcuate teîr needs, înterest, and earnîng înto te great experîment o îteracy.
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A RHETORIC OF LITERATE ACTION: LITERATE ACTION VOLUME 1
Cares Bazerman
he WAC Cearîngouse wac.coostate.edu Fort Coîns, Coorado
Paror Press www.parorpress.com Anderson, Sout Caroîna
he WAC Cearîngouse, Fort Coîns, Coorado 80523-1052 Paror Press, 3015 Brackenberry Drîve, Anderson, Sout Caroîna 29621
© 2013 by Cares Bazerman. hîs work îs îcensed under a Creatîve Commons Attrî-butîon-Noncommercîa-No Derîvatîve Works 3.0 Unîted States îcense.
Prînted în te Unîted States o Amerîca
îbrary o Congress Cataogîng-în-Pubîcatîon Data
Bazerman, Cares.  A Retorîc o îterate Actîon : îterate Actîon voume 1 / Cares Bazerman.  pages cm. -- (Perspectîves on Wrîtîng)  ïncudes bîbîograpîca reerences and îndex.  ïSBN 978-1-60235-473-9 (pbk. : acîd-ree paper) -- ïSBN 978-1-60235-474-6 (ardcover : acîd-ree paper) -- ïSBN 978-1-60235-475-3 (adobe ebook) -- ïSBN 978-1-60235-476-0 (epub) 1. Retorîc. 2. Wrîtten communîcatîon. ï. Tîte.  P301.B365 2013  808--dc23  2013033946
Copyedîtor: Don Donaue Desîgner: Mîke Pamquîst Serîes Edîtor: Susan H. Mceod
hîs book îs prînted on acîd-ree paper.
he WAC Cearîngouse supports teacers o wrîtîng across te dîscîpînes. Hosted by Coorado State Unîversîty, ît brîngs togeter scoary journas and book serîes as we as resources or teacers wo use wrîtîng în teîr courses. hîs book îs avaî-abe în dîgîta ormat or ree downoad at ttp://wac.coostate.edu.
Paror Press, C îs an îndependent pubîser o scoary and trade tîtes în prînt and mutîmedîa ormats. hîs book îs avaîabe în paperback, cot, and Adobe eBook ormats rom Paror Press at ttp://www.parorpress.com. For submîssîon înormatîon or to Ind out about Paror Press pubîcatîons, wrîte to Paror Press, 3015 Brackenberry Drîve, Anderson, Sout Caroîna 29621, or e-maî edîtor@ parorpress.com.
CONTENTS
Introduction � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �3 Capter 1� Retorics of Speaking and Writing � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �7 Face-to-Face Speec . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Codes and Contexts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Communîcatîon at a Dîstance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Retorîc and Wrîtîng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Orîgîns o Retorîc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Capter 2� Knowing Were You Are: Genre � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �21 he Textua Markîng o Sîtuatîonaîty and Actîvîty . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Conventîona Forms and ïnabîtatîons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Actîvîty Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Texts wîtîn Actîvîty Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Recognîzîng Genres. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Persona and Pubîc Hîstorîes wît Genres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Wat Do We earn rom Experîence wît Genres? . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Genres as a Frame or Readîng and Wrîtîng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Recognîzabe Aspects o Genre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Genres as a Potentîa Space o Readîng and îts Troubes. . . . . . . . . .35 So Were Are We? Have We et te Materîa Word Beînd? . . . .37 Dîspayîng te Materîa Condîtîons o Texts’ Creatîon and Use . . .40 Capter 3� Wen You Are � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �43 Wrîtîng and te Hîstory o Cutura Moments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 Wrîtîng and Actîon Moments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 ïndîvîdua and Group Perceptîon o Moments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Typîca Actîon Sequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 ïnLuencîng te Future . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 he Tîme Wîtîn te Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 he Temporaîty o Mutîpe Texts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 Tîme to Produce Texts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56 Capter 4� he World of Texts: Intertextuality � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �59 ïntertextuaîty ïs îke and Unîke Oter Spatîa and Tempora Notîons o Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59 Extensîveness and Sape o ïnvoked ïntertext . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62 he ïntertext as a Vîrtua heater o Actîon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64
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Contents
Capter 5� Canging te Landscape: Kairos, Social Facts, and Speec Acts � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �65 Creatîng and ïnLuencîng te Sîtuatîon în te Here and Now . . . . . 65 Condîtîons Not o Our Own Makîng, hat We Constanty Remake: Socîa Facts and Speec Acts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Kaîros and Exîgency în Embodîed Face-to-Face Sîtuatîons . . . . . . . 71 Kaîros and Exîgency în te ïntertext . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Capter 6� Emergent Motives, Situations, Forms � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �77 TypîIed Motîves and Forms o Actîon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77 Emergent Motîvatîons în Emergent Sîtes o Actîon . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Scoo Wrîtîng, Scoo Sîtuatîon, and Scoo Motîves . . . . . . . . . . 81 Gradua Evoutîon o Sîtuatîon and Our Motîves Wîtîn ït . . . . . . 84 Capter 7� Text Strategics � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �87 he Core o Strategîc Wrîtîng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 he Crucîa Ordînarîness and ack o Contentîousness o Most Wrîtîng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 he Paces o ïnormatîon and Reasonîng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Capter 8� Emergent Form and te Processes of Forming Meaning � � � �99 We-Known Genres and Sedîmented Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 he Work to Do Wîtîn Genres: Makîng o Meanîng. . . . . . . . . . 100 he Work o Academîc Genres: earnîng hroug Probem Sovîng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Gîvîng Sape to hougt: he Paradoxes o Form. . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Beîng Practîca About Paradoxes: Bîddîng te Muse . . . . . . . . . . . 104 From te Outsîde ïn: Understandîng te Meanîng o Form . . . . . 104 From te ïnsîde Out: Mîdwîvîng Emergent Meanîngs . . . . . . . . . 106 Back and Fort: Between Externa Form and ïnterna ïmpuses . . 107 Draty Drats and ïnterîm Texts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Capter 9� Meanings and Representations � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �111 A Pace or Everytîng and Everytîng în ïts Pace . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Were and How to Get ïnormatîon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Ontoogy and Epîstemoogy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 ïndexîng and Representîng Oter Texts: ïntertextuaîty. . . . . . . . . 116 Representîng te Meanîng o te ïntertext . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 Dîscîpînary and Proessîona îteratures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Contents
Capter 10� Spaces and Journeys for Readers: Organization and Movement � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �123 Startîng te Journey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 Tyîng te Pîeces Togeter: Coesîve Devîces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 Coerence în te Reasonîng and Representatîon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 he Syncronous Spatîa Pîcture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 he Gradua Deveopment o te Spatîa Mode o Meanîng. . . . . 132 ookîng Back . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Capter 11� Style and Revision � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �137 Emerged Meanîngs and Reatîons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 Genre, Decorum, Regîster, and Actîvîty Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Revîsîon or Stye and Beyond. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Dîicutîes în Adoptîng te Revîsîon Perspectîve. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 DeInîng Wat to ook or în Revîsîon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 Revîsîon and te Proessîona Stance toward Wrîtîng . . . . . . . . . . 144 Capter 12� Managing Writing Processes and te Emergent Text � � � � �147 ïdentîyîng and Workîng wît Wrîtîng Epîsodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 Deveopîng and Maîntaînîng te Wrîtîng Orîentatîon . . . . . . . . . 149 Resîstances to Wrîtîng . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Promptîng and Acceptîng te Muse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Trustîng te Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 îvîng wît Our îmîtatîons wîe Demandîng te Best . . . . . . . . 158 Beîng Prepared or te Atermat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 References � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � �163
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A RHETORIC OF LITERATE ACTION: LITERATE ACTION VOLUME 1
1