Uses of Grammar, The

-

English
351 Pages
Read an excerpt
Gain access to the library to view online
Learn more

Description

In this second edition of The Uses of Grammar, Judith Rodby and W. Ross Winterowd develop their successful first edition with new examples, more discussion questions and exercises, and clear explanations of the grammatical principles that teach students to understand grammar conceptually and deeply. The first edition has been completely redesigned visually to enhance learning and retention. Rodby and Winterowd’s The Uses of Grammar 2e is an accessible approach grounded in deep understanding of language acquisition, structure, and even the rhetoric of everyday use. The Uses of Grammar 2e integrates traditional, structural, and functional concepts with ideas from contemporary linguistics and grammatical study. Rather than simply partition the study of grammar from the bottom up—from the parts to the whole—Rodby and Winterowd employ a unique structure based on the differentiation of form and function.

Subjects

Informations

Published by
Published 03 December 2011
Reads 0
EAN13 9781602352520
Language English
Document size 1 MB

Legal information: rental price per page 0.0062€. This information is given for information only in accordance with current legislation.

Report a problem
îrst edition with new examples, more discussion questions and exercises, and clear explanations of the grammatical principles that teach students to understand grammar conceptually and deeply. The îrst edition has been completely redesigned visually to enhance learning and retention. Rodby and Winterowd’s accessible approach grounded in deep understanding of language acquisition, structure, and even the rhetoric of integrates traditional, structural, and functional concepts with ideas from contemporary linguistics and grammatical study. Rather than simply partition the study of grammar from the bottom up—from the parts to the whole—Rodby and Winterowd employ a unique structure based on the . This structure is framed around three questions: What are the forms in the grammar of American English? How do those forms function in that grammar? How are they used in real-life speaking and writing to achieve speciîc purposes? Students may learn, for example, how a variety of -cluding nouns, pronouns, verbals, and clauses) can all as nominals. This form/function approach ensures that students learn the uses of grammar as both an object of study and as the living text of social interaction.
thus uses living language to illustrate the practical applications of grammar in our lives. These examples are drawn from a wide variety of sources—newspapers, magazines, books, and the writings of undergraduate students--and from such writers and speakers as Ronald Reagan, Shirley Chisholm, Groucho Marx, Mark Twain, and Jane Addams. Class-tested and reîned to be student- and instructor-friendly, also features “For Discussion” sections that enhance students’ understanding of the principles covered in the text and encourage classroom discussion. “Using Grammar” sections show students how to think about grammar’s function in social relations. “Language Learning” sections summarize critical concepts. Chapter Previews and Chapter Reviews help students anticipate the new principles, rules, and concepts to follow and reinforce learning. Exercises ask students to rehearse new learning, and Challengers ask them to apply this learning to broader issues or more complex problems.
Judith Rodby joined the faculty at California State University, Chico in 1989 after înishing her PhD in the rhetoric, linguistics, and literature program at the University of Southern California. She has been the composition coordinator, writing center director, and coordinator of basic writing. She is currently working primarily in the îeld of English education and is coordinator for the National Writing Project’s National Reading Initiative. She has published in composition, ESL, youth development, and English education.
W. Ross Winterowd was the Bruce R. McElderry Professor Emeritus, University of Southern California, where he founded its PhD program in Rhetoric, Linguistics, and Literature. He authored, coauthored, or edited many essays, reviews, poems, and books, includingASEARCHING FOR FAITH: SKEPTIC’S JOURNEYParlor Press), (1989, Oxford),(2004, Parlor Press), (2007, ATTITUDES: SELECTED PROSE AND POETRYfrom thethe Exemplar Award, received the îeld’s highest honor, 2010, he Press). In (2010, Parlor Conference on College Composition and Communication. He passed away in January, 2011, shortly after completing work on
3015 Brackenberry Drive Anderson, South Carolina 29621 http://www.parlorpress.com S A N: 2 5 4 – 8 8 7 9 ISBN 978-1-60235-252-0
RODBY WINTEROWD
THE USES OF GRAMMAR THE USES OF GRAMMAR
2E
ARLOR PRESS
GLAMOUR
SECOND EDITION
WRITE
EVERYDAY USE
PURPOSE
SPEAK
IDEAS
FORM
FUNCTION
JUDITH RODBY
W. ROSS WINTEROWD
The Uses of Grammar
The Uses of Grammar
Second Edition
Judith Rodby
W. Ross Winterowd
Paror Press Anderson, Sout Caroîna www.parorpress.com
Paror Press C, Anderson, Sout Caroîna, USA
© 212 by Paror Press A rîgts reserved. Prînted în te Unîted States o Amerîca
S A N: 2 5 4 - 8 8 7 9
 îbrary o Congress Cataogîng-în-Pubîcatîon Data
Rodby, Judît. Te uses o grammar / Judît Rodby, W. Ross Wînterowd. -- 2nd ed.  p. cm. ïncudes bîbîograpîca reerences and îndex.  ïSBN 978-1-6235-25-6 (pbk. : acîd-ree paper) -- ïSBN 978-1-6235-251-3 (mobî) --ïSBN 978-1-6235-252- (Adobe eBook) -- ïSBN 978-1-6235-253-7 (ePub) 1. Grammar, Comparatîve and genera. 2. înguîstîc anaysîs (înguîstîcs) ï. Wînterowd, W. Ross. ïï. Tîte. P151.R69 211 415--dc23  21146788
1 2 3 4 5
ïnterîor ayout by Cesîe Messenger. Cover desîgn by Davîd Bakesey. Te îrst edîtîon o tîs book was pubîsed by Oxord Unîversîty Press. Prînted on acîd-ree paper.
Paror Press, C îs an îndependent pubîser o scoary and trade tîtes în prînt and mu-tîmedîa ormats. Tîs book îs avaîabe în paper and dîgîta ormats rom Paror Press on te Word Wîde Web at ttp://www.parorpress.com or troug onîne and brîck-and-mortar bookstores. For submîssîon înormatîon or to înd out about Paror Press pubîcatîons, wrîte to Paror Press, 315 Brackenberry Drîve, Anderson, Sout Caroîna, 29621, or e-maî edî-tor@parorpress.com.
C
o
n
t
e
n
t
s
Prefacevii Forms, Functions, Usesvii Featuresvii Language Learning and English as a Second Language The Flexibility of This Bookviii An Attitude Toward Grammarix The Ongoing Processix Acknowledgmentsix
viii
1 The Uses of Grammar3 Chapter Preview3 What Is Grammar?3 Why Study Grammar?4 History of the Uses of Grammar4 The Greeks and the Romans5 The Latin Influence on English Grammar6 Noah Webster: Grammar as a Description of Language7 Structuralism8 Behaviorism9 Transformational or Universal Grammar10 Three Views of Grammar11 Using Grammar: Usage11 Constitutive Rules12 Regulative Rules12 Regulative Rules and Prescriptive Grammar13
v
Contents
Using Grammar: Language Learning Chapter Review18
15
2 Getting Started: Some Important Concepts19 Chapter Preview19 Grammaticality: Why Is This a Very Important Concept? Grammaticality, Appropriateness, and Formality23 Grammatical Judgments24 Form and Function26 Sentences: Subject and Predicate26 Phrases28 The Parts of Speech30 Form-Class Words31 Function Words (Structure-Class Words)32 Substitution, Addition, Deletion, Movement34 Chapter Review36
3 The Forms of Words: Morphology37 Chapter Preview37 The Lexicon38 Sources of Words in the English Lexicon38 Old English (Anglo-Saxon)38 Languages Other than English39 Compounds39 Acronyms40 Blends40 Abbreviations40 Back-Formations40 Morphemes41 Bound and Free Morphemes41 Prefixes and Suffixes41 Morphemes and Parts of Speech (Derivational Morphemes) Inflectional Morphemes43 Chapter Review43
21
41
4 Basic Sentence Types45 Chapter Preview45 An Illustrative List of the Sentence Types45 Structure of the Basic Sentence Types46 Transitive46 Intransitive47 Linking48 Basic Sentence Types’ Relationship to Other Structures Chapter Review53
5 Verbs: Tense, Auxiliary Verbs, and Modals Chapter Preview55 Verbs56 Definition of Verbs56 Notional Definition56 Formal Definition57 Present Tense59 Past Tense59 Functional Definition60 More Functional Tests for Verbs63 The Verb and the ConjunctionAnd66 Tense67 Traditional Names for Tenses67 Tense and Time67 Auxiliary Verbs and Modals70 Do71 Modals72 Irregular and Periphrastic Modals73 Modals and Tense74 Recapitulation74 Chapter Review77
55
49
Contents
vîî
Contents
vîîî
6 Verbs: Perfect and Progressive Aspect79 Chapter Preview79 Aspect79 Perfect Aspect (HAVE + EN)80 The Rule for Perfect Aspect with Either Tense or Modal Progressive Aspect (BE + ING)85 Perfect Progressive Aspect87 The AUX Rule89 Verb Groups and the Sentence91 Finite and Nonfinite Verb Forms92 Chapter Review93
83
7 Negative, Interrogative, Imperative, Passive95 Chapter Preview95 Review of Chapters 4 and 596 Negative97 With Auxiliaries97 Without Auxiliaries: Transitive and Nontransitive Verbs97 Without Auxiliaries:Be97 Interrogative100 Yes/No Questions100 Sentences with AuxiliariesDo, Modal,Have,Be100 Sentences in Which Aux Is Only TN100 Sentences withBeas Main Verb101 Wh- Questions101 Imperatives105 Passive Voice105 Stative Passive111 Chapter Review112
8 Nominals: Nouns and Noun Phrases, NonfiniteVerbs Chapter Preview113 Nominals and Noun Phrases114
113
Defining Nouns115 Notional Definition115 Formal Definition115 Functional Definition117 Common and Proper Nouns126 Proper Nouns126 Common Nouns129 Singular and Plural (Number)130 The -(e)sPlural130 Irregular (Mutation) Plurals131 The -(e)nPlural131 Plurals from Languages Other than English131 Count and Noncount Nouns133 Determiner134 Nominals—Nonfinite Verbs: Present Participles, Gerunds, and Infinitives138 Gerunds138 Infinitives139 Chapter Review141
9 Nominals: Pronouns143 Chapter Preview143 Cases144 Compound Personal Pronouns149 Reciprocal Pronouns153 Demonstrative Pronouns154 Interrogative Pronouns156 Indefinite Pronouns157 Itas Slot Filler158 Relative Pronouns160 Personal Pronouns162 Compound Personal Pronouns162
Contents
îx