Sustainability, Climate Change and the Green Economy
288 Pages
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Sustainability, Climate Change and the Green Economy


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Learn more
288 Pages


Written by 18 authors, this book on Sustainability, Climate Change and the Green Economy brings together insights at the nexus of the four key concepts embedded in its title. The book is unpacked in six parts. Part 1 is a single chapter that covers the context of the topic. Part 2 looks at the green economy and green jobs, and addresses the challenges of government coordination and socio-economic development, with emphasis on skills and immigration regimes. Part 3 reflects on sustainable development, with a focus on relearning our wants and needs, and provides critical reflection on engineering for sustainable development. Management of natural resources and wetlands makes up Part 4, which teases out issues on timber harvesting, as well as challenges and opportunities in addressing environment-economic development and growth conflicts. A critique of climate change coverage in news media, mainstreaming climate change into wildlife policies, and tourism, are matters covered in Part 5. The last part (Part 6) is another single chapter, which articulates emerging issues from the whole book and presents some policy and take-home messages. Given the growing literature in the field of sustainability, climate change and the green economy, this piece will prove a must-read for policy makers, academics, industry and civil society.



Published by
Published 29 December 2016
Reads 9
EAN13 9780798305136
Language English
Document size 8 MB

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Sustainabiity, Cimate Change and the Green Economy
Godwe Nhamo and Vuyo Mjimba (eds)
First Published in 2016 by the Africa Institute of South Africa Private Bag X41 Pretoria South Africa, 0001 ISBN: 978-0-7983-0501-3
© Copyright Africa Institute of South Africa 2016
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Foreword Preface Acknowledgements Dedication The Peer Review Process Contributing Authors About The Book About Exxaro Chair in Business and Climate Change at Unisa About HSRC List of Abbreviations
CHAPTER 1 Sustainability, Climate Change and Green Economy Transition Contextua Settîngs Godwell Nhamo
CHAPTER 2 The Green Economy The Chaenge o Government Coordînatîon în South Arîca Ivor Sarakinsky
CHAPTER 3 A PsychoSocial Economic Analysis of Green Jobs in South Africa Addressing Recent SocioEconomic Developments Claudia Gossow, Adriaan Buys and Kevin Mearns
CHAPTER 4 Green Economy Readiness in South Africa A Revîew o Skîs and the Immîgratîon Regîme Nedson Pophiwa and Nompe Ntombela
i iv v v vi vii xiv xiv xvi xvii
Tabe o Contents
CHAPTER 5 Relearning Our Wants and Needs for Sustainable Development Vuyo Mjimba
CHAPTER 6 ‘We Think We’re Helping, But Are We Really?’ Crîtîca Reectîons on Engîneerîng or Sustaînabe Deveopment Mikateko Höppener
CHAPTER 7 Timber as a Source of Sustainable Development A Case Study o Tîmber Harvestîng în Lupane, Zîmbabwe Buhle Francis, Lerato Nare, Masimba Nyamanhindi and Mkhokheli Sithole
CHAPTER 8 Institutional Dynamics of Mopane Woodland Management in Bulilima District in Zimbabwe Mkhokheli Sithole and Buhle Francis
CHAPTER 9 Challenges and Opportunities in Addressing the EnvironmentEconomic Growth Conflict in Urban Development A Focus on Addîs Ababa, Ethîopîa Ishmael Sango
CHAPTER 10 An Analysis of Water Quality in Belvedere North and the Epworth Wetlands of Harare, Zimbabwe Luke Mutisi and Godwell Nhamo
CHAPTER 11 News Media Coverage of Climate Change Perspectîves rom South Arîca and Zîmbabwe HenriCount Evans and Rosemary Kudzayi Musvipwa
CHAPTER 12 Mainstreaming Climate Change into Wildlife Policy A Revîew o Lega and Poîcy Frameworks în East and Southern Arîca Olga Laiza Kupiwa and Godwell Nhamo
CHAPTER 13 Tourism and Climate Change Chaenges and Crîtîca Success Factors or Sub-Saharan Arîca Sarudzai Mutana
CHAPTER 14 Concluding Remarks The Status Quo, Poîcy Lessons and the Way Forward Vuyo Mjimba
Tabe o Contents
This book addresses topical matters in the sustainability, climate change and the green economy (including green growth) space. The subject matter is critical, given that 2016 marks a global shift to the new sustainable development agenda that is transmitted through 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) that are to be implemented in the 15 years to 2030. Other global landmarks of interest include the SENDAI Framework on disaster risk reduction, also with a lifespan of 15 years, ending in 2030. On the climate governance front, the new Paris Agreement is expected to usher in a new global agenda on climate change. At the African continent level, there is Agenda 2063. Innovation is a big concept. Traditionally, innovation has been associated with re-search and development (R&D) originating from the Northern Hemisphere, where many developed nations are based. Linked to innovation are matters pertaining to technology development, its testing, diffusion and deployment. However, technological and service innovation from the developed world always come at a huge cost, as it is protected by Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and associated patent laws. Hence, much of the advanc-es made in the developed nations have resulted in the perpetual impoverishment of poor nations that use and lose foreign currency in procuring such technology and services. Over the years, however, the world has witnessed some shift, as emerging economies (led by countries like Brazil, China, India and South Africa) have started to feature on the global innovation radar. We have also witnessed more global calls for the use of generic products, as patent laws are relaxed. This has seen the manufacture of cheaper goods and the procurement of cheaper services, especially in the pharmaceuticals industry. In the sustainable development arena, this will fast-track the transition to the green economy. Given that movement and progress in the sustainability space demands that innovation comes from every corner of the world, more innovation is therefore expected from devel-oped countries, particularly in terms of climate change adaptation technologies. Although there are 17 SDGs, a number are directly applicable to the theme of this book, namely:
SDG 2 − end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture; SDG 6 − ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all; SDG 7 − ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all; SDG 13 − take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts; SDG 14 − conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development; and
SDG 15 − protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
From the perspective of the African continent, Agenda 2063 has put a development blue-print on the table, which embraces sustainable development as the dominant paradigm. Agenda 2063 includes in its seven aspirations, the need to embrace gender and protect the disadvantaged in society. The Agenda further makes it explicit that the continent should prioritise climate change adaptation over mitigation. Needless to say, the conti-nent is aware of the opportunities provided by engaging in climate mitigation initiatives, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and conservation. At Paris 2015, the world witnessed a new global climate governance order that will de-mand swift new and ongoing innovations. The Paris Agreement collapses the dichotomy between the developed North (formerly Annex 1 countries) and the developing South (formerly Non-Annex 1 countries). All countries are now expected to do something to pro-mote climate compatible development. This is to be done in accordance with a country’s differentiated capabilities and responsibilities. Hence, the world expects countries like the United States (US) and China to do more, as they have the capacity to do more than other countries can. What remains is the political will. Global citizens are watching the space as countries deposit their ratification instruments to follow up on their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to NDCs. On 29 March 2016, Papua New Guinea became the inaugural country to ratify its INDC. Although the country might be small in size, its commitment to have 100 per cent renewable energy supplies by 2030 is significant in keeping the world below the two degrees Celsius temperature increase band. This band is one that scientists consider will place the world on a more sustainable development path. There is therefore hope that all other countries, particularly heavy polluters like China and the US, will do likewise sooner rather than later. At the time of finalising this book, world leaders were convening in New York in April 2016 to celebrate the Paris Accord. Lastly, this book touches on the ongoing debates on the green economy and green growth. Being a part of the discourses to move the world into the future on a low carbon development pathway, the green economy is viewed by many as one of the plausible plat-forms to attain sustainable development resulting in sustainable jobs creation, poverty eradication as well as inclusive and equitable growth. The environment and ecosystems that support human life and well-being should be protected and human beings need to divert from overconsumption and polluting production platforms. The green economy implies that all global citizens must promote a sustained structural change from resource intensive lifestyles to resource efficient lifestyles. The green economy is therefore both a means and an end to achieving sustainable development.
It is my hope that readers of this inspiring book compilation will become transformed and work towards their individual and collective contributions to make the world a better planet. Let us be good ambassadors for sustainable livelihood through the promotion of innovation for sustainability under climate change and a green economy.
Ms Cecilia Njenga Head: UNEP Office in South Africa United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)