Science and Technology in Society

Science and Technology in Society

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English
160 Pages

Description

This thoughtful and engaging text challenges the widely held notion of science as somehow outside of society, and the idea that technology proceeds automatically down a singular and inevitable path. Through specific case studies involving contemporary debates, this book shows that science and technology are fundamentally part of society and are shaped by it.

  • Draws on concepts from political sociology, organizational analysis, and contemporary social theory.
  • Avoids dense theoretical debate.
  • Includes case studies and concluding chapter summaries for students and scholars.

Informations

Published by
Published 09 February 2009
Reads 8
EAN13 9781405148191
License: All rights reserved
Language English

Legal information: rental price per page €. This information is given for information only in accordance with current legislation.

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Acknowledgments Abbreviations
1
2
3
4
Contents
Science is Political/ Technology is Social: Concerns, Concepts, and Questions
Why is Thinking about Science and Technology So Hard?
Technoscience is Social
Technoscience is Political
Ceding Debate: Biotechnology and Agriculture Biotechnology and the Social Organization of Agriculture and Agribusiness The Discursive Landscape in the Debate over Biotechnology Conclusions
Rethinking Information Technology: Caught in the World Wide Web Understanding the Digital Divide High-Technology Education Politics, Civic Action, and the Internet Conclusions
Owning Technoscience: Understanding the New Intellectual Property Battles
Intellectual Property, Social Common Sense, and the Knowledge Commons
ix xi
1 3 5 10
15
16 27 32
34 35 38 44 47
50
52
viii
5
6
CONTENTS
Intellectual Property and the Information Technology Revolution Owning Life: Intellectual Property in Biological Materials Intellectual Property and Innovation Conclusions
Technoscience in the Third World: The Politics of Indigenous Resources Science, Technology, and Colonialism From Colonialism to Biocolonialism Towards Equity in the Exchange of Biological Resources Conclusions
Gender and the Ideology of Merit: Women, Men, Science, and Engineering “Merit” and Stratification in Science Women, Men, and Academic Science Women and Men in Science-Based Industry Beyond Stratification in Science and Engineering: Artifacts and Research as Gendered Conclusions
7 Democracy and Expertise: Citizenship in a HighTech Age The Limits to Expert Knowledge The Virtues of Lay Knowledge Barriers to Democratizing Technoscience and Expertise Strategies for Overcoming the Obstacles Conclusions
8
Confronting the Problem: A Summary and Coda
References Index
53 58 65 67
69 70 75 79 82
84 85 87 95
98 100
102 103 108 113 118 121
123
128 139