Palestine, Israel and the Arab-Israeli Conflict
12 Pages
English
Gain access to the library to view online
Learn more

Palestine, Israel and the Arab-Israeli Conflict

Gain access to the library to view online
Learn more
12 Pages
English

Description

Palestine, Israel and the Arab-Israeli Conflict

Subjects

Informations

Published by
Reads 67
Language English

Exrait

M I D D L E E A S T R E S E A R C H & I N F O R M A T I O N P R O J E C T
Palestine, Israel and the Arab-Israeli Conflict A Primer By Joel Beinin and Lisa Hajjar
Introduction
The Land and the People
The conflict between Palestinian Arabs and Jews is a mod - In the 19th century, following a trend that began earlier ern phenomenon, which began around the turn of the in Europe, people around the world began to identify 20th century. Although these two groups have different themselves as nations and to demand national rights, religions (Palestinians include Muslims, Christians and foremost the right to self-rule in a state of their own (self-Druze), religious differences are not the cause of the con - determination and sovereignty). Jews and Palestinians flict. It is essentially a struggle over land. Until 1948, the both began to develop a national consciousness, and mo -area that both groups claimed was known internationally bilized to achieve national goals. Because Jews were spread as Palestine. But following the war of 1948-49, this land across the world (in diaspora), their national movement, was divided into three parts: the state of Israel, the West Zionism, entailed the identification of a place where Jews Bank (of the Jordan River) and the Gaza Strip. could come together through the process of immigration This is a small area: approximately 10,000 square miles, and settlement. Palestine seemed the logical and optimal or about the size of the state of Maryland. The competing claims are not reconcilable if one group exercises exclusive political control over the total territory. Jewish claims to this land are based on the biblical tPalestinians do not believe th promise to Abraham and his descendants, on the fact thata this was the historical site of the Jewish kingdom of Israel (which was destroyed by the Roman Empire), and on Jewshts yeluoh to landie r thtfrie dof need for a haven from European anti-Semitism. Palestiniancompensate Jews for Europe s Arabs’ claims to the land are based on continuous residence in the country for hundreds of years and the fact that theycrimes against them. represented the demographic majority. They reject the no -tion that a biblical-era kingdom constitutes the basis for a valid modern claim. If Arabs engage the biblical argument at all, they maintain that since Abraham’s son Ishmael is place, since this was the site of Jewish origin. The Zionist the forefather of the Arabs, then God’s promise of the movement began in 1882 with the first wave of European land to the children of Abraham includes Arabs as well. Jewish immigration to Palestine. They do not believe that they should forfeit their land to At that time, the land of Palestine was part of the Otto -compensate Jews for Europe’s crimes against them. man Empire. However, this area did not constitute a single