Asiatic herpetological research
188 Pages
English
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Asiatic herpetological research

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188 Pages
English

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•Volume 7 1997tailorZhaoErmiChinaSichuan,of Academia Sinica,Institute Chengdu.Biology,ChengduEditorsAssociateTheodore J. PapenfussRobertJ. Maeeyof California.Museum of Vertebrate UniversitySt. Louis. Zoology.Bioloev.of Washington University.DepartmentUSACalifornia.Berkeley.USAMissouri,EditorManagingE. FriedmanValeurieUSACalifornia,Berkeley,Editorial BoardF.Robert IngerAdlerkraigUSAMuseum. Illinois.FieldUSA Chicago.Ithaca, New York,Cornell University,M.ihiiicniil LatifiB.Natalia Ananjevavacuus Ra/i. Teheran. Irandes serums elInstitut d'EtatRussiaInstitute. St. Petersburg.ZoologicalLuekuangyangAndersonSteven C.Taiwan, ChinaTaiwan NormalNational University, Taipei.California, USAof the Pacific. Stockton,UniversityMarlowRonaldKi ll.ii AutumnNevada. USAof Nevada. Las Vegas.of California, Universityof VertebrateMuseum Zoology. UniversitjW.Robert MurphyUSABerkeley.Ontario, CanadaMuseum. Toronto.OntarioRoyalAaron BauerNilsonGorenUSAVillanova.Villanova Pennsylvania.University.Swedenof Goteborg.University Goteborg.Leo BorkinOrlovNikolaiRussiaInstitute. St. Petersburg.ZoologicalRussiaSt.Institute, Petersburg.ZoologicalBihui ChenOtaHidetoshiAnnul. ChinaNormal Wuhu,Anhui University.of the Okinawa.of Ryukyus.Biology, UniversityDepartmentIlya DarevskyRussia JapanInstitute. St. Petersburg.ZoologicalPanJiong-huaDasIndraneilChinaNormal Guangdong.No. South China University. Guangzhou.Bank. Post 4,Madras Crocodile BagCentre for Herpetology.Yun-xuS. India ...

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•Volume 7 1997 tailor ZhaoErmi ChinaSichuan,of Academia Sinica,Institute Chengdu.Biology,Chengdu EditorsAssociate Theodore J. PapenfussRobertJ. Maeey of California.Museum of Vertebrate UniversitySt. Louis. Zoology.Bioloev.of Washington University.Department USACalifornia.Berkeley.USAMissouri, EditorManaging E. FriedmanValeurie USACalifornia,Berkeley, Editorial Board F.Robert IngerAdlerkraig USAMuseum. Illinois.FieldUSA Chicago.Ithaca, New York,Cornell University, M.ihiiicniil Latifi B.Natalia Ananjeva vacuus Ra/i. Teheran. Irandes serums elInstitut d'EtatRussiaInstitute. St. Petersburg.Zoological LuekuangyangAndersonSteven C. Taiwan, ChinaTaiwan NormalNational University, Taipei.California, USAof the Pacific. Stockton,University MarlowRonaldKi ll.ii Autumn Nevada. USAof Nevada. Las Vegas.of California, Universityof VertebrateMuseum Zoology. Universitj W.Robert MurphyUSABerkeley. Ontario, CanadaMuseum. Toronto.OntarioRoyalAaron Bauer NilsonGorenUSAVillanova.Villanova Pennsylvania.University. Swedenof Goteborg.University Goteborg.Leo Borkin OrlovNikolaiRussiaInstitute. St. Petersburg.Zoological RussiaSt.Institute, Petersburg.ZoologicalBihui Chen OtaHidetoshiAnnul. ChinaNormal Wuhu,Anhui University. of the Okinawa.of Ryukyus.Biology, UniversityDepartment Ilya Darevsky Russia JapanInstitute. St. Petersburg.Zoological PanJiong-huaDasIndraneil ChinaNormal Guangdong.No. South China University. Guangzhou.Bank. Post 4,Madras Crocodile BagCentre for Herpetology. Yun-xuS. India Tong104, Tamilnadu,Mamallapuram-603 Gansu. ChinaLanzhou.Lanzhou University.DuellmanWilliam E. WernerYehudahUSALawrence, Kansas,of Kansas.University IsraelJerusalem.Hebrew University.FukadaHajime Xuke-mingSannaicho. Kyoto. JapanSennyuji Higashiyamaku. Dalian. ChinaNormal Liaoning.University.LiaoningCarl Gans Yu-huaUSA YangAnn Arbor,of Michigan.University Michigan. Sichuan. ChinaSichuan Chengdu.University. Hui-qingGu ZhaoChina ken-tangTeacher's Hangzhou. Zhejiang.Hangzhou College. ChinaSuzhou,Teacher's Jiangsu.Suzhou College,Railway Chinese So-and theResearch (AHRS)Asiatic Societyis theResearch HerpetologicalAsiatic published byHerpetologkal California.ofVertebrateat the Museum of Zoology. Universityandof (CSSAR)for the ReptilesStudy Amphibiansciety All cor-to Asianbut not limitedarticles herpetology.from all countries to submit concerningauthorsThe editors encourage Univer-of Vertebrateto AHR. Museum Zoology,should be sentforoutside of China and subscriptionrequestsrespondence All correspondenceor email toUSA 94720, asiaherptfluclink.berkeley.edu.California, byof California Berkeley.sity Sichuan Province,P.O. Box 416,Institute of Chengdu.Editor. Biology,should be sent to Ermi Zhao. Chengduwithin China at the end of this issue.andSubmission Subscription should consult Guidelines ManuscriptPreparationChina Authors for issue foradd $5of theUSA and China, peroutside pleasefor libraries).are $25 ($45 Postageand membership per year If do notto AHRS.in US youor orders currencymail. Make checks payableor 10 issue for air moneysurface mail $ per will make otherus. and we arrangements.to UShave access notifycurrency, please 4Volume5 in 1993.in 1995. VolumeVolume 6 publishedVolume 7 succeedsResearch publishedAsiatic Herpetological was atVolume 2. whichResearch published 3 in 1990 and Chinesein 199^ Volume Herpetologicalpublishedpublished andfor the of Rep-Amphibiansfor the Chinese Society Study1988-1989 as theof Vertebrate journalthe Museum Zoology, theInstitute of byfor the BiologyResearch 1987. Chengdupublished2 succeeded Chinesetiles Volume Herpetological SinicaChina. ActaSichuan. HerpetologicaLiterature Press, Chongqing,Branch Scientific and TechnologicalChongqing in June, 1988.ceased publication Nikolai Orlov.PhotoTarn Dao, northemVietnam. bymulticinctus.Cover: Bungarus 1997 Asiatic Research Vol. 7, 1-5Herperological pp. Anurans Collected in West Malaysia TOMAS CEDHAGEN and Genetics, Institute Sciences, N\Department ofEcology of of'Aarlius,Biological University Munkegade, DK-Aarhus Denmark540, C,Building -Abstract. Distributional records and natural notes are for anurans collected in Westhistory given Malaysia 1976. Rana baramica was observed when it was an Aliaetulla nasuta Colubridae).caught by (Serpentes: Limnonectes limnocharis and were all found at onRhacophorus leucomystax, Microhyla heymonsi night 16-17, when were in shallow formed the wheels of a truck.September ditches,they spawning by Amolops larutensis were active and occurred in the shadow, stones in a forest close today stream,among particularly water falls and Several white foam nests with a diameter of 5-7cm were on the same stonesrapids. deposited just above the water surface on 27. Other observed wereAugust Bufo melanostictus,species Bufo asper, Kaloula Limnonectes Limnonectes Rana RanaLeptobrachium hasseltii, macrodon,pulchra, laticeps, erythraea, Rana andglandulosa, nicobariensis, Rhacophorusprominanus. words: WestAnura,Key Amphibia, Malaysia. and tunkui which indicatesKiew, 1987.Rhacophorus that much more work still remains to be done. Most of the deal with Theexisting publications systematics. fauna is rich and contains many interesting species, however, most of them are not studied in detail to of their distribution, natural his-according aspects andtory ecology. The innature is now radicalMalaysia undergoing and Most of them are effects oflarge-scale changes. an human industrialization,increasing population, of the over areas, and thechanges vegetation large massive use of biocides (Aiken and 1992: Cran-Leigh brook Cubitt and1988; 1990; YussofPayne 1987). These factors threaten theprobably amphibians (Kiew in similar the fish1984a) as, fauna (M.ways e.g., Zakaria-Ismail et al. Rosier1994: 1994; 1988). AnNg increased field work is therefore so that themotivated, of habitat destruction is documented and nec-degree conservation measures can be done. This con-essary tribution contains some notes on the geographical distribution and natural of severalhistory amphibians 1 . West The sites areFigure Malaysia: collecting collected in 1976.Malaysia =marked with a dot Scale bar km.100(•). Material and Methods Introduction sites are listed in Table 1 , and marked onCollecting The fauna of is cov- the 1 Theamphibian ). were from thepeninsular Malaysia map (Fig. positions plotted ered some books 1912: ofby 1975; the Director of(Berry Boulenger map Malaysia, published by Smith and articles1930) thereafter National 1976, series 1307, edi-published (e.g., Mapping. Malaysia, Arak 1984; Kiew1979: 1979; 1980a, b; tion sheet scale TheDring 5-PPNM, 1. 1:760.000.Inger speci- Lim 1990). New have been described in the mens were in identified the usespecies formalin,preserved by area the last decades, of verified Dr. Lim andduring e.g., (1975). Boo-Liat.Kalophrynuspalma- Berry by tissimus Kiew, 1984b, Rana malesiana 1984cKiew, at of Medical Institutedeposited Department Ecology. Vol. 7. 2 Asiatic Research 1997p. Herpetological Table 1. stations.Sampling Field UluCenter. of Gombak, 101°45'E;3°17'NStudy University Malaysia. Selangor Field KotaStation, Johore 103°50'E; 1°50'NBiological Tinggi. Kuala 103°0rE;5°04'NBrang. Trengganu o about 4 milesSW ofKuin. 103 10'E;5°09'NMarang, Trengganu o Bukit Kuala 20'NBesar, 103°07'E;5Trengganu, Trengganu Malacca Youth 9 miles north of MalaccaHostel. 102°10'E;2°14'Ncity o Malacca 10'Nsettlement. 102°17'E;2Portugese o Kuala Youth Jalan Kuala 09'NHostel. 101°44'E;3Lumpur Ipoh. Lumpur, Selangor for Medical Research in Kuala 1976 The17,Lumpur, Malaysia. September (6 specimens). specimen The nomenclature follows Frost and later from Kuala in(1986) was the leaf litter of anBrang jumping summarized Duellman forest. The from Gombak ( 1993).changes by open secondary specimens were 3 in found in shallow ditchespairs amplexus between 8.30 and 10.30Results p.m. larutensisBufo melanostictus 1799 Amolops (Boulenger, 1899)Schneider, Kuala 1976 The27. (13Malacca Youth Hostel, 29, 1976 (3 Brang. August specimens).July specimens); were active in the in the shadow settlement, Malacca, 29, 1976 frogs day, jumpingPortugese July (1 spec- between the stones in a streamKuala Youth 2)imen); Hostel, 5, 1976 ( 1 (Fig. rapid particu-Lumpur August close to waterfalls and in4),and 29, 1976 (4 larly (Fig. disappearedspecimen), September specimens). neststhe water when disturbed. Several white foamAll were found in urban areas or otherspecimens with a of cm were found on the samediameter 5-7environments affected human activities.by stones, above the water level 3).(Fig.just Bufo 1829asperGravenhorst, Limnonectes 1882)laticeps (Boulenger,Kuala 1976 127. ( adult andBrang. August specimen), Field Center of the ofUniversity Malaysia.28, 1976. (1 Field StudyAugust juvenile specimen); Study 1976 It wasGombak. 17, (1Center of the of Gombak, September specimen).University Malaysia. Sep- in the in the leaf litter in afoundtember 14, 1976 (1 Several other day. jumping primaryjuvenile specimen). far from a stream.forest notadult the collected one, werespecimens, except observed in the on rocks 2-3 m above aday, sitting Limnonectes limnocharis (Boie, 1835)small river. were and into theThey very shy jumped 1976water Settlement, Malacca, 30. (5when disturbed, but returned to their rocks, Portugese July spec- 1976 Kualawithin imens); Kuin, 23, (310-30 minutes. The were August specimens);juvenile specimens 1976 1 andcollected on 25, ( 28.the atground Brang, August specimen) Augustnight. Bukit Kuala1976 (3 Besar. Trengganu.specimens); 1838 1976 Field Cen-ftasse/f/Tschudi, 27. (1Leptobrachium specimens); StudySeptember ofter of the Gombak.1976 1 It was on University Malaysia, SeptemberKuin. 24, ( foundAugust specimen). Field17, 1976 (8 Station,the close to a stream in a specimens); Biologicalforest.ground primary 1976 1Kota 20. (Tinggi, September specimens). They found in areas affected human activities.Kaloula 1831 were allpulchra Gray, by from Gombak wereThe 8 males,specimens activelyKuala Youth 1Hostel. 6, 1976. (Lumpur August spec- in water filled ditches.croakingimen). 1911Microhyla heymonsiWogt, Kuala 1976 Field26, (lBrang, August specimen); Center of the of Gombak,Study University Malaysia, 1997 Asiatic Research Vol. 7. 3Herpetological p. 2. Kualalarutensis,Figure Amolops Brang. Treng- The active in the shadowganu. day frog jumped the stones in a stream.among 4. Habitat for larutensis. KualaFigure Amolops Brang, Trengganu. 3. mass of larutensis, KualaFigure Egg Amolops Brang, Trengganu 5. RanaFigure dor-macrodon, sal view, Treng- Kuin.ganu, 6. Rana lateral themacrodon. view, same indi-Figure I vidual as in 5Fig. 4 Asiatic Research 1997Vol. 7, Herpetologicalp. Limnonectes macrodon and related Rana malesiana Lim-Bibron, (now(Dumeril closely species. nonectes malesianus to Duellman 1993)1841) according earlier confused with L. macrodon. The foundspecies1976 wereKuin. 23. (2August specimens). They me is L. macrodon Frost(Kiew 1984c; 1985)by (Fig.found at on stones in a small stream in anight, sitting 5-6). forest 5-6).primary (Figs. Some on the inaspects reproduction Amolops Rana baramica 1901Boettger, larutensis are mentioned, for the first time,seemingly since no information was found in the literature. The1976 TheKuin. 24, (1August specimen). specimen is studiedinwas observed when it was the colubrid reproduction Microhyla heymonsi bycaught by all times ( 1964) in and occurssnake Ahaetulla nasuta 1789). in a Berry Singapore during(Lacepede, pri- isof the Additional Informationforest close to a stream. year. given by Popemary leu- ( 1931 ). The ofreproductive pattern Rhacophorus Rana its distributional area.varies withinerythraea (Schlegel, 1837) comystax large note that seem(1964) and Flower (1899)Bukit Kuala 29. 1976 (1 Berry theyBesar, Trengganu. August into breed at almost all times of theand 27, 1976 year Singapore(1specimen), September specimen); aand but Zeller (1960)Field Station, Kota 20, Malaysia, reported synchro-Biological Tinggi, September in andnous in the Java,1976 All were found in the periodicity reproduction(4 specimens). specimens it to have anand Khare (1986) founddense in shallow some of them also Kiyasetuolakes,vegetation in inannual with June,with fish. breeding cycle, spawningpopulated has also beennortheastern India. The reproduction andRana 1882 Yorke Arak (1984),(1983),glandulosa Boulenger, reported by Feng Narins(1991). Field Station, Kota 20.Biological Tinggi. September 1976 were found in a(2 specimens). They logged, area with a dense, Acknowledgmentsswampy secondary vegetation. sincere thanks to Dr. KiewI would like to express my Rana nicobariensis (Stoliczka, 1870) and Dr. Lim KualaBoo-Liat, Lumpur,Bong-Heang Field Station. Kota 20,Biological Tinggi, September and advice. I am also mostfor valuable gratefulhelp 1976 were found at(2 specimens). They croaking Zaharan bin Kualato Mr. Mohammad Razak, B.Sc, in a area with dense, second-night, logged, swampy time we in thefor theTrengganu, spent together climbed in theary vegetation. They up vegetation. invited me tonature. Professor Immanuel Vigeland 0.5- 1 m above the ground. Kota Mr.the Field Station, RagnarBiological Tinggi. a and film.lent me cameraCedhagen kindly provided Rhacophorus leucomystax (Boie, 1829) commented onDr. Mats Olsson, Goteborg. critically Field Center of the ofStudy University Malaysia, an earlier version of this manuscript. Gombak. 1976 and16, (29September specimens), 17, 1976 Field(34September specimens); Biological Literature Cited Station, Kota 21. 1976 (3Tinggi. September speci- RainS. R. and C. H. 1992.Aiken, Leigh. Vanishingand 22. 1976 Themens), (1September specimen). in Clar-Forests. The Transition Malaysia.Ecologicalfrom Gombak were found in small water-specimens endon Press, Oxford, 194 pp.filled or wheel tracks, or in the abovepits vegetation in andthem. Several were found in and Arak, A. 1984. Sex and Malaysian frogspairs amplexus, yel- song 1low foam nests with whitish were found on the toads. Naturalist 38( ):20-24.eggs Malayan water or on the about 10 cm abovesurface, vegetation The of sevenP. Y. 1964. breeding patterns spe-Berry, the surface 7).(Fig. Anura. Journal of Animalcies of EcologySingapore 33:227-243. 1924Smith,Rhacophorus prominanus The fauna of PeninsularP. Y. 1975.Berry, Amphibian Kuala 1976 It was27, (1Brang, August specimen). Kuala x + 130Press.Malaysia. Tropical Lumpur, pp. found in forest, close to a little river.primary G. A. 1912. A vertebrate fauna of the Boulenger, Peninsula from the Isthmus of Kra to Sin-MalayDiscussion the islands. andincluding adjacent Reptiliagapore The of has beenLimnonectes macrodon Batrachia. and London. 294Francis,identity Taylor pp. uncertain Kiew described a(Kiew 1978). (1984c)