Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics

Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics

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نارﺎﺑ ﯽﻤﻠﻋ تﺎﻣﺪﺧ ﮏﯿﻧوﺮﺘﮑﻟا ﺐﺘﮐ ﺪﻨﻨﮐ ﺪﯿﻟﻮﺗ ﺎﻬﻨﺗو ﻦﯿﻟوا هﺪﺷ ﻪﯿﻬﺗ (e-book) ﮏﯿﻧوﺮﺘﮑﻟا ترﻮﺼﺑ نارﺎﺑ ﯽﻤﻠﻋ تﺎﻣﺪﺧ ﺖﮐﺮﺷ رد بﺎﺘﮐ ﻦﯾا . ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﯽﻣ ﺖﮐﺮﺷ ﻦﯾا رﺎﺼﺤﻧا رد ﺮﺛا ﻦﯾا قﻮﻘﺣ مﺎﻤﺗ و ﺖﺳا .ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﯽﻤﻧ ﻪﺘﺴﺑاو ﯽﺘﮐﺮﺷ ﺎﯾو ﻪﺴﺳﻮﻣ ﭻﯿﻫ ﻪﺑ و هدﻮﺑ ﻞﻘﺘﺴﻣ ﻼﻣﺎﮐ نارﺎﺑ ﺖﮐﺮﺷ ﻦﯿﻔﻠﺨﺘﻣ و هدﻮ ﺑ ﯽﻧﻮﻧﺎﻗ ﺮﯿﻏ لﺎﻧروژ ﻦﯾا زا ﺮﯿﺜﮑﺗ ﺎﯾ و یرادﺮﺑ ﯽﭙﮐ ﻪﻧﻮﮔﺮﻫ .ﺪﻧﻮﺷ ﯽﻣ ناﺮﯾا رﻮﺸﮐ ﻦﯿﻧاﻮﻗ لﻮﻤﺸﻣ و یﺮﯿﮕﯿﭘ درﻮﻣ اﺪﯾﺪﺷ ﺎﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻢﯿﻘﺘﺴﻣ ﺪﯾﺮﺧ و تﻼﺠﻣ و ﺐﺘﮐ ﺖﺴﯿﻟ ﺖﻓﺎﯾرد یاﺮﺑ . ﺪﯾﺮﯿﮕﺑ سﺎﻤﺗ 4311689 ﻦﻔﻠﺗ 14515-765 پ ص ناﺮﻬﺗContemporaryFixedProsthodonti csContemporaryFixedrosthodonticsPArtwork for Third Edition byThird Edition with 2800 illustrationsDONALD O'CONNORMedical IllustratorSTEPHEN F. ROSENSTIEL, BDS, MSDSt. Peters, MissouriProfessor and ChairArtwork for Second Edition bySection of Restorative DentistrySANDRA CELLO-LANGProsthodontics and EndodonticsBio-Medical IllustratorThe Ohio State University College of Dentistry Chicago, IllinoisColumbus, OhioSUE E. COTTRILLMedical IllustratorMARTIN F. LAND, DDS, MSD Chicago, IllinoisProfessor and ChairKERRIE MARZODepartment of Restorative DentistryMedical IllustratorSouthern Illinois University Chicago Heights, IllinoisSchool of Dental MedicineArtwork for First Edition byAlton, IllinoisKRYSTYNA SRODULSKIMedical IllustratorSan Antonio, TexasJUNHEI FUJIMOTO, DDS, MSD, DDScPart-Time Lecturer, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Photographic Services byJAMES COCKERILL, RBPDirector of J.F. Occlusion and ProsthodonticMedical and Dental ...

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نارﺎﺑ ﯽﻤﻠﻋ تﺎﻣﺪﺧ ﮏﯿﻧوﺮﺘﮑﻟا ﺐﺘﮐ ﺪﻨﻨﮐ ﺪﯿﻟﻮﺗ ﺎﻬﻨﺗو ﻦﯿﻟوا هﺪﺷ ﻪﯿﻬﺗ (e-book) ﮏﯿﻧوﺮﺘﮑﻟا ترﻮﺼﺑ نارﺎﺑ ﯽﻤﻠﻋ تﺎﻣﺪﺧ ﺖﮐﺮﺷ رد بﺎﺘﮐ ﻦﯾا . ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﯽﻣ ﺖﮐﺮﺷ ﻦﯾا رﺎﺼﺤﻧا رد ﺮﺛا ﻦﯾا قﻮﻘﺣ مﺎﻤﺗ و ﺖﺳا .ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﯽﻤﻧ ﻪﺘﺴﺑاو ﯽﺘﮐﺮﺷ ﺎﯾو ﻪﺴﺳﻮﻣ ﭻﯿﻫ ﻪﺑ و هدﻮﺑ ﻞﻘﺘﺴﻣ ﻼﻣﺎﮐ نارﺎﺑ ﺖﮐﺮﺷ ﻦﯿﻔﻠﺨﺘﻣ و هدﻮ ﺑ ﯽﻧﻮﻧﺎﻗ ﺮﯿﻏ لﺎﻧروژ ﻦﯾا زا ﺮﯿﺜﮑﺗ ﺎﯾ و یرادﺮﺑ ﯽﭙﮐ ﻪﻧﻮﮔﺮﻫ .ﺪﻧﻮﺷ ﯽﻣ ناﺮﯾا رﻮﺸﮐ ﻦﯿﻧاﻮﻗ لﻮﻤﺸﻣ و یﺮﯿﮕﯿﭘ درﻮﻣ اﺪﯾﺪﺷ ﺎﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻢﯿﻘﺘﺴﻣ ﺪﯾﺮﺧ و تﻼﺠﻣ و ﺐﺘﮐ ﺖﺴﯿﻟ ﺖﻓﺎﯾرد یاﺮﺑ . ﺪﯾﺮﯿﮕﺑ سﺎﻤﺗ 4311689 ﻦﻔﻠﺗ 14515-765 پ ص ناﺮﻬﺗ Contemporary Fixed Prosthodonti cs Contemporary Fixed rosthodonticsP Artwork for Third Edition byThird Edition with 2800 illustrations DONALD O'CONNOR Medical IllustratorSTEPHEN F. ROSENSTIEL, BDS, MSD St. Peters, Missouri Professor and Chair Artwork for Second Edition bySection of Restorative Dentistry SANDRA CELLO-LANGProsthodontics and Endodontics Bio-Medical Illustrator The Ohio State University College of Dentistry Chicago, Illinois Columbus, Ohio SUE E. COTTRILL Medical Illustrator MARTIN F. LAND, DDS, MSD Chicago, Illinois Professor and Chair KERRIE MARZODepartment of Restorative Dentistry Medical Illustrator Southern Illinois University Chicago Heights, Illinois School of Dental Medicine Artwork for First Edition by Alton, Illinois KRYSTYNA SRODULSKI Medical Illustrator San Antonio, TexasJUNHEI FUJIMOTO, DDS, MSD, DDSc Part-Time Lecturer, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Photographic Services by JAMES COCKERILL, RBPDirector of J.F. Occlusion and Prosthodontic Medical and Dental PhotographerPostgraduate Course Oak Park, Illinois Private Practice, Tokyo, Japan Editor-in-Chief.. John Schrefer Editor: Penny Rudolph Developmental Editor: Kimberly Frare Project Manager: Linda McKinley Production Editor: Rich Barber Designer: Kathi Gosche THIRD EDITION Copyright © 2001 by Mosby, Inc. Previous editions copyrighted 1988, 1995. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission from the publisher. Permission to photocopy or reproduce solely for internal or personal use is permitted for libraries or other users registered with the Copyright Clearance Center, provided that the base fee of $4.00 per chapter plus $.10 per page is paid directly to the Copyright Clearance Center, 27 Congress Street, Salem, MA 02970. This consent does not extend to other kinds of copying, such as copying for general distribution, for advertising or promotional purposes, for creating new collected works, or for resale. Printed in the United States of America Mosby, Inc. 11830 Westline Industrial Drive St. Louis, Missouri 63146 Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data International Standard Book Number 0-8151-5559-X 01 02 03 04 05 / 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 F. BAIMA, DDSROBEIYT A. JON GOLDBERG, PHD Associate Professor Associate Department of Prosthodontics Department of Periodontology and Dental Hygiene, Director Center for Biomaterials Restorative Dentistry University of Connecticut Health Center The University of Detroit Mercy Farmington, Connecticut School of Dentistry Detroit, Michigan JULIE A. HOLLOWAY, DDS, MS Associate Professor, Prosthodontics WILLIAM A. BRANTLEY, PHD Section of Restorative Dentistry, Prosthodontics Professor and Director of the Graduate Program in Dental and Endodontics Materials The Ohio State University Section of Restorative Dentistry, Prosthodontics College of Dentistry and Endodontics Columbus, Ohio The Ohio State University College of Dentistry WILLIAM M. JOHNSTON, PHD Columbus, Ohio Professor Section of Restorative Dentistry, Prosthodontics ISABELLE L. DENRY, DDS, PHD and Endodontics Associate Professor The Ohio State University Section of Restorative Dentistry, Prosthodontics College of Dentistry and Endodontics Columbus, Ohio The Ohio State University College of Dentistry PETER E. LARSEN, DDS Columbus, Ohio Professor and Chairman Section of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery ROBERT DUANE DOUGLAS, DMD, MS The Ohio State University Assistant Professor and Section Head Fixed Prosthodontics College of Dentistry Department of Restorative Dentistry Columbus, Ohio Southern Illinois University School of Dental Medicine LEON W. LAUB, PHD Alton, Illinois Manager of Engineering/Product Manager Rocky Mountain Orthodontics, Inc. MARTIN A. FREILICH, DDS Denver, Colorado Associate Professor Department of Prosthodontics EDWIN A. MCGLUMPHY, DDS, MS University of Connecticut Health Center Associate Professor Farmington, Connecticut Section of Restorative Dentistry, Prosthodontics and Endodontics ANTHONY GEGAUFF The Ohio State University Associate Professor College of Dentistry Section of Restorative Dentistry, Prosthodontics and Columbus, Ohio Endodontics The Ohio State University DONALD A. MILLER, DDS, MS College of Dentistry Private Practice Limited to Endodontics Columbus, Ohio Diplomate, American Board of Endodontics Joliet, Illinois Contributors JAMES L. SANDRIK, PHD VAN THOMPSON, DDS, PHD Assistant to Associate Executive Director, Professor of Prosthodontics and Biomaterials Division of Science Department of Prosthodontics and Biomaterials American Dental Association University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Chicago, Illinois Newark, New Jersey ORGANIZATION "The 'odd' editions, the first, the third, fifth and so on, are the toughest ... by the time you get to a third This edition retains the previous four-section for- edition, your specialty will have changed suffi- mat: Planning and Preparation; Clinical Procedures ciently that you will be forced to completely rethink Part 1; Laboratory Procedures, and Clinical Proce- the organization of your book" an experienced text- dures Part 11. Pertinent basic sciences continue to be book author told us several years ago. He was ab- presented throughout and are integrated with ap- solutely right. Since 1988 and 1995, when the first plicable content. and second editions of Contemporary Fixed We are particularly grateful for the constructive Prosthodontics were published, our field has indeed comments and suggestions received from a large evolved beyond previously predictable expecta- number of our colleagues who were kind enough to tions. Many of the changes are driven by technolog- take the time to conduct an in-depth review of the ical developments and newly available materials. text, and to comment and respond to a lengthy list Some, because the practice of dentistry has experi- of specific questions. Their recommendations to ad- enced changes in the demand for certain services. dress specific issues, not adequately covered previ- Throughout the process of formulating this new ously, helped considerably in formulating the initial edition, we have sought to make the text more read- template for this revision. able for the dental student while maintaining the core format previously so well received. Concur- NEW TO THIS EDITION rently, every effort was made to maintain the in- Content and references were thoroughly updated depth comprehensive content for the established throughout, and glossaries consistent with the most practitioner, graduate student, and researcher. recent edition of The Glossary of Prosthodontics Terms It remains a difficult task to achieve the best bal- were added to provide the reader with lists of ter- ance between comprehensive incorporation of cur- minology relevant to the chapter topics. Selected rent needs as driven by changes in the undergradu- key words are listed at the beginning of the chap- ate dental curriculum, while continuing to provide ters, to facilitate rapid information retrieval. Also, the reader with comprehensive and clinically essay format Study Questions were added to pro- relevant information about as broad an array of top- vide the student an opportunity to test his or her ics and techniques. Some dental schools aim to de- knowledge and comprehension after reading a emphasize student involvement in laboratory pro- chapter. cedures, yet we firmly believe that, although few beginning dentists will achieve proficiency with the Section I. This section now consists of six chap- increasingly complicated laboratory steps, each ters, the previous chapter on "History, Examination, graduate must have a thorough understanding of Diagnosis and Prognosis" having been divided into how dental prostheses are fabricated so he or she two separate chapters: "History Taking and Clinical can exercise sound clinical judgment and decision Examination" and "Diagnostic Casts and Related making. Also, the dental profession must have Procedures." The section now includes additional ready access to a comprehensive reference that en- step-by-step sequences of photographs of com- ables rapid retrieval of integrated and relevant in- monly performed diagnostic procedures and new formation. Thus, one of our challenges was to main- artwork to clarify hinge axis location and border tain the comprehensive nature of the provided movements. information, while subtly restructuring content so both novice and experienced practitioners can take Section 11. The tooth preparation chapters in full advantage with minimal digression to related Section 11 were revised; new artwork was generated but less than critical information. for inlays, onlays, and metal-ceramic preparations; Vii Preface ACKNOWLEDGMENTSand content was thoroughly updated, in particular for all-ceramic restorations. The Implant chapter was comprehensively revised to be current with new developments in implant prosthodontics, as was the chapter on Provisional Restorations. Section III. In an effort to emphasize the im- portance of the mutual collaboration between dentist and technician, Section III now begins with the chapter on Laboratory Communication. In addi- tion to the many new illustrations throughout the section, for example those on occlusal waxing, the chapter on Pontic Design underwent an in-depth re- vision. It now includes emphasis on ridge shape and contour of the edentulous site, pontic classifica- tion, and various more contemporary techniques than the ones previously presented. Similarly, the chapter on All-Ceramic Restoration Fabrication was again updated to incorporate the most recent developments and techniques. A sec- tion on esthetic considerations was added to the Color Science chapter, and a chapter on Fiber- Reinforced Composite Fixed Prostheses follows the comprehensively rewritten chapter on Resin- Retained Fixed Partial Dentures. section IV This section now includes, among others, a more detailed discussion on luting agents, in an effort to make sense out of the myriad of choices confronting the practitioner when attempt- ing to select the appropriate luting agents for vari- ous fixed prosthodontic procedures. The treatment presentations now include additional long-term fol- low up on simple and complex fixed prosthodontic treatments, emphasizing the goal of longevity when planning fixed prostheses. GIVING CREDIT WHERE CREDIT IS DUE Preface Enid, Karen, and Yoshiko have now 'survived' the lifetime challenge that fixed prosthodontics pre- three editions. It takes special spouses to tolerate sents to student, practitioner, and scholar. We hope prosthodontists to begin with, but to support us that this new edition may help those who are suffi- throughout the completion of yet another edition ciently motivated and interested to meet that chal- shows how special they truly are. lenge successfully. A highly respected restorative dentist told us once: "It took me about 10 to 15 years after dental Stephen E Rosenstiel school, until I could routinely make excellent inlays Martin E Land and onlays." This illustrates but one small aspect of Junhei Fujimoto