Crime & Disorder & Drugs Audit 2004 - Violence Against the Person
35 Pages
English
Downloading requires you to have access to the YouScribe library
Learn all about the services we offer

Crime & Disorder & Drugs Audit 2004 - Violence Against the Person

-

Downloading requires you to have access to the YouScribe library
Learn all about the services we offer
35 Pages
English

Description

Broadland Crime and Disorderand Drugs Audit 2004Violence Against the Person1.1 Violence against the personThe Home Office banding ‘Violence against the person’ (VAP) was used. This bandingincludes some 50 offences.1.1.1 Volume and trendsTable 17 gives the overall numbers of VAP offences in Broadland for 4 years, and thepercentage change year-on-year. The split between VAP in a residential domestic contextand other contexts is also given.VAP - Residential Percent changedomestic VAP - non-RD VAP - all year-on-year2000-1 130 223 3532001-2 139 249 388 + 9.92002-3 266 419 685 + 76.52003-4 307 492 799 + 16.6Table 1 Numbers of VAP offences in Broadland and percentage change year-on-year[Source: NC1]VAP offences have increased significantly in each of the 4 years. Only a part of thedramatic increase in 2002-3 is attributable to NCRS. Overall, between the time of the lastaudit (2000-1) and the current audit (2003-4), there has been an overall increase inviolence against the person of 126.3%.1.1.2 Comparative incidenceFig. 20 shows the comparative incidence (rate) of VAP per 1000 population.CDRP Analyst, Eastern, April 2005 220 18.21815.116 14.41412 10.0 9.3107.186420Broadland Norfolk Eastern England & CDRP Most-2003-4 2003-4 2003-4 Wales Family 9 similar2003-4 2003-4 CDRPFamily2003-4Geographic areaFig. 1 Comparative incidence (rate) of VAP per 1000 population[Source: HO4]In spite of the dramatic increases in Broadland, the rate for VAP ...

Subjects

Informations

Published by
Reads 8
Language English

Exrait

Broadland Crime and Disorder
and Drugs Audit 2004
Violence Against the Person1.1 Violence against the person
The Home Office banding ‘Violence against the person’ (VAP) was used. This banding
includes some 50 offences.
1.1.1 Volume and trends
Table 17 gives the overall numbers of VAP offences in Broadland for 4 years, and the
percentage change year-on-year. The split between VAP in a residential domestic context
and other contexts is also given.
VAP - Residential Percent change
domestic VAP - non-RD VAP - all year-on-year
2000-1 130 223 353
2001-2 139 249 388 + 9.9
2002-3 266 419 685 + 76.5
2003-4 307 492 799 + 16.6
Table 1 Numbers of VAP offences in Broadland and percentage change year-on-year
[Source: NC1]
VAP offences have increased significantly in each of the 4 years. Only a part of the
dramatic increase in 2002-3 is attributable to NCRS. Overall, between the time of the last
audit (2000-1) and the current audit (2003-4), there has been an overall increase in
violence against the person of 126.3%.
1.1.2 Comparative incidence
Fig. 20 shows the comparative incidence (rate) of VAP per 1000 population.
CDRP Analyst, Eastern, April 2005 220 18.2
18
15.116 14.4
14
12 10.0 9.3
10
7.18
6
4
2
0
Broadland Norfolk Eastern England & CDRP Most-
2003-4 2003-4 2003-4 Wales Family 9 similar
2003-4 2003-4 CDRP
Family
2003-4
Geographic area
Fig. 1 Comparative incidence (rate) of VAP per 1000 population
[Source: HO4]
In spite of the dramatic increases in Broadland, the rate for VAP is still below county,
regional, national, CDRP Family 9 and most-similar CDRP family rates.
For incidence of violent crime (which includes the Home Office bandings ‘robbery’ and
‘sexual offences’ as well as ‘violence against the person’) in the quarter January – March
th st th2004, Broadland CDRP ranked 5 (where 1 has the lowest crime rate and 15 the
highest) out of 15 in its family group of most-similar CDRPs. For incidence of ‘violence
against the person – more serious offence’, which relates to the offences of ‘more serious
thviolence’ detailed in Table 19 below, Broadland ranked 8 [Source: iQ].
1.1.3 Cost
The total value recorded by the police of all crimes of VAP in Broadland in 2003-4 is zero
[Source: NC1]. In 95% of the records, this field is left blank. In other cases, a value of zero
is recorded. The true costs of VAP to the individual and to society are not captured by
police records.
The total cost to society of VAP in Broadland in 2003-4 may be estimated using findings
and methodology from Home Office Research Study 217, as shown in Table 18. HORS
217 considers offences of common assault/ assault on a police officer separately from
other VAP offences. This distinction is replicated in the present study.
CDRP Analyst, Eastern, April 2005 3
Incidence (rate) per 1000 populationNo. recorded Est. total no.
crimes in crimes in Est. unit Est. total
Broadland Multiplier Broadland cost cost
VAP except common
assault/ assault on
police officer 496 2.3 1141 £19,000 £21,675,200
Common assault/
assault on police
officer 310 16.7 5177 £540 £2,795,580
Total VAP 806 6318 £24,470,780
Table 2 Estimated cost to society of VAP in Broadland in 2003-4
[Sources: NC1, HO7]
The true costs of VAP suggested by this analysis, £24.5m, are very substantially greater
than costs recorded by the police.
1.1.4 Breakdown by offence type
In order to offer more transparency as to the balance of different types of offence being
committed within the VAP banding, offences are here aggregated into 9 categories as
detailed on the Home Office website ‘Crime Statistics for England and Wales’ and in
‘Home Office Counting Rules for Recorded Crime, April 2004’. Findings for Broadland in
2003-4 are displayed in Table 19 and Fig. 21.
Offence type Count
Homicide 1
Causing death by dangerous driving 0
More serious violence
More serious wounding or other act endangering life 8
Other more serious violence offences 26
Less serious wounding 621
Harassment 102
Other offences against the
Possession of weapons 19
person
Assault on a Constable 19
Other 10
Table 3 Volume of mo re serious violence (shaded) and other offences against the person in
Broadland in 2003-4 [Source: NC1]
CDRP Analyst, Eastern, April 2005 4Homicide, 1, 0%
Causing death by dangerous
driving, 0, 0%
Homicide
More serious wounding or other
Other, 10, 1% act endangering life, 8, 1% Causing death by dangerous driving
Assault on a Constable, 19, 2% Other more serious violence
offences, 26, 3%Possession of weapons, 19, 2% More serious wounding or other act
Harassment, 102, 13% endangering life
Other more serious violence offences
Less serious wounding
Harassment
Possession of weapons
Less serious wounding, 621,
78% Assault on a Constable
Other
Fig. 2 Breakdown of VAP in Broadland in 2003-4 by crime category
[Source: NC1]
There were only 35 recorded crimes of more serious violence (4.3% by volume of the VAP
total) compared to 771 recorded crimes of other offences against the person (95.7%). The
most numerous category was ‘less serious wounding’, which included 330 crimes of ABH
and 291 of common assault and battery.
1.1.5 Ward analysis
Map 6 gives a quintile mapping of crimes of violence against the person by ward. There is
some variation across the borough, but even the most-affected wards in Broadland
experience substantially lower crime levels than are found elsewhere in Norfolk in the
centres of major cities and towns.
CDRP Analyst, Eastern, April 2005 5Map 1 VAP in Broadland, 2003-4 – distribution by ward
[Source: NC1]
Table 20 shows figures and rankings for volume and incidence of VAP in Broadland wards
in 2003-4, together with deprivation scores.
CDRP Analyst, Eastern, April 2005 6Incidence
District (rate per District Deprivation
Volume rank Population 1000 rank score (IMD District rank
Ward (count) (volume) mid-2001 population) (incidence) 2000) (deprivation)
Hellesdon West 76 1 4160 18.3 2 12.8 19
Thorpe St Andrew
South 65 2 2605 25.0 1 24.8 1
Taverham 55 3 10495 5.2 20 5.2 35
Aylsham 41 4 5840 7.0 11 14.2 13
Sprowston Central 37 5 5140 7.2 10 17.1 7
Thorpe St Andrew
Northeast 37 6 6875 5.4 18 8.1 30
Cawston 35 7 2430 14.4 3 16.2 10
Hellesdon
Southeast 30 83458.7 8 12.2 22
Catton 29 956851 22 7.8 32
Hevingham 29 10 2315 12.5 4 20.8 5
Brundall 27 11 4525 6.0 14 8.0 31
Drayton 27 12 4475 6.0 13 9.2 29
Acle 25 13 2745 9.1 7 13.1 18
Horsford 22 14 3930 5.6 17 16.3 9
Buxton 21 15 2240 9.4 6 13.8 14
Coltishall 17 16 2355 7.2 9 11.3 24
Foulsham 16 17 1465 10.9 5 22.5 3
Hellesdon North 16 18 3405 4.7 26 10.0 27
Rackheath 15 19 3175 4.7 25 11.6 23
Sprowston East 15 20 4290 3.5 33 15.6 11
Blofield 14 21 3520 4.0 30 7.2 34
Sprowston South 14 22 2925 4.8 24 11.1 25
Burlingham 13 23 3210 4.0 28 16.8 8
Great Witchingham
13 24 1975 6.6 12 13.7 16
Reepham 11 25 2660 4.1 27 13.8 15
Spixworth 11 26 4445 2.5 35 7.4 33
Thorpe St Andrew
Northwest 11 27 3785 2.9 34 10.0 28
Freethorpe 10 28 1785 5.6 16 18.7 6
Plumstead 10 29 2535 3.9 31 23.5 2
Hainford 9 30 1870 4.8 23 10.3 26
Reedham 9 31 1695 5.3 19 22.5 4
Sprowston West 9 32 1720 5.2 21 12.7 20
Wroxham 9 33 1530 5.9 15 13.2 17
South Walsham 7 34 1800 3.9 32 14.4 12
St Faiths 7 35 1730 4.0 29 12.4 21
Broadland 792 118790 6.7
Table 4 Volume and incidence of VAP in Broadland wards, 2003-4, in rank order by volume
[Sources: NC1, IMD2000, NCC]
CDRP Analyst, Eastern, April 2005 7Three of the 20% most-affected wards by volume (Hellesdon West, Thorpe St Andrew
South and Cawston) are among the 20% most-affected wards by incidence. These 3
wards are thereby identified as priority areas for crime reduction interventions.
Only one of the priority wards, Thorpe St Andrew, is among the 20% of most deprived
wards in Broadland (using IMD 2000). Amongst all wards in Broadland, there is not a close
correlation between incidence of VAP and levels of deprivation.
The crime reduction matrix in Table 21 shows that the 3 wards where high volume and
high incidence of VAP coincided in 2003-4 accounted for 22.2% of the Broadland total.
Volume of VAP
Low Medium High
3 wards 4 wards
Low 0
(3.0% of crimes) (6.4% of crimes)
Incidence 4 wards 13 wards 4 wardsMedium
of VAP (4.5% of crimes) (30.8% of crimes) (21.5% of crimes)
4 wards 3 wards
High 0
(11.5% of crimes) (22.2% of crimes)
Table 5 Crime reduction matrix – VAP in Broadland wards, 2003-4
[Sources: NC1, HO8]
More detailed analysis for VAP focuses on Hellesdon West ward. This ward accounted for
9.6% of VAP in Broadland in 2003-4.
1.1.6 Hellesdon West – hotspots
Map 7 displays the varying density of VAP within the most affected area of Hellesdon West
Ward in 2003-4, whilst Table 22 shows hotspots by street.
CDRP Analyst, Eastern, April 2005 8Map 2 Contour map showing hotspots of VAP within Hellesdon West in 2003-4
[Source: NC1]
Street Count (3 or more)
Drayton High Road 42
Middletons Lane 7
Drayton Wood Road 3
Low Road 3
Table 6 Hotspots by s treet for VAP in Hellesdon West Ward, 2003-4
[Source: NC1]
Table 23 shows the location by sub-scene of crimes of VAP in Hellesdon West Ward in
2003-4. The 39 crimes listed as ‘hospital’ (51.3% of the total for Hellesdon West) all
occurred at a single hospital.
CDRP Analyst, Eastern, April 2005 9Sub-scene Count (2 or more)
Hospital 39
House 7
Road 7
Care home 4
School 3
Shops - other 3
Club/ community centre/ hall 2
Garden 2
Table 7 Location by s ub-scene of VAP in Hellesdon West Ward, 2003-4
[Source: NC1]
Taken together, Map 7, Table 22 and Table 23 suggest that the most severe hotspot for
VAP in Hellesdon West is a hospital in Drayton Wood Road.
1.1.7 Hellesdon West – peak time analysis
Fig. 22 shows the distribution of VAP by month in Hellesdon West in 2003-4. May was the
month when most crimes occurred. However, it is difficult to infer a definite pattern from
the relatively small size of this particular data set.
14
12
12
10
8
8
7 77
6 6
6
5
4
4
3 3 3
2
0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Month
Fig. 3 Peak month for VAP in Hellesdon West Ward, 2003-4
[Source: NC1]
CDRP Analyst, Eastern, April 2005 10
Month