OMS : rapport sur les estimations nationales de l’exposition à la pollution de l’air et les effets sur la santé
121 Pages
English

OMS : rapport sur les estimations nationales de l’exposition à la pollution de l’air et les effets sur la santé

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Description

Public health, environmental and social determinants of health (PHE)
Ambient air pollution: A global assessment of exposure and burden of disease

Subjects

Informations

Published by
Published 27 September 2016
Reads 85
Language English
Document size 5 MB

Ambient air pollution:
A global assessment
of exposure and
burden of disease

Content

List of tables7

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List of annexes9
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List of tables

Table 1:

Table 2:

Table 3:

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Table 5:

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Table A1:

Table A2.1:

Table A2.2:

Table A2.3:

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Ambient air pollution database: Proportion of settlements by population size

Total number of towns and cities in AAP database, 2016 version, by region

Number of cities included for the PMand PMDPNQBSJTPO PWFS B mWFZFBS
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5SFOE GPS UIF mWFZFBS QFSJPE NPTUMZ
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on cities available in several versions of the database, by region

Deaths attributable to AAP in 2012, by disease, age and sex

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age and sex

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to AAP in 2012, by disease, age, sex and region

Annual median concentration of particulate matter of an aerodynamic diameter
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modelled, by area and country

Deaths attributable to AAP in 2012 in both sex, by disease and country

Deaths attributable to AAP in 2012 in women, by disease and country

Deaths attributable to AAP in 2012 in men, by disease and country

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and country

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and country

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and country

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by disease and country

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by disease and country

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by disease and country

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7

Figure 1:

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Number of towns and cities with accessible PMand PMdata in 2016
10 2.5
per urban population

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Deaths attributable to AAP in 2012, by disease

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and region

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Modelled annual median particulate matter concentration compared to the WHO
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Median PMconcentration, by geographic region – urban and rural areas
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combined, 2014

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urban and rural population, 2014

PM levelsby region and city size, for available cities and towns latest year
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Deaths attributable to AAP in 2012, by country

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Figure 9:

Annex 1:

9

Figure 12:

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by country

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Global map of modelled annual median concentration of PM
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Modelled population exposure to particulate matter of PM, by country
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Figure 6:

Deaths attributable to AAP in 2012, by disease and region

Annual mean particulate matter concentration of the assessed towns and cities
compared to the WHO Air Quality Guidelinesa

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by country

PM levelsfor selected cities by region, for the last available year in the period
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Percentage of city population experiencing increasing and decreasing PM
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or PMBOOVBM NFBOT PWFS B mWFZFBS QFSJPE NPTUMZ

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Percentage of cities with increasing and decreasing PMor PMannual
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Figure 8:

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urban population only, 2014

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List of annexes

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This report presents a summary of methods
and results of the latest World Health Organi
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air pollution exposure and the resulting burden
of disease.

Air pollution has become a growing concern in
the past few years, with an increasing number
of acute air pollution episodes in many cities
worldwide. As a result, data on air quality is
becoming increasingly available and the
science underlying the related health impacts is
also evolving rapidly.

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ronmental risk to health, carrying responsibility
for about one in every nine deaths annually.
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around 3 million people each year, mainly from
noncommunicable diseases. Only one person
in ten lives in a city that complies with the WHO
Air quality guidelines. Air pollution continues
to rise at an alarming rate, and affects econo
mies and people’s quality of life; it is a public
health emergency.

Interventions and policies for tackling air pollu
tion issues exist and have been proven to be
effective. The implementation of WHO resolution
WHA68.8, which maps out a road map for en
hanced global responses to the adverse effects
of air pollution, provides an essential framework
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health priority in the sustainable development
agenda. WHO has responsibility for stewarding
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ring progress against the Sustainable Develop
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11

Air pollution affects practically all countries in the
world and all parts of society.

The role of the health sector is crucial, and there
is a need to engage with other sectors to maxi
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ment, social and development. Saving people’s
lives is the overarching aim to implement policies
aiming at tackling air pollution in the health, trans
port, energy, and urban development sectors.

Dr Maria Neira
Director of Public Health, Environmental and
Social Determinants of Health

World Health Organization