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Data, Information, and MetricsTutorial for MORS WorkshopRich Phares15 October 20071OutlineWhat do we mean by data, information, and metrics (why three words)Data, Information, and Metrics examples from several gamesSummaryThanks!2What Do We Mean (or Why Three Words)?Data– Often thought of as a synonym for information– For our purposes data is a measurement or observation of a variable, and consists of numbers, characters, images or other inputs or outputsInformation– When data becomes organized, it is called information– It is the result of processing, gathering, manipulating, and organizing data in such a way that adds knowledge to the receiverMetrics– A system of parameters or ways of quantitative and periodic assessment of a process that is to be measured3Example Games We Will Talk AboutTitle 10 WargameSeminar WargameOther examples4Title 10 WargameSpreadsheet calculations– Seen in most Title 10 games– Used to supplement the major models– Or to provide quick calculationsIs this data?5Title 10 WargamePlanning Sheets– Seen in most Title 10 games– Used to capture player actions– Or to be provided to players to fill outIs this information?6Seminar WargameForce Lists– Force lists are often provided for several sides (Blue, Red, Others)– An example game may have players broken into cells, in which they write plans based on the lists– No actual moves may be executed in the ...

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Data, Information, and Metrics
Tutorial for MORS Workshop
Rich Phares
15 October 2007
1
Outline
What do we mean by data, information, and metrics (why three words)
Data, Information, and Metrics examples from several games
Summary
Thanks!
2
What Do We Mean (or Why Three Words)?
Data Often thought of as a synonym for information For our purposes data is a measurement or observation of a variable, and consists of numbers, characters, images or other inputs or outputs
Information When data becomes organized, it is called information It is the result of processing, gathering, manipulating, and organizing data in such a way that adds knowledge to the receiver
Metrics of parameters or ways of quantitative and periodic assessment of aA system process that is to be measured
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Example Games We Will Talk About
Title 10 Wargame
Seminar Wargame
Other examples
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Title 10 Wargame
 teSaerpehsd calculations
Seen in most Title 10 games
Used to supplement the major models
Or to provide quick calculations
Is this data?
5
Title 10 Wargame
Planning Sheets
Seen in most Title 10 games
Used to capture player actions
Or to be provided to players to fill out
Is this information?
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Seminar Wargame
Force Lists Force lists are often provided for several sides (Blue, Red, Others) An example game may have players broken into cells, in which they write plans based on the lists No actual moves may be executed in the game Cells had to brief their plans
Is this data or information?
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Seminar Wargame
Outcome Matrix Matrices are used to capture game data This one could be used to capture time to complete a missionOrganizational Time started when theResistance request for a mission was received Time ended when the mission was completedOrganizational Resistance Is the completion time a metric?
Time
Mission
C2
Approval Points
C2
Approval Points
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Seminar Wargame
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(From CNN) An employee of US West diverts more than 2500 of the companys computers to help solve a 350 year old math problem; calls usually handled by Denver had to be rerouted to other states, and the Phoenix Delivery Service Center almost had to close down
Data, Information, or Metric?
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Seminar Wargame
(From CNN) U.S. plans to fly out Liberia's fugitive ethnic Krahn leader Roosevelt Johnson Friday to end a stand-off that began three days ago
(From CNN) U.S. Custom officials report they are investigating how an operational Russian-designed Scud B missile was imported into California; Officials are trying to determine whether the wealthy California weapons collector who they say imported the missile from London falsified customs documents and claimed the missile was "demilitarized
Data, Information, or Metric?
160 miles
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Seminar Wargame Example Objectives
Exercise C2 structure for Computer Network Defense
Demonstrate proof of concept through UJTL task: Protect strategic/tactical information systems
Continue to develop/refine relationships PACOM TRANSCOM JTF-CND Agencies
Data, Information, or Metric?
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