The offspring of the Arab Spring How the events in the Middle East ...
321 Pages
English

The offspring of the Arab Spring How the events in the Middle East ...

-

Downloading requires you to have access to the YouScribe library
Learn all about the services we offer

Description

  • exposé - matière potentielle : khloponin
1 The offspring of the Arab Spring How the events in the Middle East are re-awakening Circassian Affairs? Author TIAGO FERREIRA LOPES
  • removal of kaddafi from the leadership of libya
  • growth of the support of the circassian project
  • profound transformations that a massive relocation of circassians
  • circassian population
  • further growth
  • circassians
  • mountains
  • syria
  • win-win situation
  • win win situation
  • win- win situation

Subjects

Informations

Published by
Reads 60
Language English
Document size 1 MB

Theories of International
Relations
Third edition
Scott Burchill, Andrew Linklater, Richard
Devetak, Jack Donnelly, Matthew Paterson,
Christian Reus-Smit and Jacqui TrueTheories of International RelationsThis page intentionally left blank Theories of
International
Relations
Third edition
Scott Burchill, Andrew Linklater,
Richard Devetak, Jack Donnelly,
Matthew Paterson, Christian
Reus-Smit and Jacqui TrueMaterial from 1st edition © Deakin University 1995, 1996
Chapter 1 © Scott Burchill 2001, Scott Burchill and Andrew Linklater 2005
Chapter 2 © Jack Donnelly 2005
Chapter 3 © Scott Burchill, Chapters 4 and 5 © Andrew Linklater,
Chapters 6 and 7 © Richard Devetak, Chapter 8 © Christian Reus-Smit,
Chapter 9 © Jacqui True, Chapter 10 © Matthew Paterson 2001, 2005
All rights reserved. No reproduction, copy or transmission of this
publication may be made without written permission.
No paragraph of this publication may be reproduced, copied or transmitted
save with written permission or in accordance with the provisions of the
Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, or under the terms of any licence
permitting limited copying issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency, 90
Tottenham Court Road, London W1T 4LP.
Any person who does any unauthorized act in relation to this publication
may be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages.
The authors have asserted their rights to be identified
as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright,
Designs and Patents Act 1988.
First edition 1996
Second edition 2001
Published 2005 by
PALGRAVE MACMILLAN
Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 6XS and
175 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10010
Companies and representatives throughout the world.
PALGRAVE MACMILLAN is the global academic imprint of the Palgrave
Macmillan division of St. Martin’s Press, LLC and of Palgrave Macmillan Ltd.
Macmillan® is a registered trademark in the United States, United Kingdom
and other countries. Palgrave is a registered trademark in the European
Union and other countries.
ISBN-13: 978–1–4039–4865–6 hardback
ISBN-10: 1–4039–4865–8 hardback
ISBN-13: 978–1–4039–4866–3 paperback
ISBN-10: 1–4039–4866–6 paperback
This book is printed on paper suitable for recycling and made from fully
managed and sustained forest sources.
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Theories of international relations / Scott Burchill … [et al.]. – 3rd ed.
p. cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN-13: 978–1–4039–4865–6 (cloth)
ISBN-10: 1–4039–4865–8 (cloth)
ISBN-13: 978–1–4039–4866–3 (pbk.)
ISBN-10: 1–4039–4866–6 (pbk.)
1. International relations – Philosophy. I. Burchill, Scott, 1961–
JZ1242.T48 2005
327.101—dc22 2005043737
10987 654 321
14 13 12 11 10 09 08 07 06 05
Printed in ChinaContents
Preface to the Third Edition viii
List of Abbreviations ix
Notes on the Contributors x
1Introduction 1
Scott Burchill and Andrew Linklater
Frameworks of analysis 1
Diversity of theory 2
Contested nature 5
The foundation of International Relations 6
Theories and disciplines 9
Explanatory and constitutive theory 15
What do theories of international relations
differ about? 18
Evaluating theories 23
2 Realism 29
Jack Donnelly
Defining realism 30
Hobbes and classical realism 32
Waltz and structural realism 34
Motives matter 40
Process, institutions and change 44
Morality and foreign policy 48
How to think about realism (and its critics) 52
3Liberalism 55
Scott Burchill
After the Cold War 55
Liberal internationalism: ‘inside looking out’ 57
War, democracy and free trade 58
Economy and terrorism 70
Conclusion 81
vvi Contents
4 The English School 84
Andrew Linklater
From power to order: international society 89
Order and justice in international relations 93
The revolt against the West and the expansion of
international society 98
Progress in international relations 103
Conclusion 108
5Marxism 110
Andrew Linklater
Class, production and international relations in
Marx’s writings 112
Nationalism and imperialism 120
The changing fortunes of Marxism in
International Relations 124
Marxism and international relations theory today 132
Conclusion 135
6 Critical Theory 137
Richard Devetak
Origins of critical theory 137
The politics of knowledge in International Relations theory 140
Rethinking political community 146
Conclusion 159
7Postmodernism 161
Richard Devetak
Power and knowledge in International Relations 162
Textual strategies of postmodernism 167
Problematizing sovereign states 171
Beyond the paradigm of sovereignty: rethinking the political 181
Conclusion 187
8Constructivism 188
Christian Reus-Smit
Rationalist theory 189
The challenge of critical theory 193
Constructivism 194Contents vii
Constructivism and its discontents 201
The contribution of constructivism 205
Constructivism after 9/11 207
Conclusion 211
9Feminism 213
Jacqui True
Empirical feminism 216
Analytical feminism 221
Normative feminism 228
Conclusion 232
10 Green Politics 235
Matthew Paterson
Green political theory 237
Global ecology 238
Ecocentrism 238
Limits to growth, post-development 239
Green rejections of the state-system 242
Objections to Green arguments for decentralization 246
Greening global politics? 248
Conclusions 254
Bibliography 258
Index 289Preface to the Third Edition
Like its predecessors, the third edition is intended to provide upper-level
undergraduates and postgraduates with a guide to the leading theoretical
perspectives in the field.
The origins of the project lie in the development by Deakin University
of a distance-learning course in 1995: early versions of several chapters
were initially written for the course guide for this. The first edition of
this book brought together substantially revised versions of these with
new chapters on Feminism and Green Politics. The second edition added
a further chapter on Constructivism. None of those involved in the pro-
ject at the outset guessed that the result would be quite such a successful
text as this has turned out to be, with course adoptions literally all over
the world.
The third edition has again been substantially improved. For this
edition, Jack Donnelly has written a new chapter on the varieties of
Realism. Jacqui True has produced what is virtually a new chapter on
Feminism. Andrew Linklater’s chapter on the English School replaces
the one on Rationalism which he contributed to the first and second
editions. All chapters, however, have been revised and updated to reflect
developments in the literature and to take account, where appropriate,
of the significance of ‘9/11’ for theories of world politics. The third
edition also includes a significantly revised introduction on the impor-
tance of international relations theory for students of world affairs.
Last but not least, the whole book has been redesigned, consistency
between chapters in style and presentation has been improved, and a
consolidated bibliography has been added with Harvard references
replacing notes throughout.
As with the earlier editions, our publisher, Steven Kennedy has been
keenly involved in every stage of the production of this book. We are
grateful once again for his unfailing commitment and wise counsel.
Thanks also to Gary Smith of Deakin University and Dan Flitton for
their contributions to earlier editions. Above all we would like to thank
our co-authors for their hard work and forbearance.
SCOTT BURCHILL
ANDREW LINKLATER
viiiList of Abbreviations
APEC Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
CND Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (UK)
FDI Foreign direct investment
GAD Gender and development
GPT Green political theory
ICC International Criminal Court
ICJ International Court of Justice
IO International organization
ILO International Labour Organization
IMF International Monetary Fund
IPE International Political Economy
IUCN International Union for the Conservation of Nature and
Natural Resources
MAI Multilateral Agreement on Investments
MNC Multinational corporation
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NGO Non-governmental organization
NTB Non-trade barrier
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
SAP Structural adjustment policy (IMF)
TNC Transnational corporation
UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
WCED World Commission on Environment and Development
WHO World Health Organization
WMD Weapons of mass destruction
WTO World Trade Organization
WID Women in international development
ix