10 Pages
English

In the last few years the use of triacs has spread to all areas of electronics including domestic appliances and industrial applications The use of triacs has been traditionally limited by their switching behavior in applications where there is a risk of spontaneous firing after conduction In order to obtain the required reliability in today's equipment the designer must take a certain number of precautions: over dimensioning of the device switching aid networks snubber significant margin of security of the junction temperature etc This generally involves additional costs After a brief discussion of commutation problem when a triac is turned off this article will describe the progress made in this area and the newest possibilities now offered to triac user thanks to the new series Logic Level and SNUBBERLESS triac

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Niveau: Supérieur, Doctorat, Bac+8
In the last few years, the use of triacs has spread to all areas of electronics, including domestic appliances and industrial applications. The use of triacs has been traditionally limited by their switching behavior in applications where there is a risk of spontaneous firing after conduction. In order to obtain the required reliability in today's equipment, the designer must take a certain number of precautions: over dimensioning of the device, switching aid networks (snubber), significant margin of security of the junction temperature,etc. This generally involves additional costs. After a brief discussion of commutation problem when a triac is turned off, this article will describe the progress made in this area and the newest possibilities now offered to triac user thanks to the new series Logic Level and SNUBBERLESS? triac. The commutation problem of the triac In its electrical representation the triac can be compared to two thyristors mounted in anti-parallel and coupled with a control device which allows activation of this AC switch with only one gate (fig. 1a). In considering the structure of a triac (fig. 1b), one notices that the conduction zones, corresponding to these two thyristors and which control the current in one direction and then in the other, narrowly overlap each other and the control zone. During the conduction time, a certain quantity of charges is injected into the structure. The biggest part of these charges disappears by recombining during the fall of the current in the circuit, while another part is extracted at the moment of blocking by the inverse recovery current.

  • basic gale

  • switching behavior

  • voltage ware forms

  • off switching

  • vrms ?

  • amp triac

  • reapplied across


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Reads 7
Language English
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APP LICA TION
NOT E
IMPROVEMENT IN THE TRIAC COMMUTATION P. RAULT
In the last few years, the use of triacs has During the conduction time, a certain quantity of spread to all areas of electronics, including charges is injected into the structure. The domestic appliances and industrial applications. biggest part of these charges disappears by recombining during the fall of the current in the The use of triacs has been traditionally limited by circuit, while another part is extracted at the their switching behavior in applications where moment of blocking by the inverse recovery there is a risk of spontaneous firing after current. Nonetheless an excess charge remains, conduction. In order to obtain the required particularly in the neighboring regions of the reliability in today's equipment, the designer gate, which can provoke in certain cases the must take a certain number of precautions: over firing of the other conduction zone at the dimensioning of the device, switching aid moment when the supply voltage of the circuit is networks (snubber), significant margin of security reapplied across the triac. This is the problem of of the junction temperature,etc. This generally commutation. involves additional costs. For a given structure at a determined junction After a brief discussion of commutation problem temperature, the switching behavior depends on: when a triac is turned off, this article will describe the progress made in this area and the 1/ The quantity of charges which remains at the newest possibilities now offered to triac user moment when the current drops to zero. this thanks to the new series Logic Level and number of charges is linked to the value of the SNUBBERLESSE triac. current which was circulating in the triac approximately 100 microseconds before the cut-off. (This time corresponds to two or three The commutation problem of the triactimes the life time of the minority carriers). Thus, the parameter to consider here will be the slope In its electrical representation the triac can be of the decreasing current which is called the compared to two thyristors mounted in commutating di/dt, or (di/dt)c. (fig. 2) anti-parallel and coupled with a control device which allows activation of this AC switch with 2/ The speed at which the reapplied voltage only one gate (fig. 1a). increases at the moment when the triac turns off, which is called the commutating dv/dt, or In considering the structure of a triac (fig. 1b), (dv/dt)c. (fig. 2) one notices that the conduction zones, A capacitive current, proportional to the (dv/dt)c, corresponding to these two thyristors and which flows into the structure, and therefore injected control the current in one direction and then in charges are added to those coming from the the other, narrowly overlap each other and the previous conduction. control zone. Figure 1Simplified equivalent schematic of triac circuit.: (A) (B) Example of a triac structure.
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