1 Object formation Innovation as an object of inquiry
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1 Object formation Innovation as an object of inquiry

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  43 1 Object formation  Innovation as an object of inquiry         In this first chapter, I examine the first mode of subjectivation that I intro‐ duced before: the notion of forming people in relation to different forms of  inquiry. This may sound somewhat vague at first, but I will attempt to clarify  matters. The stake of this chapter is to examine how the ‘object' of inquiry is  related to the formation of a particular subject. In his earlier work, in which  objects of inquiry are discussed, Foucault did not explicate this relation to  subjectivation. As I said in the introduction, he did discuss this earlier work  in such a light toward the end of his life. In this chapter, I try to give more  body to this.   One of the questions that Foucault asked in his book The Archaeology of  Knowledge (1972) is how an object of inquiry is ‘formed'. As I said in the in‐ troduction, it seems that there are modes of inquiry that would probably not  be considered as part of the scientific field, such as governmental gathering  of data on public health. Nevertheless such ‘practical' inquiries are often  closely related to the development of related sciences. With respect to inno‐ vation, for instance, it is clear that it is an object of study within a wide range  of scientific disciplines – from engineering to business studies, from econom‐ ics to sociology. More recently, innovation studies is positioned as a disci‐ pline of its own (Fagerberg & Verspagen, 2009).
  • to be overtly deterministic in terms of their focus on the autonomous devel‐ opment of technology
  • foucault did not live to see the influence of politicians like margaret  thatcher and ronal reagan
  •  the discussion of these traditions in relation to neoliberalism will be  important from the point of view of postpanopticism
  •  apart from the focus on price competition  and rational choice
  • figure of the entrepreneur should in fact be considered as a next stage of the  development that foucault described in economic though
  •  as i said in the in‐ troduction
  •  i start by a short overview of  the different traditions of thinking about innovation
  •  can be used as a unit common to all other  merchandise
  • iberalism must produce  freedom
  •  in  fact

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CDT in Communications
Oliver Johnson
University of Bristol
LMS Prospects in Mathematics, December 2011
http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cdt-communications/
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Communications and Maths
to build modern multiple-antenna wireless routers ...we need I to understand random matrix theory to develop greener Smart Grid power networks ...we need to I understand stochastic processes I to use the new technology of compressive sensing ...we need to understand information theory
http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cdt-communications/
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Communications and Bristol
Centre for Communications Research (Electrical Engineering) I and Maths have track record of collaborations. This has led to the creation of a newCentre for Doctoral I Training, opened in October 2011. Only centre funded in the country. I £2.2 million of funding from EPSRC,£1.8 million from I industry Industrial partners (fully funding studentships) include:NEC, I Toshiba, BAe, Thales, Ace-Axis, GCHQ Many other companies partly funding studentships I Offer range of PhDs, from applied to theoretical I
http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cdt-communications/
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Communications PhDs
I Centre offers a 4 year degree. I First year includes taught courses, group and individual projects. I Later years research-based, though with some group activities. I Degree will be interdisciplinary, with joint supervisors. We don’t assume any particular knowledge, but relevant I courses would be Information Theory, Stochastic Processes, Complex Networks, Queuing Theory. Have 10 fully funded PhD studentships per year (usual I EPSRC eligibility rules). Funding is£17,500 stipend (tax-free), with fees paid. I
http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cdt-communications/
CDT in Communications
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Communications PhDs
Looking for strong students – hopefully with a First, in EE, I Maths, Physics, CS or similar. I Not just looking for academic strength – want to build a cohort. Ideal students would also be interested in I I working as a team entrepreneurship and enterprise I I solving real-world problems, sometimes in collaboration with industry I Visithttp://www.bristol.ac.uk/cdt-communications/ I Mailcdt-communications@bris.ac.ukif you have questions.
http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cdt-communications/
CDT in Communications
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