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MASTER, Supérieur, Master
  • dissertation - matière potentielle : are
HISTORIC GARDENS, HERITAGE, LANDSCAPE 2011 / 2012 MASTER II Ja rd in d e la M ai so n C ar ré à B az oc he s (Y ve li ne s) , A lv ar A al to a rc h. ,1 95 6- 58 , p ho to M . M os se r, ét é 20 10
  • pierre thibaut
  • art historian
  • applied research
  • unique professional approach
  • professional master
  • museum national d'histoire naturelle
  • final public
  • research study
  • public authority
  • école nationale
  • écoles nationales
  • ecole nationale
  • ecole national



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Master JHPP / Presentation
A COMPLEX AND ORIGINAL AREA OF INTERVENTION Over the past decades, interest in the knowledge, protection, programming, or restructuring of historic gardens has been constantly expanding. The same is now to be observed in the emerging field of cultural landscapes while the civil society, designers, planners, or decision makers are more and more concerned by the topic. This heritage needs to be understood in all its complexity, according to three fundamental registers: cultural history, technology and expertise, as well as an evolving body of policies and regulations. Combining nature and culture, gardens and landscapes do not fit under the label of a heritage conceived of as immutable. They are made of living materials, transformed through biophysical processes and social practices. Their condition is transitional. Anticipating and organizing their continuity is a difficult challenge for which it is necessary to gain experience and build new approaches. The request to intervene in historic gardens and cultural landscapes not only calls for a thorough reflection on the spatial persistence of such remarkable structures. It also urges to better understand the overlapping of biophysical and semantic processes shaping their evolution. Consequently, like the gardens and landscapes whose mutation it addresses, this Master’s program is constantly adapting to the evolution of its field of expertise. Among recent expansions the latter now encompasses regional scale
ecosystems, territorial identity, or the relationships between infrastructure, heritage, and landscape. It includes more and more works from the postwar period (modern villa gardens, social housing or new town open spaces). Landscape epistemology as well as sustainable development and socio-cultural or political issues are at the core of this program’s concerns. Each of these different topics is every year dedicated a particular symposium.
NEW PROFESSIONALS TO BE TRAINED With an increasing interest in historic parks and gardens, cultural landscapes, or open space design, it becomes necessary to train future experts to protect and accompany the natural development of such places in yet a dynamic perspective, both critical and creative. But very few professionals are prepared for these practices. In its endeavors to fill such a gap, this program succeeds in opening to jobs offered by various departments of State administration and local authorities, by associations concerned with heritage management, by architectural and consulting firms, as well as landscape architecture and engineering offices. Through its interdisciplinary curriculum, it also enables independent professionals be better apt to face unprecedented problems. It is open to all those who seek to deepen their knowledge in this specific area and develop a unique professional approach.
TRAINING OBJECTIVES Initiate to and develop a multidisciplinary approach. Provide necessary knowledge to build a specific and shared language. Link historical, theoretical, and practical field work. Address landscape heritage in the field of current issues such as public space, urban ecology, infrastructure, local identities.  Situate knowledge in a broader European context. meetings and discussions, compare Encourage our work with foreign partners’
PROGRAM AND CURRICULUM ORGANIZATION Teaching unfolds over one full year (October to next November). Multidisciplinarity and the contribution of the most recognized experts in their field aim at alternating lecture courses and seminars with field work (visits, trips, tutorials) and the experience of a team of professionals, especially through a diploma work, whether in the form of an internship, an individual research, or a collective commissioned study.
Classes are delivered over the year during two consecutive days of courses every other week and through three full weeks of seminar plus an additional one-week field trip. Attendance is mandatory to all these instances. Classes begin in early October and are evaluated through continuous assessment and final exams. They consist of courses, seminars, tutorials, field trip, and an applied research study.
Lecture Courses : Cultural history of parks, gardens, and urban planning (from historiography to critical analysis)
Public policy and legal regulations in heritage and the environment History and epistemology of the notions of landscape and heritage related to emergent issues Strategies and techniques of intervention in the living heritage of landscape Research and interpretation of sources, methods and readings Linguistic practice.
Seminars : some classes are grouped into three different weeks of seminar, one every three months, the thematic content of which is renewed annually.
Tutorials :the year, students throughout participate in collective field work sessions. Field trip :study tour, held annually one-week abroad, in one of the European countries, to discover specific landscape architectural features and to exchange experiences with colleagues and actors from related areas of knowledge and practice. Applied research study :this can take the form of either of the following: an Internship, a Research project, or a Commissioned study. Over the year, students develop a work in one of these formats, depending on their career plans. Internship and dissertation are individual while the commissioned study is most often developed by a group of two to three students. This operative study is funded and conducted within the framework of a partnership agreement signed with a public authority or a private owner.
DIRECTIONS FOR EVALUATION OF COURSE UNITS Written Examinations for courses. Summary reports for seminars and field trips. Translation work. Evaluation of tutorials (continuous). and final reports for internship, Intermediate research project, and operative study, with different oral and collegial presentations over the year, concluded by a final public defense.
DEGREE The degree is obtained after the validation of all course units and the defense of the work in November. This program is a specialized Professional Master II ; it delivers a Master’s degree in «Historic Gardens, Heritage, and Landscape».
SCIENTIFIC DIRECTORS Monique Mosser et Christine Mengin. PERMANENT TEACHING TEAM Marie-Hélène Bénetière, Hervé Brunon, Stéphanie de Courtois, Georges Farhat, Philippe Guttinger, Denis Mirallié, Christine Mengin, Monique Mosser, Richard Sabatier.
STANDING LECTURERS Pierre Aversenq, Bernadette Blanchon, Jérôme Buridant, Joëlle Burnouf, Jean-François Cabestan, Chiu Che Bing, Gérard Chouquer, Christophe Drenou, Françoise Dubost, Bertrand Le Boudec, Bernadette Lizet, Philippe Nys, Gilles Polizzi, Daniel Rabreau, Marc Rumelhart.
OCCASIONAL LECTURERS Gaëlle Aggeri, lanscape designer; Florence André, art historian; Janine Barrier, art historian; Isabelle Bertone, ingeneer; Bruno Bentz, archaeologist; Cathy Biass-Morin, engineer; Jean-Marie Blaising, archaeologist; Brigitte Blanc, heritage administrator; Patricia Bouchenot-Déchin, historian ; Laurent Châtel, historian ; Laurent Costa, archaeologist; Pascal Cribier, landscape designer; Michel Dabas, geographer ; Julien Delord, agronomist and historian ; Hélène Dessales, archaeologist ; Pierre Donadieu, sociologist ; Alain Durnerin, engineer; Michaël van Gessel, landscape designer; Christian Haïssat, engineer; Antoine Jacobsohn, historian;; Marc Jeanson, biologist, agronomist; Gabriela Lamy, gardener; Blaise Leclerc, agronomist ; Jean-Michel Leniaud, historian; Isabelle Levêque, historian, garden restoration ; Daniella Malnar, national fountains service; Jean-Michel Sainsard, heritage engineer; Frédéric Sichet, landscape designer and historian ; Pierre Thibaut, photographer ; José Tito Rojo, botanist and landscape designer; Cécile Travers, archaelogist; Gilles Vexlard, landscape designer.
SCIENTIFIC ORIENTATION COMMITTEE This committee is composed of : heads of the Department of Architecture and Heritage, French culture ministry, (direction of historic monuments and protected areas) ; heads of the Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, and of énsa-v.
ASSOCIATED PROGRAMS, UNIVERSITIES AND RESEARCH CENTERS L’Ecole nationale supérieure de paysage (Versailles), Ecole nationale supérieure d’architecture et de paysage (Bordeaux), Universities of Florence, Granada, Madrid, Rome, Turin, York, and CNRS (UMR 8150) Centre André Chastel/Paris, Fondazione Benetton Studi Ricerche (Treviso), le Museum national d’histoire naturelle (Paris).
INFORMATION Elisabeth Von Knechten Ecole nationale supérieure d’architecture de Versailles 5 avenue de Sceaux, 78000 Versailles Tél : 01 39 07 40 93 elisabeth.von-knechten@versailles.archi.fr Denis Gardenet Université de Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne UFR Histoire de l’art et d’archéologie 3 rue Michelet, 75006 PARIS Tél : 01 53 73 70 93 gardenet@univ-paris1.fr
5, avenue de Sceaux BP 20674-78006 Versailles Cedex tél. 33 (0)1 39 07 40 00 fax 33 (0)1 39 07 40 99 ensav@versailles.archi.fr www.versailles.archi.fr