Input-output tables for Italy 1985

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eurostat
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS ESA
Input-output tables for Italy 1985
COMPTES NATIONAUX SEC
Tableaux entrées-sorties de l'Italie 1985 eurostat
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Y. Franchet Y. Franchet
Directeur général Generaldirektor NATIONAL ACCOUNTS ESA
Input-output tables for Italy 1985
COMPTES NATIONAUX SEC
Tableaux entrées-sorties de l'Italie 1985
This publication was prepared ¡n collaboration with Professor Beutel, Fachhochschule Konstanz.
Cette publication a été réalisée avec la collaboration du professeur Beutel,e Konstanz.
Theme / Thème
Economy and finance / Économie et finances
Series / Série
Accounts, surveys and statistics / Comptes, enquêtes et statistiques
STATISTICAL DOCUMENT D DOCUMENT STATISTIQUE
Printed on recycled paper D Imprimé sur papier recyclé Cataloguing data can be found at the end of this publication.
Une fiche bibliographique figure à la fin de l'ouvrage.
Luxembourg: Office des publications officielles des Communautés européennes, 1992
Vol. 3 : ISBN 92­826­3630­5
Vols 1­4: ISBN 92­826­3627­5
© CECA­CEE­CEEA, Bruxelles ■ Luxembourg, 1992
Reproduction autorisée, sauf à des fins commerciales, moyennant mention de la source.
Printed in Luxembourg Contents Page
Part A: Outline 5
1. The input-output tables of Eurostat
1.1 The five-yearly input-output programme
1.2 The input-output tables available at Eurostat 6
2. The ESA input-output system 7
2.1. The structure of the tables
2.2. The price system 10
2.3. Supplementary tables .V.. 11
3. Further developments2
3.1. Make and use matrices
3.2. Satellite systems
4. Classifications4
5. Special features of the input-output tables for Italy 1985 2
Part B: Input-output tables for Italy 1985 43
1. Input-output tables at producers' prices (net of all VAT)
Total uses and resources6
Domestic production ; 64
Imports from EC countries 7s from thirds 82
Total imports 91
2. Supplementary tables 100
Transfers
Occupied population . 109
Final consumption of households by branch and by purpose at purchasers'prices 11
Final uses at purchasers' prices 12Part A: Outline
1. The input-output tables of Eurostat
1.1. The five-yearly input-output programme
This series contains thet tables of the European Community countries for the year 1985, harmonized in
accordance with the European System of Integrated Economic Accounts (ESA). In a first group of publications
Eurostat presents country reports with all the available tables in national currencies. As soon as input-output tables
are available for all EC Member States, Eurostat will produce a second group of publications with comparative and
aggregated data for the Community. Some countries are not in a position to present harmonizedt tables
for the reference year 1985. Due to new benchmark surveys, the Netherlands and Portugal are compiling input-output
tables for 1986, Luxembourg for 1987 and Greece for 1988.
Eurostat has been developing in cooperation with the National Statistical Offices (NSO) of the EC Member States a
five-yearly programme on input-output tables as sectoral disaggregation of macroeconomic information and
consequently input-output analysis is becoming more and more important in economic analysis. With this series
Eurostat is offering a service which is of interest for government agencies, scientific institutions and private
companies in corporate planning, policy assessment and impact analysis.
Table 1 : Input-output table
Input | PRODUCTION ACTIVITIES FINAL USE
OUT V
Branches Private Government Capital PUT
Consumption consumption formation Export
Output > 1 2 j n
1
2
Domestic goods : A Β c
and services i
n
1
2
Imported goods : D E F
and services i
n
Value added
- Capital consumption
- Taxes on production G Η I
- Wages and salaries
- Operating surplus
INPUT C
The input-output system of Eurostat includes detailed information for a given year on production activities, supply
and demand of goods and services, interindustry transactions, primary inputs and foreign trade. The economy is
broken down into various branches (agriculture, industry, services) with a clear view on interdependencies between
economic variables. Transactions of goods and services are broken down by supplier and user, by type of use
(intermediate or final) and by geographical origin and destination. Input-output tables also show the cost structure of
production activities (intermediate inputs, compensation of labour and capital, taxes on production).
As an integral part of national accounts, input-output tables constitute the appropriate database to analyze issues such
as structural changes, interregional and interindustry trade, market integration and diffusion of technology. In many
countries, the input-output system is used to verify and improve the consistency of national accounts. Moreover, it is
widely accepted as the appropriate tool to deflate gross domestic product on a commodity basis.
A breakdown of supply and demand of domestic goods and services is illustrated in matrix A and Β (Table 1). While
matrix A covers interindustry relations (intermediate demand) matrix Β includes all details on final demand
(consumption, investment, export). Matrices D and E include the corresponding information on imports of goods and
services. The use of labour and capital and production taxes is reported in matrix G. Matrix Η is normally empty as
no market transactions are reported in this area. Domestic production is defined «o ^olumn and i ctor C (inr
= output), total imports as vector F and value added as vector I. A special feature of input-output analysis is the potential to link and integrate other important statistics, such as data
on employment, energy, steel, natural resources and environmental aspects. The integration of these satellite systems
constitute a broader framework for national accounts than before. Problems of unemployment, market integration,
environmental issues, supply and demand of energy, depletion of natural resources, direct and indirect effects of
taxation, innovation and impact analysis of modern technology require specific disaggregation of sectoral analysis.
With its database Eurostat offers a main foundation for corresponding analysis in a Community context.
The tables supplied within this programme are harmonized with reference to the ESA which is the Community
version of the United Nations System of National Accounts (SNA). Although many differences in statistical sources
and methods still exist among the EC Member States, the adoption of the ESA's common definitions and common
classifications allows a high degree of comparability.
In some countries the input-output tables supplied to Eurostat according to the ESA result from adjustments based on
the national versions of the tables (national definitions and classifications). This need for conversion to Community
standards implies sometimes a good volume of work in the NSO and consequently some extra time. From 1990
onwards, a significant reduction of the time lag between the publication of harmonized input-output tables and the
reported year may be expected with thé implementation of Community classifications (particularly NACE) in all EC
Member States.
1.2. The input-output tables available at Eurostat
Harmonized five-yearly input-output tables have been published since the early sixties and are available in the input-
output tables database of Eurostat. The available years and countries are shown in Table 2. The national input-output
tables, produced by the NSO and sent to Eurostat, are expressed in national currencies. Based on them, Eurostat
computes consolidated tables for the European Community expressed in ecus (until now EC6, EC7 and EC9,
depending on the available countries). For the present exercise 1985, Eurostat is also planning to develop an inter-
country input-output table for the European Community (interregional type of table).
Access to data, as well as to the basic calculations of input-output analysis, can be obtained by contacting Eurostat
(see address in the box below). Besides the existing publications^, data can be delivered on magnetic media (floppy
discs or magnetic tapes) or on paper print-outs. The format of the files in the magnetic media consist generally of
simple flat files easily importable into different computer environments.
In parallel to the five-yearly input-output tables of Eurostat, almost all NSO have an ongoing programme to make
national input-output tables in annual, biannual or longer intervals, depending on the country. These tables are not
generally collected by Eurostat. The detail of the information contained in these national tables may vary from
country to country depending, namely, on the classifications used and on their provisional or definitive nature.
Although some of them might not be harmonized and comparable across the Community, they can be of great benefit
as they refer to more recent years. In Table 3 an update is given on national input-output tables.
HOW TO ACCESS INFORMATION
For any information on input-output tables of Eurostat please contact:
Eurostat's Information Office
Bâtiment Jean Monnet, B3/89
L-2920 LUXEMBOURG
Tel: (352) 43 01 45 67 Fax: (352) 43 64 04
(1) The last two publications are: "National Accounts ESA, input-output tables 1980", Eurostat, Luxembourg 1986 and "National Accounts ESA,
input-output tables 1975", Eurostat, Luxembourg 1983. Table 2: Five-yearly input-output tables of Eurostat
1959 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985
Input-output tables by country
Β χ χ χ χ χ e
DK χ χ χ %
χ χ χ χ χ D e
'■ GR (5) e
χ χ (6) χ E
χ χ χ χ χ χ F
(1)Χ χ IRL (7)Χ
χ χ χ χ χ (8)Χ I
Χ (2) Χ (9) e L
χ χ χ χ χ NL e
(10) e Ρ χ
UK χ χ χ e
Aggregate input-output tables
" EC6 χ χ
EC7 χ
EC9 χ (3) Χ (4) Χ
EC12 e
Legend:
χ: available e: expected
Notes:
(1) This table refers to 1969.
(2) Input-output table 1970 for Luxembourg has been estimated by Eurostat.
(3) EC9 for 1975 does not include Spain (unavailable at the time of compilation) but an estimation (not separately shown) for Luxembourg.
(4) EC9 for 1980 is not an homogeneous aggregate as different indirect taxation systems have been used in Spain and Portugal (non existence of
VAT at the time being).
(5) Input-output table for Greece 1988.
(6) The input-output table for Spain 1985 is based on producers' prices including all indirect taxes. With the introduction of VAT in Spain, the
input-output table for Spain 1986 net of all VAT is also available.
(7) Input-output table for Ireland 1985 with 44 branches.
(8) Besides the input-output table for Italy 1985 an input-output table 1988 is also available.
(9) t table for Luxembourg 1987.
(10) Input-output table for Portugal 1986.
Table 3: National input-output tables
Most recent year available next year available ready by
Β end 1992 1980 1985
DK 1988 1989 end 1992
D 1988 1990 end 1993
GR 1970/1980 1988 june 1992
E 1987 summer 1992 1988
F 1990 1991 april 1992
IRL 1985 ?
I 1988 ?
L 1987 summer 1992
NL 1988 1989 r 1992
Ρ 1990 October 1992 1991
UK 1984 1989 end 1993
Legend:
?: not yet determined 2) 2. The ESA input-output system <
2.1. The structure of the tables
Input-output tables are double entry matrices containing detailed information on supply and use of goods and services
and primary inputs in an economy. The rows@) of these matrices are structured according to a classification of
products (goods and services) and primary inputs (labour, capital, taxes on production). The columns represent
production activities (agriculture, industry, market services, non-market services) and final demand components
(private consumption, government consumption, gross fixed capirai formation, change in stocks, exports).
For the detailed analysis of the production and use of goods and services, in the ESA the economy is split into
'branches' which are groups of homogeneous production units engaged in a single activity. One basic concept in the
input-output tables of Eurostat is the 'unit of homogeneous production'. The distinguishing feature of this unit is a
unique activity which is identified by its inputs, a particular process of production and its outputs. In the columns,
the units of homogeneous production are grouped into 'branches of activity'. The set of activities covered by a
branch is defined by reference to a product classification and the branch produces all and only the products specified.
In the input-output tables of Eurostat, branches are classified according to the NACE-CLIO, which is a classification
of mutually exclusive activities, each one defined by the products produced. The 1985 input-output tables present,
for most of the countries, a breakdown of 59 branches of activity (NACE-CLIO R59). This classification is also used
to aggregate the goods and services in the rows.
The input-output system of Eurostat comprises four types of tables:
1. Total uses and resources
2. Domestic production
3. Imports from EC Member States
4.s from third countries
A global view of the structure of the input-output system of Eurostat is presented in Table 4. For analytical purposes
two main types of input-output tables are included, one reflecting total uses and resources and another domestic
production. A feature of the system is that import matrices are separately given for imports from EC Member States
and imports from third countries.
The table on total uses and resources (part 1 in Table 4) is calculated by combining the matrices on domestic and
imported goods and services in the first two quadrants of the input-output table (see Table 1). Intermediate
consumption and final demand includes domestic and imported commodities regardless of its origin. Total uses and
resources are defined as domestic output plus imports of similar products. The row vector of imports of similar
products in part 1 corresponds to the transposed last column vector in the import matrix. The table on total uses and
resources reflects the total requirements for intermediate production and final demand irrespective of the origin of
goods and services. The totals reflect domestic output and imports (supply of goods and services).
The table on domestic production (part 2 in Table 4) presents intermediate and final demand for domestic goods and
services in the first two quadrants of the input-output table. Imports from EC Member States and third countries are
aggregated to one row vector (line 61) reflecting the total import requirements of production and final use. The totals
are equivalent to domestic output.
The import matrices (parts 3-4 in Table 4) give a detailed breakdown of foreign trade separately for trade with EC
Member States and third countries. The totals are equivalent to total imports of goods and services.
For the input-output system of most of the Community countries a single format of columns (71) has been chosen for
all tables. Production activities (agriculture, industry, services) are included in the first 59 columns while final
demand components (consumption, investment, export) are covered in the following columns (61-70). Exports have
been separated for EC Member States and third countries.
(2) For methodological specifications please refer to the following publications: "European System of Integrated Economic Accounts - ESA",
Eurostat, second edition 1979; "Community input-output tables 1970-1975 methodology", Eurostat, special series 1-1976.
(3) For a complete description of rows and columns used see chapter 4 in part A.