WHAT IS NLP: A MODEL OF COMMUNICATION AND PERSONALITY
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English

WHAT IS NLP: A MODEL OF COMMUNICATION AND PERSONALITY

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  • mémoire
WHAT IS NLP: A MODEL OF COMMUNICATION AND PERSONALITY By Tad James, M.S., Ph.D. Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP) began as a model of how we communicate to ourselves and others which was developed by Richard Bandler and John Grinder. This model explains how we process the information that comes into us from the outside. The belief is that The map is not the territory. And so the internal representations that we make about an outside event are not necessarily the event itself.
  • category of high interest
  • rope versus snake analogy
  • broad conclusions about the meaning of the effect
  • product category
  • result of the combination of an internal representation
  • internal representation
  • snake
  • conclusions
  • result
  • experience

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Reads 30
Language English
PORTLANDPUBLICSCHOOLS
EdBox Gradebook Strategies For Setting Up Proficiency Based Gradebooks OfficeofInformationTechnology12/5/2011
This document is a working draft. Last updated January 7th, 2012
TableofContents
Strategies:SettingUpClassOptionsForProficiencyBasedGradeBooks.................3CategoriesTab..........................................................................................................................................3ScalesTab...................................................................................................................................................4TermsTab..................................................................................................................................................5
CreatingStandardsBasedAssignments................................................................................6AssignmentsTab......................................................................................................................................6StandardsTab...........................................................................................................................................6TrackingStandards.................................................................................................................................7
StandardsReports.........................................................................................................................8The EdBox Gradebook supports proficiency based grading in courses where PPS standards have been loaded. The purpose of this guide is to illustrate some strategies for setting up courses and assignments in ways that enable you to track and communicate achievement on course standards using the EdBox Gradebook. This guide assumes the user has knowled e of the basic functionality of EdBox Gradebook. For a refresher on the basics see theUser Manualfor Teachers
EdBox Gradebook User Guide
Proficiency Strategies
Strategies:SettingUpClassOptionsForProficiencyBasedGradeBooksBeforeusingyourGradebook,youmustsetupClassOptions.Usingthefollowingsteps,youcansetupcategoryweightsandgradescalesforclassesthatwillmorecloselyreflectaproficiencybasedsystemofgrading.CategoriesTab Onegoalofproficiencybasedsystemsistoseparatemeasurementofacademicachievementfrommeasurementsofbehaviorsuchasattendance,completionofhome/classwork,etc.Weknowthesebehaviorsusuallycorrelatewithachievement,buttheyarenotthesamethingandshouldbemeasuredseparately.
Categoryweightscanbeusedtofocusgradecalculationsonassessedacademicperformance.Note:Evenifcategoryweightsaresettozero,itisimportantthatcategoriesareused,otherwisegrad eightedcategories.Intheexampleabove,only“Tests/Quizzes”and“UnitEssays”arebeingusedasassessmentsforthisclass.Assignmentsinthe“InteractiveNotebook”categoryarehomeworkandclasswork,whichinthissystemareconsideredpracticeandthereforenotcalculatedintothegrade.Someteacherschoosetoassignasmallpercentage(10%maybe)to“Practice”categoriesforthemotivationfactor.Weknowstudentswanttoknow“Howmuchisthisworth?”butagoalofproficiencybasedgradingpracticesistomeasureastudent’sabilitytoshowtheyareproficientinthecoursestandards.Eventuallywewouldlikeourstudentstobemotivatedtodogreatworkandtorealizepracticeisnecessarytoaccomplishthis.
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EdBox Gradebook User Guide
Proficiency Strategies
ScalesTab Teacherscanviewtheparametersofthescalesprovided.Scalescannotbeedited.Thescalesforboththe4pt.and6pt.RubricscalesweredevelopedbyagroupofPPSteachersusingcurrentresearchandtheirpersonalclassroomexperience.Applicationofa“RubricFinal”scalerendersalettergradethatmorecloselyapproximatesproficiencybasedgradingpracticesandcanbeusedwheretheAFscaleisrequired.Note:Numericisthevaluegivenwhenalettergradeisentered.LoweristhelowestvaluefMiddleSchoolTeachers:Ifyourbui ingaseci etoissueproficiencymarksonreportcardsyoucanusetheRubric4pt.Final(Prof)scale.Pleasetalktoyourbuildingadministratortoconfirmif,orwhen,yourschoolismakingthisscaleavailable.
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EdBox Gradebook User Guide
Proficiency Strategies
TermsTabTeachersmustchoosethescaleandmethodusedtocalculategradesforeachclass.Todothis,fortheInterval(1stSemester)andPeriod(FallSemester),chooseeitherthe4pt.Finalorthe6pt.FinalRubricscale.Thesamescaleshouldeappliedtoallperiodsandintervals.Note:Tocalculateappropriately“RubricScales”shouldalwaysbesetwiththe“AverageScore”method.Clickonthe“Terms“tabintheOptionsmenu.1.Clickon<edit>nexttoeachIntervalandPeriod.Ifyouarenotgoingtousethedefaultgradescale,changeeachcomponent(quarterorsemester)ina
Interval Period
Interval Period
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EdBox Gradebook User Guide
Proficiency Strategies
CreatingStandardsBasedAssignmentsAssignmentsTab1. MakesuretochoosetheGradingScalethatmatchesthe“Final”rubricscaleyouselectedforyourclassinthe<Terms>tab.Choosingthe“Assignment”rubricwillenableyou,andstudents,toseewheretheystandbasedontherubricdescriptors.2. Weightscanbeusedtoshowthatanassignment/assessmentismoreinvolvedand/orgivesstudentstheopportunitytoshowtheirproficiencyinamorerobustfashion.
StandardsTab PPSStandardsand/orlearningtargetsareavailableformanycoursesandcanbeattachedtoassignments.Thiswillenableyoutotrackstudent’sprogressontheco
.Target(s).2. Click“Add”andassignMaxpointsforeachStandard.Note:TheMaxpointsforeachstandard/learningtargetshouldmatchtherubricscalefortheclassandtheassignmentscalesyouhavealreadyapplied.Intheexampleabove,a4pointscaleisbeingused.All“Standards”reports,includingthoseintheStudentExplorerandtheEdBoxViewer,willusetherubricscaleyouhavechosenforcalculation.
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EdBox Gradebook User Guide
3.
Proficiency Strategies
Eachassignmentthathasstandardsattachedwillhaveasmallplussignintheupperrightcornerofthetitlebox.a. Clickontheplussigntoexpandthecolumnstoviewthestandards.b. Clicktheminussigntocollapsethecolumnstohidethestandards.
Note:Whenusingtherubricscale,theoverallassignmentscoreistheaverageofthescoresoneachStandardattachedtothatassignment.(WeareworkingtowardshavingothercalculationsavailableincludingModeandthe“PowerLaw”whichtakesintoconsiderationmostrecenteffort.)TrackingStandardsYoucanviewandtrackstudentachievementonstandardswhenstandardsareattachedtoassignmentsandassessmentsinyourGradebook.1. SwitchyourGradebookGridviewbyclickingonthe<GridView>dropdownarrowment.
2.
3.
Select“Stan ar searn ngargetstosp aystudentachievementoncoursestandardsbasedonyourapplicationofstandardstoassignments.
Onceyouhaveenteredscoresforobjectivesyoucanseebothanaveragescoreonthestandardsandalsoabargraphthatshowsprogress.
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EdBox Gradebook User Guide
4.
Proficiency Strategies
Hoveryourmouseoverthe“A”(AveragingCalculation)or“L”(LearningTrend)intheupperrightcornerofthecelltoseethegraph.Thisgraphcanprovideinformationforapplyingprofessionaljudgmentwhengrading.Note:Oncetherehavebeen4attemptsonastandard,aLearningTrendgraphisavailabletoview.Ifthereare3orlessattemptsonastandard,onlyanAveragewillbeavailable.
StandardsReportsStandardsReportsaretiedtoassessmentsofthestandardslinkedwithinassignments.Thesestandardsarescoredseparatelywithinanassignmentandpulledtoshowonthesereports.Thesearevaluablereportsforimplementingproficiencybasedgrading.Withthesereports,ateachercanreviewindividualstudentprogress,groupprogresssuchasaclass,andbuildingcoverageofstandards.In the Student Explorer a report can be run that includes scores onall standardsin 1. all classes. This report includes each attempt at a standard (by assignment) and the average, or overall score. Only the standards that have been scored will appear in this report. This is the same report that is available to parents in the EdBox Viewer Just click on the “Student Standards Report” and the report will appear.
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EdBox Gradebook User Guide
2.
3.
Proficiency Strategies
TheStudentStandardsReportGBreportprovidesasummaryforeachstudentinaclassontheirproficiencylevelsoncoursestandardsandtheassignmentsthathavestandardsattachedtothem.Teacherscanrunthisreport,anditisavailableonthestudentexplorerandtheparent/studentviewoftheEdBoxViewer.TheObjectivesGridQuarterreportprovidesagradebooklikeviewofallthestudentsinaclassandtheirproficiencyinthecoursestandards.Thisisagreatvisualthatcandiagnosewhichstandardsneedmoreworkandwhichstudentsneedmoreemphasisonwhichstandards.
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