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History of science and technology in education and training in Europe

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A conference organized by the Louis Pasteur University, Strasbourg, and the Division of History of Science of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science (DHS-IUHPS), on behalf of ALLEA (All European Academies), Strasbourg, 25 to 26 June 1998
Research policy and organisation

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History of Science and
Technology in Education
and Training in Europe
Edited by Claude Debru European Commission
DG RTD
Address: Rue de la Loi, 200 SDME 2/147, B-1049 Brussels
Fax: (32-2) 299 42 07
E-mail: anita.mallada@cec.eu.int Euroscientia Conferences History of Science and Technology
in Education and Training in Europe
A Conference organised by
the Louis Pasteur University, Strasbourg,
and the Division of History of Science of the International
Union of History and Philosophy of Science (DHS-IUHPS),
on behalf of ALLEA (All European Academies)
Edited by Claude Debru
Strasbourg 25-26 June 1998 © 1999 European Communities
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
© The editors are glad to thank the Royal Society and Professor Maurice V. Wilkes for granting
permission to publish his Opening Lecture "Historical Studies in Science and Technology
and the Uses to which they can be put", first published in Notes and Records of the Royal
Society, 53 (1). 1999, pp. 3-10.
Published by
Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg
Printed in Belgium
on white chlorine-free paper
A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet.
It can be accessed through the Europa server (http: //europa.eu.int). Table of Contents
Editor's Note 11
The Contributors3
Opening Addresses
Catherine Trautmann 19
Alexandre Herléa 23
Gerhard Gottschalk7
Paul Germain9
Opening Lecture
Chair: Salustiano del Campo
Maurice V. Wilkes, Historical Studies in Science and Technology and the Uses 31
to which they can be put
Part I: History of Science and Technology in the Training of Scientists,
Engineers and Physicians
Chair: Eberhard Knobloch
Christian Houzel. The History of Mathematics and Mathematical Education 43
Arthur I. Miller, A Twenty-First Century History of Science Department:
the Department of Science and Technology Studies at University College, London 49
Oivind Larsen, The Need for History in a Physician's Work 59
Hans-Joachim Braun, History of Technology in the Training of Engineers 67 Table of Contents
Discussion
Chair: Jaroslav Folta
Fabio Bevilacqua, The Point of View of the Learner 77
Paul Brouzeng, Teaching and Research in History of Science and Technology
at University Level: the Alarming Situation in France 81
Part II: History of Science and Technology in the Teaching of Humanities
and Social Sciences
Chair: Claire Salomon-Bayet
Fernand Hallyn, Histoiy of Science: from Clio's Stepdaughter to a Bridge
between the Two Cultures? 85
Vivian Nutton, History of Medicine beyond the Medical School 97
William R. Shea, The History of Science and the Image of Science 105
Discussion
Chair: Raffaella Simili
Roger Smith, The Teaching of Histoiy of Science and Technology to Humanities
and Social Science Students 119
Wolfhard Weber, History of Technology in Teaching the Humanities and
the Social Sciences 125
Christoph Meinel, History of Science and the Public Understanding of Science 129
Shorter Interventions and General Discussion
Chair: Robert Fox
Roland Szostak, The Significance of Histoiy of Astronomy for the Teaching of Physics 135
Manuel F. Thomaz, Histoiy of Science's Role in Improving the Social
Communication Skills of Scientists 139
Peter Holmberg, Histoiy of Science as a Way of Teaching Science to
Non-Science Majors 143 Samuel Kottek, Teaching Histoiy of Medicine in Medical Faculties 149
Jean Gayon, Teaching Histoiy of Science in Philosophy Departments:
the Situation in France 151
Stéphane Callens, History of Science and Economics5
John Beavis, Talking about Technology9
Eldar M. Movsumzade, The Histoiy of Technology in Russia. A Research on
the Beginnings of Industrial Oil Production in Bashkortostan 163
Liviu Sofonea, A Few Confessions addressed to Militant Humanists9
Evening Lecture
Chair: Ekmeleddin Ishsanoglu
John L. Heilbron, Lessons f rom Teaching History of Science 175
Part III: History of Science and Technology in Basic Education
Chair: Jean-Pierre Sarmant
Danielle Fauque, Introducing the History of Science and Technology in
the Secondaiy Curriculum in France 193
Michael Barth, Histoiy of Science in Secondaiy Education: Experiences from my
Classroom and Thoughts on Implementation in Teacher Training 203
Pietro Corsi, Histoiy of Science: Star of Research, Cinderella of Education 213
Discussion
Chair: Ferenc Szabadvary
Hélène Gispert, History of Science in Teacher Training: an Instrument of
Professionalisation at the Junction of Learning and Society 221
Joannis Christianidis, History of Science in the Greek Education System:
Recent Developments 225 Shorter Interventions and General Discussion
Chair: Jean Dhombres
Roger H. Stuewer, A University Programme to Implement the Complementarity
Between Science and Its History 231
André Allard, The Need for a Humanistic Approach to Science 233
Bert Sorsby, History of Science and Technology in Pupils' and Teachers'
Education in England and Wales: a Critical Review5
David Edge, Three Thoughts from the Coal-face 249
Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, The Teaching of History of Science in Turkey and the
Department of History of Science at Istanbul University 253
Mari Alvarez Lires, The History of Science and Technology in Teacher Training 261
Eliane Cousquer, The History of Numbers in Relation to Teaching 263
Myriam Scheidecker-Chevallier, Histoiy of Science Research and Teacher Training 269
Biserka Belicza, A Few Words on History of Medicine in Medical Education 271
Anne Bonnefoy, History of Science at the Espace Mendès France in Poitiers3
Ian Cowburn, Histoiy of Technology in Technical Cultural Centres 275
Round Table: A Point for the Research and Education Policy Agenda
Co-chairs: Alexandre Herléa, Jean-Yves Mérindol
Tony Marjoram, Pieter Drenth, Irving Mitchell 279
Conclusion: Robert Halleux, The Next Step 293