JOURNAL OF INDIAN HISTORY
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JOURNAL OF INDIAN HISTORY

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JOURNAL.OFINDIAN HISTORYCONTENTS AND INDEXVOL. VII1928PARTS I XO IIIMADRASAT THE DIOCESAN PRESSPRINTED1929: OFVII 1 to ,III)-:ARTICLES' 'PAGE.FEUDALISM IN THE MOSLEM KINGDOM -OF DELHI. W. H.( ?) By'C.I.E. ... ... 1Moreland, C.S.L, ...NOTES ON INDIAN PAINTING. N. C. I.C.S, ... 9By Mehta,THE HISTORICAL MATERIAL IN THE PRIVATE DIARY OF ANANDARANGA PILLAI C. S. M.A. 217By Srinivasachari, 12,(1736-61).:A NEW PARTAP OF KRISHNADEVA RAYA OF VIJAYANAGARA. ByRev.the H. M.A. ... .,,34Heras, s.J., ...AN INTRODUCTION TO THE RISE OF THE PESHWAS. H. N.ByM.A. ......Sinha, ... 36,185,349PRE-ARYAN TAMIL CULTURE. P. T. SRINIVASABy IYENGAR,M.A. ... ... ... 62,247,363WHO WAS THE PANDYA CONTEMPORARY OF CHERAMAN PERUMAL? IllNAYANAR C. V, L.T. ... ...By Narayana Iyer, M.A.,A HISTORY OF THE REIGN SHAH JAHAN. Abdul Aziz. 327OF, 127,ByMAASIR-I-JAHANGIRI, Thakur Rain .M.A. ... 148By Singh,OF AMONG THE ANCIENT P,PHILOSOPHY WAR HINDUS. C.ByM.A. ... ... ... 157Chakravarti, ...BAUKA.A NOTE ON THE JODHPUR INSCRIPTION OF PRATIHARAD. B, Diskalkar ... ... 233... ...By... 236DK IMPERIO MAGNI MOGOLIS. De Laet ...ByTHE EAST INDIA COMPANY : ITS ORIGIN AND GROWTH PRIOR TODas ... ... 307SIR W. NORRIS'S EMBASSY. HariharByA NOTE ONTHE KALVAN PLATES OF THE TIME OF THEPARAMARA'D. B. Diskalkar ... ... 322BHOJA. ...ByBIRTH-PLACE OF KALIDASA. Pandit Anand Koul ... 345ByREVIEWSINDIA.THE THEORY OF GOVERNMENT IN ANCIENT ReviewedV.R.R. ... ... 93... ...byPOLITY ...

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JOURNAL .OF INDIAN HISTORY CONTENTS AND INDEX VOL. VII 1928 PARTS I XO III MADRAS AT THE DIOCESAN PRESSPRINTED 1929 : OF VII 1 to ,III) - : ARTICLES ' ' PAGE . FEUDALISM IN THE MOSLEM KINGDOM -OF DELHI. W. H.( ?) By ' C.I.E. ... ... 1Moreland, C.S.L, ... NOTES ON INDIAN PAINTING. N. C. I.C.S, ... 9By Mehta, THE HISTORICAL MATERIAL IN THE PRIVATE DIARY OF ANANDA RANGA PILLAI C. S. M.A. 217By Srinivasachari, 12,(1736-61). :A NEW PARTAP OF KRISHNADEVA RAYA OF VIJAYANAGARA. By Rev.the H. M.A. ... .,,34Heras, s.J., ... AN INTRODUCTION TO THE RISE OF THE PESHWAS. H. N.By M.A. ......Sinha, ... 36,185,349 PRE-ARYAN TAMIL CULTURE. P. T. SRINIVASABy IYENGAR, M.A. ... ... ... 62,247,363 WHO WAS THE PANDYA CONTEMPORARY OF CHERAMAN PERUMAL ? IllNAYANAR C. V, L.T. ... ...By Narayana Iyer, M.A., A HISTORY OF THE REIGN SHAH JAHAN. Abdul Aziz. 327OF, 127,By MAASIR-I-JAHANGIRI, Thakur Rain .M.A. ... 148By Singh, OF AMONG THE ANCIENT P,PHILOSOPHY WAR HINDUS. C.By M.A. ... ... ... 157Chakravarti, ... BAUKA.A NOTE ON THE JODHPUR INSCRIPTION OF PRATIHARA D. B, Diskalkar ... ... 233... ...By ... 236DK IMPERIO MAGNI MOGOLIS. De Laet ...By THE EAST INDIA COMPANY : ITS ORIGIN AND GROWTH PRIOR TO Das ... ... 307SIR W. NORRIS'S EMBASSY. HariharBy A NOTE ONTHE KALVAN PLATES OF THE TIME OF THEPARAMARA ' D. B. Diskalkar ... ... 322BHOJA. ...By BIRTH-PLACE OF KALIDASA. Pandit Anand Koul ... 345By REVIEWS INDIA.THE THEORY OF GOVERNMENT IN ANCIENT Reviewed V.R.R. ... ... 93... ...by POLITY POLITICALDEVELOPMENT OF HINDU AND THEORIES. PARTI. V.R.R. ... ... ... 96...By ... 98CHRONOLOGY OF ANCIENT INDIA. P,T,S. ..,By THE DYNASTY OF VIJAYANAGAR ... ... 101ARAVIDU ... ... 106'JAMES BRYCE ... ... CONTENTS OF VOLUME VIIiv PAGE THE STONE AGE IN INDIA. ,.,ByV.R.R.,.. ...272 PALLAVA ARCHITECTURE. R.G. ...By ,.. .;. 274 SIR ASUTOSH MEMORIAL VOLUME. V.R.R. ... .;. 276By THE GLORIES OF MAGADHA, ByV.R.R, ... ''.-;. 279 THE BAKSHALI MANUSCRIPT. R.R. ... ... '....By 281 INDIA'S PAST. R.G. ... ...... .By 283 A HISTORY OF INDIA. ...Vishmigopa ...By ...284 THE MAKING OF A STATR ...... ... ...285 INDIA OFFICE RECORDS ... ... ... ... 286 BARABUDUR ... ... ... ... 287 THE EMPIRE OF THE GREAT MOGOL ... ... ... 291 SRI SIVA BHARATA ... ... ... ...292 A HISTORY OF SANSKRIT LITERATURE. P.T.S. ... ... 394By LAND-MARKS OP THE DECCAN. ...ByC.S.S, ...397 THE MARATHA OFRAJAS TANJORB, ... ...399ByC.S.S. 1 THE GUKKHAS.' ...ByC.S.S. ... ...400 THE STATE IN ANCIENT INDIA. ...ByV.R.R. ... 402 STUDIES IN HINDU POLITICAL THOUGHT. V.R.R. 404By ... SlVABHARATA. S.V.P.By ... ... ... 4QS_ EARLY LIFE AND LETTERS OF JOHN MORLEY 411... ... ANNUAL BIBLIOGRAPHY OF INDIAN ARCH/HQLOGY ... 412... BUDDHISM IN PRE-CHRISTIAN BRITAIN ... ...414... OBITUARY ....., _ 108,416 of Vol. VII A Samaddar Sir Asutosh(J. N.), Memorial 276.Volume, on the eve of the The Glories ofof, 279.Agra- Dercrlptio^ Magadha, YiLv;-:>s;oi-: ,)? S;Mli 127-147. SrinivasachariJahaii, A of(C. S.), History Ananda Private 284,Pillai, Diary of, India,Ranga Historical Material 12-33. 217- Srinivasa Thefrom, lyengar T.) , Stone(P. 232. in 272.Age India, Anand Koul 345. The Maratha(Pandit), Subramanyan (K. R.), of War TanAncient Hindus, of 399.Philosophy Rafas fore, 157 ffamong, Aziz 327.(AO, 127, Chakravarti 157.(P.), B Cheraman Perumal theNayanar, Pandya Contemporary of, 111-126, estimate of worktheBalaji Visvanath, Coronation of Shah 327-344.Jahan, 349 ff. of, Book-Reviews D C.), DevelopmentBandyopadyaya (N. ofHindu andPolitical Theo-Polity De DeLaet* Imperio Magni Mogolis, 96.ries, 236. ofLand-marksBilgrami (S.A. A.), Feudalism in theDelhi, Muslim King-397.ike Deccan, dom 1-11.of, Divekar SirSiva Bharata,(S. M,), Das 307.(H.), 292. Diskalkar 322.(D. B.), 233, Fisher A. James 1Q6.(H. L.), J3ryce, Heras The Aravidu(H,)i Dynasty 101of yijayanagar, Hill India Office(S. C.), Records, Bast India andCompany, Origin287. Growth to Sir W. Norris'sof, priorHirst Life and Letters(F. W.), Early 307.411. Embassy,ofLord Morlev , The Bakshali Manus-Kaye (G. R.), 281.cript, Kern AnnualInstitute, Bibliography in the MoslemFeudalism ofKingdomofIndian for 412Archeology 2926, 1-11.Delhi,Keith A of Sans,(A. B.), History Literature, 394. H 287.Krom (N. J.), Barabudur, Pallava Archi-Longhurst, (A. H.), Material in theHistorical ofDiary274.tecture, Ananda 12-33.Pillai,RangaMacdotinell India'sA.), Past,(A. Heras on a New of(H.), Partap283. Krishnadeva 34-35,Raya,BuddhismMackenzie inA.),(p. Pre-Christian 414Britain, andNorthy B.), Morris, (C, J.),(W. The 400.Gurkhas, of of PratiharaPradhan Jodhpur Inscription(S. N.), Chronology 98, Note on, 233.Ancient India, Bauka, Prasad The of Govern-Theory(B.), ment in Ancient 93.India, Prasad The State in Ancient(B.), of, 345-348402. Kalidasa, Birth-placeIndia, Pun Krishnadeva A New oftarnbekar Sivadharata, Raya. s(K. V.}, Partap 405, 34-35. "INDEXV1 Shah A of the of148- Jahati, HistoryTranslation of, ReignMaasir i-Jahangiri, . 127-147,327-345. 156. on the Rise of the36-61. vSinha Pesh-to 1707, (H. N.},Maharashtra prior ff.3491- was, 36, IKS',Moreland H.),(W. on tHe*Srinivasachari Histori-(C. S.) cal Material in Auanda Piilai'sRanga "N 12 217.Diary, ff, . V . HI.ana CNaray Iyer ( ) Tamil in 1 're-.culture, Aryan days Method of 74 ft' SocialInvestigation, ; SOU'; 247-50Kings, *Organization,Obituary 250-53 253-256Sastri ^ 108, ; War,Krishna Love,(II.) Musical 25(>-258-HtJ. lnstrttntnts,Sumaddar N.),(J. 258-2G2Contents Houses,Oriental Towns, Villages,Journals, Principal 1 'Pt-rscHKii! Decoration?<2 ;from 417. )ivss,204, 269-2712<>5--3rl) ; AinUKenients, 1 oiMean. ? 303-364Transportation, 373-3f?5 373 ; A^: i:-nUnre,Food, 1 :;:;- 3.S-:. - Birds,379; Animals, ;NoteKalvan I"kites of,Paramara Bhoja Plants 3FO~3h5 ; IndustriesTree's, 321-326.cm, and Trade- 3S5-3U1 General Re- an Introduction to the RisePeshwas, lleeiions on and Future of Tamil 34U~3r>2.I85-2W,of, MJl, tt-3i)3.Culture, Tamil 247-Pie Culture, <)2-02,Aryan also Tamil363-31)3 Culfun*,)271, ($t.e Contents from Oriental Jour-Principal 417.2U4nals, Krlshnadeva of 34.Raya ,Vijayana^ara, the AncientRam 148. War, of, among"Thakur, PhilosophySingh, 157-JH4.see Book-Reviews. Hindus,Reviews, PKINTEB AT THK DIOCESAN MADRAS 1929. C7476PRESS, JOURNAL OF HISTORYINDIAN ofin the MoslemFeudalism Kingdom(?) Delhi BY W. H. MORELAND of Delhi inwhether thenote I examine the kingdomIN this question contained institutions toand fourteenth centuries anythe thirteenth In thefeudalism can bethe of properly applied.which terminology 1 of the and thethe main divisions kingdom,of thechronicles period, in two ofof are described groupswho held them,chargepersons iswaif. The word used infirst is wilayatterms. The wilnyat,group re-can almost bevarious which alwaysthe chronicles in senses, oftheit a definite king-the context ; mean, portionmay (1)cognizedby of the thatindefinitea an portion kingdom,that is, province ;dom, (2) as a whole a ;the ; foreign countrya tract or kingdom (4)region; (3)is, which last sense a derivedathe home of foreigner (incountry(5) ' as Waltinbecome naturalized English Blighty ')form has recently of a but thethe ruler country, ordinarymeans foreignoccasionally of the that is toof a kingdom, say,sense is Governor province the; orders of the or hisunder Kinga localized officer directlyserving Ministers. * ' 11 T. Nasirf standsvolumes of Bibliotheca Indica.references are to theThe * ' : Barni for the Torikh-iNasirl of Sirajfor the Minhaj-usTabaqat-i * * and Afif for the chronicle thesameof Barni: tearingFirTtz ShaM Ziyanddln MutaraksMhi of "binAfif, The larikh-i Yahya Abroad,name Shams-iby Siraj Or, 5318 in the Britishis fromnot been in this series, quotedwhich has printed are to the translation andto Ibn Batiita ty Defx&reryMuseum. The references (Paris, 1874-9).Sangtiinetti 2 JOURNAL OP So far as I It has never beenknow, that the wctllsuggested held but a bureaucratic at this and.anything* position period, the word Governor It as is the case therepresents precisely, throughout history of Western Asia, The Is different in toposition regurd the^second ' 1 ofgroup A//^terms, iqtfi mnqti (more precisely w;^/// "Various). translators in the nineteenth rendered these termscentury by phrases feudal of theirappropriated from the ; hassystem Europe practice been followed some recent Indian in whose weby writers, pages meet * * ' fiefs feudal and such entities and thrchiefs ; ordinary reader is', forced to conclude that the oi the of Delhi wasorganisation kingdom some ruled nrrc tnu'tnticwith by Governorsheterogeneous, provinces but most the hold inof portions by personscountry (/y/.*<) ofwhose resembled that of the baronstt)) position contempor- It be worth while to examine, theary Eitrop3. questionmay, therefore, inwhether these the otherexpressions represent facts, or, words, thethe contained clement to \vhich nomenclaturekingdom any of the feudal can be The is one ofsystem properly applied. question fact. The nature of the is wellfeudal tolerablyEuropean system Delhiknown to FtuJonts : the of the in theposition Mu'itis Kingdom can be ascertained from the and will showcomparisonchronicles; confusion intowhether the use ol these archaic terms orbrings light the of Northern India,history The of In Inrlo-Persian literature is anordinary meaning iqt& of revenue service. The wordassignment conditional on military as ain this sense In theappears frequently Mogul period synonym with of themore and that it thefamiliar \ might carryiuynl) j>r(along :nsame sense the thirteenth is severalcentury established, among pas- the told Barn! of whoheldsages,by story by 60, 2,000 troopers(pp. 61), but evaded the wereassignments, service on which the assignments Theconditional. held these men are described as theirvillages by and the men themselves as At thisiqt&s, period, however,iqt&d&rs. word was used as inthe in a more restricted theiqt& commonly sense, ** the used Barni to denote the bulk of thephrase twenty iqt&$ by (p. 50) * * it is obvious that to ofkingdom ; the somethingtwenty iqttts points a different order from the in the and2,000 igtas passage just quoted ; the we find referred to asall through chronicles, particular iqt&s and not mere The distinctionadministrative charges, assignments. the two isbetween senses marked most the use of theclearly by \ OF 3IN KINGDOMFEUDAL/SM (f) of at this meansderivative nouns possession ; period, iqt&d&r always the but means theIn Muqti alwaysan ordinary sense,assignee then was theof of these The is,holder' .one charges. question feudal or bureaucratic? .Muqti's position the of the fromTo- witb we consider nobilitybegin 3 may origin The earliest chronicler us thethe were chosen.whom Muqtis gives 1 we find themof all the chief nobles of his and fromtime,biographies of the thirteenth man whoin nhe middle century practically everythat held the of his career as aas Muqti beganIs recorded having position who hadShamsuddin. the second ofslave. lyaltimish, king Delhi,royal of the first slaves inhimself been the bought foreignproperty king, them in his andnumbers, employed household, promoted them,great to his of their to thecapacities, highest positionsaccording judgment in his The are a fewkingdom. following sample biographies condensed from this chronicle :-^ wasKhan andTaghan (p. 242) purchased byShamsuddln, employ- 2ed in succession as of the food-taster masterpage, keeper pen-cases s the stable of Badaiin and of where theof , s Muqti s Muqti Lakhnautl, were conferredof on him.insignia royalty eventually Saifuddin Albak was the andpurchased by King,(p. 259) employed of theas keeper ofsuccessively wardrobe, sword-bearer, Muqti of and atSamana, Muqti Baran, finally vakfai-dar, apparently, this 31ceremonial at court*the postperiodf highest alsoKhan a wasTughril (p. 261), slave, successively deputy-taster, of the master of thecourt-usher, superintendent elephants, stable, and later of and Awadh in succes-ofMuqti Sirhind, Lahore, Kanauj, hesion he received where assumed the title of; finally Lakhnauti, king. Khan afterwards Balb is said to haveKing an,Ulugh (p. 281), 4into a noble but was enslaved in. circum-belonged family Turkistan, * 229 ft.T. book sxii,Nasiri, pp. '2 The of of State does not seemDaw<1t-dar. dictionary meaning: Secretary for we are told that on one occasion Khan wasto be here, Taghanappropriate Ifor the and take the tolosing; king's jewelled pen-case, phrasesharply punished for the care of thedenote the attendant materials.responsible king's writing 3 of the vaktl-i-dar at this is a ratherThe exact status period complex ques- is not for thebut its discussion necessary presenttion, purpose. * The chronicler is so fulsome in his of under whom he waspraise Balban, that this statement be a of but there ismay merely piece flattery,writing, nothing to the ofin circumstances the timeintrinsically improbable it, having regard